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UNC student Ed Wooten makes his choice in Tuesday's
student election while Stuart Good (right) and Jim Hawkins
For campus elections
hy Karen Pusev
Nearly 500 people had voted by early
Tuesday afternoon in the campus
elections which were to decide freshman
class officers, 30 student legislators and
17 members of the Honor Court,
according to Elections Board Chairman
Ffgerf estimated about 30 percent of
the student body would go to the polls
before they closed at n:30 p.m.
The main reason tor the light voter
turnout, he said, was that the elections
by Mary Ellis Gibson
The School of Social Work Student
Association announced its opposition of
President Nixon's welfare reform bill
(H.R. 1 ) in a position paper issued
The association urged support for the
"people's hearing" at 7:30 today on
present and proposed welfare legislation.
Public figures and local welfare recipients
will discuss the legislation at the hearing
in the Chapel Hill Municipal Building.
The position paper attacked the
welfare reform bill because "it is
formulated on invalid assumptions and
myths about the poor and will result in a
system even more oppressive to the poor
than the present system."
The position paper stated that the
Nixon administration believes the poor in
America live in poverty because they are
unwilling to work.
"The administration has failed to get
the message that this is a myth and has
learned nothing from the over-subscribing
to the current Work Incentive Program by
recipients eager for an opportunity to
work," the paper said.
The association said the reform would
provide an inadequate level of federal
support for welfare programs.
The level of support under the
proposed bill will be $2,400 for a family
of four with no food stamps.
According to the position paper, this
by Lynn Lloyd
Dr. Carl Shy, a Chapel Hill physician,
has joined a team of scientists and
doctors to investigate on a nationwide
basis the effects of air pollution on the
Called the CHISS Program
(Community Health and I nvironmental
Surveillance System), the study will
investigate various communities in the
United States for a five-year period in an
attempt to relate the health of
community to its environment.
any, an emplovee of
Environmental Protection Agency in the
Research Triangle, will serve as a
look on. The voter
did not concern major compuswide
" I he issues and legislative seats are not
important in peoples' minds," Eggert
said. "Although freshmen are known for
their heavy voting, even they aren't going
to the polls because they know the class
officers don't do anything."
The elections chairman said between
20 and 25 percent of the voting would be
on-campus. Only about 300 of the
approximately 11,000 off-campus
students would vote Tuesday because
off-campus voting is notoriously low, he
Voting is traditionally heaviest in the
figure is $1,589 below the 170 poverty
level of $3,968 defined by the Social
The Association criticized the welfare
reform bill for not requiring states to
maintain present levels of support for
"This could result in a loss of benefits
to over 89 percent of current recipients,"
the paper warned.
The association's statement accused
the proposed bill of making unreasonable
requirements concerning employment of
women with small children.
"We support the idea that the decision
to go to work should rest with the
mother in all cases and not be dependent
on whether or not she is receiving
assistance," the statement said.
The association opposed the provision
of the reform bill which allows the
reduction or termination of welfare
benefits without a hearing.
Ken Knight, a member of the social
work association, hoped the position
paper will stimulate interest in the
welfare reform bill and in the people's
He said the bill has a very slim chance
of being passed by Congress, but he
warned that its passage would be
disastrous to welfare recipients.
"There are some improvements to the
welfare system in the proposed bill, but
its negative aspects overbalance them,"
wsiciam to assist air pollnition
department director for the study.
According to Shy, the nationwide
study was prompted by a similar
investigation in Cincinnati. Ohio, where
3S4 elementary school children were
observed for the effects of particle
matter - soot, ashes, dirt and traces of
metal - on the lungs.
Various areas of the country have been
chosen for the study where three or four
communities are in the same geographical
area with similar climates. One group has
a high exposure to air pollution, one to
two has a medium exposure and one area
has a low amount of pollution.
Shy. who has been with the CHESS
Program for four vears, said people in the
more polluted areas are affected more by
' , r
Wednesday. November 10, 1971
turnout wis light for the elections for
Honor Court and freshman class officer
dormitories, especially Granville and
Upper Quad. A 3 p.m. check of polls at
the Student Union and Y Court showed
65 people had voted at the Union during
the day, although it had picked up in the
previous hour. At V Court 142 people
had voted, but activity was slacking off as
people started leaving campus.
According to poll tenders at V Court,
the cold weather had not affected voting
turnout, although Eiggert had said the
cold may have deterred people from
standing in line to vote.
Voting during the day was heaviest
between classes and at mealtimes.
Eggert said the elections had gone
smoothly so far. "I'm pleased with the
results," he said. "Our organization has
thrown this together in two weeks, and it
usually takes a month for preparation."
Eggert also said it had been an unusual
election for ballots. Only one or two
ballots required corrections after coming
back from the printer and were fixed
Monday night, he said.
He anticipated no contesting of
election results because of the
extraordinarily low ballot mistakes.
One problem occurred when the area
coordinator for Ehringhaus, Morrison and
Parker checked into the Infirmary
Tuesday morning, but other people
assumed the responsibilities of checking
those polls. There were also problems in
getting poll tenders for some of the
Eggert said he hoped to have elections
results by midnight Tuesday, although it
could have been as late as 3 a.m.
Wednesday before all votes were counted.
"It depends on how many people we
have to count," he said. "We had
write-ins for freshman secretary and
social chairman, two women's districts
and one women's honor court seat, and
they could take a long time."
lie urged all people who have put up
campaign posters to take them down as
soon as possible.
Eggert hoped future changes in
election procedures would include a
cutback in the number of polling places.
"Staffing and observation of 14 polling
booths is ridiculous." he said. "It's
impossible to stop irregularities. We can't
quite cover the boxes as well as we'd like
Eggert said he would push to reduce
the number of polls to three or five.
"Then ue could open early in the
morning and extend
at nieht." he said.
the hours until eight
disease - those being observed are
respiratory and heart diseases. People
who have these diseases are asked to fill
out a daily diary of their symptoms
which are related to pollution.
"Some people are saying that factors
like the change in weather are producing
many of these cases, but our studies have
found that most are due to pollution. "
"Most of the areas are alike on a social
and economic basis." he said. "We have
tried to balance these factors in choosing
the areas which are being observed."
Three communities are being observed
in New York City and four in New Jersey
for major air pollutants. In the Southeast.
r and atto
rr.ev oi tr.5
to gain support
m ay -
Golden F rinks, coalition director, and
rrry Paul, coalition attorney, will speak
l noon in The P:t and at 3 p.m. at the
v! of Law.
The rally today is sponsored by the
)uthern Legal Action Movement of the
hcol of Law. The coalition is backed
'y the Pitt County chapter of the
National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
i N A A CP), the Sourthern Christian
I eadership Conference and the Black
I anther Party.
The coalition was formed in response
to the Aug. 6 killing of black farm laborer
Ui'liam Murphey by highway patrolman
Billy Day on a rural road two miles south
of Ayden. a town in eastern North
Day said he arrested Murphey for
public drunkeness and a struggle began
inside the patrol car. He said Murphey
grabbed his pistol and Day shot Murphey
in the stomach in the following struggle.
During a coroner's inquest after the
incident, the black community of Pitt
County became skeptical of Day's
explanation despite his acquittal in a SBI
investigation of the killing.
The SBI investigation of the shooting
concluded there was no evidence which
would warrant further criminal action.
However, the SBI report was not made
The Pitt black community denounced
the SBI investigation because of
TODAY: partly cloudy and cool;
highs in the low 50s; lows in low
40s; chance of precipitation 40
percent today, 30 percent tonight.
o.:- .-.; -.'-
Dr. Hill and his Religion 175 class enjoy
a miniature inflatable plastic tent. The class
Birmingham. Ala.. Charlotte and
Greensboro are being observed to see if
air pollutants more "adversely affect the
black than white." Shy said.
Four groups in Salt Lake City, Utah,
are being studied for the sulfur dioxide
contained in the air and seven
communities in Los Angeles, Cal. are
being observed for automobile smog.
In Chattanooga, Tenn., nitrogen oxide
from a TNT plant is being tested.
Nitrogen oxide is the main pollutant from
automobile exhausts and the most
difficult to control. Shy said.
"Each community is asked to maintain
a certain standing of air pollution control
over the next few vears," he said. "These
r hi i ! --r -
t if a VI I i n ; tttt
- I . ' b. -
i A A A
fd Di -s stc:
One witness testified Murphev 's hun
were behind his back and hir.d:u:':'t
before the shooting.
The blacks said r.o ev.den.e w
introduced in the inquest as to wheth
blood stains were found inside the pat:
car. Also, no informtion was given
whether Murphey had had
the gun. the blacks said.
The undertaker v!
Murphev's bodv after
testified he believed Murphev
from behind, althoueh Murphev
were never introduced aN evidence.
The community has also cited that
shortly before the inquest. Day was ir.
court in Pitt county on an assault charge
stemming from a different incident.
by Jim Minor
An electrical transformer on van1. pus
burned out Tuesday morning, cutting off
power to Wilson Library. Bingham Hall
and the Bell Tow er.
Stopped clocks indicated the black-out
began at 11:32 a.m.
Carolina Power and Light Co. and the
University Physical Plant were working
Tuesday to repair the transformer.
Workers said the transformer should be
re-wired and working by this morning.
The electrical difficulties also caused
the heating system of the library to
malfunction, producing more heat than
Charles L. Schliecker, assistant
librarian for management, said no
personal injuries were caused by the
electrical failure. "The emergency lighting
3.?' " ' . - T - -
a discussion under
erected the tent to
results are documented for the benefit of
"The study is very costly. Munitions
from power plants, automobiles and
major industries are being observed.
"Our studies have shown that most of
these diseases can be reduced by 10 to 15
percent. We observe the frequency of
things as the common cold in households
where there are children in school. The
homes are contacted every two weeks."
The frequency of most the diseases
can be reduced by 20 percent under air
pollution control," said Shy. He added,
"The investment in air pollution
equipment is understandable where there
are 80 to 100 million people in a city.
"If we document our studies, then the
Founded February 23. 1S93
of the j
. ... u-
i tor ; .
to Jsnd their v. a
w a -elevat
U I! ll t
S c h !
, k e r a 1
W i T K
remained on the job to
i V P i . V.
windows allowed enoucn
outside. Books were not
because the stacks were dark and charging
machines were out of order. UooV.
renewal was allowed.
The overactive heating s stern further
complicated matters. "We can't control
the heat," Schliecker
nothing we can do sin,
'" J here "s
s n air
""I presume overdue books wii! h
excused for today it we are forced t
cloe tonight ( I uesday night I." he said
"We will not be able to work tonight i
the litihts don't come on
, - '" '
aid in their discussion of how life might be under a
vastly-larger tent of this type. (Staff photo by Leslie Todd)
purl:- who complains aoul 'oro, ar.J
costs will not have a go-od argarnent
Current! v. there
106 people involvJ in
Program. "Most are hvsr
Research Triangle area," Shy sai
In each neighborhood which i- under
observation by the program, air monitor
stations have been built to test the a::
continually for quality. The subjects are
within a one to one and a half rniie rad.us
of the stations.
"Some students m Public Health at
L NC are participating m the program."
Shy suid. "They are being trained to be