The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, January 10, 1967, Page 1, Image 1
Eos 870 Chapal Hill. W.C- 27514 French Flim Shmcn The Philosophy 142 Club is presenting the film "Last Year at Marienbad." today at Car roll Han. The film is Fr-nch and was written bv Alain Rob-be-Grillet. There will be show ings both at 3 and S p.m. German Exchange, Interviews Today is the final day of interviewing for the Goettingen uerman exchange. Applica tions are available in Y Court. O To JFrite Well Is Better Than To Rule' Volume 74, Number 82 CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, TUESDAY. JANUARY 10, 1967, Founded February 23. 1893 Vtd I . ; h H All Bobby Baker Trial Begins, Selects Jury WASHINGTON (AP) Fed eral Judge Oliver Gasch took extra - ordinary steps today to 'get and maintain a fair and impartial jury in the trial of Bobby Baker, one -time secretary to the Sen ate's Democratic majority. As the trial opened in U.S. district court, Gasch announc ed that the jury would be lock ed up each night during the trial, which he said is expect ed to run from two months to two-and-a-half months. And the judge asked the jury panel a series of questions including whether they read certain magazines which have carried stories about the case. Baker, 38, onetime confident of many Democratic Senators including Lyndon B. Johnson, watched attentively as Gasch questioned the panel. The questioning began the trial which is expected to in clude the issue of electronic surveillance of hotel or office suites of Baker acquaintanc es. The government maintains the admitted bugging opera tions had no connection with the indictments charging Bak er with income tax evasions, larceny and conspiracy. He pleaded innocent at the time of his indictment a year ago. Gasch emphasized that "both the accused and the gov ernment are entitled to have this case tried by a fair and impartial jury." He recognized, Gasch said, that there would be extens ive press coverage of the trial, and said that this is in ac cord with the principles of American society. NOTES SHEPPARD CASE "I must also take note of the decision in the Sheppard case," he said;' " " - . In . that case the Supreme Court ruled that Dr. Samuel Sheppard was deprived of his constitutional right to a fair trial because the jury that convicted him of killing his wife wasn't shielded from pre judicial publicity: A second trial won him acquittal. Gasch said he feels he has no alternatives but to take steps to prevent the possibility that the jury in the Baker case might be influenced by things read or heard outside the courtroom. "I have therefore with re luctance come to the conclu sions that the Jury in this case will be sequestered," he said. Baker, in a dark - gray suit, white shirt and black tie, smil ing some of the time, sat at a table with his four attorneys, including the noted trial law yer Edward Bennett Williams. Gasch first excused those who said they are acquainted with Williams or other other lawyers. He excused those al so who said that they had for med an opinion about the case from reading or hearing about it. Remarking that there had been many news stories about the case, particularly in week ly magazines, Gasch asked the panel if they subscribed to or read regularly the following: National Review, U. S. News and World Report, New Re public, The Nation, Time and Newsweek. Many said they subscribed to one or more of the maga zines; some said they read them; but none said they had formed an opinion from their reading. Gasch asked also if any knew the senators and two members of the staff of the Senate Rules Committee. None said they did. The Rules Com mittee which conducted an in vestigation issued a denuncia tion of Baker In June, 1965, saying he used "the political influence of his public image to feather his own nest." VENDING MACHING Baker made $19,600 a year in his' Senate post, but he built holdings which he estimated as worth $2 million in such di verse fields as vending ma chines, real estate, and law. Gasch excused many who said the long trial and being away from home would be a hardship for them. One man said he is need ed at home to discipline his two teenage daughters. A wo man who said she has four children who need her at night also was excused. ' . X f - : , - - .... u " f'H 1 ) t 4 t " ' ' f - ... n ' " V ' BOOKS, BOOKS, BOOKS, and more books. That's what students start saying when they get their first look at the course outlines handed out at the beginning of each semes UNC For in B W By DON CAMPBELL DTH Staff Writer Carolina's GE College Bowl team came from behind Saturday to beat two time winner North Central College of Illinois and bring home a $1,500 scholar ship grant. "It was a team effort," both coach and team members agree. Head Coach Dr. Charles Wright, pro fessor of English here, sized up the vic tory this way: "We had a better bal anced team than did the opponents. "We seemed to have a more even distribution of things to offer," he add ed. "The only time I was concerned," Wright said yesterday, "was when they began to fall behind." Carolina was be hind North Central 45 points at halftime. "We were a little shaky in the first half," David Harris, a history major from Snow Hill, said yesterday. "But in the second half we really began to clock." Harris' quick answers were the ones which broke the game open. With the score tied and 30 seconds left, Harris an swered two quick questions and set the team up for bonus points. The final score was 240 to 210. Mary Ellen Lane, a history of ar chaeology major from Chapel Hill, ex pressed a similar opinion: "The only time I got worried was at half time," he said, "When I looked at Basketball Rankings Are In See Page 5 .v.v.v.v.v.w owl Teai Over N. WUNC To Of Union WUNC-TV, channel 4, will carry President Johnson's State of the Union address be ginning at 9 p.m. tonight. Historical perspective pre ceding the address will be giv en by James Reston. The speech will be live at 9:30 p.m. Following the speech, analy sis will be given by several noted historians and foreign af fairs experts including Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Clinton Ros siter, George Ball, and James Cavanaugh. ter. This year the student government is doing something about it. A student co-op will be instituted to help alleviate the text problems. Mall Centra the scoreboard and saw we were be hind. "David Harris' last second surge was what did it," she said. .'. Carolina won all three warmup con tests, Wright said two of them by sub-. stantial margins. Wright expressed special apprecia tion to graduate students Gerald Pow ell and Dick Bochinsky, both of whom have appeared on the College Bowl while attending other universities. Powell and Bocbinsky assisted Wright in preparing the team for com petition. The team and coach had what they called "a great time" in New York. "I had a fabulous time," Miss Lane said yesterday, "With four boys how could I help it? That's a better ratio than here at UNC." "We were treated very royally," she said, "We're very excited about going back in two weeks." Wright reported that they all went to Chinatown for dinner Friday night, and that he spent Saturday evening with novelist RalpH Ellison. The team will not practice this week, Wright said, but will hold several ses sions next week when transcripts of pre vious games arrive. On Sunday, January 23, they will face Saint Mary's College an all-girls school from Notre Dame, Indiana. "With a game under our belt," Har ris said, "I think we'll do better next ' time." Show State Address Live The broadcast will be the first time an educational net work has been interconnected, live coast-to-coast. Channel 4 will also have the only live coverage of the Republican press conference afterwards. THE BIG RETURN GREEN BAY, Wis. (UPI) Al Carmichael of the Green Bay Packers set the National Football League record for the longest kickoff return in 1956 when he went 106 yards against Chicago. A Com WASHINGTON (AP) In an unprecedented move, House Democrats overrode their leader and voted yester day to bounce Rep. Adam Clayton Powell as chairman of the Education and Labor Committee. Indications mount ed the House will refuse to seat him today. By an overwhelming voice vote, the Democrats replac ed the controversial Harlem Negro Congressman with Rep. Carl D. Perkins, D-Ky., for the 90th Congress starting to day. Although the house must approve committee assign ments, the action is consider ed conclusive. Powell, visibly shaken, call ed the move "a lynching, nor thern style." He said that al though the move is for one congress only "I'll never get it (the chairmanship) back." Powell and his supporters in sist the actions against him are racially motivated but his accusers deny this. A compromise supported by Speaker John W. McCormack, D-Mass., which would have taken the chairmanship from Powell temporarily pending an investigation, was voted down .122 to 88, in the closed Demo cratic caucus. Rep. Lionel Van Deerlin, D Calif., said the action does not change his plans to ask Pow ell to stand aside when mem bers are sworn in today. - He plans to offer a resolu tion to defer seating of Powell . pending a study of his legal difficulties in connection with a $164,000 defamation judg ment in New York. . Powell's non-payment of the judgment ,has brought him contempt-of-court sentences. "I think that there will be a leadership motion o seat him and that it will be defeated," Van Deerlin told a reporter. The caucus action against Powell, who has been under fire for excessive travel ex penses and because his wife Pub Board To Meet The Publications Board will meet at 4:15 Wednes day afternoon in the Wood house Room on the second floor of GM. All members are expect ed to be present and on time. Interviews for editor of the 1967 - 68 Carolina Quar terly will be held. All business managers will be expected to turn in the December financial re port. United Nations Internships Made Available UNC will send three gradu ate interns to participate in its United Nations summer intern program this summer. The three selected will work in New York City at the UN for the ten - week period from June 19 to August 25. Selection for the program will be based upon interest, academic achievement, and preparation. A variety of aca demic backgrounds would be the best preparation for the di verse activities entailed in the program. The UN is interested in hav ing at least one of the interns be a native of a country oth er than the United States. $850 will be advanced to each intern to cover travel ex penses to and from New York and living expenses while there. The program, now in its sixth vear. is financed bv a grant from The Institute for International Order. Application blanks may . be obtained from Mrs. Richey, Room 101 Caldwell Hall. They must be returned by February 4. TTn Ghairman was on his payroll even though she lived in Puerto Rico, was . described by some liberals as the only thing that could be done to save his seat. But a number of congress nisy WASHINGTON (AP) The 90th Congress convenes at noon today with controver sies already jarring the House and Senate. House Democrats fired the first rocket by voting to dump Rep. Adam Clayton Powell from his chairmanship of the House Education 'and Labor Committee. A bipartisan group of Sena tors prepared to renew their perennial fight for a change in the rule that requires a two thirds majority to choke off filibusters. Southern members lined up to resist any change. President Johnson lays out his program for the new ses sion in a State of the Union address to the House and Sen ate tonight. The speech will Mao Resistance Spreading South TOKYO (AP) Bloody re sistance to Mao Tse - Tung's purge was reported today to have spread to South China. A powerful general and secret police leaders in Peking were said to be arrayed against Mao, and signs suggested Red China may be close to civil war. Red Guard posters appear ed on walls in Peking saying "1967 will be the year of bat tle between the two lines (Mao and anti - Mao) and the pro letarian forces representing Mao must score total victory." and others opposing Mao are called bourgeois reactionar ies. Furthermore, the offieal Pe king People's Daily printed an urgent appeal for help from elements loyal to the 73-year-old party chairman in the big city of Shanghai. Anti - Mao elements attacked Shanghai's water, power and transporta tion network and thousands of Anti - Mao workers struck last Thursday. , Judging from the call for as sistance, anti - Mao forces ap- peared to be in command of anangnai, wnere mao uim&eu i- -1 i i ir may be staying. He left Pe king in December and was re ported spending a winter holi day in Shanghai. Also last reported with him was his heir apparent, De fense Minister Lin Piao. Further evidence that mat- ters may be coming to a head was the exodus of Red Chi nese diplomats to Peking from capitals in Britain, Scandinav ia and India. Chinese reaching Hong Kong told of the spread of the fight ing to Canton, South China's major city. Japanese correspondents in Peking said Red Guard pos ters appeared Monday accus ing Gen. Lio Chih-Chien, a member of the important Na tional Defense Council, of sid ing with Mao's opponents. If true, this would be furth er evidence that leaders of Red China's 2.5 million - man army are cracking under the stresses and strains of the purge. Lo Jul - Ching, chief of the general staff, already has been purged. The newspaper ASAHI's cor respondent in Peking said the capital's security policy head quarters was closed down and Red Guards were statedioned in front of the building. He reported the action came ap parently because headquart ers was staffed with officers Loses men emerging from the cau cus said they doubt he will be seated today. Rep. Sam Gibbons, D-Fla., who led a revolt against Po well on the education and la be carried on radio and tele vision at 9:30 p.m. EST. The White House said John son still was working on the message today. Johnson has said he will ask Congress for an extra $9 billion to $10 billion to finance the Vietnam War. Still unan swered was the question of whether be will ask for a tax increase. Senators lost no time in seeking to be brought up to date on Vietnam develop ments. Richard M. Helms, Di rector of the Central Intelli gence Agency was called in to a closed meeting of a spe cial Senate CIA sub-committee headed by Sen. Richard B. Russell, D-Ga. The Senate Foreign Re- loyal to President Liu. ASAHI said the security police func tion was taken over by the Department of Security in the State Council. Nanking's city officials were said to have called on the army and security forces to carry out house - to - house raids on pro - Mao forces after bloody rioting in which 54 per sons were reported killed and 900 injured. Clashes between Mao's young Red Guards and work ers were reported last week in Peking, the old wartime capi tal of Chungking and several other cities. During the week end, Chinese peasants strom ed a pro - Mao rally in the Choushan Islands, at the gate way to Shangai, injuring many. A factor in the new violence may have been the Maoist de nunciation of Tao Chu, the head of propaganda who had risen to No. 4 in the Chinese communist Party since the purge began. He was accus ed of siding with President Liu and Teng Hsiao-Ping, the Par- tv cprptarv General, in fol j , lowmg a pro - capitalist, pro- Soviet line. Unlike Liu and Teng, who seem at least outwardly to have taken the accusations against them lying down, Tao appears to have reacted with blows rather than talk. Red Guard posters confirm ed recent reports of a shake up in the labor organizations. The posters said the All -China association of revolut ionary workers replaced the All - China Federation of Trade Unions Jan. 1. The Fed eration leaders supported Liu. The posters called Mao com mander of the new labor or ganization. As one blow in the conflict, Red Guards struck at Liu through his wife, Wang Kuang Mei. Red Guard posters said she was lured to a hospital Fri day by a telephone call saying one cf her daughters had been hurt in a traffic accident. When she appeared at the hospital, she was grabbed by Red Guards and taken to Chiang Hau University and held until 5 a.m. Saturday. Saturday. She, was released when she confessed her sins against Mao and agreed to self criticism until all university students were satisfied. Liu himself is reported surround ed in his Peking home by loy al guards. Jaiyp 1L bor committee last year, said he expected Powell to be de nied his seat and Rep. Thomas P. O'Neill, D-Mass., said "He'll be lucky if he is seat ed." lations Committee scheduled a . closed meeting next Monday with Secretary of State Dean Rusk as the witness. Powell described the loss of his House committee chair manship as "a lynching, Nor thern style," and said "I'll ne ver get it back." The Harlem Negro Demo crat was visibly shaken as his colleagues voted overwhel mingly to replace him with Rep. Carl D. Perkins, D-Ky. The unprecedented action of ousting a committee head jolt ed the House leadership of Speaker John W. McCormack, IMass., who backed a com promise plan under which Powell would have relinquish ed his committee post tempor arily while his case is under review. The party caucus re jected this 122 to 88. Today Powell faces a move led by Rep. Lionel Van Deer lin, D-Calif., to bar him from taking his House seat pending an investigation. . , The New York Congressman is under a 14 - month jail sentence for contempt of court and and also has been accus ed of deceptive use of travel credit cards. McCormack suffered anoth er setback when the Demo crats voted 138 to 105 to oust Ralph Roberts of Indi ana as majority clerk of the House and give the job to for mer Rep. W. Pat Jennings of Virginia. Jennings, 47, lost his House seat to a Republican in last November's election. Roberts, 69, had held the $27,500-a-year clerkship since 1949, with the exception of two years when the Republicans were in con trol. In other actions, the Demo cratic caucus: Re-elected McCormack and Majority Leader Carl B. Al bert, D-Okla. Voted 125 to 68 against a motion to change House rules to combine the Committee on Un-American Activities with, the judiciary committee. Voted to retain the 21 - day rule under which bills can be brought directly to the floor if the rules committee does not act in 21 days. A liberal challenge against Rep. William M. Colmer, of Mississippi, who is due to be come chairman of the rules committee, evaporated in the wake of Colmer's announce ment he will amend commit tee rules to require regular meetings. Former Rep. Howard W. Smith, D-Va. used to block leg islation from reaching the house floor when he was rules chairman by refusing to call a meeting of the committee. In the Senate, Republican leader Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois said he loks for the election of Sen. Margaret Chase Smith of Maine as the first woman to head the con ference of all Republican Sen ators. Dirksen said he is taking no sides in a contest that Sen. George Murphy of California is expected to win to head the Republican Senatorial cam paign committee. Democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Montana said in an interview he and Dirksen have agreed on a "flexible" change in the party ratios of of committee asignments as a result of the GOP's net gain of three members. Mansfield said he will re commend expanding some committees, including the for eign relations group, so that Democratic Senators won't have to give up seats they now hold.