North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
2 His Daily Tar Hscl Section A Ausust 25, 1975
Continued from page one.
until a court case challenging the
University's desegregation efforts is
The case. Atkins v. Scott, is on the fall
calendar of the U.S. District Court tor the
Middle District of North Carolina.
John Sanders, University vice-president
for planning, said Tuesday the degree of
desegregation achieved by placing the vet'
school at A&T would be minimal.
ln terms of numbers, when it comes down
to racial matters, the impact is not large.
As for the long-term effect on
attractiveness to students, "I suppose it
would have some effect," Sanders said, "but
we can't quantify it."
Friday further objected to placement of
the school at A&T on the basis of cost.
Although both campuses estimated the cost
of the vet school to be $20 million. Friday
said, "we have already built the scientific
base at N.C. State." To do so at A&T.
"would cost tens of millions of dollars."
Neither Friday nor Sanders could cite
specific figures on the cost differential. "No
one can give you that figure because no one
knows the inflationary cycle." Friday said.
HEW also objected to the delay , ia
formulating a long-term plan for the"
development of the University system and to
other specifics regarding timetables and
Friday conceded that delay has been a
probkm but cited inadequate personnel and
the complexity of the plan as obstacles to
Friday stressed that the only priority item
to be fully funded by the Board of Governors
for the coming fiscal year was the 5526,000
authorization for desegregation. This should
be "clear evidence of the good faith of the
Board of Governor's efforts to comply with
the state plan." he said.
In terms of net desegregation. University
officials noted the University system has
exceeded first year goals for increasing
.minority presence in each institution.
The General Administration had hoped
that black students would comprise 3.8 per
cent of the student population in
predominantly white schools, while white
students in predominantly black schools
would equal 6.8 per cent of the student
population. Both of these estimates were
exceeded by .6 per cent.
"This is a significant achievement." Friday
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Pres. DHl Friday
said when he released the figures August 6.
"Yet nowhere in the letter to the governor is
In Chapel Hill. UNC Chancellor Ferebee
Taylor said Wednesday. "So far as 1 am
aware, the University at Chapel Hill is in full
compliance with all statutes and regulations
administered by HEW."
He noted that the Chapel Hill campus
receives $45 million of the $60 million in
federal funds given to the University system.
; "It concerns me," Taylor said, "that
funding, including for example federal
student financial aid, might possibly be at
risk by reason of the present controversy
(not directly involving UNC).
To remind campus coeds that women are
raped in Chapel Hill, two University of
North Carolina students have written and
produced a slide presentation on rape and its
Former Association of Women Students
Chairpersons Jamie Ellis and Susan Case
filmed the presentation with funding
provided by the Office of Student Affairs.
The film was needed because of the
growing number of rapes on campus, Ellis
said, adding that the slides were shot in
Chapel Hill as a "constant reminder that it
can happen here.
The 30-minute presentation will be shown
at 4 p.m. Tuesday, Aug. 26, in Room 204 of
the Union. After the viewing, representatives
of the Chapel Hill-Carrboro Rape Crisis
Center and North Carolina Memorial
Hospital will be on hand to answer
by Art Eisenstsdt
Oui-of-state University of North Carolina
students, who find themselves facing $50
tuition increases this semester, have one
consolation it could have been worse.
Last spring, a General Assembly
subcommittee proposed raising out-of-s.late
tuition rates by $300 per year and in-sLitc
rates by $200 per year for students in the 16
member University system.
The proposed increases caught both
students and University system
administrators by surprise, but both groups
started lobbying against the hikes almost
immediately after they were announced. In
addition to the students and administrators
against the increase, the North Carolina
House also eventually opposed the raises.
As a result, the issue became one of the last
planks of the state's two-year, $6.6 billion
budget to be settled between the two houses
of the Assembly.
"The tuition hike was very controversial
from the beginning," Sen. Charles Vickery,
D-Orange, said recently. One of the few
members of the Senate to totally oppose any
increase in tuition, Vickery said, "I don't
think the proponents (of the increase)
seriously thought they were going to get that
large an amount.
Had the original proposals, announced
April 4 during a meeting of the Senate
appropriations subcommittee on higher
education, gone into effect, students at the 1 6
University system campuses would have
paid an additional $36.1 million in tuition
during the 1975-77 biennium.
University officials estimate that the
increase eventually enacted $100 per year
out-of-state students will produce only
about $ 1 million in additional revenues.
Tuition for in-state residents did not
But the increase does not mean the
University system will be $1 million richer.
Instead, the state will presumably reduce its
appropriation to UNC by $1 million.
House Majority Leader Kitchin Josey, D
Halifax, said last week, Had the tuition
been increased more, or not been increased
at all, the overall expenditures (of the
University) would not have been one dollar
different. They would not have gotten a
dollar in some other way.
The legislature's budget committees were
in a money-conscious mood. Unlike the
federal government. North Carolina
constitution requires the state's budget to be
balanced. However, due to the recession, the
state's' tax revenues decreased significantly.
Although the University system originally
requested an appropriation of $475 million,
and the Governor's Advisory Budget
Commission trimmed the proposed figure to
$310 million, the legislature's ultimate
appropriation was $279 million.
University system President William
Friday said the goal of the legislature was to
reduce state appropriations as much as
possible. "To the extent that a legislature
increases tuition charges or that other
avenues, such as rent and grants, increase,
appropriations are reduced."
Vickery said high tuition hikes could even
end up costing the University system money.
Using the Chapel Hill campus as an
example. Vickery said. "When you've got
6,000 out of 20,000 students on financial aid,
and you raise the tuition, you've got to spend
that much more money. 1 think any gain in
revenues would be minimal here."
About $364,000 of the higher tuition fees
will be collected at the UNC-CH campus,
but William Geer. director of the Financial
Aid Office said he does not think the hikes
granted so far will affect the scholarship
program here very much.
Geer said when tuition, fees, rent, books,
food and personal expenses are added
together, the average out-of-state student
needs $4,000 per year to attend school here.
Tm sorry that the legislature felt the need
to raise tuition," he said, "but in a budget of
$4,000, it (the $100 individual tuition hike)
does not show up as that much of an
expense. Maybe the student would just have
to tighten his belt a little bit more."
Statewide, student aid funds have been
increased, but, according to Stanley C.
Broadway, director of the State Educational
Assistance Association, the increase is not
due to the higher tuitions.
The assistance associations, which
provide loans and grants to students through
a distributing agency known as the College
Foundation, Inc., works only with North
Carolina residents, whose tuition , has not
been raised at all
Broadway cited toughening economic
conditions as the main factors causing his
organization to increase its student aid funds
from $5 million last year to $7 million this
Aid to private colleges
Also, over the summer, the General
Assembly doubled state subsidies to students
in private colleges and universities in the
state. Previously, the state provided $200 per
North Carolina student to private
institutions in the stateThis money was then
redistributed to students on the basis -of
Under the new legislation, private
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universities will receive an additional $200
per student, which is to be used to directly
offset tuition increases for each student.
Josey said he sensed a tacit support for
higher UNC tuition rates during his
discussions with representatives of private
colleges. He said the private schools
appeared eager to narrow the large tuition
gap between their own institutions and the
Dr. Cameron West, president of the North
Carolina Association of Independent
Colleges and Universities, said his
organization did not take an official stand
on the university system tuition increases.
"We've recommended narrowing the gap
in tuitions." West said. "But we've gone on
record as favoring low tuition for public and
Opposition to hikes
After the Senate subcommittee
announced its original planned increases in
April, opposition from various sources arose
President Friday, the Board of Governors.
UNC-CH Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor and
Student Body President Bill Bates alt
issued statements against the increases.
Several UNC student goven ments.
including Chapel HilL. staged rallies
protesting the hikes. Bates and five other
UNC student body presidents went to
Raleigh to t-stify before the higher
By the beginning of June, the Senate had
trimmed its proposals to S100 and S50 yearly
hikes for out-of-state and in-state students,
respectively. The House, on the other hand,
voted to hold firm against any increases.
This deadlock eventually produced several
bitter exchanges between House and Senate
The two houses finally reconciled their
differences on June 24. settling for the out-of-state
Friday said he felt coordinated student
leadership was a major factor in limiting the
proposed increases, and added. "The
outstanding thing was the very strong
opposition of (House Speaker) Jimmy
Green. With that, and with the
representations made by the students,
faculty, alumni and the administration, the
effort (to raise tuition) failed."
Another argument against the increase
was brought up on the Senate floor by
Vickery said the original proposals, which
would have raised in-state tuition to well
over $400 per semester, may have been
unconstitutional v 5 j;t s f
Vickery eked. Article IX. Section 9 oLthe
North Carolina Constitution, which reads:
"The General Assembly shall provide that
the benefit of the University of North
Carolina and other public institutions of
higher education, as far as is practicable,
shall be extended to the people of the state
free of expense."
The term "as far as is practicable" has been
generally interpreted to mean a tuition level
of about $200 per semester. Vickery said.
(In-state tuition is actually set at $292 per
President Friday said the University's
attorneys had not researched this aspect
because. "We had not felt the issue had been
raised as yet. If an unusually high request
was made, we'd look into that."
Both Bates and Friday said they believe
the question of higher tuition rates will not
be raised again by the legislature before
1977, when a new General Assembly session
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