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It will be clearing but getting
colder with a high today in
the mid-40s and the high
Wednesday in the upper 30s.
The low tonight will be in the
upper teens. The chance of
rain is 20 percent today and
near zero tonight and
Volume 85, Issue Ho.pi
by 10-8 vote
Two hours of debate
precede final ballot
By HOWARD TROXLER
Chip Cox was elected speaker of the
Campus Governing Council by a 10-to-8
vote Monday night. Cox, chairperson of the
CGC Rules and Judiciary Committee,
defeated council member Randall Williams
in a run-off election.
The decision came on the third vote of the
council after nearly two hours of debate. "I
would like to thank all of you who have given
me support," Cox told the council after his
election. "We have a lot of work before us in
the rest of the year, so let's move on to the
next bill under consideration."
Cox and Williams were the first- and
second-place candidates in the second vote.
Candidate Bob Long received four votes in
the contest, after several members changed
their votes from Long to Williams as a result
There was some discussion during the
meeting about an article that appeared in the
Daily Tar Heel Monday listing Cox and
Long as the "primary" candidates for the
speaker's seat. "This article may have biased
any member who might have read it," said
one council member.
Four votes were taken. The first ballot
gave Cox and Long the first two spots, but
after considerable discussion, another vote
was taken and Williams displaced Long on
the second-place spot. The council voted
twice more, splitting exactly by a vote of 9 to
9 between Cox and Williams. On the third
vote, council member Darius Moss said,
"Well, I'm going to end all this and change
my vote to Cox."
Cox assumed the chair and the council
moved to new business, including:
The appointment of Student
Government worker Mark Payne to the
Carolina Union Board of Directors.
The tabling of a bill that would reform
the campus elections laws.
A commendation to ex-speaker Gordon
Cureton for his service to the council.
'Weekender to be
This Daily Tar Heel will be the last
regular issue of the paper to be
published this semester. The first issue
next semester will be Jan. 11, the first
day of classes.
A special issue of Weekender will be
published Friday. The 24-page tabloid
supplement will include a listing of
Former UNC student disputes Ford version
of 1975 Mayaguez ship seizure incident
By ELIZABETH MESSICK
The American-owned Mayaguez was
seized by Cambodia on May 12, 1975 at the
end of the Vietnamese War. The ship, an
innocent merchant vessel, was
approximately six and one-half miles off
Tang Island in uncontrolled shipping waters.
That's the basic assumption of the report
on the Mayaguez incident released by the
Ford administration. That report was
disputed strongly by an article in the Dec. 1
issue of Rolling Stone which was co
authored by a UNC student.
Fred Houk Jr., a law student, says he
researched the information for the article for
more than two years. What did he find?
"It is now obvious to me that every
essential element of the Ford
Administration's version of the Mayaguez
incident, when looked at closely, turned out
to be either a lie or highly suspect," he says.
For example, the Mayaguez was not an
"innocent" ship it had been carrying
intelligence information on its previous trip,
Houk says. It was within one and one-half
miles of Tang Island at the time it was
attacked. And the United States launched its
rescue attempt soon after crew members
were released from their four-day captivity
in Cambodia. The attack still raised Gerald
Ford's approval rating from 40 to 50 percent,
Houk points out.
Houk was graduated from UNC in August
1977 with highest honors in political science.
In order to graduate with highest honors he
was required to write a thesis.
He originally was studying the
presidential advisory system and former
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
"Because of that research it became obvious
that the way the Mayaguez incident was
handled was quite similar to other things
Kissinger wanted to do," he said. He
changed his thesis topic to the Mayaguez
Much of Houk's early research involved
traveling up and down the East Coast. He
met with "people considered important in
the media. . .and people who play high roles
in the government, people in sensitive
positions with the intelligence community,"
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UNC President William Friday said Monday that, "There is no pattern of
discrimination in money for new facilities. The record speaks for itself." Staff photo
by Allen Jernigan.
Faculty Council will consider Honor
By JACI HUGHES
The Faculty Council will consider the
Committee on Student Conduct's proposed
Honor Code changes and criticisms leveled
at those proposals by the council's
Educational Policy Committee at 3 p.m.
Friday in 100 Hamilton Hall.
COSC's proposals would eliminate the so
called "rat clause" from the Honor Code and
institute a system of faculty proctoring.
Under the system proposed by EPC, the
final fall paper
weekend activities, recipes for special
holiday drinks and a preview of holiday
sports activities for the Tar Heels, as
well as reviews and other features.
The DTH staff takes this opportunity
to wish everyone good luck on exams
and a happy holiday season.
The information he received before he
began working with the San Francisco
attorney who is representing 16 of the 29
crew members was off-the-record.
"There's just so much that people will say-off-the-record
without it being obvious as to
who said it, but they pointed me in the right
direction," Houk says.
When he contacted Martin Jarvis, the
attorney, Houk was able to exchange
information he had for trial testimony,
depositions, access to officials of Sea-Land
Services, Inc., who owned the boat, and
other information he otherwise would have
been unable to get, he says.
Even after he had information that he
could safely quote, Houk received little
support for his research.
"Major newspapers were afraid to take the
story," he says. "They didn't want to put in
the effort necessary to get at this story
because it was speculative at best at this
By DAVID CRAFT
Lt. Col. Ray Schrump, a former Vietnamese
prisoner of war from Fayetteville, says he believes
he has found evidence that the Vietnamese were
holding Americans as POWs as late as 1975.
Schrump announced last Friday that he has
contacted a former Vietnamese sergeant, now a
refugee in the United States, who reported seeing
American captives in South Vietnam in October
1975. The last American POW reportedly was
returned by North Vietnam on April I, 1973.
"The man reports seeing two American soldiers
lying in the bottom of a boat with their hands tied
behind their backs," Schrump said Sunday in a
"The thing that bothers me the most is that the
government says tha' n questions every refugee
coming into this country about the possibility of
POWs still being held. This man says that h. was
never asked that question. 1 feel this is enough io
discredit President Carter's credibility"
Schrump had hoped to use the refugee's story to
discredit the Carter Administration when U.S.
representatives were to meet with the Vietnamese
Serving the students and the
Tuesday, December 6, 1977,
"rat clause" would be removed, but there
would be no faculty proctoring. EPC also
has called for a massive program of
education to acquaint faculty members and
students with the Honor Code and their
responsibilities under it.
In addition to deletion of the "rat clause,"
COSC has proposed the following
responsibilities for faculty members under
the new system:
To inform students at the beginning of
each course and before all graded work that
the Honor Code is in effect.
To inform students in advance of any
exam or graded work what notes, materials
or aids may be used and to require that
unauthorized materials be removed from the
room or made inaccessible.
To require each student to sign a pledge
that he has neither given nor received
unauthorized aid on all written work.
"To take all reasonable steps consistent
with existing physical classroom conditions
such as requiring students to sit in
alternate seats to reduce the possibility of
"It took two and one-half years to get it to
the point where a magazine was willing to
print it in even the restricted manner in
which Rolling Stone printed it," he says.
The article, in the Dec. 1 issue, was printed
in the news and opinion column and titled,
"Mayaguez, The Fiasco Behind Ford's
"I've been threatened with libel and had
extraordinary pressure to . lay off (my
research) since 1 wrote the rough draft of my
thesis in 1976," Houk says.
"I'm still doing research, but not for
personal reasons. Several hundred were
killed (during the Mayaguez incident) and a
lot of damage was relatively unreported.
"My purpose is to rekindle the issue and
get Congress to do the job they should have
done in the first place but were unable to do
because of political pressure at the end of the
See STONE on page 3.
captives in 1975,
lie POW claims
in Paris Wednesday. The State Department
announced Monday that the meeting had been
canceled because of "technical problems with the
A State Department official said he knew
nothing of Schrump's story.
"We have nothing to substantiate the belief that
Americans were being held in 1975 or are being
held today," said Warren Magruder, public
adviser for the Far East.
"We are making every effort to account for
those listed as missing in action. We do ask every
refugee coming into this country if he knows of
any POWs or MI As."
Schrump learned of the refugee from a
telephone conversation with a family in New York
"They called me last Wednesday and told me
that they had contacted the refugee. They told me
that their son has been missing in action for eight
years. They heard that 1 have been campaigning
for the Ml As, so they contacted me."
Schrump then called Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C.
"Ray called me late Wednesday night and told
me the story." Clint Fuller, administrative
See POW on page 5.
University community since 1893
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Board of Governors
sends letter to
Outlines conflicting issues
By AMY McRARY
The UNC Board of Governors Monday
approved a letter to the U.S. Department of
Health, Education and Welfare citing three
major issues it and HEW must agree on
before a plan for desegregation can be
The issues were set as major concerns for
HEW and UNC at a meeting Nov. 16
between UNC President William C. Friday
and David Tatel, director of the Office of
Civil Rights, the HEW branch dealing with
the desegregation proposal. Also present at
the meeting were Raymond H. Dawson,
UNC vice president for academic affairs and
two of Tatel's associates.
The three issues addressed in the letter to
the question of whether HEW or UNC
controls the University system.
the policies and commitments of the
board to improve the five traditionally black
universities in the 16-member system.
the increase of black student enrollment
in traditionally white institutions.
HEW has until Jan. S to submit a
desegregation plan to U.S. District Court
Judge John H. Pratt. Pratt ruled in April
that UNC's desegregation plan was
inadequate. "I don't know if we'll make the
deadline or not," Friday said about HEW
cheating on graded work."
To exercise caution in preparing exams
to ensure that students cannot gain advance
knowledge of their contents and to avoid
reuse of exams.
"To exercise supervision of the class
during an examination. . .Supervision
includes . . . presence in the classroom by the
instructor or an authorized substitute." .
To report' any instance of cheating
which a faculty member observes to the
Office of the Student Attorney General and
to cooperate with that office in its
The proposed changes also outline several
specific responsibilities of students.
Although failure to report an observed
violation would no longer be a violation
itself, students still would be encouraged to
Students also are asked to refrain from
divulging information about the contents of
an exam to another student yet to take the
Students under pressure
Cults gain recruits during exams
By DAVID STACKS
Moonies, Hare Krisnas and other
religious cultists step up recruiting
activities on college campuses during
final exam periods, a leader of an anti
cult group says.
"Campuses are a good recruiting place,
especially at exam time," according to
David Rickard, president of the Raleigh
chapter of Citizens Organized for Public
Awareness of Cults.
"The student tends to be in a mentally
depressed state, either because of bad
grades or anxiety in anticipation of
exams." he says. "The cults appear to be
the answer because they offer the student
But a UNC religion professor disagrees
with Rickard's theory, saying the
problems a student has during exams are
the same problems he has all semester.
"At crisis points people do ask certain
questions of religious significance and are
likely to be more prone to conversion,"
says J.L. Powell, assitant professor of
There are all kinds of critical points,
not just exam time," Powell says.
"Training to run the four-minute mile can
be painful at First, but it doesn't
necessarily lead to a religious
Rickard says the Unification Church of
the Rev. Sun Myung Moon, the Divine
Light Mission, Hare Krisnas, The Way
International, Children of God, the
Church of God, the Church of
Scientology and other Eastern cults are
active on several North Carolina
camp'ises. including UNC.
' It i 'here, let me help you' approach,"
kitK..rd says. "Most of these groups
don't mean any harm. It's just that their
members are indoctrinated to believe
their way is the only way."
As former cultist with The Way,
Rickard says he does not know how many
religious cultists operate on ihe UNC
campus because there are no statistics on
"They're not growing by leaps and
and UNC reaching an agreement. "But we're
certainly going to try."
The letter from the board dealing with the
issues discussed by Friday and Tatel is a
response to a Nov. 7 letter by H EW outlining
criticisms of UNC's revised desegregation
plan, passed by the board in August.
One member of the board, J. J. Sanson Jr.
of Raleigh, voted against approval of the
letter to HEW. Twenty-three of the 32 board
members were present for the special
HEW has said the University system
should give the department prior notice
before it institutes "changes in the mission or
the character of any institution within the
state system which may directly or indirectly
affect the achievement of its desegregation
goals. . ." This notice includes any change in
or extension of new programs or
departments, or the closing or merger of
The letter states that UNC cannot
acknowledge that this role of HEW as a
supervising governing board is either
necessary or proper concerning
HEW's Nov. 7 response to the UNC
desegregation plan also criticized the
University's improvement of the
traditionally black universities. The five
black universities are: North Carolina A&T
State, North Carolina Central, Elizabeth
Code proposals Friday
Student Body President Bill Moss said
Monday that he supports COSC's
proposals. "The time has come that we have
to go to proctoring," he said.
Moss praised the section of the COSC
proposals which spells out faculty and
student responsibilities. "This section of the
revised Instrument (of Student Judicial
Governance) would help clarify for those
involved (students and faculty) their'
responsibilities with regard to academic
integrity in the University," Moss said.
But EPC states in its report to the Faculty
Council that the current Instrument of
Student Judicial Governance provides
adequately for faculty responsibilities. The
1 nstruments states: "Modification of the self
regulatory requirement of the Honor Code
may be warranted by extraordinary class
facilities or the special nature of a particular
The EPC report also states that the
proposed switch to proctoring might be
irreversible. "Certainly it is easier to end an
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The Hare Krisnas are one of several religious cultist groups which step up recruiting
activities during exams, according to David Rickard, head of an anti-cult group. This
Hare Krisna group set up shop In the Pit in 1976. Photo by Margaret Kirk.
bounds like they once did," Rickard says,
Public awareness has helped out a lot,
People are more suspicious now than
they used to be."
Rickard attributes increased public
cognizance of cults to awareness groups
like COPAC. Founded in 1975. the
Greensboro-based COPAC is primarily a
group of parents and former cultists who
speak to civic, church and school groups
to warn of cult indoctrination methods.
However, a University Police
investigator says Moonies and other
cultists are not as active in Chapel Hill
now as they once were.
"I've never seen them here during
exams," Lt. Charlie Mauer says. "If they
are here, they are such a small number
that nobody has complained."
Mauer savs members of the
Phil Ford was named ACC
player of the week for his
role in UNC's Big Four
Tournament victory. See
this story, the UPI basketball
poll and other sports news
on pages 8 and 9.
Please call us: 933-0245
City State, Fayetteville State and Winston
HEW says the UNC plan does not include
enough specific new steps to further enhance
these black universities. HEW also states
that the UNC Board of Governors is not
committed to giving priority consideration
to placing new programs at these
In answer, the letter approved by the
board states that the board has taken steps
since 1972 to improve the black universities.
The letter lists improvements that include
special appropriations for program, salary
and library improvements, as well as
appropriations to strengthen the staff and
research at the five campuses.
The UNC letter states that "the board has
in fact taken important steps to strengthen
these institutions, within the limits of the
total resources at its disposal, . ."
The letter also says that the board has
given priority to building new facilities at the
five traditionally black schools. "There is no
pattern of discrimination in money for new
facilities," Friday told the board. "The
record speaks for itself."
HEW also has said the UNC system must
increase by 130 percent the number of black
freshmen and transfers entering traditionally
white institutions. While the board's
response says there is no argument to the
increase as a goal for the system, it says the
increase cannot be done by 1982, as
requested by HEW.
See BOARD on page 2.
honor system than to establish one," the
"I hope that all possible steps are taken so
that the changes will not be irreversible,"
Moss said. "The changes should be re
evaluated after a period of time."
Other proposed changes to which EPC
has raised no objections are:
Suspension would be the normative
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The minimum length of indefinite
sanctions handed down by the Honor Courts
would be extended to one full semester
beyond the semester in which the sanction is
Probationary sanctions would be made
more meaningful by forbidding students on
probation from being selected for
membership in campus honoraries.
The proposals would create the position
of an Honor Code counselor who would
hold mandatory meetings with all students
Unification Church were on campus
earlier in the semester. Hare Krisnas were
reported in the area last spring. But
neither group has been heard from since,
Rickard was a cult member for three
years, participating in study groups,
social gatherings and witnessing sessions
in univeristy dormitories and housing
projects across the state. Now he is a
scientist with the N.C. Department of
"W hen I stopped going to the meetings
regularly, the conditioning wore off and 1
was subject to other kinds of thinking,"
he says. "I realized I had been tricked. I
realized they had used mind
manipulating techniques on me."
See MOON on page 3.
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