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CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 11, 1964
United Press International Servict
Dmrham-C H March Planned
By JOEL BULKLEY
An uneasy calm prevailed over
Chapel Hill yesterday as integra
tion leaders prepared for the re
newal of demonstrations in sup
port of a public accommodations
Members of the Durham CORE
and NAACP chapters have an
nounced plans to march from
Durham to Oapel Hill Sunday to
show their support for the anti
James Farmer, national director
of the Congress of Racial Equali
ty, will address a rally here at
the First Baptist Church on Rob
ertson St. Sunday at 4:30 p.m.,
following the march.
Local CORE officials declined
to comment Friday night on the
group's otier plans for the week
end. Officials said the march will
begin from two points in Durham
the campuses of Duke University
and North Carolina College at
They said the two groups will
merge at Forest HiUs Shopping
Center (southwestern section of
the city, toward Chapel Hill) and
continue to the Du-'.iam-Chapel
Hill boulevard (U. S. 15-501).
Other integrationists, including
some NCC faculty members and
a group from Chapel Hill, plan
to join the mass march at East
' gate Shopping Center here and to
continue with the Durham groups
to the church for the rally.
The march is intended to ex
press support for a proposed pub
lic accommodations, which was
proposed last June to the Board
cf Aldermen and a "fair employ
ment practices" law, a spokesman
The Aldermen are expected to
take definite action on the law
at their Monday night meeting.
After five days of racial calm
here this week, the Town appear
ed to be bracing itself for intensi
fied demonstrations this week
Police Chief William D. Blake
said Friday he hadn't been notifi
ed about Sunday's march, but in
dicated the police would be ready
to handle it. "All we know about
it is what we've read in the pap
ers,' he said.
More than 1800 signatures have
have been gathered for a petition
supporting the controversial ac
commodations have been gather
ed, Rev. Charles Jones said yes
terday. The signatures will ap
pear Sunday in an advertisement
in the Chapel Hill Weekly.
The Aldermen voted 4-2 June
23 to postpone fcr an indefinite
length of time any action on the
measure aimed at making it il
legal for retail establishments do
ing business with the general pub
lie to discriminate on the basis
Two hundred and thirty-nine
arrests have been made here since
demonstrations resumed Dec. 13,
with five incidents of violence be
Durham officials planning the
march issued the following state
ment on their plans.
"Members of Durham CORE
and NAACP chapters will walk to
Chapel Hill Sunday.
"The gradual pace of this journ
ey is a reflection of the gradual
pace of America toward a true
realization of its ideals.
"We ask you our fellow Ameri
cans to walk with us on this
journey if not in deed, then in
spirit then to the end of the
road through the ammonia and
jail cells, to a society where every
American citizen can patronize,
end seek employment in, every
REIFLER TO SPEAK
Dr. Clifford Reifler, instructor
in psychiatry at the UNC Medical
School, will speak at the In-Service
Training Program for Dean
cf Women office staff members
and associates on Thursday, Jan.
Dr. Reifler will speak on prob
lems of student mental health
and how to manage them.
The meeting will be held in
Room 105 of Hanes Hall at 4:30
Legislature Gets 2 Bills
Differing On Sit-In Cases
By HUGH STEVENS
Thursday's regular Student Leg
islature session was highlighted
by the introduction of two bills
concerning student sit-in demon
strators and the passage of a
$2,500 appropriation for a resi
dence hall social room project.
The two bills dealing with stu
dent demonstrators represent a
legislative conflict one urges
that arrested students be exempt
from student judicial procedures,
while the other calls for their
cases to heard by the Honor
The bills were introduced by
Bill Straughn and Borden Park
Straughn's bill praises the non
violent demonstrations as being
"in the highest American tradi
tion" and urges that arrested stu
dents "not be subject to any dis
ciplinary action by the student
Parker's resolution asks the
legislature to go on record "as
feeling that there is no violation
in participating in peaceful and
NASA Lends UNC
3 Ton Exhibit
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA)
has loaned the Morehead Plane
tarium three and a half tons of
new models and exhibits to ac
company its present program,
"Space Probes and Satellites."
"Space Prdbes" is a detailed
explanation of several of NASA's
chief projects, and will be, per-:t
formed daily at the ' Planetarium
through Feb. 3.
To help earthbound imagina
tions adjust to the concept of
man-in-space, NASA sent to
Chapel Hill two moving vans fill
ed with exhibits. The exhibits
will remain on display in the
Rotunda and north gallery of the
Planetarium through February
24. They cost $18,000 and took
two days to set up.
A triad is a special structure
invented by NASA with which to
display large pieces of equip
ment without simply placing
them on the floor. The NASA
exhibits used two triads, one of
which supports a full-scale mod
el of the NIMBUS cloud data sat
Is Granted Stay
RALEIGH (UPI) U. S. Dis
trict Judge Algernon Butler Fri
day granted a stay of execution
for Frank Marion Crawford just
30 minutes before the 27-year-old
Spartanburg, S. C, Negro was
to die in the gas chamber.
Butler granted the stay through
a habeas corpus that was request
ed by Floyd McKissick, a Durham
Negro attorney hired Thursday by
the NAACP to appeal Crawford's
case to the federal courts.
The Negro, convicted of the
rape-murder of an 8-year-old Ne
gro girl in Winston-Salem last
Feb. 21, was scheduled to die
in the gas chamber at Central
Prison at 10 a.m.
McKissick claimed in his re
quest for a writ of habeas cor
pus that Crawford's constitution
al rights were violated during
his trial, that he did not have
time to prepare for his trial, that
his confession was obtained be
fore he had a lawyer, and that
he was denied due process of law
guaranteed by the 14th Amend
ment. McKissick was given 20 days
to file an amended writ setting
forth additional contentions. Aft
er that the state will be given
20 days to answer. Butler will then
set a hearing date.
McKissick said that Crawford
was arrested Nov. 29 in Jones
ville and that he remained in
jail there without privilege of
counsel or contact with his fami
ly or friends until February.
He also said that Crawford
could establish his whereabouts
at the time the little girl " was
killed and that he could prove
lawful demonstrations," but as
being unable to condone "the
willful, premediated, and persis
tent violation of the law."
The two bills were referred to
committee for consideration.
One legislator expressed the
opinion that "they will never get
out of the committee."
The $2,500 appropriation will
provide for a "pilot project" in
residence hall social room im
provements. Don Carson, sponsor of the bill,
said yesterday the project, which
includes complete refurnishing
and redecorating of a social
room; will depend on students for
"We must prove that the resi
dents can take care of a properly
furnished room if we hope to get
more improvements," he said.
The administration has agreed
to help improve social facilities
if the pilot project proves suc
cessful. J. A. Branch, UNC business
manager, agreed yesterday that
if the students could make the
ellite. Facing outward in three
directions from each triad are
automatically changing slide pro
jectors that describe action in a
Other satellite models exhibited
are TIROS (Television Infra-Red
. Observation Satellite), used for
global weather-casting; Relay,
. an ' . active-repeater., communica-
Displayed in quarter-scale mod
els are the Apollo capsule, and
its LEM (Lunar Excursion Mo
dule) in which astronauts will
leave the mother capsule to land
on the Moon; and the Gemini
capsule. There is a full - scale
model of a space-suited astro
naut; one-third scale model of
the Mercury capsule, and a visual
display of the history of NASA.
The exhibits, one of which
stands higher than the chandelier
in the center of the Rotunda, are
open to the public without charge
daily from 2 to 5 and from 7:30
to 10; Saturdays from 10 a.m. to
10 p.m.; and on Sundays from 1
to 10 p.m.
McKissick further charged that
Crawford's counsel resigned from
the case Tuesday and that he was
left without an. attorney while
A petition asking clemency for
Crawford was circulated on cam
pus earlier this week, but it is
not known how many persons sign
Cosmo Club Will
The Cosmopolitan Club execu
tive committee will meet at 4
p.m. Sunday to elect a
new president and a new vice
President Terence Yen and vice
president Harotune Dekirmenjian
have resigned their positions be
cause of heavy academic loads.
The meeting, which will con
clude the Club's activities for the
fall semester, will be held in
Roland Parker Lounge of Gra
The Cosmopolitan Club present
ly has its largest membership
since 1948, with 170 student mem
bers and 130 honorary members,
who are the host families for
foreign students on the UNC
In his last letter to the mem
bers of the Club, Mr. Yen ex
pressed his deep gratitude for
all the support given by mem
bers, many campus organizations
and the Hospitality Committee of
Chapel Hill, headed by Mrs. WT.
project work, the administration
would make every effort to up
hold the bargain.
"We are dealing with limited
funds for this sort of thing," he
said, "but I am sure that we
could move ahead with the pro
ject if it proves worthwhile."
Carson said work on the pro
ject will begin as soon as the
final site is approved.
In other action, the body
agreed to set up a revolving TV
fund for the repair and replace
ment of sets in residence halls.
Money for the program will come
from a Television Maintenance
Fund, supplemented by loans to
the residence halls from the Gen
Also passed was a bill sponsor
ed by Evelyn Morris creating the
post of Assistant Attorney Gen
eral for the IFC Court. The new
assistant will investigate alleged
violations of fraternity rules of
(Xher new bills introduced in
cluded a request for $313 for the
State Student Legislature delega
tion, and a resolution asking the
Buildings Department to investi
gate and improve fire safety pre
cautions and equipment and fire
alarm systems in residence halls.
Mike Chanin introduced a reso
lution supporting a bill in the
U. S. Congress which would pro
vide income tax exemptions for
money spent for higher educa
tion by parents and students.
Legislators absent were Phil
Baddour, DM II (SP); Paul
Chused, TM III (SP); Neilds De
Vere, TM IV (SP); Bernard Dot
son, DM VII (UP); Dick Ellis,
DM VII (SP); John Getsinger
TM IV (SP); Harvey Kline, DM
K..XSP) ; and Larry- Poe, DM I
No Such Thing,
Robert L. Hilliard, UNC pro
fessor of RTVMP said in a re
cent magazine article that edu
cational institutions should pro
vide situations for students to
apply to theories learned in the
"Most colleges and universi
ties adhere to a divided curri
cular and extra-curricular sys
tem," said Hilliard in a recent
issue of Liberal Education. "I
don't think there should be any
thing called extra-curricular
everything is curricular.
"Student organizations provide
very effective college-related
opportunities for learning group
cooperation. Education should
provide students with experi
ences which will ultimately give
him better than a trial-and-error
approach to life."
Hilliard said the college cam
pus provides a laboratory for
the testing of the ideas and
theories presented in the class
room. "A college should no more
permit a student to proceed un
escorted into the campus labor
atory than it would permit him
to proceed without guidance in
to the chemistry lab," he con
tinued. Hilliard proposed "planned ex
periences and guided situations"
to give students a practical edu
cation. He disagreed with the
viewpoint that a liberal educa
tion should not have to provide
"Students," he said, "learn
most not through intellect alone
and not through activities alone,
but through intellectual activi
ties." "A college curriculum limn
ed to the formal courses of the
classroom is, at best, only half
Liberal Education is the bul
letin of the Association of Am
EAVES JOINS STAFF
Dr. Robert W. Eaves, execu
tive secretary of the department
of elementary school principals
of the National Education Asso
ciation, will be on the staff of the
UNC School of Education from
February 1-September 1.
While on leave from his posi
tion wfth NEA, he will teach full
time in school adrninistration,
working mainly with public school
News Researcher Danielson
Named Dean of 'J' School
By MICKEY BLACKWELL
Wayne A. Danielson, 34-year-old
Journalism professor was
named new Dean of the UNC
School of Journalism yesterday.
Danielson's new duties begin
July 1. He will succeed Dr.
Norval Neil Luxon, who is re
tiring because of a University
regulation which requires that
administrative heads step down
at the age of 65. Luxon will teach
here for another five years.
The announcement of Daniel
son's appointment was made by
Consolidated University Presi
dent William C. Friday on behalf
of the Board of Trustees.
Commenting on Danielson's
annointment, UNC Chancellor
William B. Aycock said, "First
of all I would like to exDress
my strong aopreciation to Dean
Luxon for his excellent leader
ship. "I am sure that we have a
worthy successor to him and
that with Dr. Danielson's lead
ership, I believe we will con
tinue to move forward."
In accepting the five year
appointment, Danielson said,
"I consider it a great honor to
be selected for this position. I
have a great admiration for the
school, and I am proud and
pleased to be named its Dean."
Danielson expressed hisi "great-"
admiration" for retirin'? Dean
Luxon, who is credited with
establishing the school as one
of the best in the nation.
Danielson said he plans no
major changes in the school,
which has produced some of the
nation's top journalists.
"We do anticipate an increas
ed enrollment, especially in the
graduate school area," he said.
"So we plan to expand this area
to accommodate those students
who want to enter journalistic
jobs at a somewhat higher level
and to accommodate experienc
ed journalists who return to
school to prepare for careers in
teaching and research."
Danielson is the youngest man
ever to head the School of
Journalism. IBut he is no new
comer to journalistic endeavors.
"I started writing for my
junior high paper when I was in
the seventh grade. I knew from
that time on I wanted to be in
the newspaper business. I never
changed my mind.
"When I attended Iowa State
University, I wrote for the col
lege paper. After graduation, I
wrote for the San Jose (Calif.)
Mercury and News.
"But the man who was work
ing on research had to leave,
and I took his place, and I've
been doing research since then."
Danielson's time is not com
pletely occupied with research
projects or with teaching his
Communication and Opinion
"I am very interested in
music, both folk and classical.
Also I like to collect records,"
Danielson is also quite an
Nationally known as a scholar
in the field of mass communi
cations research, Danielson has
been working in recent years
on computer applications in
He has also studied the dif
fusion of knowledge about major
news events such as the launch
ing of the Explorer satellite,
President Eisenhower's heart
attack, and passage of the Alas
kan statehood bill.
He is editor of "Journalism
Abstracts," a yearly summary
of graduate research in the Uni
ted States schools and depart
ments of journalism.
Danielson, born in Burlington,
Iowa, December 1929, earned
the bachelor's degree in journa
lism in 1952 from Iowa State
University, the master's in 1953
and the Ph.D. in 1957 from Stan
He is married to the former
Beverly Grace Kinsell of Santa
Barbara, Calif. They have four
children, ranging in age from
four months to six years.
At UNC, Danielson has taught
undergraduate courses in news
(Continued on Page 3)
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Dr. Ewing Named
Med School Head
Dr. John A. Ewing has been
named acting chairman of the
Department of Psychiatry at the
UNC School of Medicine and Dr.
John E. Larsh Jr. has been given
the additional duties of assistant
dean of academic programs at
the School of Public Health.
These and other personnel
changes were approved in Ral
eigh yesterday by the executive
committee of the University's
Board of Trustees.
Dr. Ewing, a professor of psy
chiatry since last summer and a
member of the UNC medical fac
ulty since 1953, fills a vacancy
created by the resignation of Dr.
George C. Ham.
Dr. Ham has resigned to enter
private practice in Chapel Hill,
but will remain with the medical
faculty on a part-time basis as
clinical professor of psychiatry.
He had been chairman of the de
partment for 12 years.
Dr. Larsh fills a newly created
position of assistant dean of aca
demic programs in the School
of Public Health. He continues
as head of the Department of
Parasitology, a position he has
held since 1945. He is also pro
fessor of parasitology in the UNC
School of Medicine.
Trustees approved the appoint
ments of Kurt Schlesinger as as
sistant professor in the Depart
ment of Psychology, Dr. Luther
Clarence Hollandsworth as -instructor
in the School of Medicine
and Margaret Catherine Moore
as assistant, professor in the
School of Nursing.
Dr. Henry Bradley Wells has
been promoted from assistant
professor to associate professor
in the School of Public Health.
The promotion is effective July
Leaves of absence were grant
ed as follows: Werner P. Fried
erich, Kenan professor in the De
partment of Germanic Lan
guages, to teach during the spring
semester under a Fu3right grant
at Canberra, Australia; William
Albert McNight, associate profes
sor in the Department of Ro
mance Languages, during the fall
semester to complete a work for
publication; and Bryce S. De
Witt, professor in the Depart
ment of Physics, for one-year
beginning Feb. 1 to work under a
y 'ill Tin i -: ill"
Photo by Jim Wallace.
National Science Foundation
post-doctoral fellowship at Prince
Trustees approved the follow
ing for retirement: on July 1
Dr. Roger E. Sturdevant, School
of Dentistry; R. H. Wettach, a
former dean of the School of
Law; Ethel D. Clamp, dormitory
hostess; R. L. Hutchins, grounds
maintenance superinten -dent;
Maud W. Price, records
and registration clerk; and B.
L. Smith, power lineman.
Edith E. Averitt, librarian, will
retire March 1.
Registered voters in the ten
precincts of the Chapel Hill-Carr-boro
area number 6,897, accord
ing to Clyde Carter, County
Board of Elections Secretary.
A count of new registrants
showed an increase of 599 in this
area of the Chapel Hill Township
for the January 14 redisricting
Two rural precincts, Patterson
and Cole's Store, in the north
west part of the Township, were
not counted in the Chapel Hill
Polls will be open Tuesday
from 6:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. for
the referendum. Saturday is
Total voters in each precinct
North Carrboro, 621; South
Carrboro, 845; Country Club, T01;
Dogwood Acres, 371 ; East Frank
lin, 723; Estes Hills, 744; Glen
wood, 750; Kings Mill, 429; North
side, 975; and Westwood, 733.
A coed was found guilty of a
campus code violation and cam
pused for two weeks by the Wo
men's Council in a closed trial
The coed pleaded guilty to a
charge that she had consumed
alcohol "to the extent that she
was not in control of her actions."
s " f
PANAMA CITY (UPI) Pan
ama server ed diplomatic rela
tions with the United States Fri
day night and opened a campaign
to drive it out of the Panama Ca
nal Zone after two days of bloody
fighting between U. S. troops and
President Roberto F. Chiari al
ready had ordered Ambassador
Augusto Guillermo Arango home
from Washington in preparation
for the formal rupture.
Arango was reported standing
by in Washington awaiting "the
first plane out."
The announcement of the for
mal break was made by Cie Pan
amanian Foreign Ministry to the
U. S. Embassy in Panama City.
Embassy personnel had abandon
ed the embassy earlier Friday un
der threats of an armed mob.
American authorities said three
American soldiers were killed in
the fighting, but Panama Radio
said the death toll stood at 27 in
cluding four American soldiers
and 23 Panamanian students.
The radio said 294 persons had
been wounded, including 260 stu
dents and 34 U. S. soldiers.
President Ciiari opened the
campaign to force the United
States out of the Canal Zone by
announcing renunciation of the
treaties giving the United States
use of the canal "in perpetuity."
-The treaties have caused anti
American resentment for decades.
Panamanian crowds battledUS
troops along the border of the
Canal Zone throughout the day
and wrecked and burned U. S.
buildings and cars.
Two Americans were saved by
police from lynchings by street
mobs which roughed them up and
Totally unconfirmed reports
said two other Americans had
been lynched in Chiriqui Province.
In New York the Security Coun
cil was called into emergency ses
sion to hear Panamanian charges
of "aggression" against the United
Panama demanded an interna
tional force to police the Canal
The situation in this Central
American city Friday night was
one of extreme tenseness.
Anti-American sentiment was
mounting by the moment. Pana
manian flags were at half staff
in a day of national mourning
while speakers and broadcasts in
flamed mobs to angry mood.
At the airport 20 miles outside
the city Friday morning a score
of U. S. servicemen were nervous
ly awaiting for a plane to evacu
ate them to U. S.-controlIed Ca
nal Zone territory.
Rioting climaxed long-smouldering
Panamanian resentment of
U. S. sovereignty of the Canal
The specific cause of the riot
ing was the action of American
high school students Thursday in
tearing down a Panamanian flag
in front of the Balboa High School.
Last night Chiari, who had con
ferred by telephone during the
day with President Johnson, threat
ened to renounce all treaties with
the United States, presumably in
cluding use of the strategic canal.
Thursday he announced a sus
pension of diplomatic relations
Chiari said the diplomatic mis
sion ordered to return from Wash
ton would not return until the
United States agrees on a "com
plete revision" of its relations
He said he had "invited" John
son to take rapid action to solve
the two nations' differences.
The key treaty was negotiated
in 1903. Under it Panama granted
the United States full jurisdic
tion in perpetuity over a zone five
miles wide on each side of the
The United States paid Panama
$10 million and an annual rent
of $250,000. The rent now is $1.9
Johnson, faced with the first
international crisis of his presi
dency and one begun by school
children sent Assistant Secretary
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