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Vol.80, No. 49
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The UNC Air Force and Naval Rote units parade on Fetzer Field to honor American
prisoners of war in North Vietnam. The parade and ceremony was held Tuesday in
observance of Veterans Day. (Staff photo by Leslie Todd)
ective says Crist
by Ellen Gilliam
NORFOLK, Va. - The "morning-after
pill," a new pregnancy prevention
treatment, has proven 100 percent
successful in recent tests at the UNC
School of Medicine, UNC gynecologist
Dr. Takey Crist said here Tuesday.
Crist, assistant professor of obstetrics
and gynecology at UNC, and Cecil
FarTington, a third-year UNC medical
school student and Crist's partner in the
study, addressed the Fourth District
conference of the Obstetrics and
Gynecology Association, meeting at the
Golden Triangle Motel in Norfolk.
In the UNC study, 77 women who had
had unprotected intercourse during the
"high-risk period" halfway between
menstrual cycles were treated with
I'remarin - four tablets three times a day
for five days, Crist said.
There were no pregnancies in any of
the patients in the study.
Premarin, a compound made from a
mixture of estrogen derived from the
urine of pregnant mares, prevents the
fertilized egg from being implanted in the
"In this way, the treatment is different
from an abortion procedure because in an
abortion the egg is expelled after it has
been implanted," Crist said in a telephone
The morning-after pill, available at the
UNC Student Health Center and at the
emergency room at N.C. Memorial
Hospital, is not a method of
contraception. Crist said.
by Lou Bonds
.1 ss h utc t.'Jih r
Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield
said Tuesday the United States must
"take a constrained view of the world"
and enter a new era of human surival
Mansfield said the I'.S. is paying
exorbitant "billions of dollars" to
maintain foreign policies that are out of
The Democrat from Montana spoke in
Memorial Hall before about 1.600
"We must become extremely wary of
Mf .-i J
"We only prescribe it as a last resort
and will continue to do so until further
tests have been made," he added.
Crist's study results were released
simultaneously with a report by Dr.
Lucile Kirtland Kuchera of the Ann
Arbor, Mich., Veterans Administration
Hospital and the University of Michigan
In her study, reported in the current
issue of the Journal of the American
Medical Association, Dr. Kuchera tested
1,000 women with a synthetic
morning-after pill, diethylstilbestrol.
None of the women became pregnant.
Crist explained that both the synthetic
and natural drugs are based on the use of
the estrogen hormone. Dr. Kuchera's
synthetic drug was administered in 50
mg. doses for five days and his natural
treatment in 30 mg. doses for five days,
Crist said the higher doses are often
followed by nausea and dizziness and
their effectiveness so far has not been
different from the lower doses.
The Crist-Farrington team has been
gathering information and data for their
study for the last two years and plans to
continue, with a larger number of
Crist said that 42 percent of the 77
patients tested in the UNC study were
victims of tearing condoms. Of the others
tested, some had been sexually assaulted
or had problems with breaking
Pioneer research on the morning-after
pill was done by Dr. J. McLean Morris of
Yale University in 1966, Crist added.
foreign expenditures when the stability of
our nation and others is not directly
threatened." Mansfield said. "We stand
now on the threshold of an era where the
motivations are those of preventing war."
He said funds saved in promoting peace
could be rechanelled into the country's
cultural needs such as population and
He reiterated the need to set a date for
complete troop withdrawal from
Vietnam. If troops remain there, he said,
a situation simii.ir to Korea will result.
"It can be expected that the nutter of
a withdrawal date will be pusd in
C micros aain .m l je.tin and jii.nn until
- Vjr; K-iitorul Freed
Wednesday, October 27, 1971
by Evans Witt
RALEIGH-The legislative corr.niiiee
plan for restructuring higher education
under a strong governing board was sent
to the N.C. House and Senate Tuesday by
their respective higher education
The proposal, backed by Gov. Bob
Scott in a speech to the General
Assembly as it convened in special
session, will face debate and possible
amendment on the floor of the Senate
and House today.
A set of amendments to the committee
bill were offered in the House Higher
Education meeting by Rep. Jak Stevens
(D -Buncombe ). The amendments,
backed by the Consolidated University
supporters, were defeated by a 13- vote
in the House committee.
The amendments called for retaining
the present 100-man size for the board of
trustees under a system to avoid "any
disruption in the continuity of their
by Evans Witt
RALEIGH Supporters of the
Consolidated University (CU) adopted a
new set of pioposais Tuesday in the light
over deconsolidation in the N.C. General
A new set of amendments to the
committee-approved bill was offered by
Rep. Jack Stevens (D-Buncombe) and
Sen. Gordon P. Allen (D-Pearson) during
the opening meeting of the special session
of the legislature here.
The proposals were agreed to by
University supporters, although Rep. Ike
Andrews (D-Chatham), a leader of the
CU legislative supports, denied that
they had been involved in the drafting of
"Yes, I think I will support them,
though they are really not our
amendments," Andrews said.
The amendments failed their first test
of support in the House Higher Education
Ends ban on Sunday sale
Aldermen repeal alcohol law
by Norman Black
The Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen
repealed a local ordinance Monday
banning the sale of beer and wine on
The aldermen repealed Section 3-2 of
the Town Code of Ordinances which
prohibits the sale of beer and wine
between 1 p.m. Sunday and 7 a.m.
Under a new state law passed by the
197 1 General Assembly, the only
establishments which could come under
town control were those which did not
possess a brown-bagging license.
A majority of the aldermen thought it
was discriminatory to control only those
establishments without the
"We have to realize that beer is for sale
on Sundays in Chapel Hill all we're
the involvement ends lock, stock and
barrel." he said. "We will keep pressing
until the last helicopter leaves "
"The Vietnamese war has been drained
of meaning for this nation." he said. "But
the continuation of a mistaken war by
other means could be brought about by
United States interference there.
"However, it would not be m the
United State's best interests if we ignore
what is happening on the other side of
the w orhl."
Mansfield siu-ssed that an end to She
Vietnam w.ir w"u!d In me Joul :mp i.m!
progress ;' ' i- w i!h Chin.!.
rr.ar.ee." The executive co
lit tee o!
whiwh would hold the real
power, would be expanded from 15 to 32
The amendments a!o eliminate any
gubernatorial involvement in the
appointments to the central governing
board or to the local boards for each
They are similar to proposals put
forward by Consolidated University
President William C. Friday.
The House committee then turned
down a series of amendments offered by
supporters of the regional and black
universities. The proposals were designed
to guarantee the local boards for each
campus some specific and uniform
No recorded vote was taken in the
House committee on the legislative
committee bill but it was approved by a
voice vote, by approximately the same
vote as the Stevens amendments.
The Senate Higher Education
Committee never considered the
Committee Tuesday by a 13-8 vote. The
amendments are expected to be
introduced on the floor of the House and
the Senate during the debate today.
The Stevens Allen amendments are
..ituilai to the pioposals advocated by
Consolidated University President William
C. Friday and endorsed by the CU Board
There are several important differences
between the amendments and Friday's
position. The amendments are a move
toward compromise with the governor's
plans as approved by the House and
Senate Higher Education Committee
Under the amendments the 100-man
size of the Board of Trustees would be
retained as is called for by Friday.
However, the Executive Committee of
the Board, which actually exercises most
of the power, would have 32 members
under the amendments, the same number
as Scott's whole proposed governing
doing is discriminating as to who is
allowed to sell it," said Alderman Joe
Nassif. "Students have been going to
Creedmore for a long time, and now they
can go to Durham as well."
The repeal of the ordinance eliminates
all town laws dealing with beer sales and
leaves the sales under state control only.
In short, any establishment holding a
license may now sell beer and wine on
Sunday after 1 p.m.
The new state law prohibits sales from
1 a.m. until 1 p.m. Sunday and from 1
a.m. until 7 a.m. Eastern Standard Time
on weekdays and Saturdays.
In other business, the board heard
Chapel Hill Police Chief W.D. Blake warn
that officers are going to begin issuing
citations rather than warnings to bicycle
riders violating state laws on Chapel Hill
streets and highways.
Alderman George Coxhead told the
board last week he had received several
"China seems to be movir.j into an
active role in the world." he said. "The
emergence of China from an isolationist
period opens the road to discussions."
Mansfield said the United Slates mast
change its role m international politics
and asserted rhat it must be wilhng to
share world leadership "which has been
focused on the I mud States I i .
far oo ! me."
The se -I..!,., u-rrKd Preset, m ivm
plum.cd diplo-ii.itu (rips to Moscow :,!
Pes. - e .;c e Xci'lj i.OV ol ue !v 'afio!. ;
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amendments. Sen. Gordcr. P. Allen
(D-Person). newly elected president pro
tempore of the Senate, did not present
the amendments to the committee after s:
agreed to postpone amendments until
The Senate Committee then voted 14-
to report the k-pslative committee h."
favorably to the chamber.
Senate debate opens at 10 a.m.. w h:Ie
House action gets underway at 11 a.m. m
the Legislative Bunding here.
Supporters of the Stevens-Allen
amendments expect to mtriiuce them
again today on the House and Senate
floors during the debate.
But chances for passage were viewed m
only a mildly optimistic light bv Rep. Ike
Andrews (D -Chatham), a member of the
UNC Trustees Executive Committee.
"Right now the proposed amendments
probably do not have a ma.iontv - in the
House." he said. "But it is reasonably
close, as it was in the committee."
He said negotiations and discussions
which were to take place Tuesday evening
Under the amendments, the regional
universities would provide 15 of the
members of the Executive Committee, as
would the present CU board. The
deciding votes would be held by the
Chairman and Secretary of the Executive
Committee. These two officials would be
elected by the combined boards of all 16
Under the Stevens-Allen plan, the
trustees from the central board could
serve on the local "boards of overseers." a
deviation from both the Friday and Scott
The amendments call for the formation
of a planning committee to function from
Jan. 1, 1972 to July 1, 1972 to work for
the implementation of the merger. On
July 1, 1972 . the merger of all the
universities under the one board w ould be
The planning committee would have
equal representation from the
Consolidated University and from the
complaints from townspeople concerning
the traffic hazards created by bicycle
The aldermen agreed with Blake that
the police should start fairly strict
enforcement beginning next Monday.
"We'll be giving out a regular traffic
citation to the District Court, because
bikes come under the same regulations as
motor vehicles when they use the street,"
The police will issue citations for
improper lights on bicycle driven at mght.
failure to observe stop lights and stop
signs and riding against the flow of
traffic. It is also illegal to ride a bike on
the sidewalk of E. Franklin Street.
Blake reported the court cost would be
SI 6. and it is possible a fine could be
imposed as well.
The aldermen also voted to confer with
Carrboro on new sewer use agreements
w it h the Universitv .
"The adjustment reflects the fad that
America has been in a variety of roles."
he said. "We have been chief hanker of
the world thus far unapproached n
economic capacity ."
Most world economic ok-rn,
Mansfield sa;d. have been based on the
American dollar tor more than a quarter
of a century. But. he added, the sj -n
whuh has worked well for so lone is r.
lora'e r operative.
"President Son"s new economic
p. : c i. s rel lee I heabhy d. chne in world
U p.--,.!. -hi- . n ;h. t nited States." he
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Founded February 23. 1893
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Andrews v:j the com .sttee-jpprov ed
bill -v come up f :r a vote in the Hou
.n the vewond red.-.c todav and poss;b:
for the third and f;rl reading Thuriav .
Sen lu rge Wo.v! iP Camden I. a
member of the Senate il.gher Education
Committee. a:d final action could come
as curb, as l h..rvda but he expected final
action no so mer than Endav .
Gov. Soti appeared ruesdav before
the General WcmhA to address a jotnt
.session on the restructuring issue.
Scott strongly supported the
vomnuttee bill for restru.tunnc m this
V. - 1 ,. I fl
asked the legislators to adopt
"It will do the -ob that so badlv needs
doing m North Carolina." he told the
crowded House Chamber.
He said the bill removes tate higher
education "from the political thicket"
and it "preserves the dignity, and honor
and well-being of at! institutions."
He denied Ji-i.it hlak institutions
would be phased out under the new
system and that the powers of local
boards should be spelled out m the state.
Scott also added a lengthy section t
his prepared text at the last minute to
criticize the Stevens-Mien amendments.
He said the 100-man board looked at
first like a '"reasonable proposal" and
such a board would "serve no really
useful purpose it would be a hindrance
rather than a help."
Answering other criticisms of the bill,
the governor called for the merging of all
institutions in a single step.
The provisions of the bill calling for
lump-sum budgeting, which have been
criticized by some, were endorsed
strongly by Scott. He defended the
provisions as already being used by the
public school system and the community
"This new comprehensive budget
proposal will provide a degree of
professional judgment and administrative
flexibility which is very much needed,"
TODAY: unseasonably warm
and clear to partly cloudy: highs in
the S0s. lows in the mid 50s;
probability of precipitation near
The University requested an agreement
several weeks ago when Carrboro asked
that developer Bobby Roberts be allowed
to connect his 2'"-umt apartment project
onto Chapel Hill's sewer lines at the Bolm
Chapel Hill owns and operates the
sewer utility, but the University makes an
annual contribution to the town for the
service and splits the cost of capital
According to Town Manat'er Robert
Peck. Carrboro will pay a total fee to the
town of Chape! H:!l with the University
getting a portion of that fee for its
participation in constru-ting the system.
Chapel Hill Ma.,' r I! -ward Lee
objected to tru
its half of trie
system's cap a-- ity and still whargmg a fee
for Carrboro's uve of Chap-el Hill's half of
the sv stem. .
system beeau-e of the import surcharge,
Mansfield said the r.e ce.oorni.
policies are temporary expedience and
would have been rro -re viaMe at an earlier
Mam field sad S. .omn.ittments to
the V fth f!ant'c Treaty Organization
(WIOl are necessary . but they should
be trimmed in !:eu of peacetime attitudes
"vsI(J is overstaffed, overmanned
and overhr.anced by this nation ." he said.
"():;! m K) circles arc iZames of war
p!j,..J. t -.I. s I S expenditures to
l o. -o :- vJ s., Western
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