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Chapgl Hill, N. C.
Offices in Graham Memorial
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, TUESDAY. JANUARY 14, 1964
United Press International Service
Vote By pa
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1 70 March Through Sleet And Rain
About .170 Negroes and whites
marched 13 miles through Sun
day's sub-freezing cold to dra
matize their support for Chapel
Hill's accommodations law.
Students from North Carolina
College, Duke University and UNC
made their plea Sunday for the
proposed ordinance in the walk
from Durham to a Chapel Hill
A group cf 170 persons trudged
13 miles from the western sec
By JOEL HULK LEY ,.
' A - national - civil - rights leader ..
Varned Sunday that 'anti-segregation
demonstrations will be step
ped up in Chapel Hill if a public
accommodations law is not enact
ed. James Farmer, director of the
Congress of Racial Equality, told
newsmen "Chapel Hill is a key
to the South and the nation."
He said "This town has a nation-wide
reputation as a center
cf liberal thinking, but is only
tokenly desegregated. It is on the
Verge of losing its reputation and
"We believe the Board of Ald
ermen should adopt the anti-discrimination
act and we believe it
must do so if Chapel Hill is to
regain its leadership in the civil
The 43-year-old Negro leader
continued, "If the Aldermen fail
to end discrimination in accom
modations, the national office of
CORE will throw its full support
behind all efforts to eliminate
We wil step up our activities
and Chapel HUl will become the
Central point of our work.
"All the stops to end discrim
ination will be pulled." Farmer
"If the Aldermen pass the pro
posed legislation," he said," we
will shift our efforts to employ
ment and housing. We will do
so, however, only after seeing
that the public accommodations
WORLD'S FAIR TRAIN
A special "private" train for
the New York World's Fair, Sun
day, June 7, through Friday,
June 12, is reserving seats now.
The "Family Train" is sponsor
ed by Mrs. J. Clyde Kelly, Jr.
Students who are interested are
Urged to make plans now.
The train will depart from and
return to Raleigh at the Sea
board Railroad Station. Seaboard
Vill arrange parking for all autos
&t their expense while students
Spend five nights in New York.
The price is $95.00 per person
from Raleigh and includes: a
round-trip fare on private air
conditioned deluxe reclining
chair cars, five nights at the
Henry Hudson Hotel, S & W Box
Lunches and soft drinks on the
yew York trip and return trip.
Each person may take one large
suitcase. Mrs. Kelly will take
care of tipping.
Mrs. Kelly is taking reserva
tions now. The World's Fair can
be reached by subway from any
where in the city at 15c per trip.
Tickets are $2 for adults.
Reservations must be accom
panied by a deposit of $25.00 per
person and must be received by
March 15. Final date of balance
due is May 10.
Students interested may con
tact the DTK for further information.
; ; - v ' '? ; -: - - jj
tion of Durham to the outskirts of
Chapel Hill. They were met at
Eastgate Shopping Center by 175
University students ; and towns
people. The entire group walked
the final mile ta a mass meet
ing at the First Baptist Church.
Traffic slowed to a crawl on
U. S. 15-501 as curiosity seekers
and integration leaders stopped
' Police said ' no arrests were
made during the four-hour march.
law is effectively implemented and
-enforced. - - ' --
' Farmer's press conference "fol
lowed a rally attended by more
than 500 ' persons, in the First
Baptist Church. ' -
Durham attorney and CORE
chairman Floyd McKissick chal
lenged Chapel Hill to live up to
its reputation as a liberal city
and the most liberal in the State..
"Monday is opportunity day for
Chapel Hill. It must prove to it
self and to others that there is
no racial discrimination here.
"We will need more people to
make the sacrifices if town offi
cials fail to take action," he said.
McKissick called on all indivi
duals, both white and black, to
raise their voices in efforts to
end all types of discrimination
In the main address of the
(Continued on Page Three)
Most Smokers Unconcerned
About Government's Report
By NAT WALKER
And DAVE NORDAN
"To (puff) hell with it, (puff
puff) I'm not going to quit."
This statement seemed to re
flect the philosophy of most UNC
students and Chapel Hill resi
dents who were asked for reac
tions to the recent government
report on smoking and health.
The 150,000 word report hit
hardest at cigarette smoking as
being a significant cause of lung
cancer, chronic bronchitis, and
cancer of the larynx.
WASHINGTON (UPI) Presi
dent Johnson Monday scheduled
a full briefing on the Panamani
an rioting at the White House
Monday night when an American
team of negotiators returns from
the troubled Canal Zone.
The President was in touch
several times during the day
with the Panamanian situation
and it was not until late Monday
afternoon mat the White House
announced that Johnson would
meet with the returning Ameri
The President set up the meet
ing with Secretary of State Dean
Rusk; Defense Secretary Robert
S. McNamara and two of the top
U. S. negotiators flying back from
Panama Army Secretary Cyrus
Vance and Thomas C. Mann, as
sistant secretary of state for inter-American:
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. . . " v .! v :
As a whole, the march was quiet
except for two minor incidents.
One involved heckling by mem
bers of the ATO fraternity house.
The other almost led to blows
when a man who identified him
self as the Grand Dragon of the
North Carolina Ku Klux Klan
threatened to assault a camer
man who took his picture.
The demonstrators carried signs
saying, "Freedom Now," and
"Sacrifice for Freedom."
Farmer: 'Chapel Hill .
Some were defiant, some ra
tionalized, and a few expressed
a desire to quit. A UNC sopho
more, who said he knew all along
that smoking was dangerous, ex
pressed his views by quoting
Mark Twain. "If you can't make
70 the hard way, don't make it
Buck Roberts, a playwright from
Durham, having his morning cof
fee, was calmly dragging on a
king-size non-filter when asked
about the report, made public
Saturday. Said he, "The spirit is
willing where the flesh is weak."
Tom Benenson of the Dramatic
Art Department, said the report
submitted nothing new. "It's the
same old thing," he said. Senior
Jim Huffman and sophomore John
Cummings had much the same
view. "It's a rehash of the same
Bob Moore, Statesville, said the
report would have no effect on
his smoking babbits. His wife,
however, thought it would be a
good excuse to cut down.
"I'll stop smoking because of
it," said Jim Neal, Raleigh
senior. He cut hack on smoking
some weeks ago he said. How
ever he indicated he may con
tinue to smoke cigars and a pipe.
One student, who said he
smokes from one-and-a-half to
two packs per day, said he read
the reports carefully and doesn't
intend to stop smoking. "You
see old guys every day who have
smoked all their lives, and I'm
not interested in living over 70
anyway," be said.
Most of those interviewed were
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-Photo by Jim Wallace.
. Several carried make-shift
crosses with "Don't burn a cross,
bear one. Let the love of Christ
fill your life."
The marchers, walking single
file, stretched three-fifths of a
mile when they reached downtown
Chapel Hill, police said.
The march was the second
largest in Chapel Hill's history,
police said, with only the July
Fourth demonstration topping it
with an estimated 500 participants.
Photo; by Jim Wallace
. . Key To The South'
of the opinion that the report of
fered nothing new. A blond coed
looked up from a set of English
notes, took a long drag from a
filter-tip, and said simply, "I
don't care. I knew cigarettes
were bad when I started, why
should I stop now?"
A Chapel Hill restuarant own
er seemed a bit more impressed
by the report. He drew a pack
of smokes from his pocket and
said he'd been carrying them
since Saturday morning but
hadn't smoked cne since then.
He said this is the best way to
A tobacco salesman was fill
ing out a sales chit with one eye
closed (it was blinded from the
smoke of his cigarette), when
asked about tobacco sales trends.
He said it was still too early to
tell but thought they would drop
off for a while and then rise
The finishing touch was added
to this survey by Miss Otelia
Conner, who said her smoking
habits are not at all affected by
the reports she doesn't inhale.
The Freshman Class is look
ing for talent.
Both student and faculty.
It is planning an All-Campus
Talent Show for February 21
22 Memorial Hall. All who wish
to participate should get in
touch with Teddy OToole, 316
Craige, 963-9061 or 968-9151.
Proceeds from the show will
be used to finance the "Fresh
Town leaders voted 4-2 last
night to bypass consideration of
a Public Accommodations law
and set up a nine-man committee
to try to iron out Chapel Hill
Integration leaders called the
action "a great disappointment"
and said stepped-up demonstra
tion would be resumed.
Ten Negroes shortly thereafter
sat down on the front steps of
the Town's combination courthouse-police
station and police
began calling in off-duty officers.
An overflow crowd of more than
100 townspeople and students of
split sympathies attended the town
meeting, which climaxed a month
of ractial demonstrations in which
some 239 arrests were made.
The four aldermen who voted
for the motion stressed that they
were doing so because they felt
a public accommodations law
would do more harm than good,
and that voluntary efforts might
still produce desegregation of hold
Integration leaders joined with
the two board members who were
in favor of a public accommoda
tions law, in saying that the
board's action would produce more
negotiations but no action.
The proposal calls for Mayor
Sandy McClamroch to head a
commitee of eight persons two
each from the Ministerial Associa-
tion ,the Merchants Association,
the Chamber of Commerce, and
the UNC faculty.
The substitute motion came af
ter Board members discussed an
Institute of Government report
on the legality of the proposed
law. The report said it was not
dear whether, such & law -would
be held legal by . the courts be
cause they were no North Caro
lina precedents for a law of this
Negro leader James Farmer,
National Director of CORE, will
meet with the press tomorrow.
The UNC-Young Republicans
Club will meet tonight at 7:30 in
Gerrard Hall to elect delegates
to the YRC convention Jan. 31
Feb. 1 in Durham.
Charles Hooks, candidate for
chairman of the college council
of the UNC-YRC, the college wing
of the Republican Party, will dis
cuss his platform.
Plans for the Mock Convention
to be held here in the spring will
also be discussed.
6L it tie Fed 9
RALEIGH (UPI) The pros
pects of icy roads and cold
weather appeared likely to
make a light vote even lighter
in today's two-amendment state
The foul weather appeared
likely to affect the supporters of
a Constituiiional Amendment
changing the method of appor
tioning the members of the
General Assembly far more
than the opponents.
In the mountains, where sup
port for the amendment is wide
spread, two inches of snow had
fallen by Monday afternoon and
it was still snowing. This made
many roads impassable and
likely will cut into the voting
In the Piedmont, where op-
LEAVE OF ABSENCE
John Ehle, associate professor
of Radio, Television and Motion
Pictures plans to take a one
year's leave of absence to write
a novel that he has been plan
ning to write for some time.
Ehle had planned to take the
leave two years ago, but he in
stead took an appointment to
serve on the Governor's cul
What will he write about? He
doesn't have the faintest idea,
Meanwhile, his latest book,
"The Land Breakers," to be
published next month, is the
March choice of the Literary
Chapel Hill's main street . is a snowy white
early yesterday morning as the edge of 'the
worst blizzard of the years" passed through here.
By daybreak, local streets were icy causing a
rash of minor accidents, but no major accidents
OAS Peace Team Resolves
U. S.-Panama Differences
By MATTHEW T. KENNY
PANAMA CITY (UPI) An
Organization of American States
'(OAS) peace-making team an
nounced it -has resolved Panamanian-United
ces in ""which 23 persons ' have
been killed . and nearly 400
wounded .in bitter street fight
ing since last Thursday.
. The OAS team said in a "com
munique its mediation efforts
have resulted in agreement by
the disputing parties" to crea
tion of a mixed commission for
coordination of peace aims, and
U. S. reaffirmation of intent to
fly the Panamanian flag along
side the Stars and Stripes at all
public sites in the controversial
The commission, the OAS
said, will include two Panaman
ians and two Americans and be
presided over by an OAS offi
cial. Chilean delegate Manuel
Trucco will preside over the co
ordination group which will in
elude a military as well as
ponents counted on a large turn
out to defeat the amendment,
the sun came out and began
melting the ice and snow, but
the vote was still expected to
be lighter than previously pre-
The amendment will cut house
membership from 120 to 100, one
from each county, and increase
senate membership from 50 to
70, apportioned by population, if
approved in the referendum.
Opponents of the amendment
have complained that its pass
age would enable 19 per cent of
the State's population to elect a
majority of the House.
The small counties presently
have control with 27 per cent of
the people able to elect a majo
rity. A second amendment . would
make the property rights of men
and women equal.
The state board of elections
estimated 2,100,000 persons were
registered in the state," and eli
gible to vote in the 2,154 pre
cincts. Only 556,629 persons voted on
six Constitutional Amendments
in 1962. Since these amend
ments were voted on in a gen
eral election, best estimates of
the total vote this time ranged
Surveys indicated widespread
apathy, with a large percentage
of the population knowing little
or nothing about the amendment.
The polls open at 6:30 a.m. and
close at 6:30 p.m. Tuesday.
Franklin Street At 3 A.M.
civilian representative from
The commission will draft
measures to "prevent and re
solve" any alteration of order
and also decide on what areas
should be subjected to special
vigilance, the OAS peace-makers
The five-man OAS mission
called on President Roberto F.
Chiari at the presidential palace
at 12:30 a.m. EST, to advise him
of its findings. It was announced
that U. S. Assistant Undersecre
tary of State Thomas C. Mann,
sent here by President Johnscn
to investigate the dispute, would ,
postpone his scheduled departure
until later today to permit him
Out Of Zanzibar
ZANZIBAR (LTD The U. S.
destroyer Manley removed 63
Americans from the island of
Zanzibar Monday as the revolu
tionary government followed up
its coup by banning the former
ruling parties and exiling the
deposed Sultain for life.
Despite fears in Kenya and
Uganda across a narrow strip
of the Indian Ocean from Zanzi
bar that the island revolutionary
regime might turn it into a new
pro-Peking Cuba, both nations
recognized the new govenment
American sources said the
U. S. nationals were evacuted
because of the very unstable
conditions following Sunday's
leftist revolution. Most of the
Americans were members of a
U. S. space tracking station for
the Mercury program which or
bited the first U. S. astronauts.
Those remaining were Charge
Dr. Werner D. Fa Ik
Given Hanes Chair
Prof. Werner David Falk, a na
tive of Berlin and graduate in
philosophy at Heidelberg and Ox
ford, has been named the James
Gordon Hanes Professor of Hu
manities. Now a visiting professor in the
Philosophy Department, Dr. F.alk's
appointment marks the lirst oc
cupant of the James G. Hanes
Professorship, which was estab
lished in 1961.
University Trustees approved
Prof. Falk's appointment follow
ing recommendations from Chan
cellor William B. Aycock, Presi
dent William C. Friday and Dean
J. C. Sitterson of the College ol
it : v ;
were reported. Elsewhere in the nation the storm
left thousands stranded and scores of towns isolat
ed behind drifts up to 12 feet deep from the Mis
sissippi River to the Atlantic seaboard.
Photo by Jim Wallace
to hold another talk with Chiari
The OAS group noted in its
communique that U. S. Army
Secretary Cyrus Vance ratilied
- for. the United States its inten
tion to fly the Panamanian flag
outside all public schools in the
Canal Zone alongside that of the
Such an agreement had been
negotiated a year ago and it was
its alleged violation by Ameri
can students since officially
denied by zone authorities that
sparked last Thursday's Pana
manian attacks on the zone and
subsequent widespread a n t i
American sniping, burning and
d'Aff aires Frederick Picard III
and third officer Donald K. Petr
The new government told all
Arabs to stand outside their
homes to be searched and order
ed that cars of all former gov
ernment ministers and officials
be marked by white flags and
taken to "freedom fighters' head
quarters." The toppled government had
been dominated by wealthy Arabs
in a nation that is four-fifths
African. But the revolution first
armed uprising within the' British
Commonwealth, ended the sul
tanate which had ruled for 132
years and replaced it with a re
public. Zanzibar achieved its indepen
dence from Britain barely a
month ago. The government was
overthrown in a swift revolution
that cost 3 lives and wounded 25
Arts and Sciences.
Prof. Falk since September 1963
has been the Mahlon Jordan Dis
tinguished Professor of Philoso
phy, a visiting professorship estab
lished by Mahlon Jordan who is a
vice president of Smith, Kline
and French Co.
Industrialist James G. Hanes
of Winston-Salem provided funds
two years ago for the chair in
the Humanities. The Hanes fami
ly has given generously to the
University, in library resources,
in endowed professorships in busi
ness scholarship, and in other con
tributions and bequests. Mr. Hanes
(Continued on Page Three)