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Chapel HilTs Morning Newspaper
Chgpsl HK1, North CcrcHna, Wtsfnssdsy, f.tsrch 5, 1975
Vol. S3, No. 115
-Fcundsd February 23, 1C33
by Greg Nye
Students and faculty agreed , that a
women's study curriculum in sex roles and
women in history should be formed at UNC
at Tuesday's open discussion with the
Chancellor's Committee to study a
curriculum in women's studies.
But the committee and the audience could
not agree on the size and scope of the
"We have to be realistic," one student told
the panel. "First we should get a newsletter
listing available courses, then begin to cross
list the courses with other departments. We
have to sneak it in even though that's not
the way women are supposed to act."
The Chancellor's Committee was set up to
consider whether there ought to be a
curriculum in women's studies and, if so,
how it should be structured! The committee
will report to the Faculty Council at the end
of this semester.
Some faculty members told the committee
that the women's program should not be
"slid in." "There's no point in doing it
halfway, or it will fall on its face we have to
develop it at all levels," one member said.
Most of the audience wanted a
coordinator for the women's studies
program. "It's difficult to even get a list of the
courses which are offered now," one faculty
member said. "We have to have a
coordinator if we are going to set up a unified
program which can offer students an
interdisciplinary major." '
Dr. David McFarland, chairman of the
economics department, said he had
reservations about people majoring in
women's studies. "I'm as much for equal
rights as anyone," McFarland said. "But a
degree in women's studies won't take you
anywhere in society."
But other participants disagreed. "The
whole concept of liberal arts education
should be called into question what can
you do with an English major'?" Sandi
Morgan, a graduate student asked.
There are 80 women's studies programs in
the United States with 2,000 courses offered.
Committee member Dr. Margaret
O'Conner. assistant professor of English,
said that these programs had met with
success and that the available women's
studies courses offered here were always
There was some concern over
'ghettoization' that just women would take
the program's courses. But the committee
agreed after some discussion that men
would eventually take the courses.
Dr. Richard L. Simpson, chairman of the
committee, said that while the present course
offerings may be formed into a curriculum in
women's studies next year, an independent
coordinator for the program is still probably
a few years away.
"People just don't recognize the
dominance of the male in our culture." one
student told the committee. "It's so
refreshing just to write on your paper 'she did
and she said.' "
by Art Eisenstadt
The Student Supreme Court will hear
three challenges to the recent campus
elections tonight. Chief Justice Darrell
Hancock announced Tuesday.
A case filed by three unsuccessful
presidential candidates alleging that Bill
Bates, the leading candidate in the general
election, violated the Honor Code and
spending laws during his campaign, will be
heard at 7:30,
The suit asked that Bates be disqualified
and a new election with all presidential
candidates be held.
Following the Bates case, the court will
hear a challenge to the constitutionality of
two recently elected co-representatives on
the Campus Governing Council (CGC) and
a complaint filed by an unsuccessful CGC
candidate against the Avery dormitory
newspaper, the Avery Advocate.
Unlike the Undergraduate Court,
Starvathon continues today with a
panel discussion on the technological
aspects of hunger at 4 p.m. at the School
of Public Health. Dr. Joseph C. Edozien.
chairman of the Department ol
Nutrition, Dr. Dougald McMillan III,
assistant professor of English, and David
Burgess, senior officer of UNICEF, will
At 6 p.m. the Starvathon fast begins.
At 8 p.m. William Sloan Coffin, chaplain
of Yale U niversity, will speak on w H unger
and the Emerging World Community" at
the Wesley Foundation. (
Court to consider
Staff photo by Charto Hardy
Attorney General Rufus Edmisten meets with citizens group in his Raleigh office in
January to discuss the utilities sale. Edmisten will appear at a public hearing on the
utilties sale tonight at the Institute of Government.
by Elizabeth George
Citizens of Orange County will have a
chance to voice their opinions to
Attorney General Rufus Edmisten at a
public hearing tonight at 8 p.m. on the
sale of UNC utilities.
The purpose of the hearing, scheduled
to be held in the Institute of
Government auditorium, is to influence
Edmisten's decision regarding the
pending sale of the electric system to
Duke Power Co. As attorney general, he
has the power to halt the sale and order
an investigation to determine what
action is in the best interests of the state.
Edmisten is also a member of the
Council of State, which must approve
the sale before it becomes final.
Former Orange County state senator,
A.B. "Lonnie" Coleman will chair the
The Orange County Citizens for
Alternative Power (OCCAP) have
Supreme Court proceedings are on the
public record, and spectators can attend.
The case involving Bates was filed by
unsuccessful candidates Tim Dugan, Jerry
.Askew and Keith "Bozo" Edwards last
As head of his own campaign staff. Bates
is charged with violating a Code of Student
Conduct clause prohibiting misue of campus
property. Johnny Kaleel, CGC speaker and
a Bates worker, mailed 1 50 campaign letters
through campus mail, which is normally
reserved for. official University and
Sylvester Brooks, campus mail director,
said Tuesday Kaleel had offered to
compensate the mail system for the letters.
"We never open mail to see what's inside."
Brooks said. "When a violation comes to my.
attention, we just contact the sender and ask
him not to do it again."
Kaleel. in a statement given to the Daily
Tar Heel earlier this week, also quotes Dr.
Claiborne S. Jones, vice-chancellor for
business and finance, as saying there is no
clear written University policy concerning
use of campus mail.
A second part of the complaint charges
Bates with failing to list as a campaign
expense a special printing of the Avery
Advocate, in which Bates was endorsed for
Normally, the Advocate is distributed
only in Avery, but the elections issue was
also distributed in all dormitories in CGC
on-campus district V I Avery, Parker,
Teague, Joyner and Whitehead.
Advocate editor Kelly Summey could not
be reached Tuesday, but a box on the paper's
front page lists the extra dorms as receiving
copies of its "third annual special election
issue." " s
to be argued
planned a slide show and a skit as part of
their testimony in opposition to the sale
V to Duke. - .
Other participants '.will be
representatives from the Chapel Hill
Board of Aldermen, Campus
Governing Council, (CGC), Orange
County School Board, League of
Women Voters, Orange County
Commissioners, senior citizens, and two
professors from the UNC physics
department and possibly Mayor
Howard N. Lee.
John Temple, assistant vice
chancellor for business, has indicated
that he may attend the meeting as a
representative of the University, while
Duke Power officials may also attend.
Len Stanley, chairman of OCCAP,
said in an interview the number of
citizens expected to attend the hearing is
unknown, although the response to
OCCAP's petition drive asking for a
halt to the sale has been good. Over
3,000 signatures were collected within
the past two weeks.
The ten-minute skit, part of the
OCCAP testimony, will be presented by
the Everyman Co., a local drama group.
The skit, entitled "Power" was written in
the 1930's as a part of the WPA Federal
The hearing was proposed by
Edmisten after OCCAP met with him in
January and asked for an injunction on
the sale to Duke.
"OCCAP does not oppose the idea of
a sale of the utilities," Stanley said, "we
just want an investigation to determine
what action is best for the citizens of
Orange County, the University and all
other parties involved."
Private, college stadeetts.iini ttomiMe
Governors staff considers centralized aid program
by Greg Nye
Many students in North Carolina's private colleges
and Universities are in trouble rising tuition and
costs are quickly making their education unaffordable.
The General Assembly and the Board of Governors
have both recognized the problem and are in the
process of considering some solutions. But the staff of
r the Board, of Governors seems to think that students'
financial problems can be solved without handing out
any more state funds.
Currently, 24,188 of the students enrolled in private
colleges and universities in North Carolina are in in
The Board of Governors staff will recommend to its
planning committee on March 13 that a centralized
program of financial aid be established. The program
would give a maximum scholarship of $1,300 to the
most needy students on a first-come first-serve basis.
The staff proposal doesn't call for any more
money from the state, but proposes to work with the $5
1 N TTTi A
oenMnoinis to cD)MMnttlt
by Sandra Millers
RALEIGH North Carolina
proponents of the Equal Rights Amendment
(ERA) had their say Tuesday afternoon at
the first of two public hearings scheduled to
bring public opinion before members of the
House Constitutional Amendments
Committee which is now considering the bill.
Presided over by Rep. A. Hartwell
Campbell (D-Wilson), committee chairman,
the hour-long hearing was devoted
exclusively to supporters of the controversial
amendment. A second hearing to be held
next Tuesday will give ERA opponents a
chance to speak.
Television cameras whirred in the
legislative auditorium as Rep. Herbert Hyde
(D-Buncombe), co-sponsor with Rep..
H.M. Michaux (D-Durham) of bills to
ratify the ERA, introduced each of
four scheduled speakers to an' overflow
audience of nearly 700 ERA backers.
First on the agenda was Howard Twiggs,
lobbyist for ERA United, a coalition of the
State's pro-ERA groups.
Responding to the anti-ERA argument
that changes in state laws would be sufficient
to accomplish equality of the sexes, Twiggs
said removing sex discrimination without
ERA would take "at least another 50 years."
Mrs. Gladys Tille, a suffragette of the.
early 1900's and currently president of the
board of ERA United, followed Twiggs to
the podium. s
"The intent of this amendment is to write
women into the Constitution of the United
States," Tillet explained.
She said the basic problem with the
Constitution is that it was written under the
concept of English common law. "That
concept holds that a husband and wife are
one, and that one is he," she said. "The
United States Constitution takes no notice
of women and their rights; the founding
fathers obviously never considered that men
and women stand as equals before the law."
State Secretary of Cultural Affairs Grace
Rohrer continued the pro-ER A presentation .
by telling committee members that the defeat
of the bill would reinforce the concept of
"The consideration of the ratification of
ERA goes far deeper than equal pay for
equal work," Rohrer said.
Rohrer urged the General Assembly to
challenge women to rise to their potential
and accept their full responsibility as citizens
Capital punishment said
up to states' discretion
by Charlotte Moulton
United Press International
WASHINGTON The Justice
Department, contending that the death
penalty is well rooted in the nation's legal
traditions, told the Supreme Court Tuesday
that individual states, not the Supreme
Court, should decide when capital
punishment is appropriate.
In a brief submitted for the Court's
consideration in a North Carolina death
penalty case to be argued some time this
spring, the department said capital
punishment deters crime, reinforces
important social values such as the
"expression of moral outrage," and
incapacitates dangerous offenders."
The brief noted that new death penalty
laws have been enacted since the Court in
1 972 struck down capital punishment as then
imposed by at least 3 1 states and under
federal law. It went on to say:
"In our form of democracy the will of the
million currently allotted by the General Assembly.
. The planning committee will first have to approve the
staffs recommendation and then it will come to a vote
by the full Board of Governors. After the Board gives
its approval, the proposal will be sent to the General
A different approach is being taken by the Advisory
Budget Commission of the General Assembly. The
Co'mmission will recommend that the current $200 in
state funds per North Carolina student given to private
schools for scholarships be raised to $400. The
financial aid would be awarded by each private
college as is done at present.
"The Budget Commission's proposal is far more
flexible than the Board of Governors staff
recommendation," Dr. Cameron West, president of
the Independent Colleges and Universities of North
Carolina, said Tuesday. "The $1,300 scholarship will
only be available to people with families earning less
of this nation."
Betty Barber, executive director of the
State Commission on Education and'
Employment of Women spoke last. Barber
said North Carolina women "are still
entering traditionally female roles which in
the majority of cases lead to lesser-paying
jobs." Barber attributed this trend to lack of
encouragement for women in traditionally
male-dominated fields as well as continuing
discrimination against women in institutions
of higher education.
"Fifty-five per cent of master's degrees go
to males," Barber said, "and 88 per cent of
"Once employed, there are great
disparities between a woman's educational
level and her salary level," Barber said. "Men
on the average make three thousand dollars
more per year in every occupational
by George Bacso
DURHAM In response to strong
student reaction to Duke University's
decision to phase out the School of Forestry
and Environmental Studies, Duke President
Terry Sanford released a statement Tuesday
reaffirming his support for the orderly
sharing of decision-making authority.
Sanford's statement came in the form of a
three-page letter to Jeff Talmadge, president
of the Associated Students of Duke
University (ASDU Duke's student
government). Sanford also released copies of
a memo he received from Provost Frederic
Cleaveland announced the
administration's decision to terminate the
forestry program and the Duke Primate
Center was because of a large deficit in the
University's budget two weeks ago.
Students reacted to the decision by
forming a group called the Movement for
Shared Authority (MSA). MSA organized a
four-hour rally held last Friday. An
estimated 1,000 students participated in the
In his memo to Sanford, Cleaveland
people is expressed through their
representatives. We submit that it is utterly
implausible that so many legislatures can.
time and again, fail to reflect the will of the
people concerning capital punishment. Were
this court to hold the death penalty
unconstitutional, it would have to conclude
that it whose justices are not elected and
have been given life tenure in order to
insulate them from popular and political
opinion is more conscious of and more
responsive to the will of the people than are
the representatives directly elected by and
responsible to those people."
The brief was filed in the case of Jesse T.
Fowler, convicted of murder in Wake
County, N.C., in the fatal shooting of an
acquaintance during a crap-game agrument.
North Carolina last April redrew its
capital punishment law in an effort to meet
the Supreme Court's rejection of existing
laws as violating the "cruel and unusual" ban
in the 8th Amendment.
Barber cited statistics indicating that 44
per cent of North Carolina's labor force is
female and two-thirds of those are married
women, usually working from economic
necessity and without adequate daycare
facilities. Barber said 40 per cent of the
154.000 female-headed households in the
state arc existing on incomes below the
poverty level. She said 47 per cent of court
ordered support payments to households on
welfare are not met.
During the final minutes of the hearing.
Hyde introduced most of 65 representatives
from various state organizations who favor
the ERA. including Chapel Hill Mayor
I.ee called for a resolution in support of
the ERA from Chapel Hill aldermen
Monday night, asking. Are there any male
chauvinists here who object? The vote was
outlined the process by which the
administration would determine the
feasibility of phasing out the forestry
"Work is already underway to develop an
agreed upon set of assumptions about
enrollment, tuition levels, etc. on the basis of
which to project costs and revenues over the
next five to ten years," Cleveland said.
Cleaveland said the next step will be to
assess the possibility of finding funds for the
program and, with the help of a few mutually
agreed-upon faculty members, assess the
quality of the forestry school itself.
MSA issued three demands to Sanford
That the Duke administration share
with all the people affected its authority in.
the University's decision-making process:
That the Duke administration share
with all the people affected its authority in
the determination of University priorities;
That the Duke administration delay any
budget cuts until the entire community can
come to a mutual agreement on University
In his letter to Talmadge. Sanford said,
"These suggestions generally correspond
with my ideas of government, although 1 will
always insist on a structured, representative
form of government.
"I have insisted since I have been here that
the (decision-making) process be open, that
students be given a fuller voice, and I have
responded to every suggestion made by
Student Government, and some suggestions
made by others relative to sharing
responsibility." Sanfotd said.
"As far as the petition for "Shared
Authority" is concerned, it seems to me that
its points have been generally covered by the
ASDU University Commission," he said.
In "A Report from the University
Governance Commission," ASDU
recommended that "the decision-making,
powers of the students should be formally
recognized by the President of the University
as delegated to (ASDU)." .
In response to Sanford's letter, Talmadge
told the Daily Tar Heel Tuesday that "both
the intent and content are favorable."
"He has indicated his willingness to share
authority, but the responsibility is now back
on the students, through ASDU to provide
concrete proposals." Talmadge said.
Talmadge prefaced his remarks by saying
that they represent only his personal
response, and not a formal reply by ASDU.
He said such a reply would probably be
formulated by the legislature at their meeting
held late Tuesday night.
than $4,000. The proposal wouldn't cover the full
needs of students whose families earn more, but who
cannot afford the tuition and costs."
"The proposal being considered by the Board of
Governors wouldn't offer much financial aid to the
middle-income family," West explained, "because it
doesn't increase the amount of state funds available to
students in the private sector." Raymond Dawson,
vice-president of academic affairs for the consolidated
University, told the Board of Governors last Friday
that North Carolina's 39 private colleges and
universities are in trouble because many students can
no longer meet rising tuition costs, and something
must be done to aid them. "The educational quality in
the state depends on both public and private
education," Dawson said.
How to maintain the quality in the private sector is
the question facing state and education officials. One
approach suggests a more complex and rigid
system of dispensing the same amount of state funds.
The other proposal suggests the best way to keep
students in private schools is to increase financial aid.