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The Daily Tar Heel
Thursday, March 4, 1971
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by Doug Hall
In March of 1871, the people of Paris had just
undergone a four-month-long siege by Bismark's
Prussian army during the Franco-Prussian War.
After the siege, Paris established the Third
Later this month, the New University
Conference (NUC) in Chapel Hill is
commemorating the 100th anniversary of the
Parisian's response to the Third Republic. The
celebration is the Socialist Liberation Festival.
The Third Republic, according to NUC, was run
by "rural conservatives unsympathetic to the
needs of the working people and shopkeepers of
When the Third Republic took control of the
government, the people of Paris still held weapons
they had used during the siege. The head of the
new government sent troops to seize a cannon
from the armed populace, called the National
Guard, on March 18.
The troops" fraternized with the crowd which
gathered, refused to fire upon the people and
allowed the crowd to seize and execute two
generals who had been ordering the troops to fire.
On that day, March 18, the Central Committee
of the National Guard called for an election of a
municipal council, the Paris Commune of 1871.
NUC says the Commune, although not lasting
long enough to carry out what it began, prodded
the answer to a question often presented to
revolutionaries: What do you do after the
"One of the Commune's first acts was to
abolish the standing army and the police, and the
streets of Paris became safe to walk again," said an
NUC release Monday.
The Commune also helped to decentralize
France's government and gave more power to the
workers and common people, the release said.
The Commune was crushed in April of 1871 by
the troops of the Versailles government, and an
estimated 25,000 Parisians were kfled.
The Socialist liberation Festival, sponsored
by NUC, will commemorate the struggle of the
martyrs of Paris and study how the lessons of the
Paris Commune may be applied today," the release
The celebration, which will take place two or
three days before March 18 until several days
after, will feature several noted spokesmen for
The festival will also include music, workshops,
films and panel discussions.
One of those scheduled to speak during the
festival is Dave Meggyesy, former professional
football player for the St. Louii Carda a-d
author of "Out of Their League," a criticism cf
"In his book he exposes the violence, racism,
authoritarianism and preoccupation
masculinity deeply in football," NUC said.
Meggyesy, in his book, describes his years in
professorial football as a "schizophrenic Efe ta
which I was torn between doing what was
necessary as a football player and trying to be a
Meggyesy played for the Cardinals for seven
years and started the last three as linebacker. He
quit football before the 1970 season when he was
making $33,000 a year.
by Woody Doster
ECOS Project Director Watson Morris
has charged the proposed Alaskan oil
pipeline is "too big a risk to take with the
only earth we've got."
Construction of the proposed pipeline,
which would carry oil almost 800 miles
from Proudhoe Bay in north Alaska to
Valdez in the south, is currently halted
by a Federal Court injunction.
Three conservation groups secured the
injunction in April prohibiting the
Secretary of the Interior from authorizing
The groups charged the Interior
Department had not complied with the
provisions of the National Environment
Policy Act and would violate the Mineral
Leasing Act of 1920.
"The Interior Department argues the
pipeline must be built for 'national
security,'" Morris said. "They say we
need the Alaskan oil to lower our
dependence on imports from the
However, continued Morris, "their
own figures dispute this, They show an
increase in Mideast imports from 530,000
barrels per day in 1970 to over six million
per day in 1985, even with Alaskan oil."
Preliminary approval given
Gradunafe language changes
by Keith Carter
The Adrninistrative Board of the
Graduate School has unanimously
approved changes in the foreign language
requirement for UNC graduate students.
Under the new proposal, which the
Faculty Council will take under
consideration at its Friday meeting, each
graduate "department would be able to
establish its own foreign language
requirements. The final decision on
whether to implement the new
requirement rests with Chancellor J.
Jim Becker, chairman of the
educational planning and curriculum
committee of the Graduate and
Professional Student Federation (GPSF)
said that UNC graduate students are
presently required to take either courses
in two foreign languages, place out of the
languages through equivalency tests or
substitute designated courses for one of
"This revision of foreign language
requirements for graduate students is a
fairly common trend across the nation,"
Becker said. "It has been endorsed
nationally oy tne Modern Language
Becker quoted an MLA publication as
saying that foreign language needs to
"vary greatly from discipline to discipline
or even within a discipline. In many areas
a reading knowledge of two foreign
languages is essential, while for others,
this may not be the case."
The MLA study also revealed evidence
that requirement changes do not
necessarily mean a decline in the number
of people taking foreign language courses.
Becker said he personally supported
changing the foreign language
requirements and he feels "most graduate
students are in favor of altering the
cottt biographer set
:for Greenlaw speech
Dr. Edgar Johnson, the biographer of
Charles Dickens and Sir Walter Scott, will
speak at 8 p.m. today in Greenlaw 101 on
: "Scott's Great Theme." v V
;.., In 1969 Johnson won the American
Heritage Biography for his two-volume
edition, "Sir Walter Scott: The Great
Unknown." In the biography based on 1 5
years of research in published and
unpublished sources, he completely
reevaluated Scott's character and
Johnson also received acclaim by the
critics for an earlier work, "Charles
Dickens: His Tragedy and Triumph." This
book was widely circulated as a selection
of both the Book-of-the-Month Club and
Reader's Subscription. -
"-.In addition toiiis biographies of Scptt -jr
and.JDickens, Johnson as the-author of a
critical history of English biography,
"One Mighty Torrent," and two other
novels. He has edited a dozen other books
and has lectured at many leading
From 1949 to 1964, Johnson served as
the chairman of the English Department
at City College of New York. Presently he
is a member of the Graduate Faculty of
the City University.
The pipeline would be four feet in
diameter, carrying oil at 150-180 degrees
Fahrenheit. It crosses three major
mountain ranges and major drainage
"Each mile of the pipeline would
contain about one-half million gallons of
hot oil," Morris said. "A leak or a break
could cause an unprecedented destruction
of fish, wildlife and migratory
He added the Interior department's
report on the pipeline stated "there is a
probability some oil spills will occur, even
under the most stringent enforcement."
"The southern two-thirds of the
proposed route is very susceptible to
earthquakes," said Morris. "The southern
terrninal of the pipeline at Valdez was
destroyed in the 1964 quake.
"No adequate earthquake warning
system has been devised anywhere," he
Over much of the route, the ground is
perennially frozen to within a few feet of
the surface. This is called "permafrost."
"U.S. Government studies show a
buried and heated pipe would melt the
"permafrost," Morris said. 'This could
cause the pipe to sag, break and be
carried away in mudslides
"The effect of an above-ground
pipeline on the migration of caribou can't
be predicted," said Morris.
The pipeline would have to cross
-about 350 streams and major rivers. "The
erosion of a riverbank could cause a pipe
to rupture. Oil spills in river drainage
systems would damage fish, birds and
wildlife," charged Morris.
"In addition to all this," he continued,
"earth b scars from -i construction and
quarrying would-lastf foryears.',, Vehicle
tracks .made 2'0:,yfiariuagoLpn, thff jundra
still fill with water in the summer."
The Interior Department's : hearing
-.record is open until March 8. "Everyone
with any interest should write and have
his ideas included in the official record,"
'The true value of this part of Alaska
is its scenic beauty and magnificent
wildlife," he said "We must not destroy
this for a short-run profit for a few."
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Although April showers have come to Chapel Hill a little early this year, the
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by Johnny Lindahl) "
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