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The Daily Tar Heel
Tuesday, March 9, 1971
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HONG KONG -Premier Chou En-lai
and two top Communist Chinese military
leaders paid a surprise visit to North
Vietnam last weekend, it was disclosed
Monday. Analysts said the mysterious
mission could signal a Communist,
escalation of the stakes in the Indochina
First diplomatic assessments of the
Chou visit from sources in London said
North Vietnam is in trouble and wants
Communist China to help.
No Viete rebeildie
SAIGON-North Vietnamese truck
traffic was reported Monday to have
sharply increased toward the area in Laos
where South Vietnamese troops are
blocking the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Military
sources said Hanoi had shifted its Laotian
supply lines farther west into Laos.
The commander of the 20,000-man
South Vietnamese task force cutting
across the Ho Chi Minh Trail, Lt. Gen.
Hoang Xuan Lam, said his troops had
WASHINGTON-The Air Force said
Monday it was initiating a program to
help airmen who admit taking drugs, but
would reserve the right to take
administrative action against them.
Spokesmen said the Air Force would
not prosecute personnel who seek help,
but would reserve the right to take action
such as removal from flying status,,
reassignment or administrative discharge,
which is considered an honorable
Both the Army and the Navy have
drug programs which offer the user
amnesty, but Air Force Chief of Staff
John D. Ryan said the Air Force program
would not go that far.
Of ail the branches of service, only the
Marine Corps offers a; drug user no
alternative to dishonorable discharge. is
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The London view, reported by UPI
diplomatic correspondent K.C. Thaler,
was underscored by analysts in this
listening post on the fringes of China who
said the visit was probably designed to
demonstrate Red China's determination
to maintain strong support for
Communist forces in Indochina in the
face of the U.S.-supported offensive by
South Vietnamese troops in Laos.
Peking has promised full support to
Indochinese Communists fighting "ILS.
destroyed 13,139 tons of Communist
munitions in Laos.
U.S. pilots, flying as many as 1,000
sortees a day in the past week, were
reported to have knocked out at least 800
North Vietnamese trucks. But military
sources said Monday the flow had
returned to a level of between 1 ,200 and
1 ,500 vehicles per day from a low of 500
to 600 which much of the traffic deeper
inside Laos and above the area in which
South Vietnamese troops were operating.
The North Vietnamese trucks
normally carry reinforcements and
supplies through Laos to Communist
units in South Vietnam and Cambodia in
addition to sustaining Hanoi's attempt to
counter the South Vietnamese advances
against the trail.
There have been fears in Saigon that
the North Vietnamese force in Laos as
many as 20,000 men equipped with
tanks would launch a counterattack
against South Vietnamese units which
seized the Ho Chi Minh Trail hub at
Sepone last Saturday. This and other
developments may have prompted the
visit to Hanoi last weekend by Premier
Chou En-lai of Communist China and two
high-ranking Chinese military leaders.
The report that North Vietnam had
moved its supply lines in Laos coincided
with disclosure by Laotian military
headquarters in Vientiane that
Communist engineers were building a new
supply road 20 miles west of Sepone.
New fighting was reported inside Laos
Monday as South Vietnamese units
operating six miles from the South
Vietnamese frontier battled North
Vietnamese . regulars, : in 1 8 ., hours of,
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FILL IN mm OWN SIMEnlSNT & BRING IT TO THE OPEN MEETING:
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aggressors" but has never spelled oat
details and has stopped short of
promising Chinese pound troops. But the
memory of the Chinese offensive in
Korea in th" 1950s has caused some
concern in U.S. quarters.
The Chou visit took on added
significance in light of the statement by
President Nguyen Van Thieu in Saigon
last week that South Vietnam would act
to defend itself by staging an offensive
against North Vietnam if Hanoi did not
stop the war in South Vietnam and
withdraw its troops.
The North Vietnamese delegation at
the peace talks in Paris said Monday that
Chou, during his visit, reiterated previous
"The Chinese people resolutely
support the resistance war of the
Vietnamese people against American
aggression, for national salvation and
until total victory," Chou was quoted as
saying when he arrived in Hanoi.
Radio Hanoi reported the Chou visit in
a short bulletin which said the Chinese
premier and six other Peking leaders
arrived in the North Vietnamese capital
last Friday and left Monday.
The key members of the mission
besides Chou were Yeh Chien-Ying and
Chiu Hui-Tso, observers said in Hong
Yeh, one of 10 marshals of the Red
Chinese armed forces before ranks were
abolished a few years ago, is a ranking
vice chairman of the military commission
of the Chinese Communist Central
Committee. This is the top policy-making
body for military affairs in China.
Chiu is the top supply officer in the
Chinese armed forces and the man
responsible for fulfilling China's promises
of military equipment for North Vietnam
and other Communist interests in
WASHINGTON-The Supreme Court
ruled Monday that young men seeking
conscientious objector status to avoid the
draft must oppose all wars, not just one
in particular such as Vietnam.
The 8-1 decision written by Justice
Thurgood Marshall closed the legal door
to a growing number of draft eligibles
who claim exemption because of their
conscientious scruples solely against U.S.
involvement in Vietnam;' Justice William
O. Douglas cast the dissenting vote. u
Department reported Monday that four
American airmen kidnaped in Turkey had
been released and were safely back in
A department spokesman said the men
were released at 1 1 :30 p.m. Turkish time,
4:30 p.m. EST. News of their release
came in a telephone call from the U.S.
embassy in Ankara to the State
Department at 5 p.m. EST.
The department spokesmen said the
embassy reported the men were in "good
shape." The State Department had no
further details on the men who were
kidnaped Thursday by left-wing
The men were S. Sgt. Jimmie J.
Sexton, San Angelo, Tex.; Airman 1. C.
Larry S. Heavner, Denver, Colo.; Airman
1. C. James Gholson, Alexandria, Va.;
and Airman 1. C. Richard Caraszi, of
Just before the State Department
announcement, a Turkish government
Marshall held in two far-reaching test
cases that Congress in enacting the
Selective Service law intended to exempt
only those "who oppose participation in
all war participation in war in any
Rejecting the appeals of two men
convicted of draft violations, he said for
4 Persons who object solely to
participation in a particular war are not
within . the purview of the exempting
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spokesman in Ankara said "we are pretty
certain the four kidnaped Americans are
alive. Our search measures have produced
their first fruits and the whole thing
should be cleared up in two or three days.
There had been no word whether the
30,000 troops or police mobilized to help
in the search had found any clues to the
whereabouts of the kidnapers or their
The airmen were kidnaped last
Thursday by guerrillas of the so-called
Turkish Peoples Liberation Army. The
kidnapers demanded $400,000 ransom by
last Saturday morning or they said the
hostages would be executed. The
government refused to bargain and did
not pay the ransom.
Troops with mine detectors roamed
Ankara's Middle East Technical
University, searching the grounds and six
miles of underground tunnels that
honeycomb the area carrying the campus
wars' ffoir GO
section even though the latter objection
may have such roots in a claimant's
conscience and personality that it is
religious in character."
Douglas protested the decision in these
words: "conscience is repudiated ... the
court has done violence to the basic
philosophy of the First Amendment and
we take a step backward."
The conscientious objector cases were
brought by Guy Porter Gillette of New
York City, who was sentenced to two
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FT. McPHERSON, Ga.-Capt. Ernest
L. Medina was ordered to face a
life-or-death court martial as the office
wit h overall responsibility for the
massacre of at least 102 Vietnamese
civilians at My Lai.
The Amy said Medina, a 34-year-old
career soldier from Montrose, Colo.,
would be tried by a general court on five
specifications, three alleging premeditated
murder of 102 civilians and two of assault
by shooting at a Met Cong suspect during
One of Medina's subordinates, Lt.
William L. CaHey Jr., is currently
undergoing a similar court martial at Ft.
Benning, Ga., and could also be sentenced
Galley and 20 witnesses have testified
it was Medina who ordered the
destruction of all living things at the
Vietnamese village March 16, 1968.
Lt. Gen. Albert O. Connor,
commanding general of the Third Army
here who ordered the court martial, said
two other specifications of murd;r and
one of maiming were dismissed for lack
of sufficient evidence.
Medina said in a statement in
Washington when the announcement of
the court martial was made, "I am
innocent of the charges against me."
He added in a cryptic statement, "the
Army itself has a special reason to know
Two of the murder charges against
Medina alleged the shooting of a
Vietnamese man and a woman. The third
alleged he murdered "an unknown
number of identified Vietnamese persons,
not less than 100, by means of shooting
these persons with machine guns, rifles
and other weapons."
years in jail for refusing to report for
induction, and Louis A. Negre of
Bakersfield, Calif., who sought to get out
of the service after he had been drafted.
Gillette wrote a letter to his draft
board terming the Vietnam War "unjust
and illegal." Negre said if he were to go to
Vietnam "I would be violating my own
concepts of natural law and would be
going against all that I had been taught in
my religious training."