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76 Years 0 Editorial Freedom
Bill Amlong, Editor
Don Walton, Business Manager '
"Lord, ihe cops are after us,"
said one sex pervert to another.
"Where can we hide?"
"Let's try one of the girl's
dorms' answered Sex Pervert No.
2. "They're easy to get into and
they don't have any watchmen."
Speaker Ban's Gone,
Sanity Is Retiirninj
How X can you run
a S p e a k er
Sanely, for a change that's
And that's exactly the way the .
Board of Trustees decided to do it
Monday morning when it adopted a
six point policy suggested by
Consolidated University President
William C.Friday. -
The policies are fair to both the
University and the State, alike.
They insure academic freedom, on
the one hand, and protect North
Carolinian from having Chapel Hill
turned into a Yellow peril com
mand post, on the other.
The new policy assures vthat
anybody can speak on campus, as
long as he comes at the Invitation
of a legitimate campus group. This
guarantees students and faculty
members the freedom to bring in
any speaker they please, while
safeguarding both the University'
and the State from some rag-tag
radical's corning here in search of
a podium and setting up shop in
Memorial Hall, without anyone's
And, really, that's the only
feasible way to handle the situa
tion. The alternatives to it are
ludicrous. President Friday
pointed both of them out as such to
"First, now as always," he
said, "we could bar all speakers.
The consequences of such an
alternative are obviously so drastic
that we should not give it serious
"Second, some interpret the.'
language of the Court opinion as
suggesting that it is possible to
establish regulations which would
bar the appearance of unpopular or
controversial speakers. . . It is
,my considered judgement that this
cannot be done consistent with the
So, academic freedom seems to
be the . only plausible alternative.
And indeed it is.
But does guaranteeing
academic freedom to the
Universith of North Carolina mean
that Chapel Hill is going to be over
run by communists?
Pamela Hawkins, Associate Editor
Wayne Hurder, Managing Editor
Rebel Good, News Editor
Kermit Buckner, Advertising Manager
Despite- wjiatv X9ir WSMc
from the gaslstation
farmers back home, things like
that jus ,t don't happen here.
Any fears of that happening
should have been allayed by Presi
dent Friday's quoting from the
Britt Cornmission's report on the
Speaker Ban hearings. He said: V.
"Referring to the testimony that
had been presented to the members
on the subject of Communism, and
about speakers who were alleged to
be members of the Communist
Party, and the presence of students
who individually and by group ac
tivity were active ultra-liberals,
the commission had this to say:
" 'A careful review of the
testimony indicates that these
statements and allegations were
directed at the University of North
Carolina t Chapel Hill, covering
the period from 1937 to 1965.
" 'The testimony discloses that
in more than quarter of a century,
fewer than a dozen speakers from
among the thousands who have ap
peared during these years were
specifically mentioned a s ex
tremists and not all of them were
alleged to be Communists.
" 'Among the students, not
more than five were singled out as
Communists from among the more
than 40,000 who have graduated
from Chapel Hill over this space of
And a bit father down, the
report contained a sentence that
will shake the Ku Klux Klan & Co.
to the very roots of their lynching
trees. It read:
"The evidence before us fails to
justify charges of irresponsible
radicalism at Chapel Hill."
Undoubtably, they'll write it off
as Communist propaganda.
The Daily Tar Heel is pub
lished by the University of'
North Carolina Student Publi
cations Board, daily except
Mondays, examinations periods
Offices are on the second
floor of Graham Memorial.
Telephone . numbers: editorial",
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iness, circulation, advertising
933-1163. Address: Box 1080,
Chapel Hill, N. C, 27514.
Second class postage paid at
U.S. Post Office in Chapel Hill,
N. C. ,
Subscription rates: $9 per
year; $5 per semester.
By TODD COHEN
0 The Daily Tar Heel Staff
Society, the University-they both
miss the point. The University is not
Erectly at fault, for it is merely a partnf
Society. But somewhere m the works,
something is lost.
"AS Neill "the creator of Summerhill
School in England believes that the most,
important thing for an indivial is to be
happy He disputes the accepted values of
happiness. His 40 year collection of case
histories backs up his belief .
Money, or success, is not true hap
piness, Neill says. Knowing who you are
land what you want and doing it is being
But the" establishment rests on a dif
Letters To The Editor
To The Editor: ' . s. vv' conditioned him in - such a -way t that
Mr. Brogden has, unfortunately, based! should he be frank about his lack of pro
his review of "The:GrahYate'A on a' quesl!r wessiat post-adolescence -rhe 1 would': be
tion that is of little relevance. This film is 1
one of the most important American
films in recent years. It has been ,
recognized as a successful effort because
of its freshness. By rejecting the - con-
ventions of movie making, Mike Nichols
brilliantly recognizes the confusion of e
middle class youth. One should
not ask how this film should be classified ,
unless he is reviewing for Parents ...
Magazine or the Catholic Board of 1
Decency. Rather it is a question of how -legitimate
is this novel treatment of a
subject rarely treated frankly and with
such taste. ;
Certainly this is a commercial film. As
a modern craftsman, Nichols has not
forgotten the box office in his production.
Being a very adept satirist as well, , he
has subtly woven humorous detail into his
direction and, no doubt, into the
screenplay itself. Many of the Hoffman- -Bancroft
dialogues are reminiscent, in
: fact, of the Mike Nichols-Elaine May '
performances of several years ago. Yet
this is not to say that the artistic quality j
nor the Seriousness of the dilemna
presented are sacrificed for audience ap
peal. Mr.' Brogden can rest assured that
any slightly thoughtful college student or
parent viewing the film realizes all too
well this problem of alienation.
Of course, one leaves the theatre after
a lot of laughs. Maybe the majority of
armchair criticism does emphasize the
humor. Isn't this what makes the film
remarkable? The representation of the
inhibitions and insecurities of modern;
youth of which Mr. Brogden writes have
been hopelessly adulterated in
melodramatic soap operas and ludicrous
Hell's Angels or Psychedelic Tenny Bop
- per movies which take themselves
seriously to the amusement of the most
Finally Brogden's comments on the
performance of Dustin Hoffman warrant
appraisal. Granted, the accomplishments
of Ben at an eastern college are ex
traordinary if not overstated in the film
Originally the role was to be given to a
typically good-looking, well-built Joe
College type. Nichols was dissatisfied
with all prospects until he pulled the only
. uu tuaracieristicauy winning in-
casting the unlikely Hoff-
One avoid SPPincr tv.
fortunate nature of this find? First the
hypocrisy of the proverbial savoir-faire,
be it in bed or on a trat t . c
a track team, of th
Secondly, the total lack of glamouTin the
character demonstrates Hollywood's
ong-awaited readiness to accept the fact
wfrrn P111 US With
Warren Beatty. The brilliance of the film
moreover, Ues in this personal idenl
tification. The third point is the skillful
underplaying of Ben's pathetic naivete
DusUn 5Sf SUPPPKSed achievents that
Dustm Hoffman brings off so well. Ben
does not overplay the fact that he is in
experienced in sex. Yet his society has
ferent principle. "You must fit in " savs
The Experimental College, and James
Residence College are closer to the
The object of basic importance to
them is the individual. Without him, what
is. the group, the residence college, the
According to Neill, the individual can
and will become truly happy when he is
free. Freedom means the right to do
whatever one will, with the understanding
that he will not harm another due to the
mutual , respect which comes from not
wanting another to harm him.
"Freedom without license" Neill calls
The freedom to learn who you are,
what the world is, what its all about.
Graduate" is a film that
State's F ushionu Mes
CI ing To Suspenders
By ROBIN BREWER
there is an increased emphasis on
good grooming about the college campus
these days, a trend ranking in im
portance second only to political ascen
dancy. To keep abreast of the latest
vogue in fashion, our detf staff, spent last
week scouring the Big Four Campi in
search of current styles. Herewith we
present our observations.
STATE: Farmer's Haven is relinquishing
its age-old grip on the traditional.
This winter found the decline of red
underwear following the recent
discovery of lands west of the
Mississippi. We are happy to note
however that white socks have held
their own for the 11th consecutive
year. Wing-tip shoes are finally mak
ing their advent but we noticed the
balance of them were pre-tied. The
big thing with the upper-classmen is
to drive up their girls' dorm in their
tractors (two on the floor) and snap
WAKE FOREST: The Deacon's have
been slow to adjust, to the changing
times, although boys have been seen
1 in black satin raincoats with white
collars. For the most part, it is the
coed element which exhibits the new
wear. Frocks now come in
psychedelic colors. Although progress
has been made in the field of
women's rules, it is not without its
nUKE: Our Best Dressed Campus award
s again to the males at the
Durham Rock Quarry, second year
running. For the erudite young man
whTis Rialto-bound, the nouveau
She relish an ensemble of bowler
StWsuit and cane, capped by an
.purpose selection of seven-shades
nf PF Flyers Ever-present are a
queerly charming assortment of gilt
r ThP greatest inroads m garbing
h,ad Selves Snable accoutrements. -
nSed o nail down any common
Hard"Pwo7 behind the current trends,
de0S3 tSeVpoll of one hundred
we, fc in and around Main Campus. In
students m "Whom do you con-
reSPrhe the best dressed person in the
worldr we received widely divergent
If Neill's goal is to be achieved, then
Society's perspective must change.
First steps are made when someone
sticks out his neck and starts an ex
perimental college letting the individual
do what he feels like doing. Let him have
a "Let It All Hang Out" course because
then he will be Interested in what he is
The educational nobility pretends to
know whatis right for others.
No. They know, or believe they know,
what is right for themselves. But they
have not the grasp of the. world to know
how another may properly learn what the
And according to Neill, that is the
purpose, and the only purpose of educa
tion. anybody who gives a damn about
anything more, , current than whether or '
not a film bevclassified as grave br light ,
should see this year.
Fred Jaf fee
replies, and rather than analyze them
ourselves we leave that for the
statistically inclined. Forty-seven voted
for the playmate of the Month, 23 for
Leroy, Hanes Hall janitor, and 12 were
against the war. Other persons receiving
votes were: Mr. Ed, Mr. .Clean, Pam
Brewer, and the White Knight. In all
fairness, we must admit that the asnwers
do not represent a cross-section of the
L W-,iB8 Ifee.
What Doesn't Get Done
At Legislative Sessions
If Student Legislature would grow up
a little bit and find out what it is, that
they were instituted to do, things would
be much better for student government
Thursday's meeting of the legislature
accomplished approximately one-seventh
of the business on the agenda. There
were seven bills before the body, and on
ly one of these bills was discussed.
Of course, this one bill was the drug
policy, but if the legislators would
operate a mite more professionally, this
policy would not have been the subject
for the entire twoiour session, or at
least what was scheduled to be a two
The meeting . was supposed to begin at
7:30 p.m. It was eight o'clock before the
body came to order for the opening
prayer -by Representative Tom Benton,
and the clock read 8:30 before the drug
bill was brought before the body.
After Benton made a quite articulate
presentation of the bill and his arguments
in favor of it, another member of the
body took the floor to offer what he call
ed affirmative debate from another point
Actually, instead of clarifying certain
points of the question, this "affirmative
debate from different point, of view"
only succeeded in confusing the issue to
such a point that there ensued a full fif
teen minutes of questions which had no
relevancy to the consideration of the drug
The questions ranged from "Does this
amount to double jeporady?" to "Will of
"Education should be a preparation
for life," he says.
Give the individual free reign m
choosing w hat he will learn. And "learn"
means learning about the world.
The schools can merely provide a
place in which to learn about particulars.
That is all.
The real learning comes in ex
periencing the world.
What a clinche but maybe true. It
may be true if the establishment can be
open enough to perceive that perhaps its
ideals are only subordinate to the real
It's difficult to buck the establishment
Dean of Men James O. Cansler said last
fall in a private interview "we have in
Well what about individual values?
What if Neill is right and the individual is
the key to the future? What if?
Courage is the prerequisite for finding
out, for only by the courage of ex
periment can we discover if Society is
wong or right.
To The Editor:
Several hundred teachers at the
various colleges and universities in North
Carolina have signed a statement en
dorsing the action of the young men in
resisting the draft. This is commendable
of them; but there are certain facts of
the situation which, apparently, nobody
Are these young men motivated by a
humanitarianism which forbids them to
kill or are they prompted by a wish not to
be killed? Would they be willing to go if
the supposed enemy could be killed
without endangering them? If the
"enemy" were handcuffed, leg-ironed
and tied to a tree in which condition he
could be shot and napalmed in safety?
If he were fastened down, nailed to an
operating table as were (and are) the
animals that these boys vivisected?
For, these draft resisters did vivisect
animals in their biology classes in school.
The animals were helpless. They couldn't
- fight back. Did these boys resist this?
Did they ever utter a word or protest
against committing this vile crime
against these living creatures? No, they
did not. They were perfectly willing,
many were eager, to torture animals to
death in their psuedo science studies.
Their conscience didn't bother them
when they had the advantage. When it
" ' was they who inflicted the suffering. It is
. -v now -when they are faced with suf-
; , fenng that it has started to hurt.
And the teachers. . .did they ever
once refuse to vivisect animals? No.
"They made love to this employment"
(Hamlet) How, then, do they justify their
wish to protect these boys from the
possibility of getting hurt when they, the
teachers, have hurt the minds and souls
of these boys with the teaching of vivisec
tion & have taught these young men to
cause hurts in animals that are, indeed,
comparable to the wounds of war.
How can these teachers reconcile their
sudden compassion -for these boys with
the total lack of pity for the animals?
Animals feel pain the same as they, the
teachers and young men, do. These
teachers, who are now concerned, in
struct their students in perpetrating upon
the captive animals atrocities that they
deemed alright as long as it was only
animals that were tortured, but which
they now abhor if humans may become
victims of similar outrages.
Blue Eye, Mo.
fenses of this policy be covered by the
Honor or Campus Code?"
The answers do not matter. What does
matter is that the legislature had six bills
before it in addition to the drug policy
bill, and they never got around to any of
. the others, because they were uninformed
on the first subject.
If the members of legislature had
cared one iota about their jobs, they
would have attended the open meeting of
legislators on the drug policy that was
held Wednesday.. The meeting was ad
dressed by Dean of Men James O.
Cansler and Dr. Clifford Reifler, who ex
plained the drug policy as the ad
ministration and medical experts see it
Wednesday was the time to ask ques
tions on the measure, but no more than a
a handful of legislators showed up for
If more had shown up Wednesday
night, things would have been different
Thursday night, and Student Legislature
would have been, able to do a more ef
Sure, no legislative body can be ex
pected to do all of the work facing it in
one night, or even one year. But it can be
expected to consider more in one meeting
than one bill that has been in the works
for more than six months and has been a
campus-wide issue for many weeks.
If the legislators really care as much
as they claim they do about independent
student government at Carolina, they
would come to the legislative meetings on
time and prepared to intelligently discuss
the items on the agenda.