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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Vol. 83, No. 54' Chspel Hill, North Carolina, Friday, November 7, 1975
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This is not an invasion from Mars. This is not a freak show. It is also not an initiation
ritual into some obscure campus honorary. It is an experiment in art, conducted
under the auspices of Design 42, in which a familiar objectin this case the human
body is transformed into an unfamiliar object by the use of color. Color is also used
to attempt to control the emotions of observers. Instructor Cedric said the
demonstration was half successful.
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by Bob King
Approximately 66 per cent of campus
residents polled in a recent survey rejected
the housing department's straight lottery
plan as the selection method for room sign
up. A combination of lottery and persistence
(line-waiting) was favored by 40 per cent of
residents, according to a Residence Hall
Association survey conducted last week.
Of 2,073 residents polled, 696 said they
wanted a random selection (lottery) system
used; 939 said they prefer the persistence
method; and 1,068 indicated the
combination plan as their preference.
RHA took the survey in an effort to
educate residents about sign-up and measure
their opinion. The Department of University
Housing and dorm officials aided in the
Results from Ehringhaus and an
undetermined number of North Campus
men's halls were unavailable when the survey
i iiuipv uidtws uuvurii ruqu&si
by Art Eisenstadt
Associate News Editor
In response to a recount request based on
the ballot counting procedures in the Coker
Hills election precinct, registrar Selma
Norem said Thursday ballot counting took
longer in Coker Hills than in other precincts
Tuesday night because of slow counters, a
large turnout and a shortage of tally sheets.
William H. "Bill" Thorpe, who came
within 49 votes of being elected a Chapel Hill
alderman Tuesday, asked the Orange
County Board of Elections to recount the
. Thorpe decided to request the recount
when the Coker Hills precinct, the last of
Chapel Hill's 15 precincts to report its votes,
took approximately 90 minutes longer than
any other precinct to announce its returns.
Prior to the Coker Hills report, radio
station WCHL announced that Thorpe
trailed fifth-place candidate Marvin Silver
by one vote.
.We had nine counters, one of the biggest
precincts and only six tally sheets," Norem
said. "W were late because we had slow
counters. I should think anyone would
Passive euthanasia practiced
by Laura Seism
Although active euthanasia has not been
used at N.C. Memorial Hospital, many
doctors do practice a form of passive
euthanasia, Dr. James A. Bryan, professor
of medicine at the UNC Medical School,
. Active euthanasia, illegal in North
Carolina, refers to actually causing death by
a direct means such as drugs. Passive
euthanasia is the failure to employ all the
technological means to sustain life.
Bryan said doctors at the hospital do not
practice euthanasia for moral and ethical
reasons. "It is not our job to play God," he
While most doctors will not cause death
directly, "every day doctors stop active
treatment in cases where there is nothing to
be gained by sustaining life," he said.
The decision to terminate therapy is
usually made by the doctor in conjunction
with the patient and the patient's family. All
parties involved reach a consensus, but the
doctor bears the responsibility of "pulling
out the plug," Bryan said.
by Miriam Feldman
Preservation of the Eno River has stirred
several controversies over the past 10 years,
but most people agree that the current
debate is in a cooling-off stage.
The debate centers on 22 largely unspoiled
and unpolluted miles of the river in Orange
and Durham counties. The land surrounding
the river hosts plaintiffs found nowhere else
in the Piedmont.
At the heart of the debate is a question of
private property rights versus eminent
domain, the state's right to acquire property.
Among the participants in the controversy
are the Eno River Group, which opposes any
public use of the land; the Eno River
Association, which favors preserving the
river and developing a park around it; and
the state, which has drawn up plans to create
a park and to obtain more land in the area.
Also, a task force appointed by the Orange
County Board of Commissioners is studying
The state now owns 1,260 acres of land in
the river area, and last summer it designed
three plans for a future park there.
The state became committed toi
establishing a park when, in 1971, it acquired
its first parcel of Eno River land, Brad Davis
results were tabulated Thursday. But RHA
Executive Assistant Lee Wallace said the
results were indicative of the general student
opinion on the issue, and that he expects the
other results to concur.
Housing Director James Condie said the
survey was beneficial because of the
education it provided on the problems of
"I think another thing the survey showed,"
he said, "was that there is no one system with
a clear majority of people who think it's the
As another sign-up alternative, Condie
said it might be possible to let individual
areas determine their own sign-up
procedure. "If it's possible to develop a way
for each area, with a specific set of
guidelines, to determine its own procedure
when the facts are clearly in, we think that's
RHA Co-president Lars Nance agreed.
"There was no mandate for any of the
systems," he said. "It seems that different
areas want different procedures."
The Coker Hills precinct had the second
highest turnout of all Chapel Hill precincts.
Although ballots were counted without
interruption, Norem said she had to phone
Hillsborough at one point to find out if it was
legal to use tally sheets other than those
supplied by the county.
Elections board Chairperson Tom
Holland could not be reached Thursday to
say whether the board would meet to
consider Thorpe's request.
"I feel 1 owe this to myself and to the
people who voted for me," Thorpe said
Thursday. "I need to do this for the people
who are walking around wondering what
happened over there."
In Coker Hills, which consists mainly of
the affluent neighborhoods between East
Franklin Street and Eastwood Lake, Silver
finished fifth with 240 votes. Thorpe was
sixth with 200 votes.
Overall, Thorpe finished sixth in a 14
candidate field for five alderman seats. He
trailed the fifth-place Silver, 2,701-2,652,
and had been as high as third place while the
returns were coming in.
Although he said he is not trying to make
Treatment might be ceased in cases of
terminal cancer or if the patient has a severe
infection in addition to illness or age that
makes the chances of recovery very slim, he
Medical students discuss the ethical issues
involved in euthanasia in classes and with
doctors on ward rounds. Bryan said
euthanasia is treated as "a professional
judgment made within the context of a moral
and ethical framework."
Because of technological advancements,
doctors now have the power to decide when
death will occur, and the public should be
aware of how and why doctors make their
decisions, Bryan said.
The Karen Quinlan case now before the
New Jersey Supreme Court indicates that
doctors realize they need to expose decisions
of life and death to society, he explained.
Karen Quinlan, 2 1 , has been in a coma in a
New Jersey hospital for six months. Her
parents asked the court to allow her to be
removed from a respirator after doctors
refused to do so despite a release form signed
by both parents.
Nurse Dot Burford, coordinator for
Task force currently considering alternatives
a landscape architect for the N.C. Division
of Parks and Recreation, said recently.
And until last August the state was
committed to extending the land it now
owns, which runs from Guess Road and
extends up river to Cate's Ford.
But now, Davis said, the state's first
priority is to see that a protective plan is
established for the Eno River.
"A lot of people are upset about having a
state park and having to give up private
land," Davis said recently.
In placing the park in the area, the state's
main concern is to protect the land against
development ahd erosion because the area
has been classified "unique" by the regional
planners for its plant life, which includes a
variety of rare flowers, ferns and shrubs,
according to a pamphlet issued by the Eno
Furthermore, the proximity of this area to
Durham makes it even more unique. Davis
said no other wild area in the state is so close
to an urban area.
But B.B. Olive, chairperson of the Orange
County task force, said that although the
idea for a park has been around for some
time, "the crunch came when we got to
specifics about where to establish the park"
and property owners realized that the park
was fast becoming a reality.
Wallace cited Joyner as an example of an
area where most residents agreed on one of
the sign-up alternatives. A clear majority of
Joyner residents chose the lottery, he said.
The combination method will give most
spaces to those w ho wait in line and allot the
remainder on a random-selection basis. The
system was devised to give sign-up
opportunity to those students who would be
away from the University on legitimate
activities on the sign-up weekend.
According to the combination methods
students would not be allowed to form lines
until a specified hour Friday night, and the
actual sign-up would take place on
The plan still has two problems, Wallace
said. "We have to figure out a way to keep
people from starting to form a line before the
given time," he said. "And the percentages of
spaces given to the line-waiters has yet to be
Nance said he will lobby for a rule which
would allow separate areas to determine
their own percentages for allotments to the
any implications of wrongdoing, Thorpe
noted, "When it's that close, and you've got
so many votes and so many people handling
the ballots, anybody can make an error."
In his notarized protest, Thorpe asked the
elections board to investigate whether any
irregularities occurred in Coker Hills "in
which said counting of ballots took
approximately one hour and a half longer
than counting of ballots in any other precinct
and . . . after the radio announcement that
candidates Marvin Silver and William
Thorpe were one vote apart in the ballots
then counted thus far."
Thorpe also asked the board to investigate
how many ballots were torn, improperly
marked or discarded (and for what reasons)
in the entire town.
He said he also wants to know whether
any ballots were given to ineligible voters,
whether any voters were by chance not given
ballots and which persons had custody of the
ballots at all times. -
Thorpe admitted he probably would not.
win with the recount. "If I had something
s bona-fide that I could actually go on, I'd be
in better shape," he said.
UNCs geriatric nurse practitioner program,
said she has seen many cases of passive
euthanasia and has often considered it
"Sometimes it (termination of treatment)
is not only acceptable but preferable to
maintaining life," she said, adding that each
case must be considered individually.
The Rev. Tom Polka of the Newman
Catholic Student Center said that although
he does not believe doctors should practice
euthanasia, a person has the right to a
normal, natural death.
There are some cases where extraordinary
means, such as a respirator, should not be
used to prolong life, but "each case should be
considered on its own merits," he said.
The Rev. Charles Bryant, pastor of
University United Methodist Church, said a
doctor should honor a patient's request to be
allowed to die.
"Life is more than a heartbeat, more than
just thinking," Bryant said. "It is meaningful.
Each person has a right to choose how
meaningful his life will be." Employing
extraordinary means to maintain life is a
form of interference, he said.
The Eno River Group, led by S.G.
Barbour of Hillsborough", was formed to
oppose the state's park plans.
The Eno River Group is composed of land
owners in the Eno River Valley, and persons
opposed to the state's power to obtain land.
Barbour, who calls himself a "homeowner
and a small farm owner along the river," said
he considers it trespassing if a person plans,
promotes or advocates "tennis courts,
softball diamonds, horseback trails, picnic
tables, parking lots or any other such usage"
on another person's property, without that
This constitutes "aggravated assault on
that person for the worry, anxiety, loss of
sleep, undigested meals and disruption of his
life which such a threat to his home and
property engenders," Barbour said.
He added that his group's "chief thing is
that we don't want (our land) to be
condemned or have the state exercise its
power of eminent domain."
But the Eno River Association, which
sponsors hikes and canoe trips along the
river, wants to place a park or a series of
parks in the area. But association member
Margaret Nygard said, "We can only try to
work with the professional opinions of the
planners, and the regional plan design
should be the one that's put into effect."
8 n C3
Wallace said RHA will also advocate a
.pre-sign-up procedure in which students
turn in their contract applications and S50
deposit before sign-up. Area residence
directors could then estimate how many
students want to return to each building.
With this procedure, Wallace said,
residence assistants will be able to tell
students what chance they have of getting a
space within the quota. Students could make
a decision on whether or not they needed to
wait in line, he said.
After meeting with Condie Thursday.
Nance and Wallace both said they were
pleased at the housing department's reaction
to the survey. "From what I can see, he
(Condie) feels that the Administration will
go along with what the students want,"
Condie, Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor.
Dean of Student Affairs Donald Boulton
and Assistant Dean of Student Life James
Cansler will meet to discuss room sign-up on
by Dan Fesperman
The student-approved classroom
smoking ban is scheduled to be submitted
to the Faculty Council at its Nov. 21
meeting, but the ban motion will include
an option to allow each class to vote on
whether to impose the ban.
History professor George V. Taylor,
chairperson of the faculty, said Thursday
he will introduce the motion at the
request of Student Body President Bill
Except for the addition of the
individual classroom option, the
resolution will be identical to the
unconditional classroom smoking ban
approved by a 4-1 margin in an Oct. 15
-Chancellor N. -Ferebee Taylor must
ultimately approve any Faculty Council
resolution before it can be enforced, but
he said in a letter three weeks ago that he
would accept the decision of the faculty.
Faculty Chairperson Taylor said that if
the resolution passes, policies of
enforcement and punishment of
offenders "will be something the Faculty
Council has to face."
He said enforcement and punishment
would be difficult to handle because they
will be new and unique problems.
"Honor code violations are referred to
Student Government and handled by
them," he said. "But if it's a matter of a
sfdent steadfastly defending his right to
smoke, that's a new situation that we've
never contemplated before."
Some deans and department heads
have said they will move to enforce the
ban in areas of their jurisdiction whether
the Faculty Council approves the
resolution or not.
Norton Beach, dean of the School of
Education, said two weeks ago, "If they
(the Faculty Council) don't take any
action, then we will take action of our
own. And if they take action that w e don't
like, then I have the understanding that
we are still free to take action on our
Chairperson Taylor said he hopes the
Faculty Council will decide on the
resolution during the meeting.
Nygard said the park will take many years
to come into being and added, "You can
count on the Eno River Association to
continue to be active."
In August, following presentation of the
state's park plans and the subsequent
opposition raised to the plans, the county
commissioner's task force was conceived by
county board member Norm Gustaveson.
The six-member task force has been given
four months to determine whether the Eno
River and its surroundings, or some
significant segment of the river, should be
preserved. If the answer is yes, the task force
will have to decide how to maintain the area.
One problem the task force will have to
discuss is not only how property is managed,
but, when the time comes to sell it, what will
Please turn to page 2
A new Daily Tar Heel weekly feature,
"Publick Knowledge," makes it debut
today on page two. Written by news
writers Vernon Loeb and Tim Pittman,
the column contains brief glimpses of
obscure and well-known personalities
. from the campus and community.