North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
Tuesday, January 10, 1967
Don't Overlook Importance
peaker Ban Law Story
The old year, 1966, is gone now
and the newness of the new year,
1967, is beginning to wear off. But
before it gets completely out of
sight, we want to make one last
comment on the old year concern
ing the events lhat made the news
during the past 12 months.
The UNC News Bureau com
piled a list of what it considered
"the 10 most colossal stories of the
year at the University in Chapel
Hill." (DTH, Jan. 4) And we agree
that their choices were, indeed, im
portant news events. However, we
were quite disappointed to note
that what we consider the single
most important event ofxl966 was
not even mentioned in the News
That is, the invitations to Frank
Wilkinson and- Herbert Aptheker
to speak on campus, their being
denied a forum, the renewed has
sle within the University commun
ity over the Speaker Ban Law and,
finally, the filing of a suit asking
for relief from the law.
The Gag Law, in all its forms,
has been a menace to the Uni
versity since its conception. Uni
versity administrators, faculty
and trustees recognized this and
fought long and hard to have the
law erased in 1965 during the Britt
Commission hearings and spegial
session of the General Assembly.
Through their efforts the law
was amended, but its constricting
affects lingered on as was evi
denced last year. So student lead
ers from all quarters decided to
throw all they had into the fight,
and the result was the currently
pending law suit.
The top story in the News Bu
reau list concerned a $5-million
grant from the Kenan Foundation
to boost faculty salariesFive of
the other top ten stories had to do
with achievements of various Uni
versity departments, faculty mem
bers and students, and in publica
tion and training and research pro
jects. The accomplishments of the
University and the accompanying
recognition revolve around the
freedom of the University to pur
sue the many facets of academic
endeavor without undue restric
tions imposed by the non-academic
The Speaker Ban controversy
was not a new story in 1966. But
it was just as big as it had ever
been. And the fact that the ques
tion of the legality of the law was
placed in the hands of rhe Federal
District Court for official decision
constitutes, in our opinion, by far
the most "colossal" story, of the
year at the University.
Student Union Fantasy
. The more we read and hear
'about the proposed Franb Porter .
"Graham Student Union, -the. niore
we feel that a touch of Disneyland
has come to Chapel Hill specifi
cally a touch of Fantasy Land.
The project planned as three
buildings: the student union, an
undergraduate library and a Book
Exchange office building was
; pproved by the General As sem-f
bly in 1963 and was scheduled to
begin in the summer of 1965.
Then came rising building costs
and the increased size of the proj
ect boosted the cost to somewhere
in the area of $7 million. An addi
tional grant of $657,000 from t h e
Federal Higher Education Fa
cilities. Act brought expansion of
20,000 square feet for the library.
Need for additional office space
prompted the University to plan a
six-story office tower to be added to
the original Book Exchange plans.
Re-drawing plans for the two
buildings delayed a start of the
project for about a year. Now bids
for the student union building have
been set for opening Feb. 7, but
the Construction and Engineering
Office says "no one can say when
construction will start." And the
Terse Verse Says
God Wt So Odd
In the November - December
issue of the Carolina Israelite,
Editor Harry Golden had some
amusing sequels to the famous
couplet by W. N. Ewer:
How odd of God
To Choose the Jews.
One of the most delightful was
a verse by one of Ewer's con
temporaries, Cecil Browne:
How still more odd
Of Those who choose
A Jewish God
To spurn the Jews.
And the one Golden rated as the
best Christian retort:
Why odd of God?
His son was one.
office building in the same area,
planned for nine stories, has been
3 cut back to its original three stqrj
ies for lack of funds.
Last spring The Daily Tar Heel
was quite concerned that the stu
dent union might be rushed off the
drawing board and completed
without adequate parking facilities
being included. Well, we still have
our doubts about parking facilities,
but we are no longer worried about
anything being "rushed."
Maybe someday our grand
kids will get to use the "new" stu
dent union. Meanwhile, we invite
all the students on campus to
come on over and enjoy the spa
cious facilities of Graham Memor
ial. And if longing for the new,
modern facilities gets to you, just
close your eyes and live in Fantasy
Land for a while.
(Eljf Sattij or tjM
74 Years of Editorial Freedom
Fred Thomas, Editor
Tom Clark, Business Manager
Scott Goodfellow, Managing, Ed.
John Askew Ad. Mgr.
John Greenbacker Assoc. Ed.
Bill Amiong News Ed.
Kerry Sipe Feature Ed.
Sandy Treadwell .. Sports Editor
Bill Hass-......... Asst. Sports Ed.
Jock Lauterer Photo Editor
Chuck Benner Night Editor
Don Campbell Lytt Stamps, Er
nest Robl, Steve Bennett, Steve
Knowlton, Judy Sipe, Carol Won
savage, Diane Warman, Karen
Freeman, Cindy Borden, Julie
Parker, Peter Harris, Drum
mond Bell, Owen Davis, Joey
Leigh, Dennis Sanders.
Bruce Strauch, Jeff MacNelly
The Daily Tar Heel is the official
news publication of the University of
North Carolina and is published by
students daily except Mondays, ex
amination periods and vacations.
Second class postage paid at the
Post Office in Chapel Hill, N C
Subscription rates: $4.50 per semes
ter; $8 per year. Printed by the
Chapel Hill Publishing Co., Inc., 501
.V. Franklin St., Chapel Hill, N. C. .
'As A Matter Of Fact, I Am Preparing For 'My Exam!'
$m- - sa-sew - jMr mm It)
Secretary of State Dean
Rusk's recent reply to the 100
Student leaders who signed a
letter criticising the Johnson
Administration's Viet Nam po
licy was at best a dispapoint
ment. "Though it was tactfully wor
ded, the Rusk letter was fill
ed with the same phraseology
that has characterised presi
dential statements and State'
Department white papers for
the past three years.
The only hope the student
critics are left with now is the
slight possibility that their
thoughtful ;,critieism' f. w i 1 i n:.;
pjompt the government to ;
show a little more flexibility in
the handling of the war., and
the quest for negotiated settle
ment. Certainly the Rusk reply
gave no such indication, though
reports irom Washington have
indicated that the student,
views have caused some con
sternation among government
Many of the points that Sec
retary Rusk made are very
The United States' Viet Nam
committment has produced
tangible beneeits for U. S. pol
icy in ; Asia, particularly in
Australia, New Zealand, Cam
bodia, and. according to some,
The committment of forces
in Viet Nam is small, parti
cularly in comparison to the
major wars of the century,
and America's 6,000 numbered
it dead pales before the mil
lion casualties of, World War
One's Verdun or the carnage
of the nation's highways.
The bombing of the N or t h
has been very precise, in mili
tary terms, and the number
' of North Vietnamese civilians
killed has been low.
What Mr. Rusk, and the en-
Editor, The Daily Tar Heel:
I am moved to write in the
hopes of clearing up a popu
lar misconception, further
ed by the editorial in the Jan.
This misconception began,
as you pointed out, with the
song "I'm My Own Grandpa,"
which claimed ythat a person
whose divorced wife married
his grandfather would then be
come his own grandfather. The
fallacy in this argument is -that
one's wife is actually only
his step - grandmother, , and
thus he as at most related to
himself only distantly.
There is a solution to the
dilemma, though. Let us sup
pose that you being a shy
young bachelor fresh out of
your teens, wooed and wed a
handsome middle - aged wom
an in her late thirties (per
haps she reminded you of your
dear mother, who died while
you were yet an infant).
We further posit that this
woman (now your wife), has
a daughter of approximately
your own age (her father, i.e.
your wife's late husband, died
mysteriously a few years pre
viously the common trage
dy you share was the initial
link in the chains of love).
Your father, lively old devil
that he is and still in the
prime of life, decides he wish
es to marry this sweet young
thing, and she consents with
After a few short years, this
happy family is doubly bless
ed, as both your wife.and your
father's wife receive a visit
from the Stork. But imagine
the confusion that ensues
your wife is her grand-child's
cousin (because your child's
grandfather is your father)
and so you are at once your
father's child's great - uncle
and his cousin.
Your father is your child's
grandfather and also his broth
er - in - law and since
your father's child is your
wife's grandchild, and your
child's uncle, that means that
your grandchild is also your
cousin and so you must have
the same grandfather and
Charles D. Cunningham
Glory To Us
Editor, The Daily Tar Heel:
The University of North Ca
rolina soared in national pro
minence during our last Christ
mas vacation through the ac
complishments of student rep
resentatives. First off, our Tar Heel bas
ketball squad zoomed to a
number three national ranking
in both the AP and UPI bas
ketball polls while winning a
Holiday. Invitational Tourna
ment in Florida.
s Secondly, our 1966 Homecom
ing Queen, Peach Pearce, won
the world's most lucrative
Peach was selected over
tough, hand - picked competi
tion in the 'invitation only'
Maid of Cotton Cpmetition in
Memphis, Tenn. From here
she was flown to Dallas, Tex-,
as, to lead the Cotton Bowl
Championship football games,
all nationally televised.
Last Sunday night she car
ried the banner for Carolina
on the Ed Sullivan Show.
And finally, our own injury
ridden Danny Talbott was cho
sen as the Most Valuable Of
fnesive Player in the national
ly televised East - West
Shrine Bowl Classic at Los
Angeles, Calf. To achieve this
coveted trophy 'Danny Boy'
outstripped such stellar per
formers as Nick Eddy, Clin
ton Jones, Jack Clancy, Mel
Farr, and many other concen
sus All - Americans.
All in all, UNC's national
prestige was raised consider
ably in two weeks by this
group of illustrious Tar H e e 1
performers. I, for one, am
quite proud of Crrolina and its
For Draft Change
BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
An estimated 1.8 million 18-year-olds will become eligible
for the draft pool this year the largest number in history. By
the early 1970s, that total is expected to grow to 2 million
But draft calls are expected to drop by one - third this
year. Last week the Pentagon announced a March draft call of
only 11,900, more than 50 per cent below the 1966 monthly aver
age. Adding to the disparity this year will be the Pentagon's new
policy of lowering mental and physical standards to permit an
estimated 100,000 marginally qualified men to enter the armetj
services. - .
The military's educational standards have been eased in
the past few months to the point where men with fifth grade
or equivalent educations are considered acceptable.
Critics have charged that this amounts to increasing the
chances for lesser educated youths to get drafted without boost
ing the chances of the more privileged.
But Gen. Lewis Hershey contends that critics who have
charged the Selective Service with blanket discrimination
against negroes and youths with poor education don't know all
Recent Defense Department statistics shows that about 30
per cent of the youths who drop out of grammar school and
. about 27 per cent of those who go on to graduate school
eventually get drafted. Roughly 70 per cent of all others also
end up in the army.
And Hershey told Congress last year that 56 per cent of
those students who get deferments end up in the service, com
pared with about 43 to 44 per cent of all those youths who do not
go to college, v
Some critics contend that proportionally more Negroes
than whites are drafted.
But Hershey told the House Armed Services Committee last
year that Negroes comprise 11 per cent of those drafted.
Reflecting almost exactly their percentage of the nation's pop
He asknowledged, however, that because of their increas
ed inability to meet armed services' educational standards, a
higher percentage of those Neffroes eligible for the draft end
W (7 "
up in the Army.
And no .one disputes that the lowered Pentagon standards
and increasingly heavy influx of 18 - year - olds have in
creased the draft chances for any youth from the lower
end of the economic and social ladder.
Many experts believe no workable solution is possible with
in the framerwork of the present system.
As one means of solving the present draft dilemma, four
major alternatives to the draft have emerged from the various
conferences and other discussions in the past year.
-The all - volunteer military. Advocates of this program,
who acknowledge it does not have much popular support,
envision large military pay increases and improved living con
ditions that would attract enough young men to meet all
military requirements. At a recent draft conference, it was
estimated this could be accomplished for $4 billion yearly.
Detractors point out that Pentagon estimates have put the
cost of an all - volunteer army at as much as $17 billion
yearly and add that there is ho way of predicting what makes
a young man choose a career. r " !
Few expect this suggestion to get serious attention from
Congress, but a resolution calling for further studies may gain
Universal military training. This suggestion, although re
cently endorsed by former President Dwight D. Eisenhower,
also has little popular support, with many attacking it as
unnecessary and wasteful in this day of relatively small guer
rilla wars. The Defense Department also has estimated it would
cost more than $6 billion to provide six months of training for
the 18 million youths who would theoretically be eligible for
the training this year.
Hershey is a strong advocate of the program and told
Congress recently that under his version of the program,
"all physically, mentally and morally acceptable young men
could be trained, say at an age of 18 years. Those not meet
ing the standards' of the armed services would be identified,
given remedial training and serve when and where qualified."
Despite his support, prospects for universal military training
legislation this year are poor.
Compulsory national service. Advocates of this program'
include Peace Corps Director Jack H. Vaughn, Secretary of
Labor W. Willard Wirtz and Sargent Shriver, head of the anti
poverty program. Under it, youths would be given a chance at
the age of 18 to either volunteer for military or nonmilitary
Those youths who want to study medicine, education, sci
ence or similar fields would be deferred to complete their stud
ies, but all others would be required to choose between the
army or alternatives such as the peace corps.
Critics argue that besides the obvious need for additional
study, compulsory national service would just provide another
form of coercion for a society that already is struggling with
the draft. To expose all youth to possible federal control at
the age of 18 is repugnant to many citizens. But Congress
may decide to call for further studies.
The lottery. Insiders say this -is the alternative program
with the best chance of gaining some kind of congressional
sanctions this year. Its backers include Sen. Edward M. Ken
nedy, D-Mass., his brother, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, D-N. Y.
and Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara.
But there is an important distinction between the version
vigorously endorsed by the Kennedys and the one proposed by
Under the Kennedy proposal. All men would be examined
by their local draft boards at age 18 and those found fit would
be assigned a lottery number. Draftees would then be select
ed by a national drawing determined, in part, by the needs
of the nation.
Under the Pentagon version, only those 19 - year - olds
who have not been deferred - that, is those men classified
1A - would be eligible for the lottery. Those who were de
ferred would enter the 1A pool when their deferments ran out.
ffcowt majI alteraatives all share one common idea;
that the present draft system should be overhauled to begin
taking youngest men first.
This commonality, strongly endorsed by the Pentagon, first
became apparent at the four-day Chicago draft conference
last month Its appeal was obvious to all, hawk or dover, scho
SLw? 0ldlf' rlght or Ie!t: Tg the youngest first would
efw5atfmoft tiered the capricious and arbitrary
rules for student and other deferments.
have failed to deal with, how
ever, is the awesome ques
The student leaders were not
really interested in a point-by-point
listing of the successes
of our foreign policy or mili
tary involvement. They were
asking for a valid justification
of. that' policy.
They have made a cost - ef
fectiveness evaluation, having
tabulated in their minds .these
Young Americans regardles
. how few are getting, killed in
Viet Nam and thousands of
others drafted. The cost to the
Vietnamese people is $5,000
killed or injured per month,
and South Viet Nam has suf
fered 30 years of war with
out a letup. .
The war hinders U. S. do
mestic progress and in defense
of the war the government has
found it necessary to be less
than truthful with the Ameri
All this the student leaders
would be willing to overlook,
provided there was just such a
valid justification for U. S. in
volvement. Mr. Rusk speaks of U. S.
vital interests, but he never
specifies what is vital to the
nation's security. He has de
nounced the 'neo - isolation
ists,' without pausing to say
why the jungles and rice pad
dies of Southeast Asia may
be compared to the great pop
ulation and industrial centers
One UNC student recently
expressed the same sort of
concern over the war when
he said it was "a big lie."
After noting that the peasant
of Southeast Asia knows little
and cares less for ideology, he .
condemned both sides of the
conflict for making a qualita
tive judgement that the ideo
logy of each was better and
then attempting to force it on
the poeple by means of armed
warfare. He was highly dis
appointed that the United Stat
es would be so actively invol
ved in an operation of this na
ture. President Johnson's student
critics sought an answer, and
they received nothing.
Perhaps the only answer
they will receive is more re
buffs and the implication that
America is in a difficult situa
tion in Southeast Asia ; t h a t
the government feels only a
settlement of the conflict on
our terms can uphold interna
tional confidence in America's
effectiveness as an ally or in
democracy as a vigorous al
ternative to communism.
Some of their elders have
claimed that people listen to
youth too much in this day
and age, but the vital inter
ests of young people are man
ifestly involved here, for youth
must at times die for the de
cisions of their foreborers. Life
and death to the vibrant liv
ing are black and white op
.posities, and when a young
man's existence is in jeopardy,
he would like to know why it
is being threatened in black
and white terms.
The questioners may receive
no reply, but the question re
mains. Those uncertain about
the war will continue to stand
at the sidelines, beseeching po
litely but intently, until that
question is answered.
The Daily Tar Heel accepts all letters for rmbli
cation provided they are typed and double-spaced
Letters should be no longer than St)0 words in length
we reserve the right to edit for libelous statements,