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Monday. Feb, 24, 197S
The Dally Tar Heal
Chances dim ERA
will pass this year
by Sara Fritz
United Press Intsrnstlonsl
WASHINGTON Disappointed by
eight defeats and only one victory this year,
some proponents of the Equal Rights
Amendment now concede they may not win
final ratification until 1976.
The amendment, which would overturn
any law that discriminates on the basis of
sex, recently has been voted down on the
floor of legislatures in Oklahoma, Arizona,
Nevada, Georgia and Utah.
It also was defeated by a house committee
in Indiana and buried by committee action in
Virginia and Louisiana.
Only one state, North Dakota, has
approved ERA since the start of 1975 the
year in which proponents originally,
predicted it would be incorporated into the
U.S. Constitution. Four more legislatures
must vote "yes" to provide the necessary 38
states for ratification.
Fredi Wechsler, ERA expert for the
National Women's Political Caucus, said she
regrets that five of the recent defeats in
Arizona, Nevada, Utah, Indiana and
Georgia occurred within the span of one
week. "It's bad when it comes all at once like
that," she said.
"Maybe we'll have to wait until next year.
That is certainly a real possibility now. The
opposition seems to be strong."
Mary Brooks, an ERA specialist for the
League of Women Voters, added that five
defeats in one week destroyed any possibility
of a bandwagon.
"Now it's going to be push all the way, she
said. "The chances just don't look as good as
they did in January that it's going to be
ratified this year."
But Wechsler noted that the votes in
Indiana and Oklahoma were the only real
disappointments, because none of the other
states were considered strong possibilities.
The leaders of a pro-ERA coalition of
women's groups now are focusing their
lobbying efforts in five states which still are
expected to vote on the amendment this
Two of them, Illinois and Missouri, are
understood to be leaning toward ratification
of ERA. The others North Carolina,
South Carolina and Florida are still in
The Missouri house already has ratified
ERA and the senate is expected to cast its
vote sometime in late March or early April.
In Illinois, where neither chamber has acted
this year, the senate is scheduled to vote on
ERA March 4.
Committee hearings on ERA are
scheduled in North Carolina and South
Carolina over the next two weeks. But in
Florida the legislature does not convene
If ERA has not been ratified by 38 states
within the next year, it will have lingered in
the state legislatures longer than any other
proposed constitutional amendment. And if.
it goes unratified until March 1979, it will
by Steve Gerstel
United Press International
WASHINGTON Congress, ready and
willing to take on President Ford, hopes this
week to junk the Administration's tax on
imported oil and, at the same time, begin
moving its own economic program.
Ford is expected to veto, sometime this
week, a 90-day suspension of the oil levy,
setting the stage for the first showdown
between the President and the heavily
Democratic 94th Congress.
By all head counts, the House will hand
Labor calls for oil independence
United Press International
MIAMI BEACH The energy crisis is
here to stay as long as the United States
depends on foreign oil shipped in foreign
vessels from insecure sources, the AFL-CIO
Executive Council said in a statement
.In an energy policy statement, the
organization said it was time to take the
importation of oil out of private hands and
place it in the hands of government. The
government should determine the amount of
oil imported, negotiate its price and provide
for its internal allocation.
As long as the United States is dependent
on the importation of oil, shipped in foreign
vessels, from insecure sources, the energy
crisis will remain with us," the council
The AFL-CIO called for import quotas,
"including a ban on such imports originating
in those countries that embargoed oil to the
United States and Holland in 1973-74.
Ford an initial setback by overriding the
veto. But Republicans and Democrats agree
that the vote in the Senate will be extremely
Under constant criticism from the White
House that they have nothing to offer as an
alternative. Democrats are working at trying
to fashion an energy-economy package of
policy makers. led by Rep.
Jim Wright, D-Tcx., and Sen. John O.
Pastore, D-R.I., plan to meet with their
panels again this week in an effort to reach a
At the same time, a S21.3 billion tax cut,
approved by the House Ways and Means
Committee as an immediate antidote for
The first stop an important one is the
Democratic caucus where liberal reformers
hope to get permission to attach an
amendment ending the oil depletion
The Ways and Means Committee rejected
the proposal and Chairman Al UHman. D
Ore., wants to go to the House floor
Thursday with only one amendment
permitted a SI 7.5 billion Republican
substitute closer to Ford's proposal.
The committee bill includes tax rebates,
increases in standard deductions which
would lower withholding rates later in the
year, an increase in the investment tax credit
to 10 per cent, and a lax break for small
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