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Around and around
The UNC head football'
gained two more riders
Thursday. Miami of Ohio's
Dick Crum and former
Tennessee coach Bill Battle
are now under
consideration. See page 3.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 85, Issue Ho.JA J
Friday, January 20, 1S78, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
The all-too-familiar rain
should end by tonight, and
there's a good chance for a
clear weekend, with highs in
the upper 30s. The low
tonight will be 30.
4 1 pp
Ice-laden tree limbs
make beautiful hazard
By KEITH HOLLAR
and TONY GUNN
State and National Editor
Freezing rain crippled Chapel Hill
Thursday night, downing trees
throughout the city and resulting in
massive power outtages in several areas.
No power outtages were reported on
campus, however, said E. E. Blackwood
of the University Power Plant.
"We haven't had any calls at all," he
said. "The cables are under ground on
campus, so the ice can't get to them."
Throughout this evening we have
had heavy (power) outtages in several
main circuits," Paul Martin, Chapel Hill
district manager for Duke Power Co.,
said Thursday night at 9:30.
"We estimate that we've had as many
as 4,000 customers (households)
throughout the evening and night
without power and for different
durations, some for three . to four
He said two circuits remained partly
out at 9:30 p.m., one serving areas on
Farrington Road and the other serving
the area along Franklin Street from
Estes Drive west' into the downtown
"That's the situation now," Martin
said. "We could have more areas out in
"If the weather conditions remain the
same throughout the night and into the
morning, it could be Friday afternoon
before we get all the power restored."
A winter-storm and flash-flood watch
was in effect, and the forecast called for
continued rain, possibly ending late this
On campus, University Police
reported about 9:30 p.m. that falling
trees had presented the most problems,
damaging cars and breaking phone
University Police had no record of
personal injuries, however.
Power was off from approximately 6
to 9 p.m. in Granville Towers and the
surround block, then went off again
about 40 minutes later. People were
stuck in elevators for a few minutes,
"but everyone got out okay," one
Decision due Monday
Raleigh rally urges
Hunt to pardon Ten
By STEPHEN HARRIS
RALEIGH A crowd of about 75
persons braved heavy rains to attend a
rally Thursday night in support of a
pardon of innocence for the Wilmington
Meeting at the First Baptist Church,
the assembly heard the rally's chief
speaker, Mrs. Elizabeth Chavis of
Oxford, mother of imprisoned Ten
defendant the Rev. Ben Chavis. She
called on Gov. Jim Hunt to show "moral
courage" and to do what is right, no
matter how controversial it is.
Mrs. Chavis called the Wilmington 10
trial a miscarriage of justice which only
can be corrected by a pardon.
Hunt plans to announce Monday
night whether he will grant the jailed
civil rights workers a pardon of
innocence or a pardon of forgiveness,
commute their sentences or leave them
The Ten are nine black men and one
white woman convicted on charges of
arson and shooting at firefighters and
police officers during racial unrest in
Wilmington in 1971.
"People ask me why a pardon for the
Wilmington 10," Mrs. Chavis said.
"Two reasons. First, all of the
defendants are completely innocent.
Second, the defendants were framed.
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The owners of these bicycles will find themselves with cold seats this morning after
the ice storm left these lovely, crystalline and cold remnants. Staff photo by Billy
Commission: no order
By EVELYN SAHR
TheN.C. Utilities Commission apparently
will not order Southern Bell to rebate area
subscribers money it collected from them for
property taxes the utility did not pay for in
. Chapel Hill Alderman Bob Epting,
howevergtiU. plans to petition the utilities
commission to force Southern Bell either to
give a rebate to its subscribers or to make a
voluntary contribution in lieu of taxes.
"While I wouldn't say that there is no
hope, it would be very hard to prove that one
part of North Carolina would be entitled to a
refund where another would not be," Hugh
Wells, head of the utilities commission
public staff, said Wednesday.
Southern Bell avoided paying local
property taxes for last year for property it
purchased in March from UNC, even though
it charged area phone subscribers for the
taxes through its monthly service charges.
Because of a tax loophole, almost 99
percent of the property Southern Bell
purchased from the UNC-owned Chapel
Hill Telephone Co. was assessed as tax
exempt for 1977.
Anything less (than a pardon) would
compound the original injustice to the
Speaking under a banner which read,
"Human Rights Begin at Home, Free
the Wilmington 10." Mrs. Chavis said,
"The eyes of the entire world are on
"You have actually saved the lives of
the Wilmington 10; you have saved
Ben's life... from the slow death of
being forgotten about."
Mrs. Chavis contended that the
restrictions of a parole coming from
commutation would limit the actions of
The Ten for many years to come. "I trust
and pray that Gov. Hunt will end the
injustice to the Wilmington 10," she
said. j ..
Mrs. Chavis received a standing
At the gathering letters and telegrams
from across the country and one from
abroad were read, including a letter
from the Carolina Gay Association.
Following the rally, participants were
scheduled to march three blocks from
the church to the Governor's Mansion
carrying flashlights, simulating a
candlelight vigil. The procession was to
circle the mansion and return to the
church before breaking up.
Hunt's announcement of his Ten
decision will be broadcast live Monday
on statewide television.
Area tax officials estimated the loss in tax
revenue to the Chapel Hill, Carrboro and
Orange County governments to be $400,000.
"While $400,000 may be insignificant to
Southern Bell, which nets over $100 million
a year, it means a great deal to us," Epting
Although an appeal which would force the
utility to pay the back taxes is before the
Property Tax Commission, "we will still file
a petition to the (utilities) commission,"
Wells explained, however, that asking the
utilities commission to require Southern Bell
to refund the money would not be the most
practical thing to do.
"Because of the way the commission sets
the rates that Southern Bell charges, there is
no way that you could isolate the property
taxes in a way to apply them against the
Chapel Hill rates," Wells said. "That
$400,000 you're talking about is such a small
amount, you'll not likely be able to show the
commission where it fits in."
Epting admits that Wells "didn't hold out
a lot of hope that we'd get Southern Bell to
rebate it. However, we don't have a
consumer-oriented utilities commission.
If proposed architectural changes to the Carolina Union are approved, the number of
bowling lanes in the basement will be reduced from 12 to six. Staff photo by Nancy
Bowling alley to be cut in half
By ROBERT THOMASON
The Carolina Union may lose half its
bowling lanes if the current plan for the
renovation and expansion of the Carolina
Union is approved.
J. Hyatt Hammonds Associates, the
architects handling the changes, presented
drawings to the Carolina Union Board of
Directors Wednesday afternoon.
If the plan is approved by the UNC Board
of Trustees this spring, the Carolina Union
board hopes construction can begin within a
to hush surplus fun
By HOWARD TROXLER
Three, members of Student Government
agreed in October 1977 to keep the amount
of money in a surplus fund hidden from
members of the Campus Governing Council,
the officials admitted today.
Student Body President Bill Moss,
Student Body Treasurer Todd Albert and
Phil Searcy, CGC Finance Committee
chairperson, agreed in mid-October not to
divulge the surplus amount to members of
the CGC or to the student body.
CGC member Darius Moss accused
Student Government of withholding
information concerning the surplus in an
article that appeared in the Daily Tar Heel
The DTH article reported that Student
Government had a surplus fund of $184,443
as of May 16, 1977, and that the amount was
not discovered until Nov. 22, 1977.
Treasurer Albert said Thursday he had the
information concerning the surplus before
the surplus figure was made available to a
few CGC members in late November.
"I could have easily told anyone who
wanted to know how much money we had,
but I was told not to give out the amount by
the people I first informed of the surplus,
namely, Bill M oss," Albert said. "They were
afraid that the amount would be
misunderstood, which it has been."
President Moss defended the decision
"The rationale behind all this has been
that if this general surplus amount is a widely
North Carolina has a reputation to be a
rubber stamp for utilities as much as any
utility commission in the country."
Because the service rate is determined by
the number of phone subscribers in an area,
Epting said that he is trying to get more
information from other areas in North
Carolina which have the same number of
"1 want to find out what percentage of the
other areas' rate bases actually comes out to
be taxes," he said. "This way I can determine
what a fair portion here ought to go out for
However, Mike Carson, Chapel Hill
district manager for Southern Bell, said
Tuesday, "1 doubt seriously that Southern
Bell will make a donation or a rebate. In fact,
the utilities commission would frown on that
because the money would come out of the .
tax money collected from every telephone
consumer's pocket in North Carolina.
Besides, there's so many things that makeup
a local service charge nobody can tell me
what the right price should be.
"1 think enough has been said about the
tax situation. We didn't write the tax law,
and we're not purposely trying to violate a
law," he said.
The proposed plan, which would cost
$1.75 million, met with some opposition
from the Carolina Union directors. The
plans call for elimination of the eight
northern lanes of the alley, which is located
in the Carolina Union basement. Two lanes
would be added to the southern part of the
alley, displacing the WXYC studios and the
Student Graphics workshop. WXYC and
Student Graphics would be moved to the
planned Carolina Union addition.
A restaurant would replace the northern
lanes. The restaurant would be serviced by a
See EXPANSION on page 2.
known figure, then the CGC will be in a
position to be manipulated into dealing with
this money in a way in which it would
otherwise not do," Moss said.
Moss termed the article Thursday
misleading and sensational. "Although the
amount given as being in the general surplus
was really there, we couldn't spend all of it,"
Albert explained the seeming
inconsistencies about the true amount of the
surplus in the article Thursday.
"When I told someone that there was
$80,000 in the general surplus, I meant that's
how much we could spend," Albert said.
Albert said that as fees for the fall semester
began coming in, the amount of money that
Student Government could spend rose, thus
accounting for the different and widely
varying estimates of the general surplus
among CGC members.
Albert criticized CGC member Darius
Moss, who was quoted in the article as
blaming the Director of the Stuflent
Activities Fund Office, Frances Sparrow, for
the lack of information concerning the
"It's not Mrs. Sparrow's job to tell people
how much money they have," Albert said.
"Her job is simply to keep the records. CGC
didn't even try to find out for themselves how
much was in the surplus. Instead, they relied
on members such as Darius Moss."
Searcy, CGC finance committee
chairperson, agreed with Albert. "Darius
was completely out of line in blaming
SAFO," Searcy said.
CGC to discuss investing
new-found hidden monies
The Campus Governing
Council will discuss at its Jan. 31
meeting a proposal that a portion
: of the general surplus be invested.
The proposal calls for the
investment of the surplus funds
through the University's pool of
investments. Representatives of
Student Government contacted
Wayne Jones, assistant vice
chancellor for finance, about the
possibility of investment earlier
"As far as the University is
concerned, it would be no problem
to invest the surplus if Student
Government approves it," Jones
Jones said University
Honor Code changes get
CGC committee approval;
Council to consider today
By JACI HUGHES
The Rules and Judiciary Committee of the
Campus Governing Council unanimously
approved Thursday a set of proposed Honor
Code changes that includes elimination of
the so-called "rat clause."
The Faculty Council will consider the
same proposals at its 3 p.m. meeting today.
The CGC will vote on the proposals at a
special meeting Tuesday. The changes must
be approved by the Faculty Council, the
CGC and the chancellor.
The proposals were drawn up by the
Committee on Student Conduct, a joint
The "rat clause" is the provision in the
Instrument of Student Judicial Governance
that requires students to report H onor Code
violations by other students. The COSC
proposals also recommend that a statement
of faculty responsibilities, including
proctoring, be appended to the Instrument.
Other proposed changes in the Instrument
Making suspension the "normal
sanction" for first academically related
offenses. Probation would be the only lesser
sanction which the courts could impose in
Extending the minimum length of
indefinite suspension. Indefinite suspension
now carries a minimum length of the balance
of the semester in which the sanction is
imposed. Under the new proposals,
indefinite suspension would last one
semester beyond the semester in which the
sanction is imposed.
Making probationary sanctions more
meaningful by prohibiting students on
probation from being inducted into campus
In the article. Bill Moss and Albert
contended that some sort of surplus fund
must be maintained at all times for three
Cash flow. "Just because the surplus
figure is there on paper as what we can spend
doesn't mean that money is really there in the
bank," Albert said. "That's why we need to
keep a surplus for cash flow purposes."
Albert said that at the beginning of the
year, before any student fees come in, the
budget already has been approved, and
student organizations begin spending
money. But since no student fees are yet in,
there must be a cushion in the Student
Long term expenses, such as machinery
for Student Graphics, WXYC and other
Emergency funds. "There is a need for
emergency fundi in case the unexpected
happens, and there is a need for the money,"
Moss said. He cited examples such as
possible lawsuits against Student
Government or breakdowns of Student
Albert estimated that approximately
$40,000 should be kept in the surplus fund at
all times for these reasons.
Moss emphasized the need to make sure
there were sufficient funds in the surplus.
"It's critical that we safeguard our
credibility," he said. "Student Government
doesn't want checks bouncing all over the
investments usually earn about 7
He said the investment could be
returned to Student Government
The surplus funds have
accumulated over several years,
according to Student Body
Treasurer Todd Albert. At the end
of each fiscal year, all unspent
student fees go into the surplus.
Actual revenue from student
fees usually exceeds the estimate
on which the Student Government
budget is based, Albert said. The
extra fees also go into the surplus
- HOWARD TROXLER
honoraries. Students on probation also
would be required to report to an Honor
Creating the position of an Honor Code
counselor who would hold mandatory
conferences with all students placed on
probation and insure that each student
complies with the terms of his probation.
Before the Faculty Council votes on the
proposed changes in the Instrument, it will
consider a set of faculty responsibilities
designed to create joint student-faculty
participation in the Honor Code. The
"To exercise proper security in the
distribution and collection of examination
papers and to be present in the classroom '
during an examination when the instructor
believes his presence is warranted or when
the circumstances, in his opinion, make his
To avoid reuse of instructor-prepared
examinations unless they are made available
to all students.
To report cheating to the Office of the
Student Attorney General or the Office of
Student Affairs and to cooperate in the
investigation and trial of any alleged
violator, including the giving of testimony.
"To take all reasonable steps consistent
with existing physical classroom
conditions. . .to reduce the possibility of
cheating on graded work".
To inform students at the beginning of
each course that the Honor Code is in effect
and to present a clear definirion of
plagiarism where appropriate.
To identify which books or materials
students may and may not use.
To require students to sign a pledge on
all written work that they have neither given
nor received unauthorized aid.