North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
83rd Year of Editorial Freedom
Cola C Campbell
Dsmle K. Day
The Daily Tar Heel, the UNC student newspaper since 1893, has its
editorial, news and business offices in the Carolina Union on campus.
All unsigned editorials represent the opinion of the Daily Tar Heel,
while signed columns and letters represent the viewpoints of the
individual contributors. Wednesday, April 23, 1975
in a jmist society
This week the U.S. Supreme
Court is reconsidering the
constitutionality of the death
penalty in reviewing the case of Jesse
Fowler, a North Carolina man
sentenced to death for murder.
Fowler is one of 63 inmates waiting
on death row in North Carolina.
Fowler's case stresses the issue of
equity in the use of capital
punishment, the issue upon which
the 1972 case Furman vs. Georgia
was decided 5 to 4. Since that
decision, 31 states have rewritten
statutes to make the use of capital
Whether or not the judicial system
is weighted against the poor and the
black (as Fowler's attorney
Anthony Amsterdam contends),
there are enough vagaries in the
application of justice to warrant
rejection of the death penalty. The
particular practices of a district
attorney, the climate of a certain
metropolitan courtroom, even the
political mood of a town regarding a
publicized case can all influence the
application of laws which carry a
mandatory death sentence.
The death penalty should be
banned for reasons other than
inequitable use. In a criminal system
devoted to deterrence and to
rehabilitation, the death penalty is
x NOTHING AGAINST M WEJNAM
The invasion of 'le.ffirancais''
I don't know if anybody else has
noticed it or not, but we're being
invaded. There's a real threat to the
American way of life on the horizon. In
tact, I'm surprised David Duke hasn't
caught on to it yet. America is being
invaded by the French and nobody
knows about it. It's not violent Or
anything, nothing easily detectable. The
French are too subtle for something like
that, you know.
1 know about the French, too. 1 was
forced to study French for three years in
high school, so the invasion has already
tainted my life. But the real thrust of the
invasion is right here on campus.
When 1 came to Carolina, 1 thought I
could escape the French peril. 1 avoid
Dey Hall religiously and I'm taking the
math science option to get out of the
But the peril is inescapable. I'm going
to ask David Duke if the Communists
are responsible for it. J. Edgar Hoover
used to say the Commies were seeping
through our culture at every pore and
that's exactly what French is doing.
And I can prove. I ask you where
would you expect to be safer from
French that in English class, in
Greenlaw? Well, the other day all my
English class talked about was motif
and nuance and denouement and cliche
and joie de vivre and even a poem by an.
Ralph J. Irace
Graphic Arts Editor
out of place. It can rehabilitate no
one; its deterrence value is extremely
questionable. Many familiar with
penology including Italian jurist
Cesare Beccaria (1764), Prof. Karl
F. Schuessler (1957), former
attorney general Ramsey Clark
(1965), University of Texas
philosophy professor Edmund L.
Pincoffs ( 1966), and Thorsten Sellin
of the University of Pennsylvania
Center in Criminology and Criminal
Law (1967) has testified against the
deterrent effect . of capital
punishment. As former San Quentin
warden Clinton T. Duffy has said, "I
have yet to meet the man who let the
thought of the gas chamber stop him
from committing murders."
Capital punishment is legal
retribution. As such, it is sanctioned
murder, and therefore it cheapens
the value of life in a society of law.
Efforts ought to be directed toward
rehabilitation and re-entry of
criminal offenders, not toward the
grave. The pain is borne by the
condemned is the result of
retribution and should be ended. As
Albert Camus has written, "As a
general rule, a man is undone by
waiting for capital punishment-well
before he dies. Two deaths are
inflicted upon him, the first being
worse than the second, whereas he
killed but once.n
American entitled Madame La Fleurie.
I escaped to Poli Sci only to suffer a
professor pontificating on detente and '
I . .r
rapprocnement vis-a-vis Kissinger, a
coup d'etat in Africa and laissez-faire
economic theory. I fled to Philosophy
where raison d'etre and elan vital and le
concept de I'autre and liberte, equalite et
Jraternite pierced my made-in-U.S.A.
So I asked the professor after class
why he used all those French phrases.
"First," he replied, and I quote
exactly, "I resent the insinuation that I
use only French phrases. 1 use all the
terms of my profession. The esotericism
of academia extends beyond the mere
use of French. We borrow from Latin,
Greek, Spanish and any other language
we can find in order to enhance the
learning experience. Use of foreign
phrases as terms separates the true
experts from the connoiseurs and
dilettantes in this world. Use of these
phrases is a tour de force for the
professors and creates a certain esprite
corps among the members of a
department. In fact, a good group of
foreign terms is the piece de resistance of
any course. 1 am afraid, mon ami, that
you must accept this tradition. You have
reached a cul de sac on the road of
Verbally abused, beaten into a state of.
miiinmiMir ii ' , ''X'xc
The yardstick used by correctional
practitioners today for assessing the
rehabilitative usefulness of a prison is
determined by the number and quality
of its treatment programs, rather than
the design of internal security measures.
Many penologists and correctional
administrators in increasing number
believe that the most productive mode
of rehabilitating offenders is through
education. More specifically, the
importing of a set of values in offenders
that encourages them to foster and
acquire academic and occupational
skills, engendering also the concomitant
development "of positive attitudinal
change. Both the acquisition of
educational skills and maturation of
responsible attitudes can go a long way
in helping the offender readjust to
society upon his release.
In-house prison educational services
are by and large limited to attainment of
a high school education, or alternately,
to certificates in the vocational arts.
With very few exceptions (North .
Carolina being one of them with its
study-release program for inmates who
attend college or a technical institute in
Jesse Helms and the third party
No doubt about it, Jesse Helms makes you feel proud to be
an American. .
We in North Carolina already knew that, of course. We
knew it because for 1 2 years we had the benefit of his fatherly
advice on Channel 5 in Raleigh. If we were ever uncertain
about the future of the free-enterprise system, or about the
threats to our democracy from those radicals here in Chapel
Hill who wanted to bring Communism to the Old North
State, Jesse would give us the word, and we were reassured.
After he was elected to the Senate, Jesse didn't forget his
friends. On the contrary, he gave us a helpful suggestion on
how to eliminate streakers (herd them into the nearest
football stadium and hose 'em down every 15 minutes) and
offered a money-saving tip to proponents of a State Zoo
(build a fence around UNC? and you'd have one).
So he was in high esteem here even before his two
statesmanlike acts during the month of March acts which,
in the minds of many, have lifted him to the same status as
Furnifold M. Simmons, R. Bob Reynolds, and his own
mentor, Willis Smith who are generally acknowledged as
this state's greatest Senators ever until now, that is. For
now the nation knows Sen. Helms's greatness.
First, Jesse courageously took a stand for a new third party
at the special conference of Republican conservatives last
month. In so doing, he was following in the footsteps of such
great leaders as John C. Breckinridge and Strom
Thurmond men who would never allow election victory to
stand in the way of principle men whose advocacy of the
right was more important to them than party loyalty. But this
shock, 1 stumbled over to see a friend of
mine, a grad student who takes these
academic traumas more calmly than I
I told him 1 didn't mind so much
having to listen to these phrases or even
learn them, but 1 didn't understand why
they were better than English. Is raison
d'etre really superior to "reason to be"
or "purpose in life", 1 asked. I was
worried because I'd heard you can't get
good grades if you don't use those
Why, I asked him, use a foreign
phrase rather than an English one?
He retorted indignantly and 1 quote,
"The same reason you always use a
longer word rather than a shorter one.
Look, dummy, don't buck the system.
Learn all the foreign phrases you can.
I'll tell you one thing a foreign phrase
looks a hell of a lot better in a
dissertation than a regular English one.
What's the matter with you, don't you
want to go to grad school?"
"Oui," I replied. "Videri quamesse."
Que sera, sera. Vive la difference.
The revenge of DeGaulle is upon us
Greg Porter is
the day and return to the prison at night)
inmates generally have no opportunity
to continue their education beyond the
high school level
Most offenders are sentenced for
property crimes (auto larceny, burglary,
larceny, breaking and entering) and
receive sentences from three to ten
years. Many are paroled after serving
one quarter of their minimum sentence.
Their employment while on parole is
generally restricted to manual or
technical work. Only a paltry handful
choose, or are encouraged by others, to
seek and pursue a college education.
Correctional education can do much
more to prepare offenders for eventual
admission to a college when paroled. A
sensible beginning point would be to
establish two separate high school
training programs in prisons: a pre
college curriculum and a terminal high
'At present, most prison high school
programs are directed only at preparing
the inmate to pass the state examination
for a high school equivalency
certificate. Foreign language
call to arms wasn't the last
On the contrary, our senior Senator saved his best for last.
Calling for an end to "the politics of instability," he urged
Henry Kissinger's resignation as Secretary of State. At last, a
blow for common sense! Too long we have tarried! The
progressive people of this country must say, "Hurrah for Sen.
Why should we allow our State Department to be run by a
pointy-headed intellectual from Harvard with a German
accent? Why should we entrust our foreign policy to a man
who married a girl who was younger and taller than
himself an indication of insanity, Americanists all agree?
And most of all, since our hard-earned tax money paid for
the offices at the State Department in Washington, why
should we allow them to be given to a man who never uses
them, but j unkets all over the world in search of what he says
is peace, but which Jesse and other rgiMhinking citizens
recognize as APPEASEMENT?
Yes, another sell-out of the free world to the dirty
There is but one conclusion to be drawn from these acts,
which are totally in keeping with the American tradition of'
out-spokenness on the issues of the day: the properly
disgruntled conservatives must not only reject, but stamp out
all notions of nominating Ronald Reagan as the leader of
their third-party effort. No, they must nominate the
PEOPLE'S choice the man who, coming from a humble
position as vice-president of WRAL-TV, has become "The
Letters to the editor
To the editor.
I am writing this out of frustration and
dissatisfaction with the education
department of this university. It is much
easier for me to write these thoughts than it is
to communicate with anyone in the
I was assigned this semester to teach in the
Burlington City School System. As I
observed the fifth grade classroom to which f
had been assigned, I realized that it was
going to be a difficult semester for me. It was
a "team teaching" situation that consisted of
two teams. One team had two players and
the other had sixty. And the two member
team was winning. It was evident in the faces
of the other team.
I asked to be transferred to another school
but learned it was not possible. 1 have reason
to believe that the reasons were political.
You see, the education department is very
concerned with public relations much
more so than they are with their students.
They might have jeopardized any future
student teacher placements in Burlington
had they pulled me out. And that would
make it more difficult for them to find
placements for future student teachers!
If you have class under Dr. Unks or read
his articles in the DTH I need not tell you the
abominable things that are done to the
children in the public schools. I found it very
difficult to participate in these practices. The
students were controlled in every possible
way and they never questioned any part of
it. Let me tell you about some of the more
disturbing incidents that prompted my
withdrawal from the program.
Many days (and once for an entire week)
the entire class was granted "silent lunch" for
some minute infraction of one of the
uncountable rules. This meant that the
children were not allowed to speak to anyone
during the entire lunch period the only
time during the day that the children could
possibly interact. To me, this seemed
The library was probably the most
unpleasant part of the school but even that
is questionable. The children were not
allowed to browse. They could only go to the
card catalogue if they possessed a piece of
paper on which they had written a specific
subject. Most of the library period was spent -in
silence while a most intimidating librarian
"instructed" them and dared anyone to
open a book or hold a pencil while she spoke.
1 was told that 1 was being too friendly to
the students. I spent two weeks teaching the
class poetry William Carlos Williams,
Edna St. Vincent M illay and Carl Sandburg.
They learned that poetry did not have to
rhyme. But yet when their required "poetry
notebooks" were returned to them, things
such as "This is a lousy poem" and "This one
instruction, introduction to geometry,
calculus, etc., are noticeably absent in
most prison high school schemes.
Progressive high school level
instruction in the nation's prisons that is
more compatible with college admission
standards will require competent
personnel and funds.
To provide the requisite reservoir of
teachers to accomplish the above that
the prison administration is unable to
hire because of its perennial shortage of
money, the university can play an
important role by encouraging students
and professors to become volunteer
teachers at correctional institutions.
Not only can graduate students and
faculty combine their skills to establish
and structure a basic pre-college high
school program in the prison, but they,
can also teach courses within the walls"
for college credit through arrangement
with the univeristy. Accumulation of
course credits while an offender makes it
easier for the individual, after his release
or parole, to secure regular admission to
a four year college.
Prison education for the willing and
able can be immeasurably more
Helms's services for
doesn't even rhyme"! were written in the
margins. The children were crushed. And so
I saw teachers mock and humiliate
students. 1 saw children being paddled for
seemingly unjustifiable reasons. 1 heard (in
the teacher's lounge) children being referred
to as "stupid" and "monkeys." There was an
insurmountable air of hostility.
If I must be required to participate in the
atrocious acts committed in the public
schools in order to receive my teaching
certificate, then something is very wrong.
Alice Faye Hope
F-4 The Villages
Prison inmate asks
for discarded books
To the editor
1 am an inmate requesting on behalf of all
the inmates at Blanch Close Custody Prison
that you would send any discarded books or
pamphlets of any type to our unit.
Presently our selections are very limited,
mostly westerns and detective novels. We are
interested also in politics: subversive,
reactionary, radicalconservative such as
Marx, Ingersoll, Kant, Jung, Freud,
Spinoza, Jefferson and others. We are also
interested in economics, natural sciences,
religion (theology), etc.
Any selections that you forward to our
unit will be donated to our unit library for
access to all, and I will take no credit because
I would consider this a philanthropic act on
your part and honor it as such.
I and the inmates at Blanch will not be able
to express our gratitude in words.
Charles J. Slahan
Pen pal relationship
for lonely Gemini
To the editor
1 would like to start a pen pal relationship
with one or more of the students. 1 am black,
but want to relate with any race and any sex.
1 am six feet tall, weigh 195 pounds (no
fat), am 28 years old and 1 am from Akron,
To anyone who answers this they may
ask me any type of questions.
I am a Gemini, ruled by Mercury and my
solar second house is Saturn.
I am an inmate at the Marion Correctional
Institution. To anyone who answers this
column I will then express my whole
To anyone who wishes to write, the:
effective in the context of long-term
human resource development if
responsible, systematic curricular
planning is conducted in a manner that
allows provision for post-high school
educational advancement. This is not to
imply we should de-emphasize the
current objectives of eliminating
illiteracy among inmates, expanding,
vocational training and furthering
elementary and secondary levels of
study in our prisons.
We need only to widen our
conceptualization of what objectives
prison educational training should seek
to attain. The university community has
historically been intertwined with the
"civilizing" and socializing process of
our society. Do we and our public
officials think so little of it to believe it
incapable of affecting changes in
offenders that could lead to the
emergency of a "new self" for these
Ralph Irace, graduate journalism, is
contributing editor for the Daily Tar
V wv -
Man of the Hour"! They must nominate SENATOR
Michael Fawcett is a junior journalism major.
P.O. Box 57
Marion, Ohio 43302
need some replumbing
To the editor.
I am currently a freshman here at this
highly prestigious institution of higher
education learning quickly that the inner
works of this school need some replumbing.
I am taking the math option which
requires two semesters of math. 1 am also a
tentative Special Education major, which
used to require Math 17 and 18 but now
requires Math 1 1 and 12. 1 know of no one
who is an undergraduate and a Special
Education major who was informed of this
1 was told by my adviser. Dr. Ronald
Hyatt, that only Math 11 would count
towards the fulfillment of my math option.
Needless to say, I was appalled by this petty
fact, for it was requiring me to take an extra
semester of math which would do me no
good as far as my major is concerned.
Demanding more information, 1 asked Dr.
William Smith, who is head of the
Mathematics Education Department, only
to find that.there is some sort of "conflicting
information" floating around between the
General College and the Mathematics
When I was young and naive. I always
marveled over the fact that Carolina was so
organized and that the students and faculty
(were well informed of each others motives
iand intentions. Let me go back to sleep on
those fluffy clouds floating in that Carolina
blue sky and keep dreaming.
The Dally Tar Heel welcomes the
expression of all points of view
through the letters to the editors.
Opinions expressed do not necessarily
reflect the views of the editors. This
newspaper reserves the right to edit all
letters for libelous statements and
Letters should be limited to 3C3
words and must include the name,
address and phone number of the
writer. Type letters on a 63-space line,
double spaced, and address them to
Editor, The Daily Tar Heel, in care cf
the Student Union, or drop them by