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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, November 10, 1975, Page 1, Image 1

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laii fT 6 Serving the students and the University community since 1893 Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Monday, November 10, 1975 Vol. 83, No. 56 Weather clear and warm S 1 I 3 I enure: job security, by Bruce Henderson Staff Writer First of a two-part series. Tenure: to some teachers it means job security; to some, academic freedom. Others argue that it may be misused and unnecessary. Tenure, as defined by James R. Gaskin, dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, was first used as a barrier between the academic community and university supervising boards. Early-century teachings of evolution, for example, brought fire on university professors from the Bible-belted laity." Under the protection of tenure guides, however, those professors could not be fired for their teachings. '1ft- fiL'-" MfJ'- -air.f-ffOi -3t TiiS!tTii rjriiMt oiirr.t. t- ICE-" -Itt'TiT?.' KrrJfM1 'iH.ii!V Bates vetoes bill; first by Chris Fuller Staff Writer Student Body President Bill Bates vetoed Friday a bill passed by the Campus Governing Council, the first presidential veto in recent years. The bill, vetoed by Bates in a letter to CGC Nov. 7, would have allowed the vice chairperson of the Finance Committee to sign for the student body treasurer in the event the treasurer's office become vacant. Bates said an office of assistant treasurer, set up under the executive branch, should be established to substitute for the treasurer, since the student Constitution gives executive duties to the president and the treasurer assists him. "I do not feel that the Vice-Chairman of the Finance Committee.. .should assume these executive responsibilities (signing for the treasurer)," Bates wrote. In related events, CGC Rep. Jay Tannen said Sunday that although he favors a bill introduced by Bates to establish an assistant Alcohol study center may get $1,000,000 A million-dollar grant to the UNC Center for Alcohol Studies will be voted on Friday by the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation of Winston-Salem, center Director John Ewing said Sunday. If approved, the money, $200,000 a year for five years, will be used to add four more scientists and seven research assistants to the center's present staff of three. Ewing said the center could probably solve the problem of alcoholism within the lifetime of an average American if the research staff were larger. Then the research team could study other aberrations in human behavior, he said. The center's research team could develop a medical cure for alcoholism if it is caused by an inherited chemical imbalance in the blood as Ewing suspects, he said. Large amounts of an enzyme, dopamine beta hydroxylase (DBH), in the blood may cause alcoholism, Ewing said. Research shows that persons with high levels of DBH become more stimulated and euphoric when they drink alcohol, while those with low levels of DBH become depressed. Experiments indicate that those who are stimulated by alcohol drink twice as much alcohol as those who are depressed. Ewing said he thinks that persons with high levels of DBH are more likely than those with low levels of the chemical to become alcoholic. He added that the tendency for people to drink in excess is also related to brain chemistry. "It's not just one enzyme that determines alcoholism," he said. Alcoholism is a bio-psycho-social disease that tends to be inherited in families, Ewing In practical use tenure is a job-security instrument. . Tenured professors, rarely under fire now for their teachings, are practically assured of a job for as long as they want it. Discharge of a tenured faculty person can be done only in- proven cases of "incompetence, neglect of duty, or misconduct, according to the University Code. Of the 675 arts and sciences faculty members, approximately 62 per cent are tenured, Gaskin said, adding that he knows of no tenured member to be discharged. "We have very little turnover here," Gaskin said. "We sort of expect when we engage an assistant professor here that he is regarded as someone who ought to make it." He added though, that last year six untcnured appointments weren't renewed. J if' ' ( MMXiX-;-:-: treasurer, Tannen said if Bates' bill does not pass CGC he will introduce a bill which combines Bates bill with a bill proposed by CGC Reps. Dick Pope and Ben Steelman to establish a comptroller. The assistant treasurer bill has been tabled by the Administration Committee, and the comptroller bill is now before CGC. Tannen's . bill would establish a department of the treasury consisting of a student body treasurer, an assistant treasurer and a comptroller. Under Tannen's bill as well as the comptroller bill the comptroller could be removed from office only by CGC. Tannen's bill does not mention the procedure for removing either the treasurer or assistant treasurer from office. Tannen's bill allows the treasurer to retain all powers and duties provided by the constitution and the treasury laws, as well as those assigned to him by the president. The comptroller would serve as the chief administrative aide to the Finance said. Although the inheritability of alcoholism has been suspected for a century, he said, studies in recent years with identical and non-identical twins, half-siblings and adopted children indicate that the tendency to become alcoholic depends on one's biological parents. Laura Seism Promises of change elect three A News Analysis by Sue Cobb Staff Writer The Carrboro Community Coalition, primarily because of promises for progressive change and for establishing a Carrboro bus system in the very near future, has managed to get elected three of the four candidates it endorsed in the recent town elections. Mayor-elect Ruth West and Alderman elect Ernest Patterson and Robert Drakeford, all coalition-endorsed candidates will join a board already containing two members closely associated with the coalition, George Beswick and Braxton Foushee. Remaining board members are Alderman-elect Lacy Farrell and current board member John Boone who are both regarded by the coalition as strong conservatives. A group characterized by its liberal approach to town government, the coalition formed last February in response to the discontent of its members with the Mayor Robert J. Wells administration. academic "I'm inclined to think the positive ways are better than the threat the letting go right away," he said of young faculty members. A prime determinant of the faculty member being granted tenure is his publication record, Gaskin said. "The surest way for a person (to advance) is to develop, research and publish his findings," he said. But he denied that the "publish or perish" maxim holds true at UNC. "There are some Universities who have come damn close to making 'publish or perish' a rule," he said. "In my opinion that has never been a live rule here. Single, departments seemed to be slipping into it from time to time, but never for long." Publication, he said, is the clearest way to demonstrate ability. Those who publish little at least one in every department are . s 8 o B 55 in years Committee and CGC in all financial matters. The comptroller would also have access to all records of Student Government-funded organizations, as provided by the Steelman Pope comptroller bill. Unlike the original bill, the comptroller would also assist the treasurer as he directs. The assistant treasurer would help the treasurer according to orders from the treasurer or president. All three bills forbid anyone in the treasury department to hold any other elected or appointed office in Student Government or any Student Government funded organization. The bill lists the succession to the office of treasurer as being the assistant treasurer, the comptroller and the vice-chairpersons of the Finance Committee. It also says the succession shall not last more than 14 school days. Tannen said the treasury bill establishes a definite hierarchy with no conflict of duties, Tannen said. Since the treasury bill leaves all executive powers in the executive branch, the comptroller would be subordinate to the treasurer and would serve as a liason between the executive and legislative, branches, Tannen said. Pope said he opposes the treasury bill because it leaves the president control of student funds. The treasurer should have the expertise on financial matters, Pope said. "Why should the president have the power to control the funds rather than the person with the expertise?" Pope asked. "So in other words, we approve a treasurer to handle our funds, and yet the president can order him to handle the funds in any way he desires," Pope said. "This is not true with the comptroller. With the comptroller the person with the expertise handles the funds." Since its formulation, the group's efforts have been largely -directedl toward acquiring bus service in Carrboro. The implications of the coalition's victory for Carrboro's future are disputed. Wells, who has opposed coalition members since the group formed, called the election outcome a reflection on his administration. "I'm just glad that I'm not going to be Carrboro' " mayor anymore," Wells has said. "I don't like serving with people who have commitments to special interest groups." Alderman-elect Patterson said he does not think the coalition's success indicates citizen dissatisfaction with Wells' administration, but rather a desire for change. Some political observers say that although it appears that the coalition's victories have given them the upper hand in the town's administration, they have not necessarily ensured the group's control. For although the mayor and four of the current and new aldermen are members of or closely associated with the coalition, the mayor only votes in the event of a tie among the aldermen, and Beswick, one of the four coalition-allied aldermen, cannot u expected to always vote with the of freedom or balanced by those who publish a lot, he said." Five department chairpersons contacted recently said, however, that publication requirements vary from department to department and are carefully balanced with teaching effectiveness. Tenure guidelines will be changed somewhat since the chapter of the University Code dealing with tenure and academic freedom is currently being revised by a faculty committee, Gaskin said. The committee's tentative report outlines regulations concerning reappointments, promotions, tenure and discharges at the University. The faculty tenure report is based closely on guidelines recently established by the Board of Governors for the consolidated university. Changes in the tenure regulations are few and must still be approved by the by Nancy Mattox Staff Writer The Campus Governing Council Finance Committee dismissed two reasons for the Black Student Movement fund freeze Sunday, attributing the two problems to faulty communication between CGC and BSM finance officers. However, BSM funds will remain frozen at least until the Finance Committee discusses a third reason and makes its final report to CGC, and CGC takes action on the matter. In a related development, Finance Committee Chairperson Bill Strickland resigned Sunday, saying he had lost faith in the council's ability to objectively accept committee reports. Strickland will keep his CGC seat. - BSM funds were frozen Nov. 3 by Student Body Treasurer Graham Bullard and Strickland for alleged Student Government treasury law violations involving the BSM sponsored speech by heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali Oct. 31. The freeze was enacted after Bullard and Strickland discovered the BSM had paid for security services for Ali with cash from the advance ticket sales for the speech. This money had not yet been processed through the Student Activities Fund Office (SAFO), which by law handles all monies of CGC funded groups. Buddy Ray, BSM Special Projects Committee chairperson, who was handling si s n it (9 o1l d JZ JZ J JZ , t k 1 -3, t - Thorpe satisfied with counting by Art Eisenstadt Associate News Editor After personally recounting and inspecting the ballots cast last Tuesday in the Coker Hills election precinct, unsuccessful alderman candidate William H. "Bill" Thorpe said Friday he is satisfied with the counting procedure and has dropped further demands for a recount. He also made two recommendations to the Orange County Board of Elections to aid rapid future reporting of election results. Thorpe fell 49 votes short of being elected to one of the five open alderman seats last week. He asked for a recount after Coker Hills, the last precinct to report, took, approximately 90 minutes longer than any; other precinct to count its ballots. With all but Coker Hills reporting, a local Coalition aldermen, coalition member Doug Sharer said. Sharer also said that although many older Carrboro citizens and many members of Wells' administration believe that the new; coalition-dominated board is going to ruin the town, that is not the case. "Our candidates are concerned and responsible and will protect the interests of all segments of the community," Sharer said. Thus, many observers feel that although the coalition will enjoy some dominance in the new Carrboro administration, they also believe that stabilizing influences and restraints will be imposed by the two conservative board members and by Beswick's unpredictability. Regarding the specific priorities of the new administration, Drakeford said planning will begin immediately on proposed plans for instituting the bus service, planned growth, recreation improvements and the repeal of the blue law which prohibits Sunday sales of beer and wine in Carrboro. He added that he hopes the town will hold a bus system funding referendum by early spring. Concerning the importance of the, simply unnecessary? Board of Trustees and the Governors. The tentative report, which Gaskin said will probably be effective in June 1976, makes the following stipulations: An assistant professor is first hired for a four-year term. At the end of the third year, a decision is made to reappoint, promote or release him. He is tenured if hired for a third time at the same level. An assistant professor, promoted to associate professor, is automatically tenured. An associate professor, hired for a five year term, is tenured if reappointed or promoted to full professor. Full professors have automatic tenure. But an instructor tenured at one institution, is not automatically tenured if hired at UNC, Gaskin said. Scholarship, teaching performance and the event for BSM, and Bullard disclosed at ' the meeting Sunday that Pinkerton security agents had informed the BSM they would have to be paid in advance for their services. Ray said he paid the agents in cash, unaware that cash payments were in violation of treasury law. In a meeting held approximately three weeks ago with Student Body President Bill Bates, who was then acting as treasurer following the firing of former treasurer Mike O'Neal, Ray said he asked Bates about procedures for the upcoming Ali appearance. Bates said he then advised the BSM to make a requisition for expenditures and to deposit advance ticket sale proceeds to the Union safe daily. But Ray said he got no impression from Bates that cash payments were against. Student Government treasury law. Bullard, who began his duties as treasurer the week of the Ali appearance, sent a letter to the BSM the day before the appearance stating that no cash payments were to be made. Ray said Sunday that, on the day the letter was sent, he was accompanying Ali all day and had never received the letter. In the same letter, presented to Finance Committee members Sunday, Bullard asked for a list of the names of all persons who would be assisting at the event Friday and would have, access to tickets. Bullard said Sunday he had wanted a list of all those who would receive complementary tickets, but BSM radio broadcast had listed Thorpe as having only one vote less than fifth-place candidate Marvin Silver. Silver defeated Thorpe in Coker Hills by 40 votes. "I counted the ballots in the Coker Hills precinct, and there was just one vote difference my vote was the same and Marvin Silver lost one," Thorpe said. "After we looked at that precinct, I thought it would be a waste of taxpayers' money to count all the precincts." Thorpe said he was looking for torn or improperly marked ballots and evidence of erasures while recounting the Coker Hills votes under supervision, of Orange County election officials. "Nothing unusual was found, he said. When he requested the recount Thursday, Thorpe said he was not alleging any wrongdoing by Coker Hills counters, but coalition candidates coalition endorsements for West, Drakeford and Patterson, Alderman-elect Farrell, the only non-coalition candidate to be elected, said he does not feel the coalition is solely responsible for the success of its members. Farrell teamed up with unsuccessful alderman candidates Jon Thomas and Marvin Nipper to oppose the coalition bloc of Drakeford, Patterson and Nancy White. "The coalition didn't put those candidates in," Farrell said. "It was the vote of the people, of a lot of different people.", Others disagree, including unsuccessful mayoral candidate Fred Chamblee who said he believes that Mayor-elect West's tie with the community coalition was the most significant factor in her victory. "The coalition projected a more progressive picture of what they had plans for than the 'Old Guard' did," Chamblee said. Likewise, West attributed her victory largely to the coalition's endorsement of her. All candidates questioned said newspaper endorsements represented a significant factor in the aldermen elections. Specifically," all believed that the newspaper endorsement received by. service to the individual's profession are the major criteria for promotions and reappointments, Gaskin said. Once the department chairperson makes a recommendation, it goes to a college advisory board, composed of Gaskin, the dean of the Graduate School and the heads of the four arts and sciences divisions (fine arts, humanities, natural sciences and social sciences). Tomorrow: five depart mem heads look at the University's tenure policy and give their opinions of in effects, uses and departmental treatment of the situation. Also, on today's editorial page the Daily Tar Heel begins a series of columns concerning tenure requirements at the University. Chairperson Lester Diggs said the BSM interpreted the request to mean Bullard wanted a list of all marshals who would be assisting at the speech. Furthermore, an apparent discrepancy between the number of tickets sold and given as complementary and the number of tickets turned into Bullard and Bates following the Ali appearance was explained Sunday. " Ray said 200 complementary tickets were given to school children at local shopping centers Friday and that approximately 250 tickets for sale were distributed to five ' different locations throughout the state: two Chapel Hill Record Bars, North Carolina State University, the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Shaw University and North Carolina A&T University. The return from these locations were small, Ray said, adding, he expected "rip-off s" from those places. In another charge of an alleged violation made in the Nov. 3 freeze, Bullard and Strickland said the BSM had filed a late 52,500 requisition for Ali's speaker's honorarium the day of the scheduled appearance. Strickland said he discovered the requisition lying on a desk in Student Government offices on Oct. 31, deemed the requisition late and refused to sign it. Bates said the word "late" had been written on the requisition by persons other than Bullard, Strickland and the director of the Student Activities Fund Office the only persons authorized to declare requisitions late. in Coker Hills thought the long reporting delay and closeness of the race raised some questions. In addition to asking for a recount in Coker Hills, which includes the. Hidden Hills, Coker Hills and Lake Forest neighborhoods, Thorpe had asked the elections board to investigate ballot distribution procedures for the whole town. After dropping his requests for further recount, Thorpe recommended to the elections board that at least three telephone lines to the Orange County Board of Elections in Hillsborough be available for registrars' use on election night. Coker Hills registrar Selma Norem said Thursday a shortage of counters and tally sheets, combined with the second highest turnout of any Chapel Hill precinct, caused the long delay in reporting results. deFreiss enabled her to win many more votes than an independent could be expected to receive in an election involving two such powerful factions as the coalition and the Nipper-Farrell-Thomas bloc. The candidates disagreed, however, as to whose chances were hurt most by deFriess's candidacy. Drakeford said he believes that deFriess's success was White's failure. White, the only unsuccessful coalition candidate, has also attributed her loss to the fact that she was not endorsed by the Daily Tar Heel as were deFriess, Drakeford and Patterson. Both Nipper and Farrell said deFriess pulled votes away from their bloc's unsuccessful candidates (Nipper and Thomas). In addition, Nipper said he thinks that if the election had just been between the coalition candidates and the Nipper-Farrell-Thomas bloc, without any other candidates, the Nipper-Farrell-Thomas bloc would have probably won easily. DeFriess said she thinks her candidacy and the newspaper endorsement drew votes away from White rather than from Nipper and Thomas. i.js it. Am 4,. km

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