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Vol. 83, No. 13
DU representative Alan Pugh (left) addresses the
Board of Aldermen at Monday night's meeting. The
Aldermen approved a special use permit to expand the
Aldermen okay building
by Jim Roberts
Modification of a 1972 special use permit
for proposed renovations to the Delta
Upsilon fraternity house was granted by the
Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen Monday
The board's unanimous action folows four
months of debate between the fraternity and
its neighbors who contended that the
proposed addition will increase the noise
coming from the house located at the corner ...
of Rosemary and Hillsborough Streets.
.Approval of the permit was made possible
by the fraternity making changes in the
planned addition and reaching a
compromise with the neighbors.
The changes include moving the addition's
patio and meeting room and providing for
sound-reducing materials to be used inside
In a compromise submitted to the board
by neighborhood representative Watts Hill,
Delta Upsilon agrees to support
"stipulations and ordinances which give
reasonalbe assurance that loud and
unnecessary noise will not be generated by
In return, the neighbors agree to
"understand that the fraternity will seek
ordinances which will permit fraternity and
sorority houses now in the area to remain
there. The board will hold a public hearing
next Monday concerning a zoning ordinance
which could prohibit multifa'mily dwellings,
including fraternity and sorority houses,
from the Rosemary Street area.
Controversy over the permit arose during
the summer as neighbors of the fraternity
contended that the originally proposed
location of the addition would increase the
noise coming from the house, decreasing
their property values.
The original special use permit, granted
June 12, 1972 allowed Delta Upsilon to build
a new fraternity house. However, inflated
construction costs and disagreement within
the fraternity caused the fraternity to plan an
addition rather than a new house.
According to the original modification
application filed in May 1975, the meeting,
room and the patio of the proposed addition
was to face neighbors' homes located behind
the DU house.
Following a July 16 public hearing at
which the neighbors aired their complaints
about the proposed location, the Planning
Board reviewed the application and
recommended the Board of Aldermen
approve the special use modification.
The aldermen in turn, referred the
application back to the Planning Board
which requested that the fraternity change
the addition plans so that the patio and
meeting rooms faced the existing fraternity
house instead of the homes.
With the patio facing the existing house,
the remainder of the addition which includes
the kitchen, lounge a and rest rooms, can act
to block the sound coming from the meeting
room, patio and upstairs deck.
Delta Upsilon also agreed to install
carpeting, draperies and acoustical ceiling
There will be an open meeting at 7 p.m.,
Thursday, Sept. 18, in room 217 of the
Union for all students and campus:
organizations interested in the procedures,
and policies of the Daily Tar Heel. Everyone
is cordially invited to attend and participate..
77, f ti
DU house at the corner of Rosemary and Hillsborough
streets (right), after a compromise was reached between
the fraternity and its neighbors.
panels in the proposed first floor dining
room and second floor meeting room to
further reduce potential sound.
Debate arose during Monday's board
meeting over a stipulation in the use permit
which states that windows on the west side of
the addition be fitted with double paned
glass and be fixed so they cannot be opened.
The neighbors, however, wanted fixed
The Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen
unanimously approved Monday night, a new
town personnel ordinance which includes a
provision prohibiting job discrimination "for
reasons of affectional preference or marital
With the approval of the provision, the town
is one of the first in the Southeast to adopt a
provision prohibiting discrimination against
homosexuals applying for municipal jobs.
While the ordinance goes into effect
immediately, the implementation will be
delayed a few days to allow for office
The personnel ordinance provides for town
employment policy, disciplinary action,
employee benefits and grievance procedures.
To process grievances against town
employment procedures, the ordinance
provides for a Personnel Appeals Committeee,
consisting of 12 town voters. Committeee
members will be appointed soon by the Board
Following the first appointment, members
of the appeals committee will serve staggered
terms of three years. In other action, the board
approved a bond-orders referendum set for
Nov. 4, calling for the issuance of $525,000 in
bonds for street and sewer improvements.
The board also adopted a resolution to join
the Governor's Highway Safety Program. The
program is a state effort to replace old and
worn out city street signs with the newer
windows on both sides of the addition. "It
would make sense to have fixed windows on
the eastern side of the building, as well as the
west," neighbor representative Hill said.
With Mayor Howard N. Lee breaking
tie vote, the board decided not to amend the
stipulation to include fixing the east side
DU representative Alan Pugh said closed
windows on both sides would require the
by Nancy Mattox
Two women in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro
area are sexually assaulted each week,
according to figures released recently by the
Chapel Hill-Carrboro Rape Crisis Center.
Seventy per cent of these women will
already know their attackers, Carrboro
Police Sgt. Larry Edwards, a three-year
veteran of rape investigation, said Monday
night in a special presentation before the
monthly meeting of the Rape Crisis Center.
Although Carrboro and Chapel Hill have
taken dramatic steps in rape investigation,
poor state financial support of North
Carolina police departments has prevented
them from adequately educating the public
and themselves about rape, Edwards said.
For example, educational films on rape
investigation techniques were available kor
viewing by rookie officers, but the Carrboro
Police Department spent three and a half
years raising money to buy a movie projector
and screen, he said.
There are no "likely types" singled out as
Serving the students and the University Community since 1893
Chape! Hill, North Carolina, Yednesday, September 17, 1975
Staff photo by A3lc Boyt
fraternity to install air conditioning units to
provide proper ventilation. He said the town
should not force people to use air
Installing central air conditioning in the
addition would cost the fraternity an extra
$ 1 4,000 to $ 1 5,000, Pugh said. The operating
costs of air conditioning would be
substantial, he said. '
Hill contended that if the fraternity used
warm-arm heat, an air conditioning system
could use the heating ducts, cutting the
potential air conditioning costs to
If air conditioning is not installed, Hill
said, the heating fans and ducts could be
used to ventilate the addition during the
Pugh said closed windows on the east side
would be unnecessary because noise coming
from that side would be blocked from the
neighbors by the Alpha Delta Pi sorority
house, located on the east side of the DU
Hill replied, "To say the ADPi house
would be a buffer would be to say you don't
understand the nature of sound." -
Board member Alice Welsh said air
conditioning for the house's dining and
meeting rooms would be unnecessary even if
the windows are fixed. She maintained that
the doors which will open out onto the patio
and the upstairs deck will provide enough
wentilation for the two rooms.
But Lee said that if the doors are left open
during fraternity functions, "there is the risk
of people filtering onto the patio and deck,
increasing the noise."
The residents also requested an
amendment to the Anit-Noise Ordinance to
read: "The operation of a sound amplifying
system or device (in a residential district)
outside a structure, (is prohibited) between
the hours of 10 p.m. and 10 a.m."
In granting the special use permit
modification, the Board of Aldermen placed
nine stipulations on the construction of the
addition. One stipulation requires that a
screening wall be constructed on the
northern boundary of the property which
faces the residents' homes. The wall will be
extended southward along the east and west
sides of the DU property.
The board also stipulated that
construction begin by July 1, 1977 and be
completed by July 1, 1979.
rape victims, Edwards said. Women
assaulted include high school and college
students, women on the street in Chapel Hill
or those at home. But hitchhikers do prove
to be the constant target of rapists, Edwards,
said. In a taped interview, a convicted rapist
said that vast number of hitchhikers made
finding potential rape victims easier for him.
Another offender said he attacked women
because of a sudden need to degrade and
humiliate a female.
The majority of rape-homicides are female
hitchhikers, Edwards said, calling Chapel
Hill "a dangerous area for young women
looking for a ride."
Often the most painful part of the rape
experience is reporting it, Edwards said. The
first officer reaching the victim should
immediately calm the wpman down, he said.
Because the victim is not likely to
volunteer intimate details of the assault, the
officer must explain the necessity of
revealing such details to identify the
assailant, Edwards said. If the investigating
officer does not cover each detail the judge
may term the investigation negligent, and the
j ? ;- lip
' : if
by Art Eisenstadt
A Faculty Council committee has
proposed changing the descriptions of letter
grades in order to help fight grade inflation.
Under the plan, proposed last month by
the faculty Committee on Instructional
Personnel, students would receive one letter
grade lower for any given level of work than
they did in the past.
In other words, while "good" work is
currently graded "B", and "fair" work is
currently graded "C", in the future "good"
would be equivalent to a "C" and "fajr"
equivalent to a "D", Provost J. Charles
Morrow, grading committee chairperson,
The "B" grade would be raised in value to
indicate "superior" instead of "good," and
"A" would be raised from "excellent" to
"outstanding," he said.
If adopted, the proposal would set
guidelines by which faculty members are
supposed to assign grades by redefining
standards. However, they have no
mandatory effect on individual faculty
member's grading system.
Although the descriptions of each grade
would change, the quality point value
assigned to each letter would not. Thus if a
student consistently did good work, he
would receive a "B", or 3.0 average under the
present system. With the new system, he
would have a "C", or 2.0 average.
Morrow said the new system was devised
in response to complaints of grade inflation
brought before Faculty Council last spring.
"The bulk of the grades being given were
very high grades," Morrow said Tuesday. "1
think that is what is meant by grade
inflation. It is the feeling of the committee
that 'A's should be very infrequently given."
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Staff photo by ChariM Htrty
Father and son stroll down a brick
sidewalk on a sunny day.
case may be thrown out of court.
Often during the questioning of the victim,
police officers become so distraught by the
woman's emotional condition they forget to
ask about important details, he said.
If facts are revealed by the victim during
the course of the trial that were not in
included in her original statement, judges
may assume the accuser is changing her
Among the important details victims need
to report to convict a sex offender are a
description of the attacker's physical
appearance, and dress, type of car he
drove (if any), the location of the rape, any
objects used int he struggle, the events
leading up to the assault and what the
attacker did after the assault. '
Police officers must correlate the victim s
testimony with the evidence obtained at the
scene Traces of seminal fluid may be taken
from the area of the attack. Blood type may
be determined from the fluid to identify the
Edwards said that after the rape, the
woman should not attempt to destroy any
The Faculty Council is scheduled to
debate and vote on the recommendation
Friday. But Student Body President Bill
Bates said he will urge Morrow to postpone
Bates and Campus Governing Council
(CGC) Speaker Dan Besse said a resolution
against the proposal will probably be
introduced at Tuesday night's CGC meeting.
"I'd like to talk to students and see what
their views about it are," Bates said. He
added that he does not agree with the
"They're selling themselves and the
students short on grade inflation," Bates
said. "They're assuming the work is getting
easier here. That might not be the reason
there are more high grades being given.
Students might be getting smarter."
Morrow said the most frequent grade
given in many departments is a "B" and, in
some departments, an "A."
"If the council approves the resolution,
there would be a decrease in the number of
'A's,' " Morrow said. "The most common
grade would become the C"
Lisa Bradley, chairperson of the student
Academic Affairs Committee siad Tuesday,
"I'm not familiar with the thinking behind
the plan, but it appears what they are saying
is that the grade of "D" is a fair grade
compared with the rest of the class. But we'd
have to be aware of the fact that "D" might
not mean a fair grade in terms of getting into
Besse echoed this thought. "The current
grading curves are apparently equitable with
those of other institutions," Besse said. "This
unilateral move to tighten the grading scale
would be putting our students at a
Morrow said the shift would not cause a
problem in this regard though.
Vickery joins race
for alderman seat
by Richard Whittle
W. Edward Vickery, a senior economist at
the Research Triangle Institute's Center for
Population Research and Services,
announced Tuesday his candidacy for the
Board of Aldermen in the Nov. 4 municipal
A 41-year-old native of Jackson, Miss.,
Vickery has lived in Chapel Hill since
September 1973, when, on a study leave
from the University of Western Ontario, he
accepted a research position at the Research
"I have decided to become a candidate for
Alderman because I believe that my skills as
an economist are needed on the Board at this
point in time," Vickery stated in a prepared
statement issued to the press.
"My previous experience in both the
business and academic worlds will help bring
perspective and insight to town University
relations," he said.
Vickery received an undergraduate degree
in mechanical engineering from Vanderbilt
University in 1956. After Working briefly for
Esso Standard Oil Co. in Baltimore, Md., he
served in the U.S. Army. Having earned his
M.B.A. at the Harvard Business School in
1959, Vickery completed his Ph.D. in
traces of the attack. Clothes should neither
be changed nor washed because these may
later be sued as evidence. Nothing that the
assailant might have touched should be
Any cuts, bruises or soreness the woman
has should be noted on an anatomical chart
by the first officer at the scene to verify a
violent assault. While medical examinations
look for traces of seminal fluid and personal
injury to the victim, she must request
treatment for VD or pregnancy.
Medical examinations should be
performed immediately as vaginal secretions
will destroy seminal fluid within a matter of
hours. Plaintiffs will often use the absensce
of seminal fluid to argue that no rape
occured, Edwards said.
He explained that the defendant's first
move in court is to attempt to discredit the
accuser. Small changes in testimony,
character witnesses against the accuser and
the possibility of the woman having sexual
relations with her husband on the day of
attack may all be used to discredit testimony.
As to the trial itself, a member of the Rape
"I don't think this change w ould take place
overnight," he said. "Faculty members do
not make their decisions about grades on
some type of absolute scale. Grading is an
In a letter to Bates, Morrow said his
comittee's recommendations grew out of a
proposal on grading reform made by history
professor James R. Leutze.
Leutze said he has not read the
committee's proposal, but that it apparently
does not resemble his original plan. Last
spring, Leutze propsed allowing "plus" and
"minus" grades to be added to a students
"It would be fairer to students," Leutze
said. "Right now, a student can receive two
grade points and a'C for w ork that is almost
on the 'B' level. His grade would be the same
as someone's whose work is almost on the 'D'
"What I'm asking is that a professor be
allowed to give a grade as close to his
evaluation of a student's work as is possible."
Leutze said he will probably reintroduce
his proposal at Friday's Faculty Council
Morrow said the committee's view is that
the grade descriptions, rather than the
grading scale, need to be changed.
"Many students have talked to various
members of the committee," Morrow said.
"They felt they were truly excellent students
who were getting the same grades as
Morrow said the committee approved the
proposals unanimously. Aside from
Morrow, the committee is composed of the
deans of the schools and departments of
journalism, arts and sciences, business
administration, law, library science, social
work and graduate studies. Other members
include the chairpersons of the four
subdivisions of the arts and sciences college.
economics at the University of Chicago in
1969 and has held teaching and consultant
positions in various places since then..
Vickery said the two most important
issues in Chapel Hill are, first, increasing
efficiency in using tax revenues and other
resources and second, improving procedures
town officials use to report back to citizens.
"Annual citizen surveys should be taken
on how effectively our municipal services are
being delivered," Vickery said. "Citizen task
forces to analyze special problems must be
used more frequently, particularly in Chapel
Hill with out wealth of University resource
Vickery said he thinks the bus system is
necessary but that, "I think it's in the interest
of a viable bus system that we carefully assess
what portion of the total cost should be
borne by the University, the town and the
The bus system is beneficial, he said,
because it defers such capital improvements
as repaving streets or building parking
He said he supports many of the'directions
taken by Mayor Howard N. Lee's
administration, but feels more attention
should be placed on planning town growth
and judging tow n services on the basis of cost
Crisis Center described it as a circus where
"all the mid-morning shoppers come try ing
to find a place to sit."
A woman's best offense when attacked is
to use her instincts, Edwards said. If there is
a chance for a struggle and escape, a victim
shoud wait until her assailant is relaxed and
then try to hurt him, he said.
Rape center coordinator Judith
D. K. Rainer said gouging at the eyes and
pulling hair are most effective in causing
While fighting back may deter assailants
in some instances, a convicted rapist once
admitted that he killed one woman who tried
self-defense tactics during the attack, she
Rape is defined by law as any "act of
aggression carred out is a sexual manner." In
North Carolina, sexual relations with any
minor with or without her consent, is
If a rapist uses a deadly weapon or inflicts
serious personal injury, it is considered first
degree rape, punishable by death.