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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, March 07, 1967, Page 1, Image 1

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U .11 ,C Library Serials Dspt, : Box- 870 t Chapel Hi LI, Poll Shows 24 Per Cent Violate Code -v - By JOE COLTRANE DTH Staff Writer In a survey taken at ran dom last week among 100 stu dents, 24 said they had vio lated the honor code at some time or other during their stay at Carolina. About half of those were qualified by statements such as: "Once, two years ago, but I wouldn't do it now." Of the 100, 44 said they knew of others who had vio lated the code, but no one among the 100 questioned had reported another person's vio lation of the code. The Honor Code states that a student is on his honor not to lie, cheat, or steal; and furthermore, to report any violations observed by him. About half of those who said they had violated the honor code also said that the system works as well as any system could. Overall, 70 said it works, while 25 said it did not work. Five gave indefi nite answers. "I can't say that it works as it was meant to work," said a junior, "but for my self, and I'm sure many oth er students, the honor code is very real and completely effective. Technically speak ing, I suppose I've violated the code myself by not report ing a student I saw cheating on a test. But I just couldn't bring myself to report him, knowing how an honor coun cil conviction would affect his chances of succeeding in col lege, or perhaps even after college. "I think the last part of the code (to report any. violations of the code) is necessary, but it is pretty hard to carry out when you're in that position. I think the real meaning of the code is in the first part, and most students are honor able enough to observe it, and be fair with themselves and with their classmates by not cheating. But with the code as it is, that guy who makes a habit of cheating knows that he just might get reported if someone sees him cheating." Another student took issue with the usefullness of the code. "I think that the code of honor has to be interna lized before the student gets to college. If it isn't, then our honor code certainly isn't go ing to make him honorable. "In another respect, who hasn't told little lies, or bor rowed another person's iden tification when he doesn't have his? As for the matter of cheating, I consider it ab surb to have to sign the pledge when I take a test. If I saw another student cheat ing, I wouldn't report him. It is such an individual matter, that I don't think students should be asked to turn in their classmates." President Asks For Lott ery The South9 s Largest College Newspaper WASHINGTON, (AP) Pres ident Johnson asked Congress today to extend the Selective Service law and said he will use executive orders to draft 19-year-olds first under a lot tery system. , Lt. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, longtime director of Selective Service, announced he is mov ing at once to implement the callup of younger men. And he said all classifications are be ing reviewed in the interest of fairness. In a special message to Con gress, Johnson recommended no action on a halt in student deferments and a drastic re structuring of the system which would abolish most of the 4,100 local draft boards. .Both of these steps were pro posed by a special presiden tial study commission which reported on Saturday. But Johnson chose to pass these theory questions on to 'Con gress. First reaction from Congress gave little indication that the members are eager to grap ple with them. In the main, senators and representatives applauded efforts to build greater fairness into the sys tem. There was some criti cism of the lottery idea. Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana said, "We should equalize the draft so that the poor are not " penalized as they are today. He said he favors some form of universal conscription, with those unable to meet military requirement being assigned to subsidiary organizations. He added that Johnson's propos als "need a good deal of scru tiny and some straightening out." Senate Republican Leader Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois said the new proposals "are in the interest of equal treat ment, but that doesn't solve the problem." Dirksen said college defer ments should be defense-related so that those deferred yould have some obligation to serve the government instead of going right into high-salaried jobs in private industry. Rep. William H. B a t e s of Massachusetts, senior GOP member of the House Armed Services Committee, said he has "reservations with re spect to the lottery" but will keep an open mind on it. Sen. George D. Aiken, R-Vt. com mented that "any drrift law should fall as equally as pos sibe on all citizens." Hershey backed Johnson's call for further study of the commission's proposal for eliminating most of the local draft boards. "We cannot lightly disre gard an institution with so valuable a record of ef fectiveness and integrity," Her shey said. The draft director announc ed a series of actions keyed to giving more personal at tention and counsel to regis trants. Among them he listed: A proposed executive or der to extend from 10 to 30 days the time in which a reg istrant may appeal his draft board classification. A memorandum to local boards requiring that when a registrant is placed in class 1A or in the conscientious ob jector classes of 1A.0 or 1-0 he must be given the name of the board's government appeal agent and told that this agent is available to advise him on his legal rights. A Selective Service spokesman estimated there are between 190,000 and 195.000 19-year-olds in the 1A and 1A0 group. A series of memos to ap peal agents advising them of "current legal trends in selec tive service law" and urging more vigorous assistance to registrants." A prooosed executive or der permitting the secretary of defense to place a call for men beginning at age 19. Her shey said the average induc tion age during the past year has been slightly over. 20. Volume 74, Number 117 CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA. TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1967 Founded February 23. 1893 - - trill i ! : i kJ'VLytl - : - , .- r . r.v ' r;- .BIscn ion I V By HUNTER GEORGE DTH Staff Writer Advocates and opponents of U. S. policy in Vietnam will express their views in an all . day seminar to be held on this ; campus Saturday, March 18. The seminar, which will be conducted from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. in the faculty lounge of Morehead Planetarium, fea tures a state department offi- ical, a political science profes sor and an author. The three will give their opinions of various aspects of U. S. involvement in Vietnam, after which they will form a panel to answer questions from the floor. Students may obtain regis tration forms for the seminar at room 102, YMCA Building, or at 304 E. Franklin St. Cost is $1.25. (Lunch is $1 extra). i rir Powell Calls For Dorm Refrigerators btuaent isoay tresiaent bod SfeS'S PoweU announced Monday that vLrit'i' pact refrigerators may be ap- pruvea ior use in men s resi dence halls in the near future. In a prepared statement, Powell said that his office has been working in conjunction with the Residence Hall im provement Committee, headed MILLIONS OF PEOPLE in the Northern Hemisphere still think it's winter. But not Carolina students. Things were really get ting out of hand yesterday as everybody seemed to have the same fixation. DTH Photo by Mike McGowan ings Department before appli ances can be installed in stu dents' rooms. Under the plan, the Student Government would purchase a number of refrigerators meas uring 18" by 19" by 22" and would rent these to students at a reduced fee ($10-$15 per semester). The rental fee would help to "Resident Classrooms! .Need HeliD) By STEVE KNOWLTON DTH Staff Writer The residential college class room concept is on the verge of expanding, but they need more faculty members to par ticipate. The Chancellor's Residence contact the Dean of Men's of fice. The basic purpose of the classes in the residence halls can be summed up in a few now-common expressions: to humanize the learning exper ience in a large university, to expand the living - learning projects which would allow com operated washmg ma chines and driers and rented compact refrigerators to be installed in men's dorms. Powell said he had met per sonally with governors of the f ' residence colleges to deter- i 1 jOs. 1 1 TVO Ov tt AT mine the amount of space II QJ) U TtJI (LP W suable for washing ma- Jr kr J- V V rhinps and driers, and then had submitted a report to the Dean of Student Affairs, CO. Cathey. by Steve Jolly, to develop defray any excessive invest ment by the Student Govern- By DIANE ELLIS Special To The DTH Plans for an International Student Center on the Caro lina campus have been re College Study Committee process, to create a learning needs names of faculty mem- atmosphere not entirely di- bers who are wining to com mit themselves on an experi mental basis to teaching a class in a residence college, similar to the programs now going on in Morrison, Gran ville and Morehead colleges. It is hoped that the present experiment can be expanded both longitudinally and lati tudinally," said Dr. Sam Hill, chairman of the Chancellor's Blue Ribbon Committee. That is, a program calling for at least one class in each of the nine colleges and a saturation of several classes in one of the high-rise colleges. The individual professor must agree to teach a class under this setup and, at the same time, the department must agree to participate in the experiment. Since departments must start the allocations of times and spaces for next fall with in the next few days, these commitments must be made very soon. v "without expansion," said Parker Hudson, a member of the Chancellor's committee and instrumental in the for mation of the present class in Morrison, the experiment is virtually meaningless. What we're trying to do is up the ante, so to speak.". Hudson stressed that the professors who volunteer to teach a class in a residence hall are doing so for one se mester only and there is no binding agreement for them to continue to do so after that. The committee asked any and all faculty members who would consider the program to vorced from the liviong one. It all boils down to theory well-evidenced in other uni versities, thst if students at tend classes in the living areas, there will be less con flict between the learning at mosphere and the living at mosphere. If students can go to class in the same building (Continued on Page 6) ment and also would allow it to "expand our inventory of those machines." Powell added that the Stu dent Government would be in vested with power to exercise "strict control and inspection of the refrigerators to prevent any unsanitary conditions from being created." He pointed out that a stu dent's refrigerator could be re moved if a question arose con- Members of the panel in clude: Marshall Hays Noble, for mer Foreign Service specialist in Southeast Asian Affairs, who has served in Rangoon, Mandalay, Djakarta, Med an, The Hague and Saigon. He also spent a year as De partment Operations Officer in the State Department's Op erations Center in Washing ton, D. C, and is now special assistant in the Bureau of Pub lic Affairs in Washington. Noble's topic will be "Re flections on our Commitment and Responsibility in Viet nam." Dr. Arthur I. Waskow, resi dent Fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington. He is author of The Limits of Defense, The Worried Man's . Guide to World Peace, and From Race Riot to Sit-in, 1919 and the 10's, and several magazine articles. A former legislative assis tant to a U. S. congressman Dr. Waskow has criticized U. S. policy concerning Viet nam His topic will be "Re flections on our Foreign Poli cy and Vietnam." Professor W. C. McWil liams, of the political science department of Oberlin College in Ohio. McWilliams is a fre quent contributor to Common weal magazine as well as oth er journals, and presently is ,an editor of The Activist at Oberlin. He will comment on the two speakers addresses. The seminar is intended to be a "fairly serious academic look at the situation" concern- He said he expects approval cerning a sanitation problem ing Vietnam, , said a spokes- of the washer-drier project in created by food stuffs or de about two weeks. bris scattered about his room. The second measure, involv- Powell is "very optimistic" ing the small refrigerators, will that this measure can be ap require "continuing research," proved in a month's time. Powell noted, because approv al is needed from the Ornge County Board of Health as well as from the University Build- man for the YMCA-YWCA which is co-sponsoring the event along with the Episcopal Campus Ministry and UNC faculty members. u Student Center Slated "In a normal, American "The idea looks good and college," he said, "there is a should be generally accept real small percentage of "A" ed," he said, 'Taut it won't students. Foreign students be a very quiet place for a here are those who are the graduate stuaem ia study. And as a foreign student I don't like to be assimilated grouped with other foreign students, labeled, and receive special treatment and priv ileges. The ISC should, though, promote menasnip 'cream nf iho, rr in mir ceived favorable by a num- mmrmmiHoc ta t r,nA w te0fnf0rteign-PStyidentS' ,i are one ol two kinds: the will accommodate 58 male tive socially. The introverts 1 feffo 'noo dormZ are brilliant but often very un- next year 29 foreign and 29 haT,nv QnA r.A L Q American. The residents will foreign country if nobody ap- between foreign and Amen- . - " oroacnps rnpm iva: won i vjou bwuiuw deJ committee in Apra. heIp these x through of- oMerloXS JS& teril activity en$." and American students. Plans "The ultimate question of include political discussions, world peace is understand- foreign films, "Nationality ing," Danil said. "You peo- ing between the American and Nights" (nights when students pie have an entirely different foreign students." from a specified country will personality, and the best Scattering the students in give a dinner, wear tneir na- tning to do is to talk to you. The ISC will give people a better opportunity." Richard Hill-Brown, a grad uate student in American his tory from Eneland and oast campus will be able to relax president of the UNC Cosmo- If an ISC is created and in- and talk informally. politan Club, said the ISC terested Americsns live with "I think it's a tremendtus would be good for both Amer- the foreign students, it would idea," said Danil Fung, a stu- ican and foreign students be- lead to an open door of under- dent from Hong Kong who is cause "both sides have lack- standing. This kind of thing pursuing nis master s degree ea a local point on campus." makes a ditterence in wneui in Public Health. He recommended that the "It would be very educa- Center provide foreign mov- tional," he said. "There's a ies, with discussions about limitation of foreign students them. here on campus. Throush the Mohammed Selein. from brine the interested students kind of conversation the ISC UAR (Egypt), a business ad- close together and boost the would encourage, I can learn ministration graduate student foreign students love of Amer- more. The exchange of ideas and president of the Arab ican students." is very fruitful; social activi- Student Club, said the ISC "When you are scattered," ties are just as important as ' had its advantages and dis- he said, "you seem to be at educational ones." advantages. (Continued on Page 6) tional costume, and tell the other residents about their country), speeches by foreign diplomats, and a coffee shop where students from all over Agola Auma-Osolo, an inter national relations major from Kenya, Africa, said the ISC would be "a stepping stone to a mutual line of understand- dorms is a sort of aliena tion," he said. "Sometimes foreign students are thrown into close contact with Ameri can students who are too dis interested in other countries. r t:vi; n o - - er we go back to our coun tries and say 'I was happy or 'America is not what it says it is. The ISC would NO REMORSE Another student said, "I cheated because I was failing the course, and I felt I had to pass it or be in real trou ble grade-wise. After I had cheated, I felt no pangs of re morse, but I kept wondering, "Couldn't I have done just as well with a few more hours of study? I know I could have, and I decided then nev er to cheat again. It wasn't the honor code that made me decide, but it certainly might have helped." A person who said he had cheated at various times dur ing his college career had this to say about the code: "It's absurd; just completely useless. In fact, I think it tempts some students just a little too much. "As for myself, if I'm in a tight spot and have the op portunity to do so, I'll cheat. My grades mean everything, or so it seems from parents and job interviewers. I don't worry about being turned in by students; what kind of a fink would do that anyway? "I can't give you a reason why it (the honor code) doesn't work except that it's just human nature to cheat a little bit if you think you can get by with it. I can't think of a different system that would do any better, un less you have a really strict monitor system, or had tach ers spy on you, and I cer tainly wouldn't want either of those systems." NO ALTERNATIVE Of the 25 who said the hon or system does not work, most said they couldn't think of an alternate system that could do any better, or as well. A few suggested dropping the requirement that a student should report anyone he saw violating the code. "Why not just drop the last part of the code and put each student on his own honor. You get the same effect be cause no student is gong to report an offender even as the code stands now. It might -relieve a lot of guilty con sciences of persons who have seen someone cheating, too." Another student, with thoughts along the same line, said: "The only reaons one student would report another is out of personal jealousy, Why give that student an ex cuse to be a fink" A senior, with almost four years of the Carolina Honor code behind him, spoke eas ily about his experiences: "It is impossible to say that the honor code works, or doesn't work. Each individual has to decide for himself each time ha takes a test, or writes a report, whether he will do so honestly. The Honor code re minds him each time that it is his decision, and his alone. LOT OF PRESSURE "Some, of course, don't ob serve the code; and I'm not sure that it's right to con demn that person without knowing his reason. After all, you have to admit that a stu dent has a lot of pressure on him to make good grades, and if it's easy as pie to cheat, he just might take the chance. But that is for the court to decide, not us. "For some it works; for others it doesn't. But the hon 'or code is for both of them. It reminds the honest one, and tries to convert the dishonest one. "There's no system in the world that works any better, because most people are bas ically honest. What we need to do is to make honesty more of a virtue, the ulti mate virtue in school work. If our society (at Carolina especially) could place hon esty at the peak of its as pirations, then our honor code would be the perfect system. "That doesn't seem likely to happen because no one seems to be willing to start it. We all give lip service to honesty, but inside, nobody gives it much thought." FRESHMAN IMPRESSED "The code sure works for me," said an enthusiastic freshman, "I was impressed with it first during orienta tion, and now that I've seen it firsthand, I know it can work. Most people are hon est by nature, but this code makes it explicitly understood that you're responsible for seeing that your classmates are honest, too. "No, I haven't seen a vio lation of the code. If I did, I'm sure that I would tell the person that I saw him. H he didn't turn himself in, I would probably report him. It is hard to say what I would do for sure, because I haven't had the experience. "Even so, it's our code, and I think we should keep it." The weather in Chapel BOH is balmy but the stark trees (Tomorrow: What some teach proye that it's still winter. ers think about the Honor DTH Photo by Steve Adams Code.)

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