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Wednesday. September 8, 1971
The Daity Tar Heel
LONDON-The prime ministers of
Britain and the Irish Republic ended two
Jays of talks Tuesday still in
disagreement over Southern Irish
demands to take part in a political
.et dement in the violence-racked north.
At the end of 3 1 hours of discussions
v.ith British Prime Minister Edward
Heath, Irish Republican Prime Minister
UC. Lynch told a news conference they
: .:'.:' to reach any agreement but would
rr.ee t again in November.
Lynch said he proposed four-sided
rejce talks on Northern Ireland in which
would take part or would be
represented. He said Heath rejected this.
Instead, Lynch said Heath told him
Home Secretary Reginals Maudling is
.ailing a three-way meeting with
representatives of the Northern Ireland
government and of the Roman Catholic
minority in the province to discuss how
'he violence can be ended.
Lynch said "He would not agree to my
nght to take part in such talks. But I
maintained my right to do so as head of
he elected government of the vast
.;;jority of the Irish people."
British government sources said
Lynch's claims amounted to a demand
ir veto powers over political reforms in
Northern Ireland. They said this was why
Heath rejected Lynch's demand.
I hey said the two prime ministers
pent most of their talks discussing this
demand and that it constituted "an
immense stumbling block."
British officials said Heath told Lynch
he recognized the legitimate concern of
the government of the republic for the
welfare of the Roman Catholic minority
m the north.
In joint session
Nixon to pus
omb failure saves
PHNOM PENH - Terrorists pushed a
bomb-laden bicycle at the limousine
carrying U.S. Ambassador Emory C.
Swank to work Tuesday, but the bomb
was a dud and the assassination attempt
An embassy spokesman said Swank
was not aware of the attempt on his life
until several hours after it occurred.
Security around his house, the embassy
and along the route between the two
points was increased immediately. Swank
had no comment on the incident.
The assassination try was made at 7:30
a.m. as Swank was being driven to his
to his office. Spokesmen said he makes
the trip at the same time each day.
Three men posing as a bread-seller and
two customers were huddled around a
bicycle at a pagoda along the route. As
the taxi-like automobile used as the
ambassador's limousine passed, the men
shoved the bike, with a 20-pound
plastique bomb hidden under bread in a
large rear basket, at the car, spokesmen
The chauffeur, a Cambodian soldier,
swerved slightly to avoid the bicycle and
gunned the big car to the embassy. He
telephoned authorities and reported the
Police found the bicycle, with the
bomb still intact, a short time later,
spokesmen said. The terrorists escaped.
Swank, who marks his first anniversary
in Phnom Penh Sept. 12, had not been
the target of a terror assault before
It was the first attack against
Americans in Phnom Penh since June 15,
when terrorists threw a grenade at a
truckload of military attaches, but also
missed. Terrorists have made six attacks
on Americans here in the last nine
months. No American casualties have
resulted, however. The largest incident
was the Dec. 1 bombing of the U.S.
Embassy building before working hours.
i inn .m n- n 1- "' " ''"
Id coalition criticized
W ASH I N G T O N --T h e National
Committee for an Effective Congress
iNCLC) accused House Speaker Carl
Albert and Majority Leader Hale Boggs of
being out of step with their Democratic
colleagues Tuesday. It said they
represented "the old coalition of
Southerners and GOP conservatives"
rather than the emerging liberal majority.
The criticism by the 13-year-old
organization that is bipartisan but
generally liberal was the second in three
days directed against the new Domocratic
leadership team in the House of
The committee said Albert and Boggs
;-e "at loggerheads with a majority of
Democrats" on issues involving foreign
policy, military spending and social
"House leaders thus appear and
reappear as standard bearers for the old
coalition of Southerners and GOP
conservatives," the committee said.
Albert is from Oklahoma and Boggs is
from Louisiana. Three days ago, the
Americans for Democratic Action (ADA)
sharply criticized their leadership.
The Committee for an Effective
Congress cited a survey taken for the
American Business Committee on
national priorities this summer showing
the 10 senior leaders of both parties
"clinging, almost without exception, to
views rejected by strong majorities of
their constituents at home..."
The ADA said the failure of the House
leaders to reflect the party's majority
views was underlined during the antiwar
debate when most House Democrats
voted for the Nedzi-Whalen and Mansfield
antiwar amendments but Albert and
Boggs voted against them.
The NCEC, however, saw the House
shaking off "outdated dogma" and a new
majority in the making built around an
emerging liberal consensus.
Rogers to head
announced the establishment of a
cabinet-level committee on international
narcotics control to be headed by
Secretary of State William P. Rogers.
Rogers termed the move "the most
major effort yet made to control
international narcotics traffic." He said
his group would seek through diplomatic
means to locate and stem the source of
heroin and other illicit drugs.
Also serving on the committee are
Attorney General John N. Mitchell,
Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird,
Treasury Secretary John B. Connally,
Central Intelligence Director Richard
Helms and George Bush, U.S. ambassador
to the United Nations.
Rogers had particualr praise for the
efforts of the Turkish government to ban
growth of the opium poppy which is
considered to be the source of 60 per
cent of the heroin entering the United
rmy supports sweep
c Airnw-ii c Arrrw srtiHorv rrfws wprf mnvfd hack into a reonened northern base
Tuesday to provide fire support for a 20,000-man South Vietnamese sweep through
the jungles below the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), field reports said.
A U.S. Sheridan tank and two armored personnel carriers shepherded the three
eight-inch self-propelled howitzers and 75 American artillerymen into the Gandergrift
base below the western sector of the DMZ, UPI correspondent Stewart Kellerman
The huge guns will be able to provide artillery cover for government units as far as
the DMZ, 10 miles away, Kellerman said.
The South Vietnamese operation is aimed at disrupting Communist supply lines in
the unpopulated western half of Quang Tri province, which borders the DMZ. The
spear-head of 6,000 infantrymen, marines and Rangers reported no contact with North
Vietnamese or Viet Cong units by late Tuesday night, the Saigon command said.
Gandergrift was reopened to serve as a main base for the attack. Located between
steep mountains 10 miles from the DMZ, it had been abandoned by U.S. troops at the
end of the Laos invasion in March.
Kellerman said dozens of armored vehicles camouflaged with leafy branches
rumbled by the base Tuesday searching for Communist supply caches. He said South
Vietnamese troops began clearing tall elephant grass and undergrowth covering the
base and helicopters ferried supplies onto the rusting steel landing area.
U.S. helicopter gunships were seen firing cannon and rockets in the jungled
mountainsides to the west, Kellerman said.
BONN, West Germany - Chancellor
Willy Brandt announced Tuesday the new
four power Berlin agreement has made it
possible for him to schedule a visit to the
Soviet Union for discussions of European
security and proposed reductions in
Conrad Ahlers, Brandt's spokesman,
said plans for Brandt's visit are being
made "on the assumption the visit will
take place during this month of
Government sources added Brandt
probably will meet Soviet leaders in the
Crimea. Rainer Barzel, leader of the
Christian Democratic opposition party,
announced he, too, has received and
accepted an invitation to visit the Soviet
Both invitations were extended last
week, after it became clear the Russians
were going to join the United States,
Britain and France in signing a new
agreement on the status of Berlin that
was designed to end perennial crises over
"When I was in Moscow in August,
1970, to sign the treaty renouncing the
use of force, we agreed the exchange
should continue at a time we both
considered suitable," Brandt told 60
school newspaper editors he met several
hours after his office announced the
"We both have concluded the signing
of the Berlin framework agreement
Friday makes it at a sensible and useful
time for us to continue," the chancellor
Toll reaches 21
in plane crash
HAMBURG, Germany - Explosions in
both jet engines immediately after
takeoff preceded the crash Monday night
of a West German charter airliner with
121 passengers and crew aboard. Minister
of Transport Georg Leber said Tuesday
He placed,, the death toll at 21,
including a stewardess. Of the remainder,
94 passenger's and five crew members
survived the crash landing on an autobahn
outside Hamburg. Seventeen of the
survivors were hospitalized.
appeal personally for swift approval of his
economic program, especially his
proposed tax cuts, m a rare address
Thursday to a join! sessiDr. of the Hcue
The White H:use, sr. announcing
Tuesday the President had decided to go
to Capitol Hill the da after Congress
returns from a 32-day summer recess,
declined to spell out any details of the
speech he will deliver at 12:30 p.m. EDT.
But it was understood Nixon would
press for action in the Democratic
controlled Congress on at least three of
the steps he called for m his dramatic
dramatic Aug. 15 postatement. These are
a 10 per cent tax credit for business
investment in plants and machinery,
repeal of the 7 per cent auto excise tax
and acceleration of previously scheduled
increases in personal income tax
exemptions and deductions.
As the President's plans were disclosed,
a source close to Rep. Wilbur E. Mills,
D-Ark., possibly the most powerful
congressman on economic matters by
virtue of his position as chairman of the
Ways and Means Committee, predicted
Congress would go along with Nixon's
program but with several major changes.
Congress, the source said, probably
wcu'.d reduce the investment lax credit to
7 per cent, r.ulhfy the S3 billion in annua.!
business tax cuts and remove many poor
people from the tax rolls by raising the
S 1.000 income allowance not subject to
The President's address. likely to be
broadcast Ii over radio and television,
was not expected to include any specif ;c
information about phase II of the
administration's campaign against
inflation and unemployment following
the 0-day wace-pnee freeze.
The freeze. h:ch is imposed by
executive order and did not require
congressional sanction. ha drawn
widespread opposition from many union
leaders and the President iaid to b
st.!! studying several option for further
Nixon's speech ill come only three
days after the special Labor Day message
in which he made only parsing reference
to criticism of his new program.
My Lai trial resumes
Ft. McPHERSON, Ga.-The My Lai
court-martial of Capt. Ernest L. Medina
resumes today with an air of uncertainty
about the prosecution's case against the
34- year-old captain.
The prosecution had pinned much of
its case on the expected testimony of
Fredrick Widmer, of Lower Burrell. Pa.,
one of the last witnesses the Army
expected to call against Medina, accused
of murdering, or allowing his troops to
murder. 102 persons at My Lai.
But Widmer had been identified by an
earlier witness as the man who shot a
child MedLna is accused of killing. When
Widmer was called to the stand, he
refused to testify on grounds of
self-incnmmation, although the Justice
Department granted hum immunity for
When the military judge. Col. Kenneth
A. Howard, found Wdmcr in contempt,
Wsdmer's attorneys appealed to the
federal courts, to prevent his being
prosecuted for contempt.
Federal Court Judge Charles A. Moye
issued a temporary injunction to prevent
Widmer's prosecution, and though
Widmer had promised to testify if federal
courts found he could be held in
contempt, that issue still has not been
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