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The Daily Tar Heel
Thursday. February 25, 1971
n O 0
I I l ( i ! i t !
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-Minn.) speaks to a group of UNC students in
Washington, D.C, as part of the Washington Witness II program. The former
vice-president emphasized his desire to funnel new funds into domestic programs.
(Staff photo by Leslie Todd)
Prosh Goeecil to meet:
by Sue English
WASHINGTON, D.C. -An
enthusiastic, intuitive group from Chapel
HID debated, questioned and discussed
the Indochina war and other pressing
national and international problems as
they sharpened their wits against leading
Congressmen here Tuesday.
More than 85 University students and
faculty members spoke with aides of
Senators George McGovera (D-S.D.),
Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.) and Henry
Jackson (D-Wash-), and listened to Sen.
Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn.) speak
before Washington Witness H.
The program is the second in a series
of programs sponsored by the YMCA at
the University and organized for the
purpose of persuading U.S. officials that
now is the time to withdraw troops from
Washington Witness I was held
following the strike at the University last
spring. The third in the series will take
place in approximately six weeks.
Buses left for Washington Tuesday at
4:30 a.m., and returned at 1 1 :30 p.m.
Participants in the program had a fun
day beginning with a general briefing in
the New Senate Office Building at 9:30
The group then discussed the Vietnam
Disengagement Act of 1971 and the
Javits Bill, two prime topics of discussion
with the Congressmen.
The Disengagement Act was written
by Sen. McGovern and is now sponsored
by 19 senators, including Sen. Edmund
Muskie (D-Maine). Its main objective is to
cut off funds to U.S. armed forces in
Vietnam after May 1, 1971.
Sen. Jacob Javits (D-N.Y.) and Sen.
Alan Eagleton (D-Mo.) wrote the Javits
Bill, which pertains to the definition of
war and the limitation of presidential
John Holum, McGoverns chief aide
and the second speaker, listed four major
developments since last year that pertain
to the war:
Negotiations have been virtually
given up in Paris, with the consequences
The first meeting of the Freshman
Council will be held in the Frank Porter
Graham Room of the Carolina Union
todyjat 4 p.m.
! The Council was established ;tpprpyids;
a .mechanism. fqx; grater continuity--within
the leadership of the student
community, according to Student Body
President Tom Bello, "It represents an
effort to supply interested freshmen
seeking involvement within the University
withlthS necessary information to make
that involvement most productive," Bello
said Wednesday, . v , J
The 20 members comprising the
council will meet each week with current
student and administration leaders and
with various outside speakers.
7', 'The Freshman Council will serve as a
brain . . drain," . Bello t explained, . with
speakers informing the members what is
happening academically and politically in
As a service to graduating seniors, THE ORDER OF THE GRAIL will again
this year conduct a SALE OF GRADUATION INVITATIONS AND
Snf ,Wm be held M0NDAY, TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY (February
22-23-24) from 9:00 a.m. until 4:00 p.m. in the lobby of the CAROLINA
UNION. Profits from the sale of invitations will be donated to the
STUDENT AID FUND for scholarship programs.
The following list describes the items that will be available and the prices for
these items: (Indicate number desired after each item.)
1. French fold invitationsl15, includes a Commencement Day proqram
msert)-$ .20 each
2. Souvenir invitations (bound booklet containing full three-day
Commencement Weekend schedule and five photographs of campus
a) with cardboard cover $.50 each-
b) with imitation leather cover
3. Personalized cards
a) with printed lettering
b) with engraved lettering.
4. Informal notes with name as you wish.
.$2.95 per 100.
-$3.95 per 100.
5. Thank-you notes.
.$3.95 per 100.
.$1.95 per 24
Payment for these items should be made by check, payable to the HERFF
JONES COMPANY. The packaged orders will be delivered to the campus by
May 13 or may be shipped to you direct if you include $.50 postage.
IL ORDERS TO
Allen Barbee Agency
Spring Hope North Carolina 27882
of an increase in U.S. air raids and the
retaining of the POWs.
The Gulf of TcrJdn resoution was
-According to the latest Gallup Poll,
73 per cent of the American people now
endorse the precise terms of the Vietnam
Disengagement Act, and 63 per cent of
the South Vietnamese want us out.
The Senate has begun to take steps
to curb the President's power to make
Holum illustrated the fact that
anti-war sentiment is becoming stronger
withinthe government by telling the
witness members about a newly formed
group consisting of 30 U.S. senators and
75 members of the House of
"Members of Congress for Peace
through Law is a bi-partisan, bi-cameral
group in and of Congress, interested in
international cooperation, in
strengthening the United Nations and in
achieving disarmament in a peaceful
world through law," he said.
"New Faces" in the House who talked
with the group include Rep. Robert
Drinan (D-Mass.), a Catholic priest; Rep.
Bella Abzug (D-N.Y.) and Rep. Ella
Grasso (D-Conn.), members of Female
Liberation; and Rep. John Dellums
(D-Calif.), a black militant.
Rep. Earl Ruth (D-N.D.) spoke with
six students for an hour and a half,
showing much concern for ending the war
in Vietnam, but emphasizing that the
withdrawal has to be a slow process.
"When we ask for immediate
withdrawal, we must look at where we
are now," he said. "There is universal
agreement on getting out of the war. The
question is how to do it."
Ruth disagreed with setting a definite
date for troop withdrawal, sayir.g we
would show all of our strategies to the
enemy if we did this.
"Nixon is the first president to try to
get us out with respectability," he said.
"We have done everything but announce
our withdrawal to the world."
Sen. Jackson, a "presidential hopeful,"
sent an aide to talk to Henry
Lands be rger, sociology professor at the
University, and a group of students.
Jackson's aide said the senator is
calling for a standstill cease fire, but
favors air support in Vietnam until the
cease fire is effective.
He does not support the
Disengagement Act, feeling the Congress
is not susceptible to making quick
decisions, and that such decisions are
within the jurisdiction of the executive
Landsberger disputed the land reform
proposal by Jackson, saying, "There are
too many basic conflicts involved in the
war. It has the smell of an unnegotiable
to Sen. Kennedy sided wit
as he charged "th
refuses to face ficts c
"If the president
enormous powers as con
there is not much we can do about it," I
"withholding of funds is favored by j
number of senators," but he "cannot set
Congress as a whole approving it." J
Kennedy's aide urged students an!
government who have not yet taken 1
stand on the war.
Sen. Sam En in, Jr. (D-N.C.) tck
Witness participants he is in favor of thi
Cambodian invasion and the incursiorj
into Laos. j
"It was a mistake to send land troop?
in the first place," he said. "American;
are not willing to put up with this kind of
effort in order to win, and therefore the
best thing is Vietnamization."
The newly elected senator from
Florida, Lawton Chiles, said he would not
now accept the Disengagement Act, but is
waiting to "find out more about, the
Buses returning to Chapel Hill were
filled, with lively discussions of the day's
events, and overall impressions were that
the trip was "successful and stimulating."
Speaking to students
by Sue English
WASHINGTON, D.C.-Sen. Hubert
Humphrey (D-Minn.) praised the Senate
and commented on its progress since he
first entered in 1949, and then answered
questions on the war, welfare, seniority
and other problems of universal interest
as he spoke to a group of students in
Washington, D.C. Tuesday.
Twenty University students . from
Washington Witness II and approximately
50 students from the D.C. area were
almost subdued by Humphrey's emphatic
speech, but there was an occasional burst
of laughter at his quick wit.
'Today is the first day of the rest of
your life," Humphrey said as he
emphasized the. fact, that our country
needs to move ahead 'and not dwell -on
past mistakes.- "H
When a student asked him if he felt
guilty over the thousands of lives lost in
Vietnam, Humphrey replied he naturally
felt badly, as he would over any lost life,
but no one knew the war would escalate
to such a high scale; and no one could
personally take the blame for it.
Saying he is for setting a time schedule
and program for disengagement,
Humphrey said the Democratic Caucus
met Tuesday morning and voted for
withdrawal and releasing all prisoners no
later than the end of 1972.
Humphrey's main concern is not the
war itself, however, but what will happen
after the war ends.
"One of the tragedies of Vietnam is
not just the war," he said. "In the
meantime, we are forgetting about the
environment, city, transportation and
other internal problems."
When asked about the amount of
power held by the president, Humphrey,
said, "We have been brought up - to
overembrace collective security j"and in
the process the president has been given
"We are trying to find a new balance,
or see how to put curbs on the power of
the president without crippling him."
Another question involving revenue
sharing was answered by Humphrey. He
supports a degree of general revenue
sharing to help inner cities, but he does
not want general revenue sharing to be an
excuse for cutting off national priority
In praising the Senate during' his
speech, Humphrey said, "It is a forum for
the formulation of issues, discussion and
effort towards the solution of problems.
"People listen to what you say in the
Senate," he said, "whereas in the House,
it depends on how long you have been
there and what position you occupy.
"A senator has the chance to make an
impact on political, economical and social
policy," he said. j
'Jlumphrcy fayanjented his year and a
half of teaching at Macalester University
in Minnesota was refreshing, giving him
"new perspectives, more tolerance and
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