The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, November 11, 1975, Page 1, Image 1
i 7 i I SI " .. - (yl Vol. 83, No. 57 4 This painting is one of 1 2 works by Clarence Mayo on exhibit in the Union North arts from Shaw University, is the manager of the Union snack bar. Differences observed between UNC and Canadian students Cultures traded under Toronto Exchange by Polly Howes Staff Writer How is a bird like a slide? Thirty-four University of Toronto exchange students visiting Chapel Hill and their 34 UNC hosts have learned that a bird and a slide are the same. What UNC students call a "slide" course is called a "bird" by the Toronto students. Exchanging slang terms is just a sample of the cultural trade which has occurred in the past six days between Canadian and American students under the Toronto Exchange program. For 18 years the Toronto Exchange has sponsored yearly visits from Canadian students and organized trips to Toronto for UNC students. More than 400 UNC students applied this fall for 34 openings in the exchange program. The participants were selected by a student committee made up of past Toronto Exchange Students. The University of Toronto students, who arrived here Thursday night, have made several observations about the differences between American and Canadian students. "The counter-culture is more evident here than in Toronto, Jamie Kerr, a third-year Study program for inmates begun by UNC by Vernon Mays Staff Writer Possibly the first of its kind in the state, a "Great Decisions" study-discussion program for inmates of the Orange County Correctional Center near Hillsborough.was begun recently by the University's Extension Division. Under the program, which started in October, prisoners will examine U.S. participation in the world economy, alternatives in eliminating worldwide hunger and governance and exploitation of the oceans and seabeds among other topics. "I believe this is the first time such a program has been organized in a N.C. prison unit," said Portia Taylor, coordinator of the UNC community adult education office, which is presenting the program in conjunction with the UNC Extension Division. The program is part of the Orange County Correctional Center's Econo-College, an by Bruce Henderson and Polly Howes Staff Writers second of a two-part series Although publication has been named as a -major determinant in granting tenure, five University department chairpersons surveyed recently have said their departments also consider scholarship, teaching performance and service in making tenure decisions. Some department heads said teaching performance is still considered more heavily than publication. None claimed publication requirements have no bearing on appointment, promotion and tenure decisions. Richard Richardson, chairperson of tfee political science department, said undergraduate teaching is emphasized most in his 34-rt ember faculty when making tenure decisions. "This department is very, very big on undergraduate instruction," he said. "That's student at the University of Toronto, said. "The whole area is for students, and this is reflected by the people wearing things like jeans and running shoes. In general, people dress less formally here." One Canadian said she thought that UNC men "dress-up" more than Toronto males, and men's hair styles are longer there, she said. But female students in Toronto dress more formally than girls here, she said. "People here have more liberal social attitudes," fourth-year student Winston Books said. "They seem more sophisticated . in a' social sense. They appear to me to have more fun at parties because of a developed social sensitivity." . The fraternities and sororities at the University of Toronto are much smaller and less socially conscious than those at UNC, Patti Bunston said. Sally Coutts, a third-year student , said she believes student politics are more important and livelier at the University of Toronto than they appear here. "Students are on committees that are actually running the university," she said. Several exchange students said Toronto students are more radical and socialistic than Chapel Hill students. outgrowth of the Extension Division's Outreach to Inmates program. Outreach coordinator John Latshaw said Econo-College is intended "to provide low cost educational programs that will stimulate college-level intellectual dialogue" among the inmates. The 18-month Econo-College project began in the fall of 1974 under an $87,730 federal grant provided by Title I of the Higher Education Act of 1965. Econo-College offers inmates educational opportunities at the lowest possible cost through study-release programs, college level correspondence courses and limited on site instruction taught at the Orange County facility. Two courses in introductory psychology have been taught at the prison and a course equivalent to English 2 will be offered soon. Inmates receive college credit for each course completed. "In addition to our on-site instruction and correspondence courses, we will present what I'm most proud of: the teaching, even though our national (departmental) ranking is in research." The political science department has won 1 1 teaching awards in the past few years. Student course evaluation plays a crucial part in evaluating professors for promotion and reappointment, Richardson said. Aside from quality teaching, publication is a prerequisite to tenure, he said. "A person could not be tenured in this department without publication. On the other hand, we are not a department that overemphasizes publication to the neglect of teaching." Richardson said no assistant professors are reappointed but are either promoted to associate professor or are not rehired. "We feel that if he is ready for appointment, he should be ready for promotion." The political science department has not rehired three instructors in the past six years, he said. He said that while things are not as heated as during the McCarthy "Red Scare" period of the 1950s, "tenure is still an important function in freeing the University from political pressure. It still has an attendant jobl Serving the students and the Chgpsl HUI, North Carolina, i y Is V- V Staff photo by Howard Stwptwns Gallery. Mayo, who has a B A in fine Anti-American sentiments are expressed by some Canadian students, exchange students said. "Many of my friends express anti-American feelings, but they do it just because it's the thing to say not because it is a deep feeling," Books said. "A lot of people say that the identity of Canadians is not really Canadian, but it's anti-American," Bunston said. "The anti-American feeling is not really toward the American people but toward American business." She explained that many Canadians resent American influence on the Canadian "culture through mass communications. "We have to have a specific percentage of Canadian content on radio and television, even though it's lower quality than American programming," Bunston said. One of the first things noticed by the Canadian students was the contrast between Chapel Hill's small, college-town atmosphere and Toronto's cosmopolitan, big-city flavor. The Canadian students generally agreed that the size of town and campus has a major impact on the contrasting atmospheres of UNC and the University ot Toronto. The approximately 30,000 students attending the Canadian university are just a intellectual enrichment activities," Latshaw said. "All we really promise inmates is a correspondence course, but in many cases, they have been able to participate in something beyond that," he said. To participate in Econo-College, inmates must be in a minimum security institution and have honor grade behavior status, in addition to having a high school diploma or equivalent. Inmates are selected by an instructor for the program on the basis of whether such college-level work "would increase their chances for employment or college entrance after parole or release. The Outreach to Inmates program was begun more than three years ago, also under a grant from the University, as well as several independent foundations in North Carolina. In the Outreach program college-level study is provided through correspondence courses to N.C. prisoners who are unable to pay course costs. Currently approximately and serves a function." David G. Whitten, vice-chairperson of the chemistry department, said his department also stresses teaching and scholarship for new professors. Although publication is important, it is looked at critically, he said. "I don't think you can make that kind of statement, that publication is more important than anything else," he said. "We look at the quality of publication, too. We have here people who publish a lot who are not as heavily regarded as others." To prevent stagnation, Whitten said no chemistry professors are allowed to teach the same course two years in a row. "It's a lot of work, but it keeps people away from stagnating," he said. Whitten expressed doubt about the worth 'of tenure. "1 would question whether it's really necessary," he said, "Sometimes you have to make a tenure decision too early. I'm not sure a professor should have a secure position there's always a danger that people will become dead wood. "The main reason now for tenure is to provide job security, not academic. University community since 1893 Tuesday, November 11, 1975 by Bob King Staff Writer A rash of approximately seven thefts has occured over the past two months on fourth floor of Morrison dorm, causing the Department of University , Housing to step up its lock replacement program. "Everybody's pretty concerned," said Morrison resident Vann Vogel, whose roommate had a costly stereo turntable stolen. "Everybody who's been ripped off is pretty sure his door was locked at the time." Housing had planned to replace keys small part of the almost two million people living in Toronto, Bunston said. "The open space around the University and the friendliness of the people stand out to me," Kerr said. "People are in a hurry more in Toronto," third-year student Deb Labarre said. "They're not willing to stop and chat with you for a while." Books said, "I've been impressed with the amount of time people have put in for our visit and the ease with which we've been accepted by people here." Highlights -of the Canadian visit included a pic pickin and the Janice Ian concert Friday, a square dance Saturday night, services and a picnic at the Mt. Zion church and a talent show Sunday. Today the students will see a special performance of "Isadora Duncan Sleeps with the Russian Navy" by the Carolina Playmakers' Repertory Theatre. Although the Toronto students are leaving tonight, the exchange program is not over. As UNC exchange student Steve Marone said, "We're already looking forward to January when we can go up to Toronto." 100 courses are available in the program and may be taken for credit or non-credit. An instructor, Brick Oettinger, works with each inmate individually to plan an educational program. Oettinger also acts unofficially to help the inmates get work-study loans, grants and scholarships to continue their education after being released. In addition, he chooses inmates to participate in the Outreach program. "Our belief is that education performs a rehabilitative function," Latshaw said, explaining the Outreach program's effects. In addition, a successful experience with an Econo-College course may give an inmate cause to reexamine his potential to perform ; in society, said Paul Fendt, assistant director of the Extension Division's independent study program. Possibly the most important goals of the program is to give the prisoners involved incentive. freedom," he said. In the English department, both published work and classroom performance are evaluated when considering tenure decisions department Chairperson William R. Harmon said. "It's nonsense to divide tenure requirements into unreal categories (published work and classroom teaching)," he said. "We expect our people to do it all. They should be versatile. "Publishing is normally what is done in an English department. There doesn't have to be any pressure to publish it's the profession." Harmon said published works could include creative writings, articles about teaching English or critical essays. The quantity of published material is usually less important than the quality of the work, he said. "Some people with large bibliographies have not been reappointed. The 'publish or perish' idea is folklore in a sense because you can publish and still perish." In the Department of Romance e ..ai r a and locks in all South Campus residence halls, but key blanks, one of the tools needed to make keys and locks, have been scarce or unavailable in the Southeast for months, Housing Director James Condie said. Asa matter of housing policy after all thefts in which tampering is thought to have occured, the lock and key are replaced, Assistant Housing Director 'Sandi Ward said last week. A number of the victimized rooms have had their locks replaced since September, Jay Jennings, another fourth floor theft victim, said Monday. Vogal said fourth floor residents have begun to feel "a little bit helpless," because of the thefts. "Almost everybody's convinced a pass key is out," he said, since all thefts involved rooms with locked doors. But Ward said, "The majority of .campus thefts take place when residents leave their rooms unlocked.".She added that the housing department has no hard evidence that a master key is being used to gain entry into the rooms. Jennings agreed with Vogel saying, "It's pretty obvious that he (the thief) is either a master lock picker or has a key." House bill may ease possible gas shortage by Merlon Vance Staff Writer State energy officials are awaiting action by the U.S. House of Representatives that could cushion the impact of an anticipated natural gas shortage this winter. But if approved, the Congressional legislation would also mean an increase in natural gas prices. Marvin Wooten, chairperson of the N.C. Utilities Commission, said Monday he hopes the House will approve within the next 10 days a bill that would allow 180-day emergency purchases of natural gas. Wooten testified before a House subcommittee last week in support of the legislation. . He emphasized that the proposed legislation is only an emergency measure designed to prevent a severe natural gas shortage in the state this winter. The bill, which has already been approved by the Senate, would allow Transcontinental Pipeline Co. (Transco), the state's only supplier of natural gas, to buy gas not regulated by the Federal Power Commission (FPC) from gas-producing states. Currently Transco buys natural gas at prices regulated by the FPC. The maximum regulated price is approximately 52 cents per 1,000 cubic feet of gas. Gas not regulated by the FPC would cost Transco approximately $1.25 to $2 per 1,000 cubic feet of gas. This price increase would be passed on to consumers, Transco spokesperson Howard Scranton said. Scranton said he does not know how much more residential and industrial customers would ave to pay for natural gas. The bill before the House would pass all of the increased cost on to industrial users only, but the Senate bill did not state whether the Languages, teaching ability is emphasized slightly more than writing and creative work when professors are being considered for tenure, department Chairperson Jacques Hardres said. Still, professors are expected to publish material. "Any professor who teaches literature, if he is at all interested in what he is doing, is bound to be able to find something he can have published," he said. "We don't require literary publications of those professors who are more interested in teaching," Hardres said. "Their work, for example, can be on usage of the language lab or linguistics. It just has to reflect what they're interested in." Quality is emphasized over the quantity of published work, Hardres said. If a professor has shown himself to be an excellent teacher but has not not published a great deal, he said, his teaching record is sometimes enough to justify awarding' tenure. To be tenured in the School of Education, faculty members must be rated superior in the three categories of publication, teaching, . Weather, clearing Items stolen in the seven break-ins have included four pieces of stereo equipment, a 35 mm camera and some illicit drugs, residents said. Director of Security Services Ted Marvin said last Friday his department became involved in the investigation only after meeting with Housing Director James Condie earlier that morning. Previously, the security department had received no theft reports, Marvin said. He would not comment on the reported thefts or the investigation. Most housing department officials have also refused to comment on the break-ins because they said publicity will cause unnecessary alarm among Morrison residents and might tend to drive the thief into hiding. Condie said last week the housing department is doing all it can to stop the thefts, including replacing locks and keys when possible. In addition, assistant residence directors and residence assistants have notified residents of the theft problem, and they are starting to question visitors on the floor, a Morrison residence assistant said Monday. additional costs would be absorbed by industry, residential users or both. Wooten said that without the legislation, North Carolina faces a 50 to 60 per cent cutback in natural gas this winter. Congressional approval of the bill, along with a proposal pending FPC approval, would allow the state to get through the winter with a 37 per cent shortage, Wooten said. This would be about the same as the relatively mild gas shortage last winter, Wooten said. The proposal before the FPC would allow . a greater volume of gas to be distributed to the state, he said. Paul Hitchcock of the State Energy Division said textile mills in the state would be hardest hit by a severe shortage, but that if the bill before the House is passed, industries "will be in a little better shape." Hitchcock said residential users and industries with no alternative fuel supply will get priority in gas distribution. Industrial customers with alternate fuel supplies will face a cutback in their gas supplies, Scranton said, adding that these industries will face economic problems because alternate fuel sources such as coal and oil are expensive. The severity of a natural gas shortage in North Carolina may depend on what the House does. "Everything is on edge right now," Hitchcock said. A natural gas shortage would have little , effect on Orange County, according to Hal Brafford of the Public Service Co. of North Carolina, the local gas distributor. UNC Utilities Director Grey Culbreth said a shortage will not effect UNC. "We don't expect any shortage," he said, since only a small portion of the University's energy is supplied by natural gas. and outside service, or be considered outstanding in at least two areas and show promise in the third, Dean Norton L. Beach said. Tenure candidates submit self-evaluation forms that summarize their achievements in each of the three categories, he said. Most weight is placed on the quantity and quality of published work. Beach said. "There's no question that scholarly 4 production is the most important criterion in view of the overall mission of the University, that is, to increase knowledge and to produce scholars. "The University puts an emphasis on scholarly production. And when final decisions are made, we have to be aware of what the University wants." Instead of making recommendations to Dean James R. Gaskin of the College of Arts and Sciences, the education school reports to the subcommittee on professional personnel. The subcommittee consists of deans from all professional schools except the health sciences.