North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
"nHBuaa (jw'4hn(i' i
A --7 Yl
fl -J o 1
. 1 I ! V I I 11 1 II i I
Vol. 83, No. 35
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Wednesday, October 15, 1975
'Big Brother' controversy surrounds proposed computer system
by Bruce Henderson
First of a two-part series
Government squabbling between government
officials and cries of "Big Brother" have surrounded a
recent decision by the Governor's Committee on Law
and Order to set aside federal money for an extensive
criminal information computer system.
The committee, which administers Law
Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA)
funds, voted 1 5-7 Sept. 26 to earmark part of its
federal funding to implement the computerized system
known as the Criminal Justice Information System
Atty. Gen Rufus L. Edmisten immediately
protested the decision, claiming that the new system
would duplicate the state's existing Police
Information Network (PIN). He has also said the
computer system would become a Big Brother-type
monster, if combined with other personal records.
Because computerized criminal information
systems will contain large amounts of personal
information, new federal regulations were released in
May to restrict access to criminal information that is
now available to the public, press and businesses. The
regulations must be fujly implemented by December
1977, regardless of whether the state establishes the
A master plan for the new computerized criminal
information system was adopted last December by the
Law and Order Committee and approved by the
Three state departments police, corrections and
motor vehicles already have computer systems.
Each agency will eventually have to expand as its work
load increases and a fourth branch, the courts, wants
its own computer system.
The master plan concept, Long said, is "essentially
to pull together the various pieces that members of the
criminal justice community have been talking about
for some time."
The two major questions now facing government
officials, Sam H. Long III, legal aid to Gov. James E.
Holshouser, said, are ( 1 ) how are the pieces going to fit
together? and (2) who is going to run the system?
Long said increased paper work will make further
computerization a necessity and corresponding
misuse of computerized information is possible.
"We're very concerned that there be some very clear
guidelines and laws on what the system's structure is
going to look like," he said.
The CJIS system would include only factual,
verified information on a person from the time he is
arrested to the time his case is disposed of, Long said.
Statistical crime data would also be incorporated in
the integrated system.
Investigative reports, including pre-trial evidence
from private notes and personal files, would not be
included in the system, he said, although Edmisten has
said it would.
No other information system is this extensive, Long
The state's existing Police Information Network is
basically a county-to-county information exchange
system, originally funded through LEAA in 1971.
Information in the system includes files on wanted and
missing persons, stolen vehicles, and guns and
securities, PIN Director Howard M. Livingston said.
The network is administered by the state Department
"The plan before the Law and Order Committee
was drawn up without PIN or our office being
consulted," John Elmore, assistant to Atty. Gen.
Edmisten, said. "The last one-third of the (CJIS)
booklet was Xeroxed from a PIN manual. The rest is a
rehash, as far as we can tell, of what PIN is already
doing or planning to do.
"We can't see what's in there that we're (PIN) not
doing or capable of doing," he said. PIN is recognized
as the finest system of its kind in the country, he said.
Livingston agreed with Elmore. "To me it seems a
total duplication of what we've worked for... The
only difference is where the system is located."
Long defended the CJIS system insisting that the
PIN network would not be reduced in size or
capabilities if the CJIS is instituted.
"This system is not going to replace the PIN
network it's going to build on, not only the PIN
network, but the Corrections computer network, the
Department of Motor Vehicles network and some
local computerized data systems," he said.
Long also said that though Edmisten is pleading
ignorance of the master plan, the Attorney General sat
on the Law and Order Committee when it approved
the plan in December. Edmisten took office Nov. 26.
"The Attorney General has been talking a lot about
Big Brother' in the last few days, but frankly... he
seems to be not nearly as worried about 'Big Brother'
as he is about whether or not he's going to be 'Big
Brother.'" Long said. "The only concern he has
expressed to me is about who's going to run CJIS."
Long said the governor's office conceives of an
independent policy-making body for the new
information system, composed of "the cleanest kind of
person you could come up with."
The CJIS would also require a statistical analysis
staff and an audit staff to monitor who puts in
information and who has access to it.
Tomorrow: A look at new federal regulations
governing access to criminal history information.
Pending approval of agreement to amend
bylaws to conform with Constitution
by Chris Fuller
Supreme Court action on
declare Media Board
unconstitutional , : was postponed
weeks, pending Media Board
a suit to
Campus Governing Council approval of
an agreement to amend the bylaws,
prosecuting attorney Ben Steelman said
The agreement, reached by
prosecuting and defense attorneys,
stems from a suit, filed Thursday in
Student Supreme Court by Deborah
Bloom, a graduate history student.
Bloom charged the Media Board with
violating the student constitution by
underrepresenting graduate students.
The agreement, which must be
approved by the Media Board and the
CGC, involves amending the board's
bylaws to conform with the
constitution, Attorney General
Andromeda Monroe said.
Monroe said that if the Media Board
and the CGC vote to amend the bylaws,
then Steelman would probably
withdraw the suit.
Under the present bylaws, the student
body president and CGC each have two
appointments to the board. The
proposed amendment will provide for
one presidential appointment and one
CGC appointment to be a graduate
r ; ;v J f i , 4
The Daily Tar Heel needs two
experienced news writers to serve as
Applicants must have past
newspaper experience or extensive
journalism experience, and should
call Jim Roberts at the Daily Tar
Heel offices for an appointment, 933-0245.
The Graduate and Professional
Student's Federation (GPSF) also has
one appointment, usually a graduate
By the agreement, if five graduate
students are not appointed to the board
through normal means, then GPSF will
appoint enough graduate students to
meet the quota, Monroe said.
Bloom originally charged the board
with violating Article IV, Section 6 of
the constitution which says the Media
Board "shall contain a number of
graduate"and professional' students"in
proportion to the number of graduate
and professional students in the student
Bloom requested the supreme court
to rule the board's bylaws
unconstitutional and void and to order a
new set of bylaws written.
She also requested the court to
prevent the present Media Board from
conducting any business and to order
the present board chairperson and
treasurer to handle the board's financial
affairs until a new board could be
Concerning the agreement, Steelman
said, "Essentially what we're doing is to
give them (the Media Board) a chance to
work out their own problems."
Steelman said he believes the
agreement is mutually agreeable to all
Although Bloom contended that all
the Media Board's bylaws are
unconstitutional . because they were
written by an unconstitutional body,
Steelman said Tuesday the Media
Board was a constitutional body
engaging in unconstitutional practices.
Monroe said the constitutionality of
the board is of no consequence to the
case because the central issue is the
graduate student representation on the
board. She said both the bylaws and the
board are assumed to be valid until
challenged in court and ruled
I n I
Staff photo by Alice Boyle
The Pit, site of doughnut eating contests, Shakespeare
performances and DSM demonstrations, became an
outdoor church Tuesday as a sign-carrying evangelist
spread the Gospel to interested students.
by Vernon Loeb
Students will go to the polls today to fill four vacant
Campus Governing Council seats and to vote on four
campus-wide referenda. Dormitory residents will also vote
on a dorm social fee referendum.
Polls will be open from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.
The districts electing Campus Governing Council
representatives are: on-campus undergraduate District VIII,
off-campus undergraduate Districts II and VI and graduate
The candidates for CGC representative from on-campus
undergraduate District VIII are incumbent Dan Besse, Steve
Shugart, Bill Long and write-in candidate Eric Locher. The
names of Janet Morgan and Ken Lewis will also appear on
the ballot even though both dropped out of the race Monday.
Long said Tuesday he will remain a candidate but will urge
his supporters to vote for Locher. Morgan also pledged her
support to Locher after withdrawing.
On-campus undergraduate District VIII consists of Cobb,
Stacy, Everett, Lewis, Aycock and Graham dormitories.
Jack Bayliss is the only candidate for CGC representative
from off-campus undergraduate District II while candidates
from off-campus undergraduate District VI are Ricardo
McCrimmon, Tim Ward, Colin Brown, Rick Bryant and
All undergraduates not living in Orange County vote in
off-campus undergraduate District VI.
No candidate has declared for CGC representative from
graduate District IV, but write-in ballots will be provided at
the graduate polls.
Graduate District IV consists of the schools of medicine
The four referenda subject to approval by all students are:
An advisory referendum on a smoking ban in classrooms.
A referendum prohibiting co-office holding in both the
legislative and executive branches of Student Government.
A referendum to amend the Student Government
Constitution, so that it will read: "The constitutions,
charters, and by-laws of all organizations receiving funds
from the Campus Governing Council shall be subject to
review and approval by the Campus G overning Council each
A referendum to make the student body secretary subject to
approval of a CGC majority, and the student body treasurer
subject to approval of two-thirds of the CGC members
present at a regular meeting.
Dormitory residents will also vote on a referendum to raise
dorm social fees $1 per person per semester.
Graduate Students can vote at the following places:
Student Union, Y-Court, School of Public Health, Craige
dorm (Craige residents), and the law school (law students).
Undergraduates residing on-campus can vote at the
following places: Parker dorm (Parker, Teague and Avery
residents), Granville Towers, Mclver dorm (Mclvcr,
Alderman and "Kenan residents), Spencer Dorm (Spencer
residents), Everett (Everett, Stacy, Lewis, Aycock and
Cobb dorm (Cobb residents), Ruffin dorm (Ruffin,
Grimes, Manly and Mangum residents), Joyner dorm
(Joyner residents), Connor dorm (Connor, Alexander and
Winston residents), Ehringhaus dorm (Ehringhaus
residents), James dorm (James residents), Morrison dorm
(Morrison residents). Whitehead dorm (Whitehead
residents) and Y-Court (Old East, Old West and Carr
Undergraduates residing off-campus can vote at the
following places: Whitehead dorm. Student Union, Y-Court
and Health Sciences Library (Undergraduates from the
Odum Victory Village complex and off-campus
undergraduate District III).
For map of off-campus undergraduate districts, see page
by Richard Whittle
Citizens for Chapel Hill (CCH), the
conservatively oriented political
coalition, was expected to endorse
mayoral candidate Jmes C. "Jimmy"
Wallace Tuesday night at a meeting
scheduled after DTH press time.
CCH Chairperson George Coxhead,
a local insurance agent, refused to
indicate before the meeting whether the
group would actually go through with
the endorsement or not, saying, "I'm
just going to keep you guessing."
But former chairperson and
candidate for alderman Charles G.
"Chuck" Beemer, said the coalition
probably would back Wallace formally.
According to well-informed sources,
CCH leaders have had difficulty
deciding whether an endorsement of
Marks attacks CIA interference
airs of foreiqn countries
by Tim Pittman
John Marks, co-author of the only book
censored in America by the CIA, attacked
the CIA's clandestine nature and the
agency's interference in the affairs of foreign
countries in a Tuesday night speech at the
Speaking to a near capacity crowd in the
Great Hall, Marks, who spent five years in
the State Department as an analyst and staff
assistant to the intelligence director, said,
"The CIA, through its clandestine activities,
has made events happen all around the world
in a way that they (the CIA) can work the
developments into their own plans.
"There is not a criminal activity known to
man that the CIA hasn't used," he said.
"That includes assasination, subversion and
various other methods.
"And all these things were done in the
name of American national security and
were used to further our national security
aims throughout the world," he added.
Marks, who with Victor Marchetti co
authored The CIA and the Cult of
Intelligence, cited examples of CI A activities '
in Laos, Ecuador, Vietnam and Chile.
Although most of his speech was devoted
to criticizing the agency, Marks said the
intelligence and analytical side of the CIA
serves a valuable need.
"I support that part of the agency which
concentrates on pure intelligence gathering
and analytical reporting," Marks said. "1
think that part of the agency should be
strengthened because in 1967 those analysts
were saying that bombing would not end the
Marks charged that the CIA's secret
activities have upset the checks and balances
system the country's democracy was built
on. "The checks and balances are vital in a
democratic process, but with the CIA, that
system does not apply because the checkers
and balancers don't know what is going on,"
"There is an attitude and presumption
among our national leaders that we know
what is best for the world," Marks said.
"That pride reinforces the CIA's activities
because the President might want certain
regimes supported or helped."
Marks said the CIA's function in the past
has been primarily one of stopping the,
spread of Communism.
Earlier, in an afternoon press conference,
Marks called the Rockefeller Commission's
report on the CIA a greywash and urged
Congressional regulation of CIA activities.
"The Rockefeller Commission told us
essentially what we already knew from the
press," Marks said. "It left out large areas of
domestic affairs as well as most foreign
"I wouldn't call it a whitewash, but 1
would call it a greywash," Marks said.
Marks said the greatest problems
involving the CIA were the assasinations of
foreign leaders, Mafia collaboration, spying
on Americans and dirty tricks overseas and
"Congress is supposed to be regulating all .
government agencies," Marks said. "Careful
scrutiny of the CIA would make the agency's
clandestine activities more difficult to carry
Marks said government regulation of the t
Atomic Energy Commission proves that
such regulation could be successful and
"I don't think the Soviet KBG should be
pur model for a legitimate national security,"
he said. "We're supposed to be different."
Wallace would help or hurt him,
because of the group's conservative
image and the strong stand it has taken
against the candidacy of alderman
The coalition consists of
approximately 60 to 75 members,
mainly upper-middle class whites aged
40 to 65, but including several UNC
students and other young people.
CCH leaders have said the group's
objective is the "restoration of good,
efficient and responsive government to
(Chapel Hill)," partially by electing
fiscally responsible persons to the Board
The coalition's undisputed
opposition to Cohen stems from the 25-year-old
alderman's classifying himself
a democratic socialist.
Wallace said he had heard rumors for
some time that endorse him in his race
for mayor against Chapel Hill
Alderman Gerry Cohen, but he said he
was not sure if the rumors were true. "Of
course I'm going to welcome all
endorsements," he said.
Last week CCH endorsed six out of
the 14 candidates for five Board of
Aldermen seats, which will be filled in
the Nov. 4 municipal elections. The six
were William Bayliss, Charles Beemer,
Douglas Holmes, Jonathan Howes,
William Thorpe and incumbent R.D.
At that meeting, Coxhead said the
CCH Executive Committee, which
decides who to endorse, would like to
defer discussion on the mayoral
candidates until this week "for tactical
Part of Rosemary St.
to be closed for rally
Staff photo by Afic Boyt
John Marks, co-author of CIA and the
Cult of Intelligence', addresses UHC
students Tuesday night.
A request by the Delta Upsilon fraternity
to close part of Rosemary Street for
Thursday's cancer fund-raising drive and
pep rally was granted by the Chapel Hill
Board of Aldermen Monday night with five
The aldermen approved the request in a 4
3 vote with Mayor Howard N. Lee being
forced to break the third tie this year on
issues relating to the fraternity. As a result,
Rosemary Street from Hillsborough Street
to the DU house will be closed from 3 to 9
The board stipulated that beer cannot be
sold and parking in the area would be
prohibited during the event. The fraternity is
also requesting to hire two police officers to
. direct traffic around the closed section. The
board also prohibited amplified music after
9 p.m., and required the fraternity to clean
the area after the rally.
The fraternity originally requested that
the section be closed for the entire event,
from 2 p.m. to midnight. But members later
decided to close it only from 3 to 9 p.m., said
DU Treasurer Glen Peterson.
Regarding the noise, Peterson said, "If at
nine o'clock the band is going well and a lot
of people are here, we will probably just go
ahead and let them play." Beer will also be
sold on the fraternity grounds, since the
fraternity has already obtained a special beer
permit from the state for the event.
r-.L,-w.-t-gJi..H-.im,..,..-..-m.... .Jl..:..,J:r.,"u,m.r ii jr- ...o . .m... A', .n n- Zctw" - '.' ' '