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Monday, February 8, 1971
OUiiJi Mil nbvS
The Daily Tar Heel
SPACE CENTER, Houston-Apollo
14's lunar explorers, improving on the
near-perfect, trimmed the course of their
rock-laden spaceship Sunday and aimed
for a splashdown in the Pacific as
accurate as their touchdown on the
Depending upon which side of the
International Dateline they land, the
splashdown techinically could come
either Tuesday or Wednesday. On the
time clocks of Americans, however,
landing time remains at 4:01 p.m. EST
Desertions and the absence of the
commanding general from his
headquarters at Long Cheng have caused
a serious deterioration in the defense of
northeastern Laos, a Laotian government
official said Sunday.
In Vietnam, six South Vietnamese
soldiers were killed and 51 others
wounded when an Allied plane
mistakenly bombed their position near
Khe Sanh, inflicting the first known
government casualties in
buildup near the Laotian
military spokesmen said.
The Laotian official
Vietnamese troops have all but
surrounded Long Cheng and appear to be
preparing a major attack against the base.
It serves both as headquarters for the Meo
army of Gen. Vang Pao and as a
communications center for the U.S.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The official, who asked not be named,
said about half of the Meo civilians and
"many" of Vang Pao's soldiers have fled
the big base, 95 miles north of Vientiane,
in the past several days.
The official said this was interpreted as
meaning the Communists were prepared
to seize all territory that formerly
belonged to the neutralist faction in the
northeastern Laos under the tripartite
TUSCANIA, Italy-The ancient city of
Tuscania, which for 2,300 years had
weathered wars and natural disasters, lay
destroyed Sunday the victim of twin
killer quakes that crushed it within
The earthquakes struck Tuscania and
surrounding towns . Saturday afternoon
and evening, killing at least 1 5 persons,
injuring 270 and leaving the town's 7,000
It was the worst such disaster in Italy
since quakes in western Sicily three years
ago killed 316 persons and left another
Tuscanian residents moved into army
tents Sunday and rescue teams dug into
the rubble of this proud ancient Etruscan
capital for more victims.
"The old city is destroyed," said
Mayor Sergio Leonardi.
"The city inside the walls is 100 per
cent uninhabitable," echoed Fire Chief
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Flight director M.P. "Pete" Franks
said the rocket burst the astronauts fired
behind the moon Saturday night to lift
themselves out of lunar orbit was "very
good, perhaps the best ever," but a slight
course correction still was needed.
On the outward voyage, spacecraft
commander Alan B. Shepard described
Apollo 14 as a "happy little ship," and
although the spacemen reported Sunday
they were feeling "really great," their
moonship is much more crowded on the
In addition to the 109 pounds of
arrangement from tne 1962 Geneva
The U.S. spokesmen said the accident
in South Vietnam occurred Saturday
night in fog and mist-covered mountains
six miles northwest of. Khe Sanh, the
outpost serving as a base for the
operation. A "preliminary report" said
the South Vietnamese paratrooper unit
was hit by a 500-pound "cluster" bomb,
which hurls chunks of steel across a wide
area on detonation.
Ireland embroiled M war'
BELFAST, Northern Ireland-A sniper
was shot and killed Sunday during the
fifth straight day of violence described by
Northern Ireland's premier as "war"
between British troops and the outlawed
Irish Republican Army (IRA).
The killing of the sniper brought the
known casualty total to five dead. Dozens
more have been injured in the latest
outbreak of violence which originally
started as a feud between Catholics and
moon rocks the astronauts are bringing
back, Shepard and his co-pilots, Edgar D.
Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa, also had to
find room for an" 80-pound docking
mechanism that once proved
Normally, the probe is jettisoned, but
experts want to inspect it and correct any
The probe is stowed beneath one of
the astronauts seats and lashed down
with a 100-foot rope which Shepard and
Mitchell saved from their moon walks.
The rope was to be used as a tether
while they were climbing around the rim
of cone crater, but the two explorers ran
out of time before they managed to scale
the 400 foot high rise.
Astronaut Charles "Pete" Conrad, who
flew aboard Apollo 12, pointed out the
probe could prove a "lethal weapon" if it
ever got loose in the spaceship during the
buffeting, 18,000 m.p.h. re-entry.
Shepard piloted the lunar lander
Antares to within 87 feet of the
programmed landing spot on the moon,
and ground control said he may just bring
the command ship down within "87 feet
or less of the International Dateline."
Apollo 14 is scheduled to splash into
the ocean 900 miles south of American
Four of the dead were civilians. The
fifth was a British soldier slain by
An army spokesman said the civilian
toll could be twice as high. He said a
centuries-old custom of secretly burying
the dead is still being observed in some
working class districts of Belfast.
The latest trouble started Wednesday
when British soldiers came under
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shot to death by
A white man was
a sniper Sunday and
Gov. Bob Scott ordered units of the
National Guard into action to help keep
the racial peace in this tense seacoast city.
Authorities said Harvey Cumber was
driving his pickup truck in the troubled
black neighborhood south of the
downtown area when he was hit in the
back of the head by a sniper's bullet.
Sniper fire was reported about noon in
several areas of the troubled black
section, and authorities reported that
police exchanged gunfire with snipers in
machinegun fire from gunmen believed to
be backing the IRA which advocates
unification of Northern Ireland and the
"This is quite clearly war with the
IRA," Premier James Chichester-Clark
said in a terse statement Saturday night.
The government also appealed to civilians
to stay off the streets and warned that
tough security measures may be
introduced without notice.
several residences in a black
neighborhood near downtown
A Scott aide, David Murray, said the
governor had "authorized units of the
National Guard for Wilmington."
Murray, who headed to Wilmington to
help coordinate state and local law
enforcement efforts, said the Guard units
would more than likely be from the
"The number of Guardsmen involved
will be decided in meetings this
afternoon," said Murray.
State Adjutant Gen. Ferd Davis
headed to Wilmington to take charge of
the National Guard forces.
Trouble erupted in this seacoast city
three nights ago in the wake of a dispute
by young blacks who issued a series of
demands to school officials, including
making Dr. Martin Luther King's birthday
Late Saturday night, after a round of
firebombings and sniper incidents, a
policeman protecting firemen shot and
killed a young black, Gib Corbett, 17.
Police said Corbett was armed with a
Cairo's semi-official newspaper Al
Ahram said Sunday Egypt's offer to
reopen the Suez Canal in exchange for a
partial Israeli troop withdrawal caught
the United States by surprise and could
sharpen differences in Middle East
policies between Washington and West
The Israeli cabinet met in Jerusalem
and discussed the canal proposal nude
Thursday by Egyptian President Anwar
Sadat and it was announced that Premier
Golda Meir will give Israel's formal reply
in a speech to parliament Knesset on
Israeli political sources refused to
speculate on the cabinet's decision. But it
was noted that in a television interview
Friday, Mrs. Meir dismissed the Sadat
proposal as nothing more than a
restatement of former Arab demands.
Sadat hid agreed in an address to the
Egyptian parliament Thursday to
continue to observe the cease-fire with
Israel for another 30 days to March 7. At
the same time, he announced a new
Egyptian peace initiative which called for
reopening the canal to "international
maritime traffic" if Israeli troops pulled
back from the east bank of the waterway.
The newspaper Al Ahram, which often
reflects Egyptian government views, said
Sadat's initiative was "a complete surprise
to the American government which did
not expect such a proposal."
In a dispatch from its correspondent in
Washington, the Cairo newspaper said the
U.S. government feared that the proposal
might push West European governments
to take a more "independent attitude"
toward the crisis in the Middle East. It
said it might also deepen differences
between Washington and the European
capitals on how to deal with the
Al Ahram said Sadat's proposal
confronted the United States with two
alternatives: Either to reject it and offend
West European countries or reverse itself
and pressure Israel to pull its troops back
from the east bank.