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Vol. 83, No. 68
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Most students will see
by Dan Fesperman
The Alpha Phi Omega service fraternity
must accept female members next semester
or else lose University recognition, because
of Title IX regulations.
APO member Mark Seitz said loss of
recognition would mean the fraternity would
not be allowed use of campus facilities and
would lose its headquarters in the basement
of Smith building.
"We technically would not be able to
function," Seitz said. "So it would really
Shortage eased, but not over
N. C. to get more n
by Merton Vance
North Carolina's natural gas shortage has
been eased, but it is not over yet.
The Federal Power Commission
approved a settlement last week which will
increase the amount of natural gas coming
into the state.
The settlement will redistribute natural
gas allocated to states along the east coast
and allow more natural gas to be piped into
But this settlement will also cause an
increase in the price of natural gas.
The additional natural gas is expected to
help industrial natural gas users who would
be hit hardest by a severe shortage.
In August, state energy officials had
anticipated a 50 to 60 per cent cutback in
natural gas supplies this winter, but now a
shortage of only 40 per cent is expected,
Marvin Wooten, chairperson of the N.C.
Utilities Commission, said Monday.
This will be similar to the relatively mild
shortage experienced by the state last winter,
It was feared that a severe shortage would
force employee layoffs in the state's industry,
but he said that due to the natural gas
increase, the state will probably be able to
avoid such layoffs now.
Wooten cautioned that the natural gas
shortage has only been eased and not
eliminated. "There still is and will be a gas
shortage," he said. "We're not completely
out of the woods."
Paul H itchcock of the State Energy Office
said that if the state experiences a normal
winter, industrial users should be able to
obtain the gas they need, provided they make
reasonable efforts to conserve gas.
But he added that if this winter is colder
than usual, the shortage could be severe.
Last week's Federal Power Commission
ruling changes the allocations of natural gas
to the eastern states and allows more gas to
be piped to North Carolina.
The action will also allow
Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corp.
(Transco), the state's only supplier of natural
by Laura Toler
First of a two-part series
WASHINGTON, D.C. The
development of nuclear power often
billed by utility companies as an economical
answer to the energy crisis was denounced
as one of the greatest dangers ever posed to
mankind at Critical Mass '75, held here Nov.
The conference was the second national
gathering of the citizen movement to stop
The conference, sponsored by consumer
advocate Ralph Nader's Public Citizen
organization, featured noted scientists and
academicians, presenting what they see as
the incurable ills of nuclear power. .
4 Is ' t
. . . ... . ..
the inside of the libraries more and more this
forces APO to
force us out of existence."
Title IX, a section of the 1972 federal
Omnibus Education Act, prohibits
discrimination on the basis of sex in
education programs or activities receiving
The regulations, which apply to
admissions, financial aid, academic
programs, student activities, student affairs,
housing, athletics and employment
originally concerned all fraternities and
But after nationwide protest from
gas, to make 60-day emergency purchases of
natural gas from gas-producing states.
The price of this so-called intrastate gas is
not regulated by the power commission. So,
w hile this action will increase the natural gas
supply, it will also raise gas prices.
The current price of gas regulated by the
power commission is approximately 52 cents
per 1 .000 cubic feet. The unregulated gas will
cost between $1.25 and $2 per 1,000 cubic
feet. This price increase will be passed to
consumers, Transco spokesperson Howard
Scranton said recently.
The new allocation plan approved by the
power commission was proposed by North
of the year
UNC junior tailback Mike Voight was
voted Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC)
football Player of the Year by members of
the Atlantic Coast Sports Writers
Voight received 33 votes; North
Carolina State middle guard Tom
Higgins, 30; and N.C. State quarterback
Dave Buckey, 28.
Voight completed his second 1,000
yard season this year, rushing for 1,250
yards on 259 carries. He also scored 1 1
touchdowns. The 201-pound tailback
from Chesapeake, Va. averaged 125
yards a game and is only the second ACC
player to gain more than 1,000 yards in
two consecutive seasons. The other is
former UNC star Don McCauley.
Voight, who led the ACC in rushing
this season, has the second-highest season
total in ACC history. McCauley holds the
ji c1 i
conference brings together critics of nuclear power
Critical Mass was attended by 750 to 1,500
persons from 42 states, France and Canada,
including such leading scientists as Dr.
. Henry W. Kendall, Massachusetts Institute
of Technology physicist; and Dr. Hannes
Alfven, Nobel Prize winner. Approximately
1 00 environmental groups were represented.
Nader, long-time nuclear power
opponent, opened the conference, saying
that more citizens, scientists and politicians
are coming to share his sentiments.
He said citizens in 1 6 states are petitioning
for anti-nuclear power laws, and a law was
passed recently in Vermont requiring
permission of both houses of the legislature
for constructing a nuclear plant.
A petition for delaying development of
nuclear power, signed by 2,300 scientists,
was presented to President Ford and
the students and the
Chapel Hill, North Carolina,
Staff-photos by Howard Shephr?J
week, as UNO classes end Friday and studying for exams begins.
go coed next semester
fraternity and sorority members, Congress
exempted social fraternities and sororities
from the regulations last year. Service
fraternities, such as APO and professional
fraternities were not exempted.
Seitz said James Cansler, associate dean
of student affairs, told the fraternity's
members, in September that they would have
to accept female members in order to comply
with Title IX.
Assistant to the Chancellor Susan H.
Ehringhaus, who is in charge of
implementing Title IX regulations at UNC,
Carolina officials. This is the third year in a
.Jfiw.J(JiaJNorth Carolina has appealed to
federal authorities to help ease natural gas
Legislation pending before Congress may
further ease the state's natural gas crunch.
A bill which would allow Transco to make
180-day emergency purchases of
unregulated intrastate gas is ' currently
awaiting final action by a House of
Representatives committee before being sent
to the House floor. The Senate has already
approved a similar bill.
A final decision on the House bill is
expected soon, Wooten said.
UNC tailback Mike Voight gained over
1,000 yards again this year
records with 1,720 yards. (
With one season remaining, Voight
could break the ACC career rushing
record. He has 2,564 yards so far and
ranks third behind McCauley's 3,172
yards and Charlie Justice's 2,634 yards.
Congress Aug. 6, he said.
Nauer said he had recently noted
"popularity of non-nuclear energy sources in
the Congress and alarm among many
members of over nuclear proliferation."
Nuclear power is also headed for severe
financial diifficulties, Nader said, because
plant construction costs are now 10 times
what they were when nuclear development
began in the mid-sixties.
He added that citizens should oppose "the
Ford Administration's nuclear power
This program, which he said was
considered in recent secret meetings of the
administration and manufacturers of
nuclear plant materials, could include tax
credits for investment in nuclear plants and
federal loans for nuclear plant construction.
Congress will be forced to decide for or
University community since 1893
Tuesday. December 2, 1975
said Monday, "We only have two choices: we
can either allow them to change their
membership policies or else refuse to
APO is one of the first University"
organizations to be directly affected by Title
The Association for Women Students
(AWS) has had to alter its membership
policies and change its name from the
Association o Women Students to conform
to the federal regulations.
Before conforming, AWS membership
automatically included all undergraduate
women. Now a member may be male or
female and must apply for membership.
Ehringhaus said Monday that UNC
honorary societies will also be affected by the
Although the highest honorary society at
UNC, the Order of the Golden Fleece, is
coeducational, the Order of the Valkyries is
all female, and the Order of the Grail is all
"We are in the process of negotiating with
all these groups to try and reach the most
amicable solution possible," Ehringhaus
APO President Ed Allen said that APO is
similar to other fraternities, except that 20
service hours are required.
APO is most known for its Campus Chest,
which sponsors yearly auctions and
carnivals to raise money for local charities,
and semesterly student book co-ops.
Arboretum: something stinks
by Sam Fulwood
An investigation to determine the source
of a leak in underground sewage pipes
around the Arboretum is now being
conducted by the University Housing
Department and the Physical Plant, Russell
Perry, assistant housing director, said
The leak apparently feeds a stream which
runs through the Arboretum, Perry said.
The stream emits an offensive odor, which
was reported to the housing department by
residents of area dormitories and by faculty
members who walk through the Arboretum,
The stream is actually a storm drain which
originates behind the Morehead
Planetarium and Howell Hall.
H. Dobson, sanitary supervisor with the
municipal health department, said the
stream poses no immediate health problems.
He said he is familiar with storm drains
similar to the one in the Arboretum and that
the smell could be caused by the dirty water
which normally runs through a storm drain.
"Storm drains do discharge an odor," he
However, Perry disagreed with Dobson's
explanation of the odor, saying that the
against nuclear power when presented with
this package of nuclear socialism, Nader
The nation's 56 nuclear plants currently
operating produce approximately eight per
cent of its energy. The federal Nuclear
Regulatory Commission (NRC), which'
licenses and inspects nuclear plants,
estimates there will be 500 plants by the year
Of all potential power sources, the federal
Energy Research and Development
Administration (ERDA) gives priority to
nuclear power over fossil fuel energy and
solai power. ERDA has tentatively
budgeted $765 million for nuclear power
Nuclear technology has progressed to
today's light water reactors, in w hich cooling
water is circulated through the reactor core.
ii 1 i P
by Chris Fuller
Student Body President Bill Bates vetoed
last Tuesday the bill passed by the Campus
Governing Council establishing the office of
student body comptroller. CGC will vote on
an override at its meeting tonight.
In a Nov. 25 letter to CGC, Bates said, "I
veto this bill because I feel that it does not
enhance student power and this act does not
benefit the student body."
Bates said the bill sets up another
bureaucratic structure w hen w hat is needed
is unity and cohesiveness. Student
Government has the Audit Board and
Finance Committee chairperson to check the
treasurer's actions, Bates said.
The comptroller bill was approved 1 1-8-1
at the Nov. 12 CGC meeting, after almost a
month of debate on the bill. Proposed Oct.
19 by CGC Reps. Ben Steelman and Dick
Pope, the bill had been postponed three
Although only a majority vote is needed to
override a presidential veto, such a vote
seems uncertain, Pope said Monday. "It was
close last time and it will be close this time,"
he said. He predicted a 11-9 or 10-10 vote on
CGC Speaker Dan Besse said he would
not predict what the vote would be but added
that it would be close.
Rep. Jay Tannen said he believes the veto
will be upheld. He said there are some sway
votes on the council, but he would not
elaborate as to which representatives are
Tannen said that if the veto were upheld,
he anticipated a motion to reconsider a bill
to establish a treasury department.
Such a bill was defeated when the
comptroller bill was passed.
If CGC overrides the' veto, the CGC
. appointed comptroller would serve as an
administrative aide to CGC and its Finance
Committee, as well as be an overseer of all
non-executive Student Government
The comptroller would be accountable
only to CGC. He would also make monthly
reports on all Student Government
organizations, act as an investigative arm of
the Finance Committee and CGC and assist
in the preparation of the annual budget.
Among those favoring the bill is Student
Body Treasurer Graham Bullard who says a
comptroller would help divide the treasurer's
smell is probably caused by a leakage of
sewage into the pipes which feed the storm
The odor in the storm drain is persistent,
Perry said. If the problem was caused by
water in the storm drain, then the stream
would have a bad odor only after hard rains,
Betty Synder, a sophomore resident of
Kenan dorm w ho said she passes through the
Arboretum three times a week, said, "You
can smell it more on days it rains." She said
she has not heard many people complain
Gloria Carney, a junior from Rocky Mt.,
was elected Black Student Movement
chairperson last Monday night after the
BSM general body voted overwhelmingly to
accept the resignation of former chairperson
Diggs resigned Nov. 24, saying, "The
general body of the BS M seemed to be on the
brink of disunity." Diggs said this disunity
appeared to concern criticisms of the
organization's leadership, his in particular.
The BSM general body voted to accept
Diggs' resignation almost unanimously with
only one dissenting vote cast.
In a phone call received by the Daily Tar
to prevent overheating.
The byproduct of these reactors is a
mixture of plutonium and radioactive
substances. Currently, no method for using
or storing these wastes has been developed,
and utilities are stockpiling them in water
basins at reactor sites.
But because the plutonium, like uranium,
is fissionable, the nuclear industry proposes
to separate it from the other wastes to be
used as more nuclear fuel. But no successful
method for this separation, called plutonium
reprocessing, has been developed.
Although a reprocessing plant in
Barnwell, S.C., capable of separating 1,500
tons of waste annually, is scheduled to open
July 1976, previous failures of proposed
reprocessing plants have caused skepticism.
But even if the reprocessing were
perfected, the nuclear industry would still
Weather: partly cloudy and cool
Two major objections to the comptroller
bill are that it strips the student body
treasurer of power and that it combines
functions of the legislative and executive
An alternative to the comptroller bill, the
treasury department bill would establish a
three-member department composed of the
student body treasurer, assistant student
body treasurer and a comptroller.
The assistant treasurer and the
comptroller would work under the direction
of the treasurer.
The treasurer and the assistant treasurer
wouid be selected by the student body
president with two-thirds approval of CGC,
w hile the comptroller would be selected by a
two-thirds CGC vote.
No members of the treasury department
could hold any other offices in any Student
The treasury bill also provides for a line
succession should the treasurer's office
become vacant. The order of succession
would be the assistant treasurer, the
comptroller and the vice-chairperson of the
At tonight's meeting, the CGC will also
again discuss a resolution to amend the
Student Constitution which was postponed
at the last meeting. If passed, the resolution
would put before the Student Body, Jan. 21,
two referenda: one would remove the
president from CGC, and the other would
make a three-fifths vote of CGC necessary to
override a presidential veto.
Pope said Monday that a substitute
motion would also be presented at tonight's
meeting. The substitute motion would leave
the president on both the CGC and the
Finance Committee but only as a non-voting
member. The three-fifths vote to override a
veto would remain the same.
. U nder , the., .substitute motion, both
changes would be considered as one
constitutional amendment. Pope said. This
would mean that both or neither of the
changes would occur.
A finance bill, called by some the most
significant bill to come out of this session of
CGC, will also be discussed at the meeting.
The bill will establish a 550,000 fund to be
used by CGC members to take a trip to either
the-French Riviera or the Swiss Alps. The
money, to be taken from the General
Surplus, is to be divided equally among CGC
about the odor.
Spencer resident Laura Doss said the
stream smells like rotten eggs. She said she
goes through the Arboretum four times a
week and that the smell is worse on hot and
humid days. But she said she has never
noticed the odor inside the dorm.
Perry said that once the leak is found, the
piping in the vicinity of the leak must be
replaced. Such a leak is not uncommon, he
said. "It happens all over campus."
Heel last Tuesday, a "source working close
to the (BSM) Central Committee" said a
. letter explaining the official BSM stand on
Diggs' resignation is being prepared.
The letter was expected to contain some
account of general body's dissatisfaction
with the financial operations of the BSM
leadership regarding the BSM -sponsored
Muhammad Ali appearance here Oct. 31.
But it has since been learned that no such
statement will be released. According to
sources, the BSM has decided to accept
Diggs' reasons for his resignation as his
personal reasons, therefore not needing
additional comment by the BSM.
have to depend on the commercially
available breeder reactor if the pure
plutonium is to be used.
The breeder, the only reactor which can
consume plutonium, would cut fuel costs
because, when stocked with the right
combination of uranium and plutonium, it
produces more plutonium for its own
Breeder reactors are operating in West
Germany, France and Great Britain, but the
U nited States' Clinch River Breeder Reactor
near Oak Ridge, Tenn., is only in the
Even if the nuclear industry succeeds in
reprocessing plutonium. the industry will
still have its critics. Critical Mass speaker
Helen Caldicott, a pediatrician at ' the
Pleas? turn to page 2