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It will be partly cloudy
and m ild Thursday with
a chance of showers or
Frat flick. Review
DTH critic Baker
lambasts Gary Allison's
"Fraternity Row." For
details, see page 4.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, February 23, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 103
Please call us: 933-0245
l y ly I
By DAVID STACKS
Orange County elections officials have
eliminated questions that must be asked of
potential student voters, Alex Brock,
executive director-secretary of the state
elections board, said Tuesday. ,
N.C. Board of Elections guidelines require
local elections officials to ask nine questions
of voter applicants to verify the applicant's
legal residency for voting purposes.
Brock said Orange County elections
board chairperson Thomas Holland told
him that Orange County officials have
eliminated some of the required nine
questions and added some not on the
Brock refused to say whether Holland's
judgment in eliminating the questions was
correct. He said any decision involving an
evaluation of Holland's actions would have
to be made by the state elections board.
Holland said Tuesday that Jie does not
believe elections officials have the right to
ask potential voters questions of a personal
nature like those outlined in the state
"The questions got too personal," Holland
"If a student comes down here (to
register), takes the oath and looks at me
straight in the eye and says he intends to
reside here, I'm going to register him to
vote," Holland said.
Brock met Tuesday with representatives
of the Orange Committee, a group of
politically conservative Democrats
petitioning the state elections board to purge
the names of 2,000 UNC students from voter
(UPl) Avery Berlow Cohan,
professor of finance at the University of
North Carolina since 1957, died Monday
night. He was 62.
A memorial service will be held at 1 1
a.m. Saturday in Carroll Hall
auditorium. His family requests that
contributions be made to the South
Orange Rescue Squad in lieu of flowers.
Before joining the UNC faculty, Cohan
taught for a year at the Harvard Business
School, and before that, he was in private
A native of Boston, he earned a
bachelor's degree at Cornell University
and a master's and a doctorate at
Cohan had twice served as chairperson
of the UNC School of Business' graduate
studies program, once from 1961-69 and
again in 1972-73.
He was a visiting professor at Imede,
the management center for European
executives in Lausanne, Switzerland, in
1964-65. From 197-76, he was a visiting
professor at the University of Georgia.
'Fraternity Row': low-budge
USC students work for chit
By MERRILL ROSE
Gary Allison didn't really want to make a movie. He wanted
to go back to the University of Southern California, where he
had spent his undergraduate years, and study for a Ph.D. in
philosophy and communication. But when he chose to write
his dissertation on "The problems a producer faces when
making a feature film," he discovered he didn't have any other
"There was very little documentation on' the subject," said
Allison. "Producers invited me to 'spend a few days on the set,
but no one was really willing to let an outsider follow them
around day after day, taking notes, listening in on phone calls,
that kind of thing."
That was when he began making his own film Fraternity
Row. He knew a film was not acceptable as a dissertation, but
Allison said, "I needed the data, and I did the film to get the
data never thinking that the film was going to become
Now that the dissertation is written and Frqternity Row
released by Paramount Pictures, Allison wonders whether
making it was worth the trouble. "I reached a point where if I'd
known then what I know now, I wouldn't have done it."
It had started out simply enough. Allison wrote the script,
based on the exploits of a fraternity pledge class in the 1950s,
and attempted to cast the film with USC students. Copies of
the script had gotten to several Hollywood agents, however,
and a number of rising young actors auditioned for the five
principal roles. Because the film was to be a professional
endeavor on all levels, nonstudents were cast in several major
The rest of the cast and the entire crew were students at
USC. Of course, some were candidates for their master's and
registration books in Orange County. .
The Orange Committee told Brock they
felt the student voters had been registered
illegally for the August 1 975 primary and the
November I976 general election. The
committee contended the outcome of the
elections might have been different if the
students had not been allowed to vote.
The committee has said it will ask state
elections officials to nullify the election of
Orange County Commissioners Richard
Whitted and Donald Willhoit.
The questions the state elections board
requires be asked of students registering to
Do you keep your permanent
possessions in the place you claim as
If you were to discontinue your studies
at the university, would you return to your
Would you be living in the university
town if the school were not there?
Do you plan to follow your occupation
in the college town after graduation?
Do you maintain church or lodge
affiliations, if any, in the college town?
Where do you maintain banking and
business connections in the college town?
Carolyn Griffin, registrar, for the local
elections board, uses questions to determine
residency that are less personal than those in
the state election rule. The questions include:
Have you lived at your present address
for at least 30 days?
Do you consider Chapel Hill your
Do you consider Orange County your
legal residence for an indefinite period?
Carter requests $19.4
WASHINGTON (UPl) President
Carter Tuesday asked Congress to
increase Gerald Ford's 1978 budget by
$19.4 billion, saying the money is
needed to finance advancements in
energy, social programs and the
Carter called the changes "important
first steps-toward a federal government
that is more effective and responsive to
our people's needs."
Among surprises were Carter's
request for legislation to control
hospital bills and a freeze on Medicare
premiums for 25.4 million elderly and
disabled Americans for 15 months
beginning in July.
He also urged the elimination of 19
. water resources projects across the
nation, including one in his home state
of Georgia, at a savings of $289 million.
The plan contained $8 billion to pay
for the President's previously economic
stimulus program, which includes $50-per-person
rebates for taxpayers this
House Speaker Thomas O'Neill
promised Congress would undertake a.
complete review of Carter's package but
predicted "we will be within a ballpark
figure of what the President
In the energy field. Carter shifted the
emphasis of previous administrations
doctoral degrees, and many were professionals who had been
working for years and had decided to come back for a degree.
But this wasn't just another class project.
"The day that the first cameras were on the set and the first
Cinemobile rolled up in front of that fraternity house, all
studentism was over," Allison said. "These kids were pros and
they were in it to stay. After your first 1 5-hour day on the set,
the reality of being a 'ha-ha-fun' student is over. You're either
a pro and stay, or you quit. We didn't have one kid quit."
The actual production ran into problems from the start.
Fraternity Row is set at an eastern college campus and
unfortunately, eastern campuses don't have tropical foliage
and Spanish architecture. "We had to fake it," Allison said.
"We were given the opportunity of using the USC Tri Delt and
SAE houses, which both had an eastern architectural feel."
The eastern-looking plants were from a rental house. "In
the exterior shots, those trees aren't real, they're borrowed,"
The trees aren't the only things that were borrowed,
however. With a budget of $98 (Allison and his wife pitched
in) there wasn't much to spend on the little extras film,
equipment and costumes.
M uch of the production equipment, including cameras and
film, was obtained through grants (as was the film and sound
processing). The 1950s period costumes were donated by
"When we needed 10 formal gowns from 1954, most of the
girls went home to their mothers who were in college in 1954
and had their gowns put away," Allison said. "If we needed a
1950s floor-length radio, the next day one would appear."
Although no one was getting paid for the work, every effort
was made to simulate a real-world situation throughout the
filming, according to Allison.
Please turn to page 4.
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Former U.S. Sen. Sam Ervin addressed
Committee Tuesday. He also spoke at
from long-range goals, such as
construction of nuclear breeder
reactors, to short-term needs such as
conservation and storage of petroleum.
Carter asked for initial funding of $2
billion in loan guarantees to encourage
energy conservation. Also included
were grants to states to set up offices to
represent consumers before utility
He. proposed a $300 million
reduction in actual defense spending
and $2.7 billion in the Pentagon's future
budget authority. Almost all the actual
spending cuts resulted from the
administration's decision to reduce the
size of the controversial Bl bomber
program. There also would be
reductions in missile and fighter jet
Carter's revisions raised the budget to
$459.4 billion for the fiscal year
beginning Oct. 1. The increase over
Ford's $440 billion budget would hike
the federal deficit to $57.7 billion
$ 10.7 billion more than Ford's plan.
Despite the changes. Carter and
Budget Director Bert Lance stressed
that the package was mostly Ford's
"The 1978 budget is essentially still
President Ford's budget," Carter said as
he signed the document and sent it to
Capitol Hill. "I think it's a good-
Staff photo by Bill Russ
the Senate Constitutional Amendments
an anti-ERA rally, saying that the bill is
billion increase in Ford budget
improvement on the previous budget."
However, some Republican
congressional leaders were critical of the
cut in defense spending.
Howard Baker, the Senate GOP
leader, said defense reductions could be
"one of the big issues."
Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., ranking
GOP member of the Armed Services
LaGarde out for season
but may make ACC tourney
Tommy LaGarde will miss the rest of
UNC's regular season basketball games but
may see action in the Atlantic Coast
Conference tournament March 3-5.
LaGarde, the starting center for Carolina,
strained ligaments in his left knee during a
scrimmage game Feb. II. A test Monday
showed that LaGarde had suffered some
cartilage damage to the knee, but the extent
of the damage has not been determined.
"The test didn't show anything that would
make us feel pessimistic about Tommy
playing in the tournament," Dr. Joseph
DeWalt, a sports-medicine physician, said
Tuesday. "He has shown some
improvement, and we have reason to hope
that he will be back."
LaGarde already has missed the Tulane,
t but Paramount dissertation
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By TONI GILBERT
and CHARLENE HAVNAER
RALEIGH-Opponents of the Equal
Rights Amendment (ERA), including
former U.S. Sen. Sam Ervin. asked the N.C.
Senate Constitutional Amendments
Committee Tuesday either to reject ERA or
to put it before the voters in a statewide
Sen. Ervin. who spoke earlier at an anti
ERA rally in Dorton Arena, said the bill is
unnecessary and would place too much
power in the hands of the federal
government creating legal chaos.
A favorable report on the bill would send
it to the Senate floor for debate.
According to Sen. Cecil Hill. D
Jransylvania, chairperson of the committee,
if the committee acts on the bill at its regular
meeting Thursday, it could be reported to
the floor early next week.
Challenging ERA proponent Juanita
K reps' argument that the amendment would
provide additional protection to working
women. Ervin cited existing laws prohibiting
employment and wage discrimination.
"We don't need ERA to bring it about."
Ervin said. "Laws now prohibit any
employer from paying different wages to
women on account of sex. The truth is there's
no reason to ratify ERA, but there are
literally hundreds of reasons for not ratifying
Committee, said the defense proposals
amounted to cutting away "muscle
rather than fat.
"Now is not the time," he added, "to
take unnecessary risks with the security
of the United States."
Clearly, much of the emphasis in the
Carter plan was centered on social
South Florida and Virginia games, and he
will miss the N.C. State game tonight and the
Duke and Louisville games this weekend.
LaGarde injured his knee during the
scrimmage as he dribbled down the court.
"I was dribbling full speed," a somber
LaGarde said Tuesday. "I planted my leg to
go up for a layup or take a jump shot, and the
leg wasn't in a proper position to bend. It
hurt real bad."
LaGarde said that even if he is able to
return to action in time for the tournament,
he probably will be only about 85 per cent
effective because of a lack of practice.
An operation will be necessary if the
cartilage damage continues to be aggravated
and cause pain, LaGarde said.
4. 'ty.' y ''' y ..
Staff photo by Bruce Clrkt
Few people working on dissertations end up making movies, but that's what Gary
Allison (right) did; he is thedirector of Fraternity Row, afilm that dealswith fraternity
life in the 1950s. One of the most dramatic scenes comes as the fraternity brothers
and pledges (left) watch in terror as & pledge chokes to death on a piece of raw tuna.
Fraternity Row made its world premiere in Raleigh last week and Is currently playing
in Chapel Hill.
Ervin said that ERA will transfer too
much power from the state to the federal
government. "The ERA will take from the
state the ultimate power to make laws and
bind laws regarding the rights and
responsibilities of hoth men and women."
Several other speakers appealed to the
committee to place the amendment before
their constituents in a statew ide referendum.
"I'm convinced representative
government must be representative, and a
referendum on this question is the best way
for you to know the desires of our people."
said Coy Privette, president of the N.C.
Baptist State Convention and former
Republican gubernatorial candidate. "Other
states have done so. and I urge you to do
Another concern expressed at the hearing
was the scope of the legal rights that would
be extended to homosexuals by the
"I oppose it because I don't want
practicing homosexuals teaching in our
schools, making a mockery of our marriage
laws and exercising the right to adopt
children," said Tom L. Young, former N.C.
assistant attorney general.
Andrew J. Gatsis, retired- brigadier
general, addressed the military ramifications
of ERA. He said passage of the bill would
require women to serve in combat, even
though they are not physically able.
HEW Secretary J oseph Califano said
the size of the ceiling on hospital costs
was negotiable, although 'the budget
message to Congress mentioned a 9 per
cent annual increase as the lid.
Administration economists said the
nation's health bill more than tripled in
the past decade and now averages $638 a
year for every roan, woman and child. "
Tommy LaGarde (R), sidelined for the
season, talks with Geno Upchurch.
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