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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, February 12, 1970, Page 2, Image 2

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Page Two THE DAILY TAR HEEL. Thursday. Fcbfu-'s, 2. Iv7" 2 fflatlg 77 Years of Editorial 1 Sandra No Answers, More Questions The special Student Legislature committee to investigate the financing of the DAILY TAR HEEL has released a report which appears to come to terms with matters of the financial "operation of the newspaper. The report does not seem, however, to fully resolve or even attempt to resolve the legal and philosophical questions which have been raised about the TAR HEEL this year. The basic question raised by the Committee for a Free Press last fall was whether the University could legitimately require students to pay fees for a newspaper which, among other things, had a definite political bias. Such a pointed question, we felt, had to be considered with a double-vision. First, there was the legal question whether such a requirement was . constitutional. And second, regardless of the legality of the requirement, was it right, or moral, or fair? When the Student Legislature established the special committee to . investigate the TAR HEEL, a second opportunity was created to try to come to terms with" the two-fold nature of the primary question legality of the required student fee. The first opportunity lay 4n the committee created by Chancellor Sitterson to investigate the Whple question of student fees. The SL committee did: not,: however, really answer the Free 1 ress committe's question either I -gaily or philosophically. The only statement dealing with the legality of the required fee was this: "We reaffirm that the allocation of funds from the student activities fees is not only a legitimate means for financing student publications, most notably the DAILY TAR HEEL, but is, also, the only practical method at the present time." That statement did not address itself to the specific question raised by the Free Press group, namely, was the requirement really legitimate? There is a line of legal statutes, ranging from the state constitution, through state legislation, to the N provisions of the Board of Trustees which determines what the legal powers of the trustees are. We imagine the trustees are given the legal right to use administrative discretion in deciding what fees will be required of students. And we imagine the Trustess have decided that students will be required to pay a fee for a service which the trustees feel is necessary for the students, namely a campus newspaper. - The report of the legislature's committee, however, does not define that string of legal statutes which accounts for the presence of the required fee for the TAR HEEL. That was the basic question, and it has been ignored. In addition, the committee's report seeks to establish a renovated Publications Board. But no real mention is made of what the board's powers would be. There is a major contradiction in the report, which is left unresolved, concerning the matter of editorial freedom as opposed to censorship. The report contains the following statement which embodies the contradiction: "Fundamental to the course of our investigation is the belief that there exists on our campus a basic . need for a student-oriented newspaper existing completely free from any administrative control. Furthermore, it is the responsibility 0ar 0 reedom Ttxfd CcHea Editor Tom Gooding Laura White Bobby NcmeU Mary Burch Art Chansky Managing EdtOf News Editor Associate Editor Arts Editor Sports Editor Bob Wilson Frank Stewart Business Manager Advertising Manager Saunders Night Editor this issue of that newspaper to provide a voice for all facets of University life and a forum for the expression of all ranges of opinion." The second part of that statement negates the first part, for it implies that the "open forum" nature of the newspaper must be maintained, and this implies that someone is going to have to do the maintenance work. The report explains later on who will maintain the "open forum": "Since the body (the Publications Board) is legally responsible for the content of its publications, it seems only natural that their control should be rigidly defined and enforced." In other words, the report calls for a free TAR HEEL, but also for a censoring Publications Board. And to make matters worse, the powers of the Publications Board are not spelled out in the report, but merely alluded to. The board would be made up of students and faculty members. Some of the students would be elected by the student body , and some appointed by various student government officials and bodies. Thus, the implication was, the Publications Board would "represent" the students. Some of the powers of the board would be to serve as ; "responsible publisher" for the TAR HEEL, to act as an initiator in recall proceedings of the editor or a staff member, and to receive or fully investigate from any member of the faculty or Student Body regarding the TAR HEEL. That second power is a curious one. What it means is that the Publications Board, in the specific manner recommended by the legislative committee, would have the. power to begin the proceedings to fire an editor, if it so desired. And the manner prescribed by the committee's report would in effect judge the editor guilty until proven innocent. That is to say: After proceedings for recall were begun by the board, and after they had passed the legislature, the only way the campus (which elected the editor in the first place) could have a voice in the matter would be a campus-wide referendum. But such a referendum would have to be initiated by the respective editor, which would put the burden on him, rather than on the Publications Board. - The effect of the report on the TAR HEEL, aside from some concrete suggestions for improving the operation and efficiency of the financial side of the Publications Board and its various publications, is to invest the Publications Board with an overly dangerous amount of power. - Despite the apprent intention of the legislature committee to avoid creating a form of censorship, that is exactly what it has done. Ironically, at least one member of the Free Press group has expressed his dissatisfaction with such a result. The Free Press group, he said, wants required fees abolished; it does not want censorship. Bill Blue, chairman of the legislature committee, has said the Chancellor's committee on student fees, when it reports in a few weeks, will basically support the student legislature report. That would be unfortunate. So would approval of the report tonight by. legislature. Jim Eldrid 1 ici tonimeci 10 Dorm As Magic Note: The following story is true. Only the names 2nd a few facts here and there have been changed for dubious reasons. Once upon a time there was a boy named Jack who lived in a small, dark cubicle called a dormitory room. Jack was slowly drying up and decided to move out of the room and off of the large campus into an old, but still nice and roomy house. But his mother was poor, so Jack had to go sell their cow to get the money for the big move. As Jack was walking through the campus with his cow, a nice-looking duck named Waddleworth came up to him and said he would buy the cow, but only had some magic beans to offer. Jack agreed, and signed a piece of paper w hich stated that should the magic beans not work, Jack would gladly live in the dorm room for another semester. When Jack returned home, his mother scolded him for having accepted some "worthless beans" instead of cold, hard ' cash. She threw the beans out into the yard and sent Jack to bed without any supper. John Agar What ' Happens To Food Service? Posi-SAGA? The departure of SAGA Foods from campus won't be much cause for grieving. SAGA bought its way into the food service in the hope of profits and yvhat with depressing the quality of food and trying gallantly to liquidate its work force, it had all the makings of a successful business venture. It would have been a textbook example of sharp management: overhead reduced by perhaps a third, prices raised slightly, and lovely profit to send home. Tough about the people. What made things even better, the labor, force was mostly black, unorganized, and Southern, wfth no tradition of speaking up in its own self-defense. The University from a University administration which affected to believe neutrality the commitment of morally superior institutions, no hindrance was to be expected. This left only the student body, which also was mostly Southern, unorganized, and as at least one sociologist has pointed out metaphorically black. The small v core of radical students had a history of giving their support to people who couldn't stand the sight of them, and then going to pieces. You had only to listen to them talk to know that however much they Were going to change the world, they were NOT going to get much done around here. Sure, the blacks kicked and screamed a little, and even struck, when it became evident that they were to be eliminated. But, for all the talking the strike elicited, and all the celebration the settlement prompted, the strike ended in the total humiliation of the workers. No strike, at least that I have ever heard of, has ended in such obvious and total defeat for the union. The strike, precipitated by the dismissal of ten workers on trumped-up charges, ended yvith the union agreeing to the dismissal of sixty workers for economy reasons. The stage had been set for further reductions come next contract, and the union's striking power against that time had been drastically cut. The only thing SAGA couldn't control, or cope with entirely, was the effect of its dubious public relations. The picketing, the aura of moral ambiguity of SAGA's management, the constant charges and - countercharges rather wearied people than convinced. them of anything. Just the name, SAGA made a rm But !o! The next morning when young Jack awoke and peeped out the window, the beans had sprouted into giant red vines and undergrowth which had engulfed the entire campus. Fighting his way through the jungle. Jack arrived at a caMie where the Housing Office used to be. As he entered the enormous building, he heard a big booming quack declaiming, "Fee Fi Fo Fum, I need money. Gonna get me some." To his great surprise. Jack saw his friend Waddleworth transformed into a giant duck. Jack's old cow was over in the corner being milked dry by a number of very busy little men. And on top of a weathervane (which was pointing southward) sat a large eagle laying rotten eggs- "What am I gonna do?!" lamented Waddleworth. "All this large castle and no one to live in it. I wonder what the problem is, I've offered rooms to so many people and they don't want to live here. Maybe they don't like me." . "No, that's not it," chirped young Jack. "I think you're a very nice man. person want to eat elsewhere. That was all it took. Now there are various proposals for replacing SAGA. The most intriguing is the establishment of a cooperative run by the workers. Probably the University would initially be required to finance it, perhaps with a long-term, low interest loan, since the workers have little or no resources themselves. Ideally, this is the most equable solution. In practice, it probably won't work. Doubtlessly, the workers can get 'financial backing somewhere, and they can get skilled management advice, and whatever else they need to stock and run the campus eating places. But where will they get customers? Both University Food Service officials and SAGA "officials, in their time, complained that they weren't getting ; enough patronage. Given a chance, the workers, too, may someday make that complaint. The need is for a solution Letters To The Editor eacier To the Editor: J In the issue of February 4, 1970 you report that four persons were convicted ,0f various charges stemming from the 'food workers strike last falL In reference to three of them you state that they "allegedly" committed certain acts. Since the persons concerned have been convicted, the use of the term "allegedly" is incorrect. Although I am not a law student, I believe the word is used only prior to a verdict, based on the presumption of innocence. i; Your use of this expression in your article of February 4 casts doubt on the correctness of the decision and thus also casts aspersions on the court. This is just one more example of biased reporting and castigation of our established institutions, in this case our courts. Your article is also one more reason why financial support of your newspaper Critical Of Except that your beans didn't work. They just made a terrible mess, and made it verv difficult for me to fmd rr.v wav here' "Well, I'm so sorry," said Waddleworth. "But now that you're here, don't you want to stav?" "No. sir." replied Jack. "I found a much nicer place to stay where I can cook my own food and live my own life." "But, young Jack." pleaded Waddleworth, "I provide all those things in my castle. Look, you can have that room there. The one you've been living in. See, it has four nice walls and a bed.' "But my food-" "Don't worn- about that. I have a very reliable chef who will prepare all your meals and see that you get them piping hot for only a small price each day." Just then, a large rat in a dirty chefs hat ran in, kicked Waddleworth in the leg and stepped on his right web. "What's that for, Sacha?!" whelped the large duck. "I'm fed up," replied the chef. "I can t make any money here. All those black swans down at the lake. Thev're more which, first of all, guarantees that there will be customers. One tactic would be to put those dormitories not presently on a food plan . on one. This yould be analogous to the University's decision to require students to live on campus an additional year. It would probably be the worst solution, but it's a thought. A second alternative . is the re-establishment of the University Food Service, Currently, there are legal limitations on the salary the University can pay its employees. But a bill could be brought . before the state legislature to enable the University to pay a competitive salary to someone capable of running the food service justly, with a modicum of "quality, and at the break-even point. My own choice would be a plan for running the campus cafeterias as modified cooperatives, with profits going partly into decent salaries and fringe benefits for workers, and partly into promotional DT 71 tt nn in should be entirely voluntary and not dependent on compulsory levies from Don't Forget Nurses Dorm' To the Editor: Erica Meyer was absolutely right when she stated at the conclusion of her Campus Quiz that "Unfortunately, some people after having looked at it (the campus) for a couple of years no longer really see, notice or remember." One of the features which Miss Meyer has failed to notice is Nurses' Dorm, one of the largest women's residence halls on campus with spaces for 290 girls. For the past four years, Nurses' Dorm has received the Carolina Women's Council award for being the most active women's dorm. While it is true that we will be forced to abandon our dorm next year, we at Nurses'feel that we should not be neglected during the last year of our existence. Residents of Hall 2-B Nurses' Dorm ID interested in floating arour.d ihJn working. And those lou v,-; have, complaining about my food ar..i prices. I Quil!" And out he stomped, drag;;r.i his tj ; behind him. Turning to Jack, Wadd!euor:h sa "You see. son, some of the prober x have here. But it is a nice place to honest. But I'm afraid I'll hae to a for vour $169.50 now." "What for?" asked Jack. a!armt:. "Your room rent," replied the d.;,k. "But I told you I won't be iniro campus next semester. Ie (ow-.i j house." "I'm sorry." drooled Wadd!cuor:h, "but remember this piece of paper ou signed?" And he pulled out the Jack had signed when he had reenwd th magic beans for his cow. "But the magic beans DID work." sa i Jack. "Or did they?" "Oh yes. they did," chortled the dVv "But not the way you expected." "Wait a minute. You can't charge rr.t for sen ices never rendered." "Oh, my boy, you speak in uth complicated legal terms. Just pay t;p. You'll still receive all the benefits of o;:r room in the castle." "But I don't WANT to live in the castle," cried Jack. Very dejected, Jack left the castle and crawled through the undergrowth ur.t;! his clothes were all red and his face bleeding from thorn scratches. A very busy little man scurried up to Jack and told him that not only would hi have to pay his $169.50 before receiur.g his second semester class schedule, but also Jack's cousin Arnold (who was coming to the campus next year) would have to live in the castle for two years before he could even be offered any magic beans. "But," said the little man, "you can now keep that sophomore girl you've been dating out ALL NIGHT!" "O-wow," moaned Jack, as the little man scampered away, spreading more joy around the undergrow th. Three days later, the bodies of Jack and a pretty sophomore named Gladys were found frozen in the aboretum. And they lived happily in the ever after. MORAL: Don't be like Jack; pay your debts before you -go. expenses. Control of the eating places yvould be given to students either through the kind of arrangement which runs the Student Union, or, perhaps better, through the government of various dormitories. Let each large dormitory, for instance, take over the management, assisted by the University, of a cafeteria. Let the students redecorate; bring in beer; bring in quick foods. We show campus flicks for free a good show, but why not show them in Lenoir, still for free, but with a food charge of $1.50 a person? Why not bring comboes in at night? Chape! Hill, what with Hector's and Roy Rogers', STILL could use some evening entertainment. Why not let each dining hall assume us own character? Let them serve different kinds of food. Let one serve Mexican, one Swedish, one seafood . . . What I mean to say is, we all have to live, you know. Why not enjoy it? leFminolo students. Kent Gardner 317 Brandvwine Road Chapel Hill -!: The Daily Tar Heel is published by the University of North Carolina Student Publication's Board, daily except Monday, examination periods and vacations and during summer periods. Offices are at the Student Union BId, Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514. Telephone numbers: editorial, sports, news 933-101 1; business, circulation, adverthln2933-1163, Address: Box 1020, Chspel HW, N.C. 27514. Subscription rates:SjQ per year; A .V v V, A vo per semester. .We regret that we can accept only prepaid subscription I: 8 ' . Second class posta-s paid at VS. & '. Pest Office in Ch;pd Hill, N.C. g . ...... ? Vi - 's,v.v.v.v. .....-.. ' 57-

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