North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
It will be clear today
with a high of 30. There
is no chance of rain.
The low last night was
about 10. The high
tomorrow will be about
One out of every three
students is a regular
pot smoker. In most
cases, the University is
closing its eyes to this.
For more details, see
the story on page 3.
iS- iS- i
KISS B 1 II
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 91
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Monday, February 7, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
bodes ill for
suffrage in 1 920
by Laura Seism
M embers of the N.C. House of
Representatives will debate and vote on the
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) this week,
but if their attitudes are similar to those of
state legislators who considered the 19th
Amendment more than half a century ago,
many years will pass before the amendment
is approved here.
Back in August 1920, state legislators met
in Raleigh in a special session to consider
ratification of the 19th Amendment,
guaranteeing women the right to vote. But
the amendment was not passed until 1971 in
Thirty-five states had already approved
the amendment in 1920, and a favorable vote
by North Carolina would have made
suffrage the "law of the land." National
attention focused here and in Tennessee,
where the amendment was also being
Both the state Democrat and state
Republican parties had endorsed the
amendment in their platforms. Prominent
politicians recommended ratification, and
many state newspapers editorially endorsed
it. Gov. Thomas W. Bickett also
recommended approval saying the
amendment's eventual passage was
The front page of the Raleigh News and
Observer the Sunday before the vote by the
legislature cited reasons to ratify the
amendment: "Election costs not increased by
equal suffrage," "Business women need the
ballot," "Lowest infant death rate in
countries having full suffrage rights for all"
and "Twenty countries fall in line, but one
state remains in way of America's taking her
place in honor roll of the world."
But North Carolina legislators did not
relish the responsibility of giving women the
right to vote. In a telegram signed by 63 of
the 120 N.C. representatives, the North
Carolinians warned members of the
Tennessee General Assembly:
"We will not ratify the Susan B. Anthony
amendment interfering with the sovereignty
of Tennessee and other states of the Union.
We most respectfully request that this
measure not be forced upon the people of
Lobbyists for women's suffrage
concentrated their efforts in Tennessee,
where the legislature ratified the amendment
Aug. 18, 1920. The next day, the N.C. House
rejected the amendment, 71 to 41. North
Carolina was the ninth state to reject the
An editorial in the Raleigh News' and
Observer the day after the unfavorable
House vote noted, "The members of the
House missed a great opportunity to serve
: t V'"-'
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The "moonies" can be found just about everywhere. Among the favorite solicitation
spots in Chapel Hill are downtown, Glen Lennox Shopping Center and University
Mall. Here, a "moonie" tries to sell flowers at Jimmy Carter's election victory party.
Are graduate students isolated?
by Nancy Hartis
Members of the Unification Church,
commonly known as "moonies," are now
soliciting in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro area
with official police permission from both
A spokesperson for the Chapel Hill police
said that the group had been granted
permission to solicit in the town's downtown
area and Glen Lennox Shopping Center
from Jan. 28 to Feb. II,
The Unification Church is a national
organization led by the Rev. Sun Myung
Moon. It is composed mostly of young
people, many of them minors, who believe
Rev. Moon is a messiah, and they have left
home to work for him.
According to former "moonies," the
group procures new members through subtle
Members of the Unification Church
support themselves by selling candy, peanuts
and flowers and from donations. Thechurch
has a local headquarters on Forrest Street in
It was reported in a DTH article last
November that the Unification Church had
been denied a permit to solicit by the
Solicitation Licensing Branch of the N.C.
Department of Human Resources.
But Jim Dunn, special assistant to the
board, said that."First of all, they don't have
to have a permit to solicit here because they
are classified as a religion. They had applied
for a permit because they said they wanted to
have one to show to people when they were,
soliciting, so we gave them an application."
Dunn said the application required a
financial statement and an explanation of
the church's budget. He said the group did
not turn in this portion of the application
and for that reason they were denied
A spokesperson for the Solicitation Board
said. "The North Carolina attorney general
told us that since we couldn't prove they
aren't a religion, we had to give them
permission to solicit."
"There's nothing we can do under state
law to prevent them from soliciting," Dunn
stated, "but some cities have local
ordinances against such things where they
can be classified as a 'nuisance.' "
Chapel Hill Police Lt. Arthur Summey
reported. "As far as I know, there is no
Evidently, there is also no ordinance
against soliciters in Carrboro. A Carrboro
police spokesperson said the "moonies" had
. been given permission there to solicit in the
city's business district and apartment
complexes from Jan. 28 to Feb. 7.
The spokesperson said the police had
received no complaints from townspeople
about the group. The Chapel Hill police
reported no complaints but did get a few
calls from people questioning the group's
right to solicit.
However, the DTH received a complaint
last week from a UNCcoed who said she had
been harassed by the group.
The coed, who preferred not to have her
name published, said she had been
approached twice by members of the church.
The first said he was selling bubble gum and
asked for a donation to the Unification
"1 realized he was a 'moonie' and I told
him that 1 had my own church and that 1
would save my donations for it. He followed
me to my car and asked me for a donation
again and I told him the same thing again. So
he left and went back to the stores. The next
night, my boyfriend saw this guy selling the
same gum. he spoke with a heavy French
accent and we could hardly understand what
he was saying. . . He asked us for directions
to University Mali, this was about 10:30 at
night, which I thought was kinda weird, but
we told him how to get there."
She said both solicitors had dressed "like
college students, with down jackets and
jeans. , .
Living in a separate won
by Jeff Cohen
To most undergraduates at UNC, the
graduate student is nothing more than a
stranger in the crowd. Unaware of the
lifestyle of a graduate student, the
undergraduate has little idea of the
kinds of problems or the needs of the
student in quest of a graduate or
Roslyn M. Hartmann, assistant dean
of Student Affairs, explained that the
life 6r the graduate student evolves
around his department, both
academically and socially. She said that
social functions for the graduate are
sponsored by his department;
consequently, the graduate student is
always with the same people, with a
limited opportunity to meet new people.
"Although most graduate and
professional students are not interested
in social organizations, they do want a
quiet place where they can go to
unwind," Hartmann said. "However,
they are repulsed by the crowded, noisy
She said that the only place left for the
graduate student to go is his department
lounge, again putting him w ith the same
group of people. "Most undergraduates
do not realize that the grad student takes
all his classes in the same building," she
"Some people think that graduate
and professional students are strange,
but we are normal, just like you and
me," Dan Lindley. president of the
Grauduate and Professional Student
Federation (GPSF). said.
GPSF treasurer Larry Tennison.
echoed Lindley's sentiments. "Some
grads might appear aloof.' but that is
because they are so involved with
getting their work done. Grads are also
very career-oriented," he said. "Their
work comes first.
Hartmann explained that the
graduate and professional student is
also under a great deal of pressure for a
variety of reasons.
"Many graduate students have a
heavy work load," she said. "Especially
those in the law. business or medical
According to figures compiled at the
Records Office at Hanes Hall, about 35
per cent of all graduate and professional
students are married, creating even .
more pressure for these students.
Myron B. Liptzin. assistant professor
of psychiatry, said that the Student
Health Counseling service counsels
graduate students lor a variety of
problems, including grades, job
pressures and marital problems.
"Most people just do not realize that
the graduate and professional student
has different needs, concerns and
priorities than the undergrad,"
For example, she said that a typical
graduate student problem is that
because the grad needs to study seven
days a week, he becomes very irate when
the library closes early on Saturdays.
"1 think one of their (graduate
students) basic needs is a quick
dissemination of info." she said. She
explained that since graduate and
professional students cannot afford to
waste time, they need to be able to get
important information quickly and
Hartmann said that one place
graduate and professional students can
go for any information or with any
problem is Student Affairs.
Prof critical of TV "Roots"
by David Stacks
The telev ision production of "Roots",
the final episode of which was the most
watched television show of all time, was a
historical D-, UNC History Prof. Joel R.
"If they (the producers) are offering
'Roots' as a true broad history of black
history, then they should be called upon
to do it correctly," Williamson said.
Williamson, who teaches History 167,
"Race Relations in America," said his
criticism is not of "Roots" author Alex
Haley but of the Hollywood production
of the book.
"1 give 'Roots' a real plus for showing
black people's yearning for freedom." he
said. "I've seen enough response from
black people to know that Haley's basic
purpose has been achieved. We've seen
their side of the picture."
Williamson said that if the producers
of "Roots" had known the history of
blacks in America, they could have
depicted a more realistic picture.
"Viewers all over America may have
come away from 'Roots' with the idea
that all white Americans before the Civil
War were pro-slavery. But that's just not
the case." Williamson said.
For example. Williamson said, the
television production portrayed the Nat
Turner Rebellion in 1 84 1 when it actually
occurred in 1831.
"1 reckon that doesn't mean much, but
it makes you wonder what else they're
missing." Williamson said.
Williamson was particularly critical of
the portrayal of Old George, the poor
white who lived with black slaves.
"I never encountered such a thing,"
Williamson said. "I'm sure it happened
now and again in the whole South, but
you shouldn't think a poor white
associating with and living with black
slaves was a normal thing.
"On the whole, the Old South was
notorious in that nonslaving whites did
not hobnob with blacks," he said.
Williamson also said the production
contained technical flaws such as the use
of matches in 1765. more than 60 years
before they were invented. He said such
details were irritating, but he praised the
show's overall production.
Punishments depicted in the show were
true to history, according to Williamson.
"They were that bad," he said. "Some
slave owners would cut off a foot for
"Over the past generation, we have
become aware of the colorfulness of the
black American past," Williamson said.
The seven installments of Alex Haley's
bestseller shown during the week ending
Jan. 30 took the top seven spots in ratings
compiled by the A.C. Nielson Co. The
opening episode of "Roots" had captured
first place the preceding week.
UNC fraternities and sororities: the last bastions of white supremacy?
by Tim Smith
When integration was first thrust upon UNC in
1957, many students, both black and white, felt that
just the presence of two different cultures would not
alleviate the problems of segregation or prejudice.
Today, many people still argue that point, but not
about student government, or admission policies, or
even student housing; but about an organization that
has been called by some "the last bastion of white
supremacy" the Greeks.
"A member of a minority has a chance in hell of
joining most fraternities under the existing initiation
systems," one fraternity president said.
"A while back, I asked members of my house how
they would feel about taking in this guy I knew who
had good qualifications and was black. At least 50 of
them shot him down just because of his race," he
"It's just something that's generally understood,"
one inactive fraternity member said.
"There's nothing written down, but it's just
understood that blacks don't get in. In my fraternity,
the chances of a black getting in are zero. That's
because I've heard some brothers tell me, 'No nigger
will get in while I'm in the house. "
According to some members, discrimination starts
in rush, the first step of becoming a member of a
"A friend of mine in another house told me that if a
black ever did show up at rush, he would just be asked
discreetly to leave," said Clint Corrie, a member of Chi
"My own reaction if a black showed up at rush
would be embarassment," one former fraternity
member said. "Because the potential is there for a very
Others feel they might prevent the black from
entering just to preserve house unity.-
"If he was a great guy, I wouldn't have any qualms
about letting him in. But it might tear up some of the
unity of the house and in that case I wouldn't want him
in," said Steve Briganti, a member of Pi Kappa Phi
Not all fraternity members, however, feel that
prejudice is present.
"There's no 'understanding' that I know of.
Fraternities are open to everyone. Realistically, blacks
have just as equal a chance that whites do," said
Tommy Newton, recent president of the
Interfraternity Council (IFC) and a member of the Pi
Kappa Alpha fraternity.
"There are some blacks (three) now in white
fraternities. In some of the houses I think it would be
considered a matter of fact and in others the chances
would be remote. But it's like that in any
organization," North Campus Residence Hall
Director Charles Miller said.
Unlike fraternities, predominantly white sororities
at the present time have no black members. And
unlike fraternities, there seems to be no dispute as to
why this is so.
UI don't think it's really prejudice. We just haven't
had many blacks come through rush." said Robin
King, a member of the Kappa Kappa Gamma
"We're not like fraternities, where members can
bring in friends. The girls have to sign up themselves
and I think that may intimidate some blacks."
The black perspective
On the other side of the issue are the blacks. Since
1973. when the first predominantly black fraternity
was established at UNC, two other black fraternities
and two black sororities have been recognized.
Although they are willing to concede that there is
segregation, the issue of prejudice remains as widely
disputed with blacks as it is with their white
"If you're going to be realistic about it, the chances
of a black getting in a predominantly white fraternity
are slim." Omega Psi Phi fraternity president Terry
Sherrill said. "There is a problem and it's real."
Rayvon Williams, a member of Alpha Phi Alpha
"I think the chances are pretty good of a black
getting in. I've never seen or heard of any
discrimination." "I have some white friends in
fraternities, and they've told me they don't see any
differences in the chances of a black or white."
While some black sorority members also feel the
chances are good of a black getting in to a white
sorority, they feel the question of prejudice is
"I think the chances are pretty good. I'm sure if a
black woman was interested in pledging sororities
she'd be given a chance to." Paula Newsome. president
of Delta Sigma Theta sorority, said.
"I don't really think it's prejudice. 1 just think people
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bialt photo by Guar let Hardy
Although sororities claim to have a policy of nondiscrimination, few Blacks rush the predominantly white organizations, and fewer, if any, join.
have a tendency to align themselves with a group they
While most Greeks, both black and white, feel the
chances of a white wanting to join a predominantly
black fraternity or sorority very slim, most blacks feel
he would be given an equal chance.
"As far as black fraternities go, I know for a fact that
if a w hite were to pledge a fraternity here, he would be
given a fair chance," Williams said.
UNC administration: No discrimination exists
The University does not financially support the
Greek system, but it does officially recognize each
house, providing the chapter involved meets certain
requirements, includingan anti-discrimination policy.
Once recognized, each house is given advisory help,
and certain benefits, such as the Fraternity Trade
Association, a co-op which allows fraternities
discounts on such things as house supplies or
Predictably though, administration officials do not
see the presence of any discrimination or prejudice,
since this fact in itself would prevent house
"Officially, there isn't any discrimination because
all national fraternities since 1966 have written into
their local and national charters that there can be no
discrimination," Assistant Dean of Student Affaris
Roslyn Hartman said. Hartman is the IFC Advisor.
"Black women have gone through rush in
sororities, so I'd say the chances are great," Assistant
Dean of Student Affairs Marianne Hitchcock said.
"I don't think there are very many black women on
campus that want to be involved in the kind of
activities white sororities offer, but 1 don't think it's a
matter of prejudice or discrimination."
Even with all the disputes over the presence of
prejudice or discrimination, most, if not all, associated
with the Greek system concede there is segregation.
But the question of why is much harder to agree upon.
"Most fraternities were started back in the time of
the Civil War. They were secret societies and a lot of
them took part in Ku Klux Klan-type activities,"
"1 think the South has carried on traditions much
more successfully than the North and they've fought
change every step of the way. People who. join
fraternities are the type that carry on these traditions."
Please turn to page 5.