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Renovation is currently underway in
geography departments. For a story on
Proposal would merge districts
by Art Eisenstadt
Associate News Editor
. Chapel Hill, Carrboro and Orange
County planning officials have given mixed
reactions to an informal proposal by Chapel
Hill Mayor-elect Jimmy Wallace to merge
the planning districts of the two towns and a
portion of the county district.
Planning specialists in Chapel Hill and
Orange County favored the idea, while
Carrboro officials were either noncommital
or opposed to it.
During an interview with the Daily Tar
Heel last week, Wallace recommended
having only one planning board to serve an
approximately eight-mile square area in
southeastern Orange County instead of the
three boards which now exist.
Chapel Hill Planning Director Mike
Jennings said, "As a purely technical issue,
and staying out of politics, whenever you
have two or more different development
standards, land use regulations and density
Law students petition
for more involvement
by Dwight Ferguson
A petition is now being circulated among
UNC law students demanding more student
involvement in planning class schedules for
the law school.
The petition is sponsored by a group of
students who organized recently to obtain
better student-faculty relations and more
student input into law school decision
making. Mark Wilson, an organizer of the petition,
said that although students were on the
Curriculum Committee, which was
responsible for preparing the class schedule,
no students were on the subcommittee that
actually planned the schedule.
Dan Dobbs, chairperson of the
Curriculum Committee said the schedule
was not actually planned by the
subcommittee. "Usually scheduling is very
complex in the law school," he said, adding
that a tentative schedule was given to all
Curriculum Committee members, including
Committee members then obtained
reactions from students and faculty
members and suggested possible schedule
changes. "We kept on doing it (working with
the schedule) until we got what people
needed," Dobbs said.
He said, "No person among the students
or faculty has come to me about this,"
referring to the petition and the problems
The petition was drawn up after some
students anticipated class conflicts with the
spring schedule, and because first year
students were not specifically informed of
the spring schedule when they arrived in the
fall, although the schedule was prepared last
The petition demands that "students be
more significantly represented in a voting
capacity on all committees and
subcommittees deciding scheduling, and
that students be informed by the
Administration as far in advance as possible
of scheduling decisions."
Law school Dean Robert Byrd said he has
not seen the petition and he would not
Staff photo by Steve Causey
Saunders Hal!, home of the religion and
the renovation, please see page 2.
levels, it will be a bit confusing.
"By having more standardized ordinances
and development approaches, it will make
Jennings said the town has the power to
extend its planning district borders as far as
three miles past the corporate limits, subject
to approval by the Orange County Board of
Chapel Hill Alderman-elect .. Jonathon
Howes, the outgoing town Planning Board
Chairperson, said, "I think (the merger) is
desirable. Given Jimmy's predictions in this
area, and the new Carrboro board, 1 think
we'll see some movement in this area."
However! Suellen Veaulieu, Carrboro
planning and zoning administrator, said she
does not support a merger at this time.
"Chapel Hill is not Carrboro nor is it
Orange County," Veaulieu said. "Each has
its own character and its own interests. It
seems to me that the citizens of Carrboro
don't want a merged planning board."
Carrboro Mayor-elect Ruth West would
comment until, he does see it. But he said
students were represented on the Curriculum
Committee. "We have students on most of
our committees," he added.
Wilson said organizers of the petition have
not decided where to send it. "Probably it
will go the the dean (of the law school). I
think that the petition shows that this
dissatisfaction is more serious than might
otherwise be thought," he said, noting that
over 180 signatures have been collected so
In addition to circulating the petition, the
student group is sponsoring an
organizational luncheon at 1 p.m. Thursday
at the Chapel of the Cross, 304 L:. Franklin
by Laura Toler
Second of a two-part series
WASHINGTON, D.C.-In a mock
Congressional committee hearing at Critical
Mass '75 a gathering of nuclear power
opponents held here Nov. 16-17 scientists
and consumer advocates warned politicians
to heed warnings about nuclear power and
emphasize development of other energy
The witnesses testified before six U.S.
Representatives and Sen. Mike Gravel, D
Alaska, who is perhaps the congressman
most opposed to nuclear power.
Scott Skinner, former director of
Vermont's Public Interest Research Group,
said almost $30 billion of taxpayers' money
has been poured into developing nuclear
power while safer energy technologies such
as solar power were neglected.
Dr. John Edsall of the Harvard Biological
Laboratory said nuclear wastes are too
harmful to allow their accumulation when
there is still no known means to dispose of
them. "We have no business leaving this
problem for solution by future generations
Vol. 83, No. 69
by Bob King
University Housing Director James Condie said this week
he is planning to request more University money for the
housing department to keep room rent rates from increasing
a possible 7 per cent.
The money, which must be granted by the University's
General Administration, would be used to pay the residence
hall staff, including residence directors, assistant residence
directors and residence assistants to release funds for other
housing areas, Condie said. This would reduce rent rates, he
Only $85,000, or 2 per cent of Housing's $3.5 million
budget, comes from the University this year. This money is
the greatest amount of aid ever received by the department,
but it pays only for a small percentage of departmental
employee salaries, Condie said.
The remainder of the department's funds come from
students' room rents.
Money received for room rent pays for a wider range of
services here than any other state college housing program
provides, according to a study done last year by the housing
Few other housing departments pay for security services,
grounds maintenance and operations vehicle purchases, as
UNC-Chapel Hill's department does. The annual bill for
these items is over $200,000, Condie said.
On other campuses, the school's administrations allocate
money for these services, rather than use room rents, he said.
The main reason for the housing department's past
inability to collect more University funds is a rather obscure
1967 recommendation from the state Budget Advisory
Committee to the state legislature that all non-academic
not comment on Wallace's proposal. "I'm
going to have to consult with the board (of
aldermen) on that," West said. "My thoughts
might be different from theirs."
Norm Gustaveson, an Orange County
commissioner, urged formation of a central
countywide planning authority which
initially would have no statutory power but
would advise individual planning distrjcts. on
overlapping and major planning concerns.
Chapel Hill and Carrboro had a joint
planning board in the 1950s, but the board
dissolved when Chapel Hill members urged a
slow growth policy, and Carrboro members
recommended less restrictive growth.
"These kinds of traditions are still
present," Howes said. "But that might
change with the new board Carrboro just
But Veaulieu said, "Chapel Hill indicated
they want a zero-growth policy. I would
think Carrboro citizens want to take a good
look and develop what they have."
Ernie Whitley (right) and Doug Smith play chess in the soft light of the Union
basement. Whitley was the eventual victor in the match.
when we don't know how to solve it
Rep. Hamilton Fish, R-N.Y., admitted
that Congress' views on nuclear power have
been shaped largely by nuclear industrialists,
the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
and the Energy Research and Development
"We must listen to citizens, and not just
the high-paid lobbyists of industry," Fish
One reason for opposition to nuclear
power, cited by Critical Mass speaker Russel
Ayers, a Harvard law student, is the danger
that accumulation of the nuclear waste
plutonium may present to civil liberties.
The nuclear industry proposes to separate
plutonium from other nuclear wastes for use
as fuel in a more advanced type of reactor,
the breeder, which has yet to be developed.
Large amounts of plutonium in storage
and circulation would increase possibility of
its theft by terrorists, Ayers said. And only
20 pounds of the fissionable plutonium is
needed to construct an atomic bomb.
In the event of plutonium theft, Ayers
said, the government would have to allow
unrestricted searching and wiretapping until
the material was recovered.
Serving the students and the
Chapel Hill, North Carolina,
campus enterprises must be self-supporting, Condie said.
But Condie says that housing should receive more
University funds (which come from the legislature), since
campus housing is educationally beneficial. The University
bases its freshmen residency requirement on these
In a recent Residence Hall Association (RHA) survey, a
large majority of campus residents polled said they benefited
from living on campus their freshman year.
Describing the educational benefits a student derives from
living on campus, Condie said, "He has opportunities to
participate in residence hall government, naturally meets a
number of people from different backgrounds, and becomes
a part of the University community. He learns to live a kind
of small society, and all the research I've seen says this is
The residence hall staff is the "basis of housing's
educational program" because of their proximity and effect
on many first-year students, Condie said.
He added that his department has been trying to point out
the educational value of campus housing to justify getting
more University funds. "When you go in with an open hand,
you have to have something in the other hand to offer," he
In addition, he does not discount the possibility of
lobbying against the Advisory Budget Committee's
recommendation to increase chances for the budget request's
"Maybe I'm naive about North Carolina politics," Condie,
a transplanted Mid westerner, said, "but 1 think a reverse
recommendation by the budget committee which might take
this freeze off educational programs in residence life
programs is possible. Of course, the programs would have to
be shown as effective and beneficial to the student."
overridden by CGC
Student Body President Bill Bates'
veto of a bill to establish a student
body comptroller was over-ridden by
the Campus Governing Council
Tuesday night with a vote of 9-8-2.
Student Body Treasurer Graham
Bullard was immediately nominated
hy Dick-Pt;pr ftrr.The positidn: Bates"
opposed the nomination saying he
thinks Bullard was incapable of
handling the position. Bates explained
that he had received several
complaints from student
organizations about Bullard's
efficiency as treasurer.
Nominations for the post were
tabled until the next CGC meeting
after Rep. Greg Reid said he did not
think nominations were fair to other
students who may be interested in the
Another danger of nuclear power
emphasized at the power conference is the
possibility of a nuclear catastrophe a
meltdown of the reactor core that, would
release a cloud of radioactivity causing death
and genetic damage within a 100-mile radius.
A meltdown would occur if the reactor
core cooling system water circulated
through the reactor to prevent its
overheating and all back-up cooling
systems failed, causing the core to heat
rapidly and melt the entire reactor. Although
the fission within a reactor can be stopped,
the core will overheat rapidly without the
The 1974 Reactor Safety Study, directed
for the now-defunct Atomic Energy
Commission (AEC) by Professor Norman
Rasmussen of the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology reported that such a nuclear
disaster is far less likely than other types of
catastrophies, such as plane crashes or
The report said there would be
approximately one accident per 100 nuclear
plants every 2,500 years which would cause
10 or more deaths. "Non-nuclear events are
about 10.000 times more likely to produce
large numbers of fatalities than nuclear
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University community since 1893
Wednesday, December 3, 1975
CIA recruiter says
organization is more
than just espionage
by Sam Fulwood 111
"This is a public visit. I've been here
before last January it was," Charles L.
Shaffer said, as he lit a cigarette, "we make a
few college visits in the course of a year, but
mostly we interview people who write in to
us looking for jobs with the agency. The
college campus is the place to go."
Shaffer, a personnel recruiter for the
Central Intelligence Agency, was at UNC
Tuesday, seeking economics majors as
prospective agency employees. He is also
recruiting this week at Duke University and
North Carolina State University.
"I prefer you don't use the term 'agent'
with respect to me," he said. "I'm a personnel
"We are involved in international
economic research, we follow the economic
situation in other countries," Shaffer said
explaining his visit to the UNC campus.
"The agency has a great deal of mystique,
and most applicants -are not aware of or
understand what we want when we are
recruiting on college campuses."
The job description on the applicant sign
up sheet explains that the CIA wants people
to fulfill "professional positions in foreign
intelligence emphasizing collection, analysis
and evaluation of political, economic and
scientific developments in foreign
The media has given the CIA a James
Bond image, Shaffer said. "But this is not the
total picture of what we do.
"I don't deny clandestine or covert
operations being done by the agency.
However, many people are involved in
research, information collection and
plants," an NRC summary of the report
But on March 22, a nuclear accident
almost happened. A fire raged out of control
for seven hours at the Browns Ferry plant
near Athens, Ala., causing it to be shut down
until January 1976.
The following summary of the accident is
taken from an August Chicago Tribune
article by David D. Comey, a speaker at
Critical Mass and director of environmental
research for Business and Professional
People for the Public Interest, a Chicago
According to an August Chicago Tribune
article on the accident, plant workers were
checking for air leaks in the wall of a control
cables room surrounding the reactor. They
held a lighted candle beside each recently
insulated spot to see if the flame wavered.
About 12:30 p.m., the insulation caught fire
from the candle flame.
As flames spread among the cables, a
series of errors took place. The main and
three reserve cooling systems were lost, and
control-room instruments monitoring the
The Athens fire department extinguished
the blaze at 7:45 p.m., but plant employees
Weather: clear end warmer
James Condie, director of University housing, plans to
request a budget increase in order to offset a possible
seven per cent increase in room rent.
L. Felix Joyner, the University's vice president for finance,
defined the two areas under which Housing might ask for
"In one approach, the department may say that its
counseling programs and grounds maintenance programs,
say, are not legitimate charges for residents to pay. Or they
might say that students just plain shouldn't have to bear all
the costs of campus housing."
Although Joyner said a budget request would definitely be
entertained, he said action on any request would depend on
the priority assigned to it by the Chancellor.
Because, the agency s Jnyo.lyed in covert
activities, Shaffer said, the less sensational
aspects have not been given equal coverage,
and the public remains largely ignorant of
the CIA's daily activities.
Despite the recent criticisms of the CIA
for its involvement in undercover
operations, Shaffer does not believe the
organization should be disbanded. "There is
a definite need for the agency," he said
proudly. "Much of the work we do is
appreciated by policy makers."
Criticism of the CIA has not hurt the
morale of the agency, Shaffer said. "The
question that comes up most recently in
interviewing college students is 'What effect
does the publicity hav e?' The answer is none.
On a day to day basis, I'm still as busy as
Shaffer has been with the CIA since 1967
when he was recruited from Xavier
University in New Orleans. He worked as a
record analyst for five years and has been a
recruiter for four years.
Shaffer, who is black, said he would like to
interview more blacks on his college visits.
"There are very few blacks in professional
positions in the agency," he said. "We by no
means have the number of black employees
we would like."
The starting CIA salary for an economics
major is SI 1.046. Shaffer said. And although
he was only recruiting economics majors
Tuesday, the agency also needs chemistry,
engineering, accounting, psychology and
People want to work for the CIA for the
same reasons as someone would want to
work anywhere else, he said. But, "patriotic
reasons cause some people to write us for
were not able to restart the cooling systems
until sometime during the night. By 4:10
a.m., the danger was over.
The local sheriff, who is responsible for
cairying out an evacuation if a nuclear
disaster threatens, did not learn of the fire
until two days later.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission
imposed a news blackout for four months
after the fire.
"No pipe rupture occurred during the
accident so that the failure of almost a dozen
subsystems of the plant's emergency core
cooling system made little difference," the
article said. "Had there been such a rupture,
however, the reactor core w ould have melted
down in a matter of minutes."
In addition to misgivings aroused by the
Browns Ferry accident, a year-long study
directed by Harold W. Lewis of the
University of California at Santa Barbara,
stated that it is impossible to evaluate the
reliability of reactor emergency (back-up)
core cooling systems.
The Lewis study also estimated that a
nuclear plant accident would cause 10,000 to
20,000 cancer deaths, rather than the 300
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