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Vol. 83, No. 65
napei ran, nonn Carolina, Monday, November 24, 1975
S tin ok
Is it snow?
A snowballer takes aim
in the Union parking lot
unexpected and rather
wet snow. Snow fell over
most of the western part
of the state, with Hen
dersonville recording six
inches, Asheville five
and Boone four inches
of snow. Chapel Hill
barely had half an inch.
Staff photo by Martha Stevens
by Laura Seism
A national humanities institute may be
established at the planned Triangle Center
for Advanced Studies to be located at the
Research Triangle Park, consolidated
university President William C. Friday said
Chances are good that the institute will be
located at the center, Friday said, but the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences,
which will operate and fund the institute, is
still considering sites at the state universities
in Texa.s, Michigan, Pennsylvania and the
California Institute of Technology.
A decision on the location of the national
Tenure meeting called
A special meeting of the General Faculty
will be held today to advise the Chancellor
on-the proposed revisions of the University
Code statutes concerning academic freedom
and tenure. . "
The special 4 p.m. meeting in 10Q
Hamilton Hall was called to meet a Dec. 12
deadline set by consolidated university
President William C. Friday for faculty
approval of the revisions.
Faculty Chairperson George Taylor said
the additions to the tenure regulations,
approved by the Board of Governors in
1973, are sections that would govern the
discharge of the tenured faculty members
Trial judge addresses Di-Phi
Hobgood applauds Little verdict
by Polly Howes
The jury made the right decision in finding
Joan Little innocent of charges that she
killed a Beaufort County jailer, trial judge
Hamilton H. Hobgood said here Thursday
Speaking to the UNC Dialectic and
Philanthropic Societies, Hobgood said
evidence against Little was insubstantial,
and thus she should never have been tried for
During the trial, Hobgood, a 20-year
veteran of the state Superior Court, reduced
the first-degree murder charge to second
degree. "The prosecution just really didn't have a
case," he said. "1 tried to get the prosecution
to stick with a second-degree charge or a
"Because of the nature of the evidence, any
trained and experienced trial lawyer could
have won the case."
Hobgood said that during the trial he was
concerned with possible intimidation of the
jury. Now that the trial is over, Hobgood
said he will propose to the state legislature a
bill restricting pickets outside state
"There's no law to keep a jury in a
courtroom, and there's no law about
picketing in front of a courtroom," he said.
"We had a mob of people out there
picketing at the Joan Little trial. This was
intimidation of the jury no question about
"At least three jurors have written me
since then, saying that their vote was not any
different because of the demonstrators, but
that they felt considerably intimidated by
them," he said.
The law Hobgood is considering is
patterned after a federal statute prohibiting
pickets within 500 feet of a federal
courtroom. Violation of the law is a
misdemeanor punishable by up to two years
in prison and or a $5,000 fine.
Hobgood also said that although Little's
chief defense counsel, Jerry Paul, is a
dedicated, intelligent and intense lawyer, he
allowed his emotions to get out of control
during the trial.
"Some of the statements he made outside
the courtroom were entirely uncalled for " he
said. "He's probably in serious troubtewith
' & "'
center may come to area
institute is expected from the Academy
within three weeks, Friday said.
"It will be the most significant national
institute for the study of humanities in the
United States," he added.
Dr. Hugh Holman, chairperson of the
UNC division of humanities, said the
humanities institute will bring together 40 to
50 scholars in the fields of literature, history,
philosophy, language and the arts for a year
of intensive study and work.
If located at the Research Triangle, the
institute would bring the world's finest
scholars and critics to the area, Holman said,
adding that it would also enhance the
U niversity's image as a center for humanistic
because of budget cuts or the elimination of
an institutional programs.
With threxception of these two proposals,
Taylor predicted that "the provisions that we
established in 1973 will be approved without
The code revisions were completed by the
Tenure Study Committee and then reviewed
by Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor. After
receiving faculty input in today's meeting,
the Chancellor Taylor will submit the tenure
proposals to the UNC Board of Trustees,
and with the board's approval, to President
Friday and the Board of Governors.
the bar because of them."
As an example of Paul's rash statements,
Paul said that if Little was found guilty, he
would lead her supporters in tearing Raleigh
to pieces, the judge noted.
"That in itself is enough to disbar a
lawyer," Hobgood said. Paul was cited for
contempt during the trial for statements he
made about the fairness of the judge.
Until the Little trial, Hobgood said he had
favored allowing attorneys to take part in
jury selection. "1 had so much trouble,
though, that I've changed my mind some."
It took two weeks to select 12 jurors and
Mayor-elect Jimmy Wallace speaks at
the press conference during which he
announced his candidacy. Wallace takes
office Dec. 8.
I I r
' touts. Www
The Triangle Center for Advanced studies
is a cooperative effort of UNC, Duke and
North Carolina State Universities to study
areas of common interest, ranging from
international economics to physical science,
The center will be similar to the joint
computer center the three universities
already share at the Research Triangle, he
Friday said the regional center will be
funded through contributions from private
business and industries and by the three
universities, Friday said.
Approximately $1.5 to $2 million has
already been collected to build the Triangle
Center's facility, Friday said. The arts and
sciences Academy will fund the humanities
institute's research if it locates here, he
The University is also seeking from the
National Endowment for the Humanities
(NEH) ; a . iour-year, $3 million grant for
another" national humanities " institute. A
four-member faculty planning committee is
currently preparing a proposal for that grant
and a decision on the location of this
institute will be announced by the end of the
1975-76 academic year.
Dr. Maynard Adams, member of the
planning committee, said the NEH institute
is oriented toward developing
undergraduate courses in the humanities
while the Academy institute is strictly a
four alternates for the Little trial because of
the attorneys' participation, he said.
The seven defense attorneys submitted 191
questions to be asked of all potential jurors,
Hobgood said. This was cut to 46, still much
greater than the usual six or seven questions
asked, Hobgood said.
Hobgood also criticized the U.S. Supreme
Court Thursday night for not taking a stand
on the death penalty.
"The Supreme Court has dragged its feet
for over 10 years, and I personally think it's a
shame," he said. "The court should decide
one way or the other."
by Art Eisenstadt
Associate News Editor
First of a two-part series
Shortly after crossing into Orange County
on U.S. 15-50 1, a traveler passes a sign which
reads "Entering Chapel Hill Planning
Having never visited the area before, he is
impressed with the green belt of unspoiled
Piedmont woods a pleasant contrast to
the neon perimeters of other North Carolina
towns and cities.
Closer to town, he sees homes set on
30,000-square-foot lots, and just outside the
city limits, parks his car in a specially
designated park j ride lot. A few minutes
later, he boards a bus for a 10-minute ride
into downtown Chapel Hill.
The visitor notes that the downtown
business district is colorful and thriving,
unlike those of larger cities. In front of the
downtown shops, there is a 20-foot wide
brick sidewalk, with health trees, shrubbery
and benches. The various businesses have no
glaring signs or architectural irritants.
He then strolls through a pedestrian
walkway leading behind the shops finding
himself on an elevated grassy plaza dotted
with flower ladies, vendors and gentlemen
calmly reading their Sunday papers.
This is Chapel Hill in 1990, foreseen in
1975 by Mayor-elect Jimmy Wallace.
During a recent interview, Wallace
by Merton Vance
Smoking in all UNC classrooms was
unconditionally banned Friday by the
Faculty Council, following a mandate by
students who approved a smoking ban
referendum by a 4-1 margin last month.
Faculty chairperson George Taylor said
Sunday that the Faculty Council's decision is
final and will also be binding on faculty
The ban will be effective once faculty
members are notified of the council's
Although the decisions of the General
Faculty and the Faculty Council have the
character of advice to the chancellor, the
chancellor has explicitly said that, on this
matter, he will regard the faculty's decision
as final," Taylor siad.
Taylor , a history professor, said he
regards the decision as binding and will
implement the smoking ban in his
classroom. Other faculty members will do
the same, he added.
Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor remians
officially noncommittal on the issue,
maintaining . that the decision on the
smoking ban rests with the faculty and not
The chancellor said his decision to leave
the smoking ban issue to the faculty has been
misinterpreted by some as a failure to take a
stand on the issue.
Instead, Chancellor Taylor said Sunday,
"I don't need to become involved in the
matter. This is action taken by the faculty,
for the faculty, to be implemented by the
The bylaws of the Faculty Council
empower it "...to exercise the powers of the
General Faculty in determining the
educational policies of the University and
the rules and regulations to govern conduct
of the educational activities of the
The attitudes of both the administration
and the faculty concerning the smoking ban
reflect a long-standing tradition here which
allows professors considerable individual
freedom in conducting their own classes. .
That same tradition was the basisof some
'objections to the" bah" :vo feed byfaculiy
members at Friday's meeting.
Professor Wesley Wallace of the radio,
Black Student Movement Chairperson
Lester Diggs has submitted his resignation to
the BSM Central Committee, he announced
Sunday. Diggs said one of the reasons for his
resignation was that the BSM general body
seemed to be on "the brink of disunity."
Details in Tuesday's DTH.
Judge Hamilton Hobgood addresses the
Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies.
explained his plans for the beautification of
the downtown area.
"I'm interested in the cosmetics out here
on the main street, starting on Henderson
Street and going on down Franklin Street as
far as Columbia," Wallace said, sitting in his
travel agency office in NCNB Plaza.
"We really need to improve the quality of
the walks, get some decent trees we have
some very poor specimens as you've
noticed," he added.
His plans include banning parking on at
least one side of Franklin Street, to widen the
sidewalk there and building a deck over the
Rosemary Street parking lots.
The sidewalk plan "would almost double
the sidewalks," he said, "and then we can
have some amenities little islands here and
there with trees, tables, chairs and maybe a
railing along part of it.
"This parking mess back here we could
put a deck on top of the lot and put a plaza
on top of that. In other words, just take thet
concrete and put some sod on that and some
trees and benches and places for the flower
ladies and vendors and people who just want
to come and sit. All that's very easy to
But how much would it cost?
"I haven't gotten down to the costing yet,
but I think the parking itself would probably
pay for the thing within a 20- to 25-year
period," he said.
Downtown merchants will probably
support the plan, Wallace said. "They are, I
television and motion pictures department
said he does not allow smoking in his classes
but opposed the resolution because he thinks
it is improper for the council to make other
faculty members' decisions.
Wallace also said it would be impossible to
enforce the ban. "It is better not to have a
rule if it is not going to be enforced," he said.
The faculty will be responsible for
enforcing the ban, according to the
Professor Frank Duffey of the romance
languages department labeled the ban "big
"I'm an inveterate smoker," Duffey said,
"but I don't smoke in class and my students
don't smoke in class. I just think this (the
ft v r . . .
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The weekend began with the Beat Dook parade Friday afternoon, and was
climaxed by the 17-17 tie with the Blue Devils in Saturday's game. See story pages.
something to build on
by Chris Fuller
"The improvements that come out, even
before the seniors leave, will show it was well
worth the money," Student Body President
Bill Bates said Sunday of the Student-Faculty-Administration
this weekend at Camp New Hope.
At the conference, 18 students, 10 faculty
members, seven administrators discussed
issues of concern to the University
Campus Governing Council appropriated
$360 to provide food and lodging for the
students attending the conference.
Kay House, a student who attended the
conference, said many good ideas came out
of the conference, giving the University
. leaders something to build upon.
The group discussed communication
among students, faculty and administration,
the viability of the Honor Code, academic
reforms and the effectiveness of Student
Government, House said.
Dean of Student Affairs Donald
Boulton, who also attended the weekend
conference, said the group "covered the
waterfront" by discussing a wide variety of
The conference was very worthwhile, he
.said mainly because those attending the
conference came with an attitude of looking
at the issues constructively rather than
The conference was not without critics,
however. One student attendee, Joe Knight,
think, very interested in seeing the
downtown area take on a shopping center
aspect. And that is essentially what I'm
talking about creating a downtown
shopping center, converting an old
downtown into what you'd normally find in
"We can do that, because we've got the
thing right across the street that others don't
have. If the University were not sitting there,
this downtown would be depopulated the
way downtown Durham and downtown
Raleigh are," Wallace said.
He also suggested extending the Chapel
Hill Historic District to includethe Franklin
Street post office, possibly buying the post
office from the U.S. Government (which has
announced plans to phase it out) and
building a mid-block walkway connecting
Henderson and Columbia streets.
In addition, Wallace. urged completion of
a five-year town improvements plan being
administered by the town manager's office.
The two bond issues for street and sewer
improvements approved in this month's
elections were the first steps of the plan.
Although it currently includes
approximately $10 million of programs,
Wallace said the plan may be ultimately
whittled down to $6 or $7 million.
"We have pieces of land here and there,"
Wallace said. "We've got to start using them,
and that's going to mean capital equipment,
improvement of the recreation centers, top
notch bike paths, peripheral parking lots and
ban) is ridiculous."
Despite these objections, the council
approved (the ban) overwhelmingly.
Student Body President Bill Bates spoke
before the council to argue for what he called
"a clean classroom environment."
Randall Thomas, chairperson of the
Committee to Ban Classroom Smoking,
presented arguments from medical experts
that smoking in classrooms is a health
hazard. He argued for "a smoke-free
environment for better learning."
In approving an unconditional ban on
classroom smoking, the Faculty Council
rejected a second proposal to leave the
decision on the smoking ban up to the
professors in each class.
5 --??Frws j
Staff oftoto by Martha Stevens
said "1 was very disappointed in the terms of
attendance." Knight said that . certain
campus personalities were not present.
He said student groups, such as the Black
Student Movement, Campus Governing
Council, Association for Women Students,
American Indian Circle or the Association
of International Students, were not
Knight, unlike most of the other
conference participants, said the conference
was not worth the money spent on it. The
conference was "much too great an
investment for what was gotten out of it," he
But Associate Dean of Student Affairs
James Cansler said the group's suggestions
concerning issues such as honor code,
communications and the racial situation on
campus are promising.
One such suggestion was a consortium
composed of students, faculty and
administrators which would meet formally
and discuss University policies " and
programs. Bates said.
A committee with voting student members
to establish education policy was also
proposed. Bates said.
Suggestions concerning the Honor Code
included opening court rials to the public,
bringing faculty members into the process
'and revising the Honor Code, Bates said.
Bates also said the committee which
planned the conference will issue a formal
report soon on the conference's results. Also,
a committee will be formed to implement the
suggestions over the weekend.
that sort of thing.
"We're just going to have to have enough
in the plan that it touches ever body so we
can get it passed." he said. "In other words,
you need a package. If you're careful, you
can get across-the-board support for the
whole thing, although there're misgivings
about parts, if everybody thinks there's
something in it for them. If you go out for
special interest groups alone, you're going to
find the others sitting on their hands."
Residents should keep in mind the good of
the whole community, since many of the
improvements will be made in the town's
poorer neighborhoods, he said.
"In other words, they will have to say
altruistically, 'As far as my making it on my
own as it is, I'm in great shape. But a healthy
community ultimately rebounds to my well
Although Wallace visualizes changes in
the town, he praised its present condition.
"Chapel Hill is still a very desirable place
it's quite remarkable," Wallace said in a
recent interview. "It has more social serv ices
for a town its size than possibly any town its
size in the United States.
"You can go to a city of 100,000 and not
find the bus system and the police social
worker. You will not find a bike path in
Fayetteville, I dare say."
Tomorrow: What does Wallace see for the
future in terms of area planning? Could a
regional government be more efficient? How
does Carrboro fit into Chapel Hill's plans?
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