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Servmg je students and the University community since 1893
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Wednesday, November 12, 1975
Vol. 83, No. 58
Weather: cloudy and cool
meets; elects Gaskin
by Dan Fesperman
The Faculty Council's special
committee on grading met for the first
time Monday night and outlined its
initial prorities after electing James R.
Gaskin its chairperson.
; Gaskin, dean of the College of Arts
and Sciences, was elected by the
committee, composed of seven faculty
. members, three non-voting students and
five ex-officio members from the faculty
and administration. Only one of the
students was present.
The committee was established at the
Oct. 17 Faculty Council meeting to
study the problem of grade inflation at
the University and to make a
recommendation for its solution by
March 1976. '
The recommendation will be based on
input from students, faculty and studies
of other universities' grading systems.
Faculty chairperson, George Taylor,
who convened the meeting, said, "We
talked very generally about the whole
field of endeavor."
Gaskin said the meeting was called to
"establish preliminary definitions of our
job." He added, "I hope that we will find
some way of giving students and faculty
members a way to talk to us."
Ted Lassiter, the only student
member at the meeting, said, "I have a
lot of faith that student opinion will be
fairly represented by the committee's
"We have good people on the
committee," .Gakin said, "but I . think .
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by Art Eisenstadt
Associate News Editor
First of a three-part series
The 1960s were turbulent times on college
campuses. The frustrations of the Vietnam
War, civil rights and conflicting cultures
frequently drove college students to riot.
Some people believed universities would
never be run the same.
But a project of the Establishment a
plank of the Great Society is leaving a
moretangible legacy at UNC today than the
That project, designed to encourage the
employment of minorities and women, is
Affirmative Action. And rather than being
primarily administered from South
Building, the University's policy is to
encourage its departments to meet their own
Sept. 24, 1965 with President Lyndon B.
Johnson's blessing, the U.S. Department of
Health, Education and Welfare deemed that
firms doing more than $10,000 worth of
business with the government yearly "will
not discriminate against any employee or
applicant for employment because of race,
color, religion or national origin. The
contractor will take affirmative action to
Oct. 13, 1967 sex is added to the above
Dec. 4, 1971 The U.S. Department of
Labor issues Revised Order No. 4, requiring
firms with more than 50 employees and,
doing more than $50,000 of annual business
with the government to provide an
Affirmative Action statement, not simply
prove that hiring procedures are
Sept. 27, 1972 William H. Thomas,
regional HEW .director in Atlanta sends a
letter to President William C. Friday, of the
consolidated University of North Carolina,
saying that "although it is evident that jnuch
effort was expended in the development of
the University's Affirmative Action Plan, the
submitted plan does not fulfill all the specific
requirements of Revised Order No. 4."
Three years later, and three Affirmative
Action plans later, UNC still has not pleased
Douelass Hunt, UNC vice-chancellor fori
administration, said HEW has told the
we may be inclined to take on a little too
much. A committee on
recommendations for grading could
cover everything from how a student
sharpens his pencil to how a teacher
opens his notebook." ,
Gaskin said he is preparing pertinent
information, such as grade distribution
data, to send to each of the committee
Among proposals to eliminate grade
inflation, the committee will study the
two introduced earlier this year by the
Faculty Committee on Instructional
Personnel and history professor James
R. Leutze, a member of the grading
Under the Faculty Committee plan,
an "A" would rarely be given and would
represent "outstanding" work rather
than "excellent," as it does now. Other
grades would be similarly redefined,
with "B" changing in meaning from
"good" to "superior," "C" from "fair" to
"good" and "D" from "fair" to "passed."
Leutze's plan would give a grade
point value to each grade as follows:
"A," 4.00; "B-plus," 3.33; "B," 3.00; "B
minus," 2.67; "C-plus," 2.33; "C," 2.00;
"C-minus," 1.67; "D-plus," 1.33; "D,"
1.00; "D-minus," 0.67, and "F," 0. The
plan does not include "A-minus" in
order to preserve the uniqueness of an
The faculty members of the
committee other than Leutze are
chemistry professor Richard G. Hiskey,
classics professor George W. Houston,
biostatistics professor Roy R. Kuebler
Jr., comparative literature professor
Diane R. Leonard, religion professor
Charles H. Lone and education
"professor Richard C. Phillips.
The student members I are Lisa G.
Bradley, Lassiter and one yet to be
selected to replace James D. Snedeker.
Snedeker decided not to take a position
on the committee because of other
The ex-officio members are Gaskin,
Taylor, Provost Charles Morrow, Dean
of the General College Donald C. Jicha
and Registrar Lillian Y. Lehman.
Douglass Hunt, vice-chancellor for administration, is the officer for the University's
Affirmative Action plan.
University to implement its existing plan
nevertheless. Hunt is the University's
Affirmative Action officer.
Despite what HEW says Hunt thinks
UNC is doing all right with Affirmative
He said the University's broad goals of the
Affirmative Action plan are "to not have any
discrimination against anyone on the basis
of race or sex."
To have "affirmative action" rather than
just no discrimination in hiring, he added
that "what you must do is try your best, give
it the old college try.
"The obvious problem is, you can't hire .
people who don't exist."
The University's Affirmative Action Plan
is designed to prohibit discrimination due to
sex, race, religion, color or national origin by '
the implementation of certain policies with
regard to recruiting, hiring, promoting,
transferring, compensation and firing,
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A group of students is circulating a petition calling for
the withdrawal of the United States from the United
by Bob King
All locks and keys on the theft-plagued
fourth floor of Morrison have been replaced
in the last two days, Housing Operations
Director Russ Perry said Tuesday.
Seven thefts have been reported there in
the last two months.
"Residents here feel a lot more secure
left up to individual departments
What makes the University's plan
unusual and criticized to some extent is
that the balk of the implementation is left up
to the individual departments, deans and
"What the chancellor, wanted is not to
create a whole new superstructure," Hunt
said. "We need to have the people who do the
hiring do it in accordance with the plan. If
you want an organization to work in a
certain way, tell them and let them do it. This
puts the burden of complying with the plan
Former Student Body President Marcus
Williams, among others, has suggested that
the Affirmative Action officer be a full-time
position, rather than just one of the vice
Hunt disagrees with this.
by Nancy Gooch
A petition calling for the withdrawal of the United States
from the United Nations is being circulated on campus in
response to the United Nations' approval of a resolution
Monday night labeling Zionism as a form of racism and
The purpose of the petition is to help Congress
"understand the gut reaction of the American people," David
Lehrer, one of the petition's organizers, said. It also calls for
the cessation of all financial support to the United Nations.
Lehrer said he plans to present the petition to President
Gerald Ford Friday when Ford speaks at North Carolina
Central University. If that is not possible, the petition will be
sent to Congress, he said.
"We feel the U.S. has done all they can within the U.N.
structure to try and change the resolution," he said.
More than 200 students had signed the petition Tuesday
afternoon, Lehrer said. Many other students who
disapproved of the resolution but did not favor U.S.
withdrawal had been urged to write their congressmen, he
"We don't really expect Congress to pull out of the U.N.,"
( Lehrer said. "But if we take an extreme stand, we won't have
to compromise as much of the issue."
The Arab-sponsored resolution was approved by the U.N.
General Assembly 72-35 with 32 abstentions, despite strong
protests by the United States, Israel and Western European
As a result, the Senate voted unanimously Tuesday to
reassess further U.S. participation in the assembly. A similar
measure was brought to the House floor by unanimous
consent but was stopped when Rep. Robert Kastenmeier, D
Wis., questioned the threat to withdraw from the General
Wire reports have said that several congressmen began
by Alice Boyle
I now," fourth floor Resident Assistant (RA)
Aki Groon said. The new keys and locks
represent a "trade-off of sorts. Now we have
security, but (the thief) may never come
back" to possibly be captured.
Most theft victims in Morrison have said
their doors were locked when the incidents
took place, raising suspicion among
residents that a master key could be in the
hands of a thief.
"The bulk of my work day-by-day is to
respond to faculty and staff appointments in
accordance with the Affirmative Action
statement," Hunt said. "1 monitor the deans
and the department heads. They must say to
me, This is what we did to comply with the
"1 then measure what they've done under
this category. I say, either you've done what
you're supposed to, or you haven't done
what you're supposed to do."
And what are the departments supposed
The plan states, "The first requisite to
enlarging the number of blacks and women
on the faculty of the University is for larger
numbers of black and women candiates to be .
brought to the attention of those making
hiring decisions within schools and
"This requires that recruiting methods be
diversified and efforts broadened to include
institutions and other sources of prospective
candidates that have not heretofore
customarily been explored."
Departments have done this by increasing
personal and official contacts with qualified
minority and women instructors, more
extensive use of advertising and more
frequent use of search committees.
For nonfaculty positions, the University
has recommended increased recruiting at
predominantly black universities and high
schools, periodic contacts with black
community leaders, advertising in black
media and use of local employment agencies.
But Hunt emphasizes that it is the
departments that are to take these steps, not
the University administration.
"They can make the kinds of academic
judgements I'm not qualified to make," he
"No appointment is actually made until
there is a response from the Affirmative
Action office. But by intervening at that
point, rather than when it gets to the provost
or the vice-chancellor, we interfere as little as
possible with the (appointive) process."
Tomorrow: What are the actual goals of
Affirmative Action, and how can the
University tell if it's making progress? Also, ,
whv won't HEW accept the University's
But, Assistant Housing Director Sandi
Ward said Sunday the Department of
University Housing has no evidence that a
master key had been used in the thefts.
The housing department had planned to
replace locks in all South Campus dorms,
but the plans had been delayed because of a
scarcity of blank keys which could be ground
to fit the unique Morrison lock core.
The keys used to replace those on the
fourth floor of Morrison are all the available
keys which could fit the core, Perry said.
"Each building has a unique key way, or
groove track on the key, which fits into a
unique lock core," he said. "The Russwin
Co., where we get all our locks, won't issue a
similar key way to anybody within a 300
mile radius of Chapel Hill.
"Of course, this means we're locked into
the Russwin system," he said.'
A labor strike among Russwin Co.
employees led to the scarcity of key blanks,'
Perry said, and has forced the University to
look elsewhere for replacement blanks.
"We needed 2,200 key blanks for
Morrison," Perry said, "but between area
by Chris Fuller
The Campus Governing Council will hold
a special meeting tonight to discuss the
comptroller, assistant treasurer and treasury
department bills as well as Student Body
President Bill Bates' veto of another bill.
The bill to establish a student body
comptroller was introduced several weeks
ago by CGC Reps. Dick Pope and Ben
Steelman has been postponed three times.
An alternate bill, introduced by Bates,
providing for an assistant treasurer rather
than a comptroller, was tabled by the
Rep. Jay Tannen may bring to the CGC
floor a second alternative bill, a compromise
between the Pope-Steelman and Bates bills,
which would establish a student government
The Pope-Steelman bill, introduced Oct.
19, provides for an office of comptroller
which would serve as a chief administrative
aid to CGC and its Finance Committee. The
comptroller would also make monthly
reports on the General Surplus, the
Unappropriated Balance and the
financial status of all Student Government-'
The comptroller would be elected by CGC
and could be dismissed only by CGC.
Bates' bill to establish an assistant '
treasurer is similar to the comptroller
bill except the assistant treasurer would be ,
an administrative aide to the student body
treasurer and would represent the treasurer j
at meetings when the treasurer could not be
an effort Tuesday to withdraw from the United Nations w hi!e
others advocated a reduction of foreign aid to countries
which voted for the resolution.
Local Jewish leader Robert A. Seigel, director of the Hillel
Foundation, said he believes that if the United States
withheld funds from the United Nations, the assembly would
change the resolution.
"If we take it (funding) away, it would force some of the
nations who did not vote to rethink," he said.
U.N. supporters of the resolution defended the action by
saying it was not anti-Semitic, but anti-Zionist.
But Seigel said contention is a game the Arabs are playing
to look respectable. "It's like saying you are against the Pope
and not the Catholic Church. Zionism, the movement for a
Jewish homeland, is a basic part of the Jewish religion." he
Lehrer said the resolution also defines racism incorrectly
by calling the Jewish homeland movement racism. "When
the United Nations equates Zionism with racism, it must be
inferred that racism is any form of nationalism," he said.
Lehrer said the definition will affect worldwide antiracist
"Nations which would normally support antiracial
activities will find it difficult to do so if it means fighting
Zionism at the same time," he said.
He cited a world antiracism conference to be held in Ghana
next year as an activity that could be affected by the
"Democratic countries such as the United States and
Western European nations will find it difficult if not
impossible to participate in such conferences because of the
new definition of racism" used in the resolution, Lehrer said.
The vote approving the resolution took place on the
anniversary of "Crystal Night," when, in 1938, Nazi
stormtroopers smashed windows in Jewish homes and
"One cannot help but draw certain parallels," Seigel said.
"A generation later Jews are still trying to justify our
existence to the world."
hardware stores and what we had in our
stockrooms, we could barely scrape up
enough for the fourth floor."
The Housing department contacted
suppliers in North Carolina, as well as in
points outside the 300-mile radius (New
York, Memphis and Atlanta) for the blank
keys. But none have been able to provide
any, Perry said.
Under the lock system used in Morrison
rooms other than those on fourth floor,
Groon said, a master key tor one floor could
possibly be used on other floors. But
under the new fourth floor system, which is
proposed for the rest of the dorm, fewer
master keys will be issued, Groon said.
A small number of thefts on the sixth and
eighth floors have been reported to the
housing department, but it is not clear to
housing officials whether the thefts occurred
when the doors were locked.
Investigation into all Morrison thefts
continues under the direction of the housing
department and the UNC Department of
The assistant treasurer would be
appointed by the president with two-thirds
approval of CGC and could be dismissed by
the president or impeached by CGC.
The department of the treasury bill would
establish a three-member department
composed of the student body treasurer, an
assistant treasurer and a comptroller.
Although this bill would combine
elements of both assistant treasurer bill and
comptroller bill, the comptroller and
assistant treasurer would be subordinate to
A line of succession to the treasurer's
office is outlined in Tannen's bill as being the
assistant treasurer, the comptroller and the
Finance Committee vice-chairperson.
All three bills have provisions prohibiting
any of the three officers from holding any
other office in Student Government or any
Student Government funded organization.
Student Body Treasurer Graham Bullard
said Tuesday he favors the comptroller bill
since it would divide the work load of the
treasurer, which he said is too great for one
The two alternatives are not viable
substitutes since the treasurer would still
have the same responsibilities. In the
compromise bill the comptroller would
function only as clerks, Bullard said.
"The comptroller bill will get the treasury
out from the political arena," hi added.
Bates, who has opposed the comptroller
bill since it was introduced, has said the bill is
an effort to strip the office of treasurer of its
powers and has threatened to veto if it