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Toy trains are an enjoyable,
and sometimes serious,
hobby for children of all
ages. See story on page 5.
Serving the students and the University community since IMS
Volume 85, Issue No. 9
Thursday, September 8, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
i i i ii
Students drop fewer courses
under new four-week policy
Ham, rain, rain
There is a 100 per cent
chance of rain today and
tonight with a possibility of
thunderstorms. The high
today and Friday will be near
80 and the low near 70.
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Dots mark the spots where 41 Dally Tar Heel drop boxes are
located. A new distribution system is now in effect, centralizing
and expanding delivery. New drop sites include Rosenau,
Beard and Coker halls, Joyner Dorm, Henderson Residence
College, the Health Sciences Library, the Franklin Street Post
Office and the Carolina Coffee Shop. Not pictured on the map
are drop sites at University Mall, Eastgate, Kroger Plaza, By rd's
and Carr Mill Mall. For more details, please see story on page 2.
Conflict brews on budget committee
By BARRY SMITH
Student Body President Bill Moss'
proposed changes in the process of
appropriating student-activity fees have
drawn sharp criticism from several Campus
Governing Council (CGC) members.
The Moss proposal includes four major
changes in the budget structure:
The budget committee would be
composed of five CGC members and two
students appointed by the president. The
student body treasurer would be an ex
officio, non-voting member. Currently, the
finance committee is composed of the
committee chairperson, the president and
five other CGC members elected by the
Three of the five CGC members of the
committee would be undergraduate students
and the remaining two would be graduate
students. Presently, there are no graduate or
undergraduate quotas for the committee
The committee chairperson would be
elected by the committee. The chairperson
currently is elected by the council.
The fiscal year would run concurrently
with the calendar year. The fiscal year now
runs from May 16-May 15.
Moss said the budget procedure should be
reviewed and his proposal is one alternative
for making the process more efficient and
The proposed changes are related to Moss'
desire to hold campus elections later in the
spring semester than at present. Last
semester, elections were held in February.
Moss wants the terms of elected campus
officials to run from April to April rather
than February to February. The newly
elected student body president and CGC
representatives would then work with
campus organizations several months during
the fall before going through the laborious
budget procedure. Moss explained.
But Phil Searcy, CGC finance committee
chairperson, disagreed: "It looks like they're
changes for changes sake and not changes
"I don't think there needs to be drastic
changes in the fiscal year or the makeup of
the committee," Searcy said.
Changing the composition of the
committee has drawn the most controversy.
Having two presidential appointees on the
committee "puts the most important thing
that CGC does into the hands of people who
aren't responsible to anyone but themselves
and the president," Searcy said.
But Moss said, "I think you've got two
people who are responsible to the president,
who is responsible to the whole University
Moss said the executive branch of
government usually prepares a budget and
the legislative branch usually approves it.
Having two presidential appointees on the
CGC Finance Committee merely combines
the two procedures, Moss said.
But Finance Committee member Betsy
Lindley said, "That's giving him (the
president) two voting members. If the
president wants something passed, he
automatically has two votes plus his own
influence. It puts way too much power in the
hands of the president."
"The president is in theory responsible to
the people also," said Chip Cox, chairperson
of the CGC Rules and Judiciary Committee
and supporter of the proposals. "He is just as
responsible to the student body as the CGC
The change in the fiscal year would be
almost impossible, Searcy said, because the
Student Activities Fund Office (SAFO)
would be unable to make the changeover in
. fiscal years in such a short time. SAFO now
( ' i
I St A
i' X I
works during the summer to close the
previous year's books and prepare for the
Cox said changing the fiscal year would
enable the budget committee to prepare the
budget in the fall semester. Putting the
budgetary process in the fall would improve
the atmosphere for preparing the budget,
"We'll have to see if the thing is feasible,"
Cox said. "The whole thing is tentative."
Cox favors the proposal to require that
three of the five members from CGC be
undergraduate students and the remaining
two graduate students. That reflects the
percentage of graduate and undergraduate
students at the University, Cox said.
By JAM HI CUES
Students drop fewer courses and drop
them sooner under the current four-week
drop policy than under the old 12-week
policy, according to figures compiled by
Donald C. Jieha. associate dean of the
The four-week policy was adopted by the
hieultv Council for a onc-vear trial period in
The faculty's Educational Policy
Committee now is studying the possibility of
permanently changing the drop period,
.licha will present his recommendation on
the subject to the committee soon, but he
would not say Wednesday what he would
But. Jieha said. "It (the four-week drop
period) works magnificently. Students arc
making their decisions early in the semester."
I'ho number ol courses dropped ut the end
of the four-week drop period in the fall of
I97f was 10.788. In the fall of 1975. under
the old 12-week system. 9.392 courses had
been dropped by the end of lour weeks.
Alter 12 weeks, under the 12-week system.
12.349 courses had been dropped, as
opposed to 12.176 at the 12-weck point
under the four-week system.
Thus, under the old 12-week policy,
almost 3.000 courses were dropped between
the fourth and twelfth weeks, while under the
current policy, only half that number were
dropped in the same period.
"One ol the important things behind
creating a policy like this is that students are
much more serious about what they sign up
lor instead of waiting until the last gasp to
drop a course." .licha said.
'The shortened drop period has
consolidated the drops and adds in the first
lour weeks of classes. This opens up a lot of
opportunities for students who want in a
particular class to find a space." he said.
" ( he main thing the statistics show me is
that there were a lot ol frivolous drops in the
previous years." Student Body President Bill
Moss said. "The lour-week policy has
minimized that somewhat, perhaps.
"1 agree we should not encourage
frivolous drops, but we should not
discourage them at the expense of academic
integrity by preventing students w ho w ill not
be able to receive anything of value from a
course from dropping it under the present
Moss proposes that a student be given one
week to drop a course after he has received
formal notification of his progress in the
course, in the form of a grade on a test or
"I think we should look at the whole
matter in a different respect." Moss said. "A
student should be able to look at each course
on its own merits, instead of having an
arbitrary time period."
Jieha explained that a student in the
General College or the College of Arts and
Sciences can still drop a course after the
four-week period has ended by going
through an appeals procedure.
"In cases of illness or extenuating
circumstances beyond the student's control,
we do consider appeals to drop a course after
the fourth week," Jieha said. The appeals
committee meets every Friday to consider
the written appeals of students with
whatever documents they wish to supply.
"We also require a statement from the
instructor in the course," Jieha said.
Jieha said the appeals committee is
composed of three advisers trom the General
College. Jieha or the assistant dean act as
"The decision is left to the advisers," Jieha
said. "The chairman is there to supply
information concerning rules and
regulations, precedents, etc."
Jieha said the committee is composed of
three different advisers each week. "Each
adviser in the General College gets to know
what is a reasonable excuse to drop a
course." he said.
"The results are available late that
afternoon or early Monday," Jieha said.
"They follow a similar procedure in the
College of Arts and Sciences."
Jieha explained that the new four-week
system gives fairer and more uniform
treatment to all students.
Weekly Drop Figures.
Week Fall 1975 Fall 1976
Official Drop-Add Period 8.296 8.582
Remainder of First
Full Week of Classes 513
Second Week 511 304
Third Week 284 466
Fourth Week 301 923
Filth Week 309 91
Sixth Week 383 101
Seventh Week 334 84
Eighth Week 298 44
Ninth Week 344 80
Tenth Week 336 75
Eleventh Week 350 83
Twelfth Week 603 69
Thirteenth Week 165 71
Remaining Weeks 141 4
Totals 12,655 11.549
This figure includes drops during both the official drop-add period and the first full week
Standby plan for O WAS A
Grad student outlines rationing
By STEVE Ht'ETTEL
If water rationing becomes a necessity, the
Orange Water and Sewer Authority
(OWASA) will follow a plan drawn up by
UNC graduate student Rob Blum.
"OWASA called and said that they needed
a water-rationing plan in a couple of days,"
Blum said. "1 presented the plan on August 3
it was obvious then that the situation
would be getting critical with the students'
"The plan is the only one of its kind to my
knowledge," said Blum, a master's candidate
in water-resource engineering, who will
submit his thesis, "Water Conservation
Strategies for the OWASA Service Area." to
the utility in December.
The plan is designed to keep the volume of
University Lake above 150 million gallons
through the end of the year. Water below
this amount would be unusable.
Water-level readings are to be made on the
first day of the month under the plan, the
maximum amount which can be drained
from the lake per day is determined from
The maximum total consumption is
established by adding additional water
expected, such as water from Durham or
rainfall, to the maximum draft from
The reduction in customer use is
determined by dividing the maximum total
consumption into the consumption rates for
1975, which was the last year of average
Blum said he does not know how OWASA
would reduce customer consumption, but he
said the utility would cut the University's use
on a flat rate and leave campus-rationing
techniques to UNC.
The rationing plan differs from measures
being used in areas of California, where
officials are determining random figures for
per capita water-consumption cuts without
monitoring the capacity of their reservoirs,
according to Blum.
Tuesday's water consumption
4.524 million gallons
from University Lake
1.736 million gallons
2.788 million gallons
Level of University Lake
83.5 inches below capacity
Water consumed on Sept. 6, 1976
3.8 million gallons
Last day for temporary permits
Students who were given temporary on
campus parking permits during registration
have until 4 p.m. today to pick up their
permanent permits, if they were awarded
Due to heavy demand for on-campus
parking following Chapel Hill's ban on
residential parking, 100 to 1 50 students who
have temporary permits were closed out of
UNC Traffic Office spokesperson Abbott
Mason said that the temporary permits
expire today, and starting Friday cars
Carter, Torrijos sign Panama Canal treaty as leaders watch
parked on campus without a permanent
permit will be subject to citation and towing.
Student Government legislation gives
selection criteria in case demand exceeds
supply for on-campus permits. Priority is
given to graduate students and
upperclassmen. students who live farthest
from campus and students who do not live
on a bus line.
To find out if they are one of the lucky
ones, students should go to the traffic office
in Room B2 of the Y Building by 4 p.m.
Permits not picked up by then will go on
general sale Monday morning.
WASHINGTON (UPI) - With the stroke of
a pen, President Carter Wednesday promised to
give up Teddy Roosevelt's Panama Canal at the
turn of the century and to open "a new
partnership" with Latin America based on
"fairness, not force."
Carter and Panama's Gen. Omar Torrijos
signed the historic new canal treaties Wednesday
evening under blazing chandeliers in ceremonies
attended by the leaders of 27 American nations,
former President Gerald Ford, Henry Kissinger,
Lady Bird Johnson and congressional leaders.
The signing ceremony televised live
throughout the Western Hemisphere cleared
the way for a long, fierce ratification battle in the
Senate, without whose approval the pacts are
mere scraps of paper.
Carter and Torrijos each included a plea for
Senate approval in their brief ceremonial
Then they signed four copies of the red and
blue-bound, looseleaf treaties, turned to each
other and embraced amid deafening applause in
the Pan American Union building's Hall of the
The President and Mrs. Carter hosted a gala
State Dinner for the 17 Western Hemisphere
chiefs of state and other ranking dignitaries at
the unprecedented inter-American summit
Guests consumed lobster and roast meats with
They mark the
commitment that fairness,
not force, should lie at the
heart of our dealings with
the nations of the world.
Jimmy Carter, 1977
gold dinnerware, sipped wine from crystal
goblets and were entertained by violinist Isaac
Stern, pianist Andre Previn and soprano Maria
But outside in the streets of Washington, and
in Panama, small groups of antitreaty protesters .
staged diversionary rallies the Americans
denouncing the treaties as "treason" and a sellout
of America's heritage, and the Panamanians
demanding much swifter return of the waterway.
The treaties, under negotiation for 13 years
since Lyndon Johnson was president, would
return full control of the 51-mile waterway to
Panama on Dec. 31, 1999, while preserving for
the United States the right to defend the canal's
"neutrality" after that.
They would replace the 1903 accord
negotiated by President Theodore Roosevelt as a
triumph of his big-stick diplomacy and the
"manifest destiny" policies of that era.
American conservatives have already begun a
vociferous campaign to block Senate
ratification, and both Carter and Torrijos made
clear in their ceremonial remarks they believe
rejection would be a diplomatic calamity.
Carter said the twin pacts would do more than
"assure a peaceful and prosperous and secure
future for an international waterway of great
importance to us all. . .
"They mark the commitment of the United
States to the belief that fairness, not force,
should lie at the heart of our dealings with the
nations of the world...
"The agreement thus forms a new partnership
to insure that this vital waterway will continue to
be well operated, safe and open to shipping by all
nations now and in the future."
Striking a conciliatory note, Carter said the
original 1903 accord, which gave the United
States virtual sovereignty over the waterway
permanently "has become an obstacle to better
relations with Latin America."
Torrijos responded with pointed references to
the "colonial conquest of our country"
represented by the original treaty.
But, looking across at Carter, he said, "by
raising the banner of morality in international
relations you are representing the true spirit of
your people... you have turned imperial force
into moral force."
Torrijos said the treaties do not have the "full
support of our people" because the pacts delay
lull Panamanian control until the turn of the
century and because the "neutrality" agreement
"places us under the Pentagon's umbrella" by
guaranteeing U.S. defense rights even after that
transfer of power.
iut the general, who took power at the head of
? ;ftist-orientcd coup in 1968, also pleaded with
"my dear friends in the U.S. Senate" to ratify the
Quoting Abraham Lincoln as his source, he
said, "a statesman thinks of future generations
while a politician thinks of the coming election"
and urged the Senators to behave "like
Carter pressed his personal lobby campaign
for ratification right through the day, briefing a
gathering of civic leaders and a group of
uncommitted senators who indicated afterwards
they are still uncommitted.
The main thrust in Carter's pro-treaty
publicity campaign, however, was the diplomatic
extravaganza surrounding the signing
ceremonies themselves. With 17 American chiefs
of state present and with international press
coverage laid on, it was the biggest and best
covered diplomatic event in Washington in
Piease turn to pag9 2.