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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, August 25, 1975, Page 1, Image 1

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T" Registration Issue Vol. C4, Mo. 1 Chapei Hill, North Carolina, August 25, 1975 Founded February 23, 1893 . . a I J V - 1 I s" ss jL ll " B j 1 ssj " ' n n I S , , i by Cole C. Campbell - -1 r : N Editor j I s x " 5 I :W:: - : 1 I i j 0 i v ) Staff photo by Martha Stevww If you can't get Mayflower, the best way to move is to do it yourself. These students were part of 3,000 high school graduates who became UNC freshmen Friday, Aug. 22. President William C. Friday of the University of North Carolina system countered last Tuesday charges by the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) that North Carolina has neglected desegregation in higher education, saying University decisions should be based on educational and not simply racial criteria. "We shall continue to stand for the right and authority of the Board of Governors to make educational decisions free of imposed restraints," Friday told reporters assembled in the State Administration Building in Raleigh. HEW informed Gov. James E. Holshouser in a letter dated July 31 that University and community college officials "have failed to fulfill the most critical commitments" set forth in the Revised North Carolina State Plan for desegregation in higher education. In a 5 1 -page evaluation, H EW's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) listed 58 reports of failures of both the University system and the Division of Community Colleges in meeting commitments outlined in the plan. Of particular concern to HEW were the proposed location of a new school of veterinary medicine and the completion of a long-term plan to eliminate racial duality in the University system. The letter threatened action to cut off federal funds to the University system if the General Administration did not respond within 10 days. That period was extended upon appeal by Holshouser to HEW Secretary David Matthews. The General Administration's response, a 140-page report, was sent to HEW's Washington office Tuesday. Martin Gerry, acting OCR director, told the Daily Tar Heel Friday he had not yet received the report and therefore "it would be unfair to comment on it." ' He was optimistic, though, that HEW and: North Carolina education officials can work out problems. ' "We have gotten several assurances from the governor and President Friday that there is a serious intention to comply (with the desegregation plan)," Gerry said. Before Tuesday's press conference, Holshouser said he thinks more negotiation will be needed between the state and HEW. "Our people think there are some things that need to be worked out further." North Carolina singled out Friday objected to the July 3 1 release date of the HEW letter since the federal officials were aware that the General Administration planned to send its second semi-annual report on desegregation to HEW on the same day. "Many of the allegations in this document are answered in the second semi-annual report," Friday said in an August 6 press conference. "More than two-thirds of them are answered on the face of it." Friday said he thinks North Carolina was being unfairly singled HEW. "Keep , in mind there are several other states with a dual system that have not been asked to do anything," Friday said. Gerry, however, said, "1 don't think North Carolina has been set aside as an example at all. As a matter of fact, we've found seven other states in questionable compliance." Those states arc Florida. Georgia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania. Oklahoma and Arkansas. Alabama, Tennessee. Louisiana and Mississippi are involved in desegregation litigation with the U.S. Department of Justice. North Carolina received a different letter than the other states, Gerry said, because at one time the state's higher education officials decided not to negotiate at all about the proposed location of the vet school. "Since that time we have perceived a different attitude toward discussing problems," Gerry said. Vet school controversy The semi-annual report did not mention HEW's major concern, the location of the proposed veterinary school at the predominantly white N.C. State University instead of the predominantly black N.C. A&T University. Gerry charged that the University administration refused to consider the immediate racial impact of the vet school location, as well as the effect on the ability of A&T to attract white students. Gerry also objected to the net increased disparity between N.C. State and A& I resulting from a failure of the Board of Governors to similarly "enhance the academic program strength of predominantly black North Carolina ,&. I ." In March 1975, William 1 nomas of OCR's Atlanta office told Friday the university system "must award a program ot similar stature and attractiveness" to A& I if the vet school was placed in Raleigh. Friday said that the location issue is not a racial question but one of "whether the Board of Governors can make a decision based on the educational evidence at hand." Friday referred to a study by two Ohio professors under contract to the General Administration which compares the two schools on a numerical scale. N.C. State outranked A&T by a score of 1.051 to 499. The study did not address any racial criteria. Friday has also repeatedly said that the vet school issue is not releva. now. because the state legislature has not yet allocated funds for construction of the proposed school. The General Administration also maintains that any action by HEW would be premature Please turn to page 2 May run for lieutenant governor by Jim Roberts News Editor . Although Chapel Hill Mayor Howard N. Lee has not officially announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for lieutenant governor, it's no secret his eyes are firmly set on the state's second highest office. Last week, he was even called an "official" candidate by the Raleigh News and Observer. Lee admits the chances are very slim that he won't run. However, he said last Monday he would not make a decision to declare until November, and his official declaration could come as late as January. Lee's only reservation about entering the race is raising enough money to finance a campaign. "I will run, provided I can raise the money," he said. He said he hopes to collect approximately 5300,000 between now and November. "I'll utilize the months of September, October and November to start fund raising activities across the state and to identify key leadership within the state." Even though funding is delaying Lee's announcement, he is outwardly confident he can raise the money. "I feel that I have enough friends in the state to collect the money 1 need," he said. In Lee's unsuccessful 1972 campaign for the Democratic nomination for the 2nd District congressional seat, he was the only candidate whose campaign expenses were paid at the end of the race. "We did that campaign with mainly dimes and quarters," he said. For this election, Lee also plans to collect funds in small amounts. "1 want to at least feel that if 1 win, I will go in with the help of the little people across the state." To collect the money. Lee's campaign staff will initially send 1,000 solicitation letters to potential contributors. "Ultimately we hope to send 5,000 to 10,000 letters to friends," he added. Lee also said he doesn't feel he will have trouble raising enough support for his candidacy to run first or second in the primary. Currently, he thinks he has the highest recognition level of any potential candidate. Those candidates officially in the race for lieutenant governor include Wake County Commissioner Waverly F. Akins; state Rep. Herbert L. Hyde, D-Buncombe; state Sen. Herman Moore, D-Mecklenburg; and E. Frank Stephenson Jr., Chowan College director of admissions. Lee attributed his high recognition level to his active personality, his record in Chapel Hill and his work with the Democratic Party. Many North Carolinians will remember him from 1969 when he became the first black mayor of a predominantly white southern town. But he said he thinks his being black will be neither an asset nor a liability in his campaign for the lieutenant governorship. "I want to be a candidate who happens to be black, not a black who happens to be a candidate. 1 personally want to play race down. If my opponents want to make it an issue, it will be their issue." Despite his enthusiasm over his statewide recognition. Mayor Lee is wary of the backlash it can create later in the campaign. As the race continues, "recognition levels tend toNequalize and a high recognition level is sometimes a liability since campaigns that start with a bang often tend to fizz out in the end." Lee, whose term as mayor will end in December, said he would consider reforms in the tax laws, health care services and the criminal' justice system his three major priorities, if he is elected. He said that because the state has changed so much, it is necessary to totally redesign the tax system. Concerning health care, he said.'T would like to see health care made accessible and affordable for everyone." in the area of criminal justice, Lee said he objects to first offenders being jailed with repeat offenders. He said court overcrowding is another major problem in the state justice system. Lee said if he is elected he will push for a program to equalize educational opportunities. "1 want to make sure that a child from a rich county and a child from a poor county get the same minimal level of education," he said. He added that equalized educational opportunities will help bring Please turn to page 6 I K i i- S I 1 Staff pttoto by Martha ttavans Howard Lee, current mayor of Chapei Hill and. a probable candidate for lieutenant governor in 1976 BSM, four others have funds frozen by Carotin Bakewell Steff Writer The list of student organizations suspended from the Student Government budget for alleged treasury violations grew to five on Aug. 1 when another organization admitted having mishandled funds. The Political Science Association voluntarily reported having an illegal checking account and its funds were frozen, pending investigation by the Campus Governing Council Finance Committee later this fall. Student Body Treasurer Mike O'Neal said Wednesday. "They've turned in all the information. I feel we'll be able to settle the matter in their favor," said O'Neal. A series of investigations of various student groups began when the Football Club, the graduate History Society and later the Black Student Movement and Biostatistics Department were suspended from the budget. Officials from the Football Club and the History Society declined to mention exact charges against the groups, but O'Neal said both had operated illegal checking or sav ings accounts. The Black Student Movement (BSM), charged with operating a checking account and allegedly making questionable use of funds from the account, has been suspended from the budget until Finance Committee investigations are completed. The BS M case is the most important, since it involves S500. the largest sum. O'Neal said Wednesday. The checking account was opened with money won by the BSM Gospel Choir at a Duke concert. Part of the money may have been used illegally, O'Neal said, adding that cancelled BSM checks presented at the July 29 CGC meeting indicated that payments had been made to Kentucky Fried Chicken and to pay off a speeding ticket. Although CGC member Greg Reid. w ho is also a member of the BSM, provided check stubs and other information at the July 29 meeting,' the information has been withdrawn from CGC records, O'Neal said. "The BSM has pledged cooperation." he said. "If they don't, the CGC might be forced to freeze their funds indefinitely." "1 think the CGC took an inflexible approach to the whole matter." BSM President D. Lester Diggs said July 29. "I think the funds should be unfrozen and. at most, we should be given a reprimand." The Biostat group, which allegedly operated a savings account, was put on three months probation. During this period, the organization can use its funds only with the permission of the Student Body treasurer and the Finance Committee chairperson. All five groups are charged w ith v iolations of Section V of the treasury law. which states, "All organizations receiving funds or appropriations from this budget . . . shall be required to deposit all revenue, regardless of Please turn to page 4 ixtle mm m m CI by Tim Pittman Staff Writer Joan Little's murder trial is over, but there is much discussion among state government officials and women's rights leaders as to the effect of the trial's publicity on the North Carolina county jail system and on women's rights in rape cases. As far as most correction officials are concerned, the Little trial was an isolated and unfortunate incident, which received an undeserved degree of publicity. Most qfficials will not speculate on county jail reforms other than to say the state has been and will continue to upgrade its correctional facilities. Many women's leaders in the Chapel Hill area disagree about the trial's impact on women., Some say the trial will encourage women to fight when being sexually attacked. Others argue that the trial became more of a racial issue than a question of rape. However, both officials and women agree that the Little trial did bring vital questions concerning both rape and the jail system to a level of public inspection and concern. Joan Little, a 21 -year-old black woman, was acquitted August 15 of charges that she murdered Beaufort County jailer Clarence T. Alligood, who she said forced her to perform oral sex. She fled the jail after stabbing Alligood with the ice pick she said he had used to threaten her. The jury declared Little not guilty after a single unanimous vote which took only 78 minutes. Speaking to the press after the verdict was announced, jury members said the state had not provided enough evidence to prove that Little had murdered the jailer. Little's lawyers contended throughout the trial, which drew press coverage from all over the nation, that questions of sexism and racism were vital aspects of the case. Following the trial the lawyers called the verdict a "victory for the people." Little still faces a seven-to-10 year sentence for breaking and entering which she was appealing when the stabbing took place. She remains free on a $ 1 5,000 bond, while she awaits judgment on her appeal. "The Little situation was unique and unfortunate," Woodburn Williams, director of the Jail and Detention Services of the North Carolina Department of Resources, said in a recent interview. "We're very concerned about it because it reflects poorly on jails throughout the South. North Caroina's jail system does have its inadequacies, but the jails are improving throughout the state." Williams said the Little trial would probably not have a major effect on the county jail system, because county jails are primarily governed by local supervision. "I feel certain, however, that this incident will make sheriffs more responsible and attentive to the needs of their female prisoners," Williams added. "No one wants that kind of thing to happen m a jail, so I can only hope county jail officials will begin to make positive changes to prevent a reoccurance." Deputy Atty. Gen. Jack Saforn also labeled the Little incident an isolated case. "It's one incident in one jail involving one prisoner and one jailer it is really nothing more," he said. Saforn cited local jurisdiction over county jails as a barrier against sweeping changes in the jail system, despite the trial's publicity. He said a General Assembly pay hike for jail workers and legislature-set standards of jail operation will aid in upgrading the county jail system. He added, however, that both programs were established prior to the Little .incident Beaufort County sheriff O.E. Davis said he did not know of any changes being made in the jail system because of the Little case. "There could be some changes in order to prevent a similar situation," he said. "Personally I don't anticipate any changes." Despite these assertions that the trial will effect no changes in jail systems, one of Little's defense lawyers, Milton Williamson, said the trial has already brought about numerous changes. "There have been substantial changes in many jails throughout the state," Williamson said. He cited Pitt and Beaufort counties as examples where more women matrons have been hired. "In other places, jail layouts and privacy standards are being upgraded," William said. Raleigh American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) lawyer John Parker agreed with Williamson. "The trial itself did not offer any solutions, but I have heard that a lot of counties in Eastern North Carolina are quietly hiring women matrons," Parker said. But Parker warned that real reforms will depend on citizens of the state. "The Joan Little trial served as an exclamation point to a horrible situation," Parker said. "If any major changes are to result, the people must become involved." The Little trial has sparked debate from women's leaders as well as from state officials and lawyers concerning rape victims rights. Miriam Slifkin, founder of the Chapel Hill Carrboro Rape Crisis Center and former president of the local chapter of the National Organization for Women (NOW), said she feels the verdict of the Little trial will encourage women to fight back at rapists. "A lot of women feel that we have been kept in our place by the threat of rape," Slifkin said. "But now, through the Joan Little case, the court has essentially said that women can defend themselves by fighting back. I'm sure it will free a lot of women from their personal prison." But the current president of the Chapel Hill chapter of NOW, Ruth Meyer did not share Slifkin's optimism about the trial's impact on rape. "I'm not sure that this case will have a major effect with regard to rape," Meyer said. "The black vs. white issue and the conditions of the prisons were played up to such an extent that much of the sexual impact was lost." "The issue at hand was 'Does a black have redress against a white much more than does a woman have redress against a man in a rape situation." Meyer said. "I just don't think people thought of Joan Little as a raped woman."

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