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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Monday, November 10, 1975
Vol. 83, No. 56
Weather clear and warm
S 1 I
I enure: job security,
by Bruce Henderson
First of a two-part series.
Tenure: to some teachers it means job
security; to some, academic freedom. Others
argue that it may be misused and
Tenure, as defined by James R. Gaskin,
dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, was
first used as a barrier between the academic
community and university supervising
Early-century teachings of evolution, for
example, brought fire on university
professors from the Bible-belted laity."
Under the protection of tenure guides,
however, those professors could not be fired
for their teachings.
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Bates vetoes bill; first
by Chris Fuller
Student Body President Bill Bates vetoed
Friday a bill passed by the Campus
Governing Council, the first presidential
veto in recent years.
The bill, vetoed by Bates in a letter to CGC
Nov. 7, would have allowed the vice
chairperson of the Finance Committee to
sign for the student body treasurer in the
event the treasurer's office become vacant.
Bates said an office of assistant treasurer,
set up under the executive branch, should be
established to substitute for the treasurer,
since the student Constitution gives
executive duties to the president and the
treasurer assists him.
"I do not feel that the Vice-Chairman of
the Finance Committee.. .should assume
these executive responsibilities (signing for
the treasurer)," Bates wrote.
In related events, CGC Rep. Jay Tannen
said Sunday that although he favors a bill
introduced by Bates to establish an assistant
Alcohol study center
may get $1,000,000
A million-dollar grant to the UNC Center
for Alcohol Studies will be voted on Friday
by the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation of
Winston-Salem, center Director John Ewing
If approved, the money, $200,000 a year
for five years, will be used to add four more
scientists and seven research assistants to the
center's present staff of three.
Ewing said the center could probably
solve the problem of alcoholism within the
lifetime of an average American if the
research staff were larger. Then the research
team could study other aberrations in
human behavior, he said.
The center's research team could develop a
medical cure for alcoholism if it is caused by
an inherited chemical imbalance in the blood
as Ewing suspects, he said. Large amounts of
an enzyme, dopamine beta hydroxylase
(DBH), in the blood may cause alcoholism,
Research shows that persons with high
levels of DBH become more stimulated and
euphoric when they drink alcohol, while
those with low levels of DBH become
depressed. Experiments indicate that those
who are stimulated by alcohol drink twice as
much alcohol as those who are depressed.
Ewing said he thinks that persons with
high levels of DBH are more likely than
those with low levels of the chemical to
He added that the tendency for people to
drink in excess is also related to brain
chemistry. "It's not just one enzyme that
determines alcoholism," he said.
Alcoholism is a bio-psycho-social disease
that tends to be inherited in families, Ewing
In practical use tenure is a job-security
instrument. . Tenured professors, rarely
under fire now for their teachings, are
practically assured of a job for as long as they
Discharge of a tenured faculty person can
be done only in- proven cases of
"incompetence, neglect of duty, or
misconduct, according to the University
Of the 675 arts and sciences faculty
members, approximately 62 per cent are
tenured, Gaskin said, adding that he knows
of no tenured member to be discharged.
"We have very little turnover here,"
Gaskin said. "We sort of expect when we
engage an assistant professor here that he is
regarded as someone who ought to make it."
He added though, that last year six
untcnured appointments weren't renewed.
treasurer, Tannen said if Bates' bill does not
pass CGC he will introduce a bill which
combines Bates bill with a bill proposed by
CGC Reps. Dick Pope and Ben Steelman to
establish a comptroller.
The assistant treasurer bill has been tabled
by the Administration Committee, and the
comptroller bill is now before CGC.
Tannen's . bill would establish a
department of the treasury consisting of a
student body treasurer, an assistant
treasurer and a comptroller.
Under Tannen's bill as well as the
comptroller bill the comptroller could be
removed from office only by CGC. Tannen's
bill does not mention the procedure for
removing either the treasurer or assistant
treasurer from office.
Tannen's bill allows the treasurer to retain
all powers and duties provided by the
constitution and the treasury laws, as well as
those assigned to him by the president.
The comptroller would serve as the chief
administrative aide to the Finance
said. Although the inheritability of
alcoholism has been suspected for a century,
he said, studies in recent years with identical
and non-identical twins, half-siblings and
adopted children indicate that the tendency
to become alcoholic depends on one's
Promises of change elect three
A News Analysis
by Sue Cobb
The Carrboro Community Coalition,
primarily because of promises for
progressive change and for establishing a
Carrboro bus system in the very near future,
has managed to get elected three of the four
candidates it endorsed in the recent town
Mayor-elect Ruth West and Alderman
elect Ernest Patterson and Robert
Drakeford, all coalition-endorsed
candidates will join a board already
containing two members closely associated
with the coalition, George Beswick and
Remaining board members are
Alderman-elect Lacy Farrell and current
board member John Boone who are both
regarded by the coalition as strong
A group characterized by its liberal
approach to town government, the coalition
formed last February in response to the
discontent of its members with the Mayor
Robert J. Wells administration.
"I'm inclined to think the positive ways are
better than the threat the letting go right
away," he said of young faculty members.
A prime determinant of the faculty
member being granted tenure is his
publication record, Gaskin said.
"The surest way for a person (to advance)
is to develop, research and publish his
findings," he said. But he denied that the
"publish or perish" maxim holds true at
"There are some Universities who have
come damn close to making 'publish or
perish' a rule," he said. "In my opinion that
has never been a live rule here. Single,
departments seemed to be slipping into it
from time to time, but never for long."
Publication, he said, is the clearest way to
demonstrate ability. Those who publish
little at least one in every department are
Committee and CGC in all financial matters.
The comptroller would also have access to
all records of Student Government-funded
organizations, as provided by the Steelman
Pope comptroller bill.
Unlike the original bill, the comptroller
would also assist the treasurer as he directs.
The assistant treasurer would help the
treasurer according to orders from the
treasurer or president.
All three bills forbid anyone in the
treasury department to hold any other
elected or appointed office in Student
Government or any Student Government
The bill lists the succession to the office of
treasurer as being the assistant treasurer, the
comptroller and the vice-chairpersons of the
Finance Committee. It also says the
succession shall not last more than 14 school
Tannen said the treasury bill establishes a
definite hierarchy with no conflict of duties,
Since the treasury bill leaves all executive
powers in the executive branch, the
comptroller would be subordinate to the
treasurer and would serve as a liason
between the executive and legislative,
branches, Tannen said.
Pope said he opposes the treasury bill
because it leaves the president control of
The treasurer should have the expertise on
financial matters, Pope said. "Why should
the president have the power to control the
funds rather than the person with the
expertise?" Pope asked.
"So in other words, we approve a treasurer
to handle our funds, and yet the president
can order him to handle the funds in any way
he desires," Pope said. "This is not true with
the comptroller. With the comptroller the
person with the expertise handles the funds."
Since its formulation, the group's efforts
have been largely -directedl toward acquiring
bus service in Carrboro.
The implications of the coalition's victory
for Carrboro's future are disputed. Wells,
who has opposed coalition members since
the group formed, called the election
outcome a reflection on his administration.
"I'm just glad that I'm not going to be
Carrboro' " mayor anymore," Wells has said.
"I don't like serving with people who have
commitments to special interest groups."
Alderman-elect Patterson said he does not
think the coalition's success indicates citizen
dissatisfaction with Wells' administration,
but rather a desire for change.
Some political observers say that although
it appears that the coalition's victories have
given them the upper hand in the town's
administration, they have not necessarily
ensured the group's control.
For although the mayor and four of the
current and new aldermen are members of or
closely associated with the coalition, the
mayor only votes in the event of a tie among
the aldermen, and Beswick, one of the four
coalition-allied aldermen, cannot u
expected to always vote with the of
balanced by those who publish a lot, he said."
Five department chairpersons contacted
recently said, however, that publication
requirements vary from department to
department and are carefully balanced with
Tenure guidelines will be changed
somewhat since the chapter of the University
Code dealing with tenure and academic
freedom is currently being revised by a
faculty committee, Gaskin said.
The committee's tentative report outlines
regulations concerning reappointments,
promotions, tenure and discharges at the
The faculty tenure report is based closely
on guidelines recently established by the
Board of Governors for the consolidated
university. Changes in the tenure regulations
are few and must still be approved by the
by Nancy Mattox
The Campus Governing Council Finance
Committee dismissed two reasons for the
Black Student Movement fund freeze
Sunday, attributing the two problems to
faulty communication between CGC and
BSM finance officers.
However, BSM funds will remain frozen
at least until the Finance Committee
discusses a third reason and makes its final
report to CGC, and CGC takes action on the
In a related development, Finance
Committee Chairperson Bill Strickland
resigned Sunday, saying he had lost faith in
the council's ability to objectively accept
committee reports. Strickland will keep his
CGC seat. -
BSM funds were frozen Nov. 3 by Student
Body Treasurer Graham Bullard and
Strickland for alleged Student Government
treasury law violations involving the BSM
sponsored speech by heavyweight boxing
champion Muhammad Ali Oct. 31.
The freeze was enacted after Bullard and
Strickland discovered the BSM had paid for
security services for Ali with cash from the
advance ticket sales for the speech. This
money had not yet been processed through
the Student Activities Fund Office (SAFO),
which by law handles all monies of CGC
Buddy Ray, BSM Special Projects
Committee chairperson, who was handling
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Thorpe satisfied with counting
by Art Eisenstadt
Associate News Editor
After personally recounting and
inspecting the ballots cast last Tuesday in the
Coker Hills election precinct, unsuccessful
alderman candidate William H. "Bill"
Thorpe said Friday he is satisfied with the
counting procedure and has dropped further
demands for a recount.
He also made two recommendations to
the Orange County Board of Elections to aid
rapid future reporting of election results.
Thorpe fell 49 votes short of being elected
to one of the five open alderman seats last
week. He asked for a recount after Coker
Hills, the last precinct to report, took,
approximately 90 minutes longer than any;
other precinct to count its ballots.
With all but Coker Hills reporting, a local
Coalition aldermen, coalition member Doug
Sharer also said that although many older
Carrboro citizens and many members of
Wells' administration believe that the new;
coalition-dominated board is going to ruin
the town, that is not the case.
"Our candidates are concerned and
responsible and will protect the interests of
all segments of the community," Sharer said.
Thus, many observers feel that although
the coalition will enjoy some dominance in
the new Carrboro administration, they also
believe that stabilizing influences and
restraints will be imposed by the two
conservative board members and by
Regarding the specific priorities of the
new administration, Drakeford said
planning will begin immediately on
proposed plans for instituting the bus
service, planned growth, recreation
improvements and the repeal of the blue law
which prohibits Sunday sales of beer and
wine in Carrboro. He added that he hopes
the town will hold a bus system funding
referendum by early spring.
Concerning the importance of the,
Board of Trustees and the Governors.
The tentative report, which Gaskin said
will probably be effective in June 1976,
makes the following stipulations:
An assistant professor is first hired for a
four-year term. At the end of the third year, a
decision is made to reappoint, promote or
release him. He is tenured if hired for a third
time at the same level.
An assistant professor, promoted to
associate professor, is automatically
An associate professor, hired for a five
year term, is tenured if reappointed or
promoted to full professor.
Full professors have automatic tenure.
But an instructor tenured at one
institution, is not automatically tenured if
hired at UNC, Gaskin said.
Scholarship, teaching performance and
the event for BSM, and Bullard disclosed at '
the meeting Sunday that Pinkerton security
agents had informed the BSM they would
have to be paid in advance for their services.
Ray said he paid the agents in cash, unaware
that cash payments were in violation of
In a meeting held approximately three
weeks ago with Student Body President Bill
Bates, who was then acting as treasurer
following the firing of former treasurer Mike
O'Neal, Ray said he asked Bates about
procedures for the upcoming Ali
Bates said he then advised the BSM to
make a requisition for expenditures and to
deposit advance ticket sale proceeds to the
Union safe daily.
But Ray said he got no impression from
Bates that cash payments were against.
Student Government treasury law.
Bullard, who began his duties as treasurer
the week of the Ali appearance, sent a letter
to the BSM the day before the appearance
stating that no cash payments were to be
made. Ray said Sunday that, on the day the
letter was sent, he was accompanying Ali all
day and had never received the letter.
In the same letter, presented to Finance
Committee members Sunday, Bullard asked
for a list of the names of all persons who
would be assisting at the event Friday and
would have, access to tickets.
Bullard said Sunday he had wanted a list
of all those who would receive
complementary tickets, but BSM
radio broadcast had listed Thorpe as having
only one vote less than fifth-place candidate
Marvin Silver. Silver defeated Thorpe in
Coker Hills by 40 votes.
"I counted the ballots in the Coker Hills
precinct, and there was just one vote
difference my vote was the same and
Marvin Silver lost one," Thorpe said. "After
we looked at that precinct, I thought it would
be a waste of taxpayers' money to count all
Thorpe said he was looking for torn or
improperly marked ballots and evidence of
erasures while recounting the Coker Hills
votes under supervision, of Orange County
election officials. "Nothing unusual was
found, he said.
When he requested the recount Thursday,
Thorpe said he was not alleging any
wrongdoing by Coker Hills counters, but
coalition endorsements for West, Drakeford
and Patterson, Alderman-elect Farrell, the
only non-coalition candidate to be elected,
said he does not feel the coalition is solely
responsible for the success of its members.
Farrell teamed up with unsuccessful
alderman candidates Jon Thomas and
Marvin Nipper to oppose the coalition bloc
of Drakeford, Patterson and Nancy White.
"The coalition didn't put those candidates
in," Farrell said. "It was the vote of the
people, of a lot of different people.",
Others disagree, including unsuccessful
mayoral candidate Fred Chamblee who said
he believes that Mayor-elect West's tie with
the community coalition was the most
significant factor in her victory.
"The coalition projected a more
progressive picture of what they had plans
for than the 'Old Guard' did," Chamblee
Likewise, West attributed her victory
largely to the coalition's endorsement of her.
All candidates questioned said newspaper
endorsements represented a significant
factor in the aldermen elections.
Specifically," all believed that the
newspaper endorsement received by.
service to the individual's profession are the
major criteria for promotions and
reappointments, Gaskin said.
Once the department chairperson makes a
recommendation, it goes to a college
advisory board, composed of Gaskin, the
dean of the Graduate School and the heads
of the four arts and sciences divisions (fine
arts, humanities, natural sciences and social
Tomorrow: five depart mem heads look at
the University's tenure policy and give their
opinions of in effects, uses and departmental
treatment of the situation.
Also, on today's editorial page the Daily
Tar Heel begins a series of columns
concerning tenure requirements at the
Chairperson Lester Diggs said the BSM
interpreted the request to mean Bullard
wanted a list of all marshals who would be
assisting at the speech.
Furthermore, an apparent discrepancy
between the number of tickets sold and given
as complementary and the number of tickets
turned into Bullard and Bates following the
Ali appearance was explained Sunday.
" Ray said 200 complementary tickets were
given to school children at local shopping
centers Friday and that approximately 250
tickets for sale were distributed to five
' different locations throughout the state: two
Chapel Hill Record Bars, North Carolina
State University, the University of North
Carolina at Greensboro, Shaw University
and North Carolina A&T University. The
return from these locations were small, Ray
said, adding, he expected "rip-off s" from
In another charge of an alleged violation
made in the Nov. 3 freeze, Bullard and
Strickland said the BSM had filed a late
52,500 requisition for Ali's speaker's
honorarium the day of the scheduled
Strickland said he discovered the
requisition lying on a desk in Student
Government offices on Oct. 31, deemed the
requisition late and refused to sign it. Bates
said the word "late" had been written on the
requisition by persons other than Bullard,
Strickland and the director of the Student
Activities Fund Office the only persons
authorized to declare requisitions late.
in Coker Hills
thought the long reporting delay and
closeness of the race raised some questions.
In addition to asking for a recount in
Coker Hills, which includes the. Hidden
Hills, Coker Hills and Lake Forest
neighborhoods, Thorpe had asked the
elections board to investigate ballot
distribution procedures for the whole town.
After dropping his requests for further
recount, Thorpe recommended to the
elections board that at least three telephone
lines to the Orange County Board of
Elections in Hillsborough be available for
registrars' use on election night.
Coker Hills registrar Selma Norem said
Thursday a shortage of counters and tally
sheets, combined with the second highest
turnout of any Chapel Hill precinct, caused
the long delay in reporting results.
deFreiss enabled her to win many more votes
than an independent could be expected to
receive in an election involving two such
powerful factions as the coalition and the
The candidates disagreed, however, as to
whose chances were hurt most by deFriess's
Drakeford said he believes that deFriess's
success was White's failure.
White, the only unsuccessful coalition
candidate, has also attributed her loss to the
fact that she was not endorsed by the Daily
Tar Heel as were deFriess, Drakeford and
Both Nipper and Farrell said deFriess
pulled votes away from their bloc's
unsuccessful candidates (Nipper and
Thomas). In addition, Nipper said he thinks
that if the election had just been between the
coalition candidates and the Nipper-Farrell-Thomas
bloc, without any other candidates,
the Nipper-Farrell-Thomas bloc would have
probably won easily.
DeFriess said she thinks her candidacy
and the newspaper endorsement drew votes
away from White rather than from Nipper
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