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Spring-like weather has
finally arrived with expected
highs in the 60's early in the
week. However, there is a
chance of showers Monday
night and Tuesday.
Phil Ford discussed his last
collegiate basketball game
in an interview. See
inside on page 7.
Serving the students and the University community since 1H93
Volume 85, Issue No. 10t 6
Monday, March 13, 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Heels find Tempe
By GENE LPCHURCH
TEMPE, Ariz. Fundamentals in basketball are as important as
the ball and rim, and without the fundamentals, a team can't be
This painful truth became evident to Carolina Saturday in the
preliminaries of the West Regionals as the sun set on the Tar Heels'
chances to advance in the NCAA Tournament.
There'll be no Albuqerque and no St. Louis for Carolina this year.
San Francisco took advantage of Carolina's inability to hit open
shots for a 68-64 win over the Tar Heels to advance to Albuquerque,
N.M. for the West Regionals.
The lid over the Carolina basket was tight against San Francisco,
and statistics jump off the page to underscore this. Stats such as Phil
Ford's 7-for-21 performance in his last collegiate game, Mike
O'Koien's 5-for-13 game and freshman Al Wood's 3-for-9 game
show how quickly and unmercifully a long season can end in the
"It's disappointing to lose," Dean Smith said after again being
frustrated in his efforts to win a national title. "We just didn't shoot
But more than a 42 percent field goal percentage sealed Carolina's
fate. The Tar Heels could not contain one of the top big men in the
country in seven-footer Bill Cartwright, who rambled for 23 points
and 1 1 rebounds and held Carolina centers Jeff Wolf and Geff
Crompton to a combined eight points and nine rebounds.
"He was very impressive inside," Smith said.
Cartwright's efforts against the UNC big men, combined with poor
Tar Heel shooting, upped the Dons to a 1 3-point advantage with over
10 minutes to go in the first half. It took an impressive showing by
UNC's Blue team to prevent an impending rout.
In fact, after Smith inserted a fresh lineup, Carolina held the USF
surge at bay, and drew even near the end of the period. It was tied at
32 at the half.
"I felt one of the keys was not allowing them to get an early lead
and start dictating things," said San Francisco coach Bob Gaillard,
who announced last fall he would resign when the season ended.
Carolina moved ahead early in the second half and led by as much
as six before a three-minute drought hit the team, allowing the Dons
to tie the game and move ahead. ?
See BASKETBALL on page 3.
Close vote expected -
Board to appeal decision
in student voting challenge
? i hi " VHW
Most Carolina students went home over spring break and few
of the students who remained in Chapel Hill had cause to use
Wilson Library. The lack of students is evidenced in this picture
of an eerily deserted library building. The moon shines
through threatening snow clouds that never did bring their
expected white powder. Staff photo by Billy Newman.
By RACHEL BROWN
and ROBERT. THOMASON
The Orange County Board of Elections
Friday asked the N.C. Board of Elections to
help local officials process 6.000 voter
challenges and requested the N.C. Court of
Appeals to delay a lower court order
requiring county registrars to purge UNC
students from voter rolls in Chapel Hill and
Superior Court Judge James H. Pou '
Bailey last week ordered the Orange
elections board to compare the addresses
students gave when registering to vote to
those they gave the University when
preregistcring for class.
County attorneys Lonnie Coleman and
Geoffrey Gledhill have appealed the
Superior Court ruling to the N.C. Court of
Appeals, saying the 1972 case Bailey cited
was based on an 1843 Massachusetts
Supreme Court decision that has since been
struck down as unconstitutional.
Students who listed permanent addresses
outside Orange County when enrolling in
classes should be considered ineligible to
vote. Bailey said.
It was not immediately known how many
students will be affected by Bailey's order
because voter registration books do not
indicate who is a student and who is not,
officials said Sunday.
. "1 don't think anybody knows for sure,"
said Ray Strong, director of the UNC Office
of Records and Registration.
In its suit against elections officials, the
Orange Committee said as many as 10,000
ineligible students may be on voter rolls. An
Orange County Democratic Party estimate
puts the figure at 4.000.
Bailey also ordered elections registrars to
assume students registering to vote are
legally domiciled in the town where their
parents live instead of Chapel Hill or
Carrboro. Under the court order, students
will have to prove they are Orange County
residents and make a written certification of
Bailey dismissed the civil suit against the
state elections board, saying local registrars
were to blame for illegal residents getting on
county voter rolls.
The judge said the Orange County Board
of Elections did not follow state guidelines in
registering student voters.
In addition to filing suit in Superior Court
against the local and state elections boards,
the Orange Committee has challenged 6,000
persons it says are illegally registered to vote
in Orange County.
Included in the 6,000 arc UNC Athletic
Director Bill Cobey, former Dean of Women
Kitty Carmichael, Vice Chancellor John
Temple, Gen. Art Hurow, a member of the
Orange Water and Sewei Authority and
Sara Taylor, daughter of Chancellor N.
Also challenged was Hillsborough
attorney A. W. Turner, a partner in the law
firm headed by Orange Committee
chairperson Lucius Cheshire.
Orance Committee member Bill Ray
Sunday refused to say how the group of
conservative Democrats decided which
voters would be challenged.
But a reliable source said the Orange
Committee probably used lists of voters that
were distributed among candidates for
statewide office in 1976. '
There are only three current lists of
Orange County voters. All three are
unavailable to the Orange Committee, the
Use of the old lists instead of the updated
1978 versions would account for the
wholesale challenges of prominent voters
who are not students, the source said.
An attorney for five challenged voters said
the Orange Committee should be required to
show why the voters are not residents instead
of the standard procedure allowing each
challenged voter to prove his residency
under state elections laws.
"The challenges are attempts to'
disenfranchise properly registered voters
and to intimidate and harass qualified voters
and prospective voters," Chapel Hill lawyer
Adam Stein wrote in a letter to the state
elections board last week.
Stein said the state board should instruct
the Orange County Board of flections to
stop processing the challenges and put the
burden of proof of illegal registration on the
Orange Committee because the large
number of challenges has created an
extraordinary legal situation.
Liquor fight faces legislature
By TONY MACE
With both sides conducting what Speaker of the House
Carl Stewart calls low-key lobbying, supporters and
opponents of a Senate-approved local option liquor-by-the-drink
bill are preparing for a showdown in the N.C. House of
Representatives when the General Assembly reconvenes in
"There may be some horse-trading before the vote," said
Rep. Parks Helms, D-Mecklenburg, a floor-leader for the
bill's proponents. "Right now it's a matter of talking to
people, making effective contact, and educating people to the
real nature of the bill."
D. P. McFarland, executive director of the anti-liquor
Christian Action League, said opponents are gearing up for a
floor fight. He refused to describe the group's lobbying
efforts. "I may talk to a few people before the vote," he said.
"The proponents see any vote-shifting as going in their
favor," Stewart said. "I doubt there's sufficient support at
this time to pass the bill. But I assume that by the time we
reconvene, the margin will be less than half a dozen votes. It's
The bill would allow counties with existing Alcoholic
Board of Control stores to hold a local referendum on mixed
drink liquor sales. Supporters of the bill, led by Helms and
Rep. Ben Tison of Charlotte are confident they can avoid a
repeat of the 1977 session, when proponents found
themselves 14 votes short of a majority. Legislators than
chose to send the measure back to the House ABC
Gay Awareness Week
understanding between gays
Committee, rather than let it die on the House floor.
"We feel it's close enough now so we can get this passed,"
Helms said. "I'd say our chances have improved considerably
since the UNC School of Journalism survey which showed 6 1
percent of the people in N.C. agree with the local option
concept. In addition to nine new faces in the House, there
have been a few more who've digested the bill and said they
would change their vote. The lame-duck session may have
some effect, but that will be a very minor consideration."
Opponents of the bill ' question the need for
reconsideration of the local option issue, pointing to the 1973
statewide referendum in which voters rejected liquor-by-the-drink
by a 2-1 margin. But Helms said the current bill applies
only to counties with an existing ABC board, while the 1973
referendum offered local option to every county.
"Different communities have different attitudes about
liquor," -Tison said. "We think people in various counties
ought to be able to decide for themselves."
"If this bill passes, only three or four counties will support
mixed-drink sales," Helms said. "If you look at the 1973
referendum results, only Mecklenburg and Moore counties
favored liquor by the drink. You can be against liquor-by-the-drink
and still support this bill because it will insure the
right of your county not to have it."
The current bill represents the third attempt since 1970 to
pass a statewide bill to allow the sale of mixed alcoholic
beverages in North Carolina. North Carolina and Oklahoma
are the only states prohibiting sale of mixed drinks in bars
"1 think the members of the ABC Committee will report
t I 1 1 X , 1
i t - 3
, jl r
3$83DS. liw )W!
l i , run -- tun
Black awareness and BSM
anniversary to be celebrated
. North Carolina and Oklahoma currently deny citizens
the right to consume liquor by the drink. The General
Assembly may change liquor laws here in May. Photo
by Joseph Thomas.
the bill to the Full House as a matter of course," Stewart said.
"It won't be a committee fight."
Gov. Jim Hunt opposes local option liquor-by-the-dnnk,
according to press aide Stephanie Bass. "But what he'll do in
this next session is uncertain," she said.
By DIANE NORMAN
The BSM will conduct its annual
observance of Black Awareness Week
today through Friday. This year, the
week will be celebrated in conjunction
with the group's tenth anniversary.
"The basic orientation of students on
this campus is that the BSM is a negative
organization," said Byron Morton,
chairperson of the UNC Black Student
"We want to dispel that feeling. That's
what the tenth year anniversary and
Black Awareness Week are all about
to make people more aware of what
"A Legacy of Struggle" will be the
theme for the week's activities. "We feel
that black students have really had to
struggle on this campus," Morton said.
"This is a stepping stone to make the
students aware of things on campus, the
problems that black students have
faced. It may help them understand why
anxieties and fears sometimes do exist."
Among the week's highlights will be a
symbolic campus march by BSM
members today entitled "Pilgrimage
Through the Past."
During the march, members will
carry placards representing the various
committees and activities embodied in
Black faculty and staff night will be
held Tuesday with discussions and a
talent presentation in the Upendo
The Opeyo Dancers, Onyx Theatre,
Gospel Choir and Ebony Readers will
perform as part of culture night,
Thursday, in Memorial Hall. Each of
the groups is sponsored by BSM.
Preliminary arrangements for a
concert by "Kool and the Gang" have
been made for Thursday, in Memorial
BSM plans to co-sponsor the, event
with the Carolina Union. The concert
time and admission fees have not been
"Everybody is welcome at all the
activities throughout the week," Morton
"We want people to come and see
what BSM is all about."
By DINITA JAMES
Gay Awareness Week, sponsored by
the Carolina Gay Association, is
scheduled today through Saturday and
features activities designed to help gays
and nongays understand themselves and
Fifteen workshops and a number of
social events are planned during the
week. Speakers for the workshops
include health, mental health and law
Dotty Berriholz, attorney for the
Student Legal Services, and Barry
Nakel, CGA adviser and associate
professor in the law school, will conduct
a workshop on homosexuality and the
law. A nurse practitioner and a doctor
will conduct a workshop on issues of gay
health. Other workshops will include
discussions of bisexuality, blacks and
gays, and gays in education.
One of the final workshops is on the
coming-out process, and is aimed at
gays anywhere in the stages of "coming
out of the closet." This workshop is
entitled "The Agony and the Ecstasy."
The coordinator of the week, who
asked to remain anonymous for
personal reasons, said that because
many people may be uncomfortable
about going to a workshop, the CGA
has scheduled some social events.
Events include a volleyball game, a
square dance, a social, a coffeehouse
and possibly a picnic.
The coffeehouse will be held
Saturday. There will be a $1 charge and
a band will play. All other events are
"Everyone is -welcome," the
coordinator said. "We want everyone to
(eel that way."
Graffiti painted on the cube before
spring break read, "Sodomy is a crime,
arrest the faggots," and has been cited
by gays as a prime example of the need
for Gay Awareness Week.
The cootdinator said that she thought
the comment pointed out the type of
ignorance which the CGA is attempting
to alleviate through the week. "If they're
talking about the law, they are
mistaken," she said. In North Carolina
anything but missionary-position coitus
between two married people is illegal.
"I think what the comment pointed
out was the hostility w hich comes from
ignorance. It's easy to be hostile if you
The day after the graffiti appeared, a
reply was painted on the cube which
read, "If you must deface this,
remember us, the lesbians." The
coordinator said she thought the reply
was probably an awareness exercise.
"Most people think of male
homosexuals when they think of gays.
They should remember that there are
female homosexuals, too."
Donna Mears, CGA treasurer, said
involvement was the purpose of the
week. "We want to involve the
community that considers itself nongay
in ways in which gays can touch their
lives. We want them to understand that
gays are out there, and we're not going
to be quiet."
Karen Peterson, CGA president, said
that through Gay Awareness Week, the
CGA hoped to "reach out to anybody
on campus and to try to make people
more aware of what gay people are like.
"We want to help people separate the
facts from the fallacies. The week is
aimed not at gays as much as those that
consider t hemselves not gay, not sure or
not comfortable with gays."
Al holds vigil for Suharto
By SUSAN LADD
The local chapter of Amnesty
International will hold a silent vigil at
noon today at the Franklin Street Post
Office to protest the imprisonment of an
Indonesian railway worker.
The worker, named Suharto, has been
adopted an A I prisoner of conscience.
Protestors each will stand for 13 minutes
to symbolize Suharto's 13 years in prison.
Amnesty International is a worldwide
organization founded in 1966 to work for
the release of victims of torture and
prisoners of conscience, which the group
defines as "any person who is imprisoned
as the result of holding or expressing a
religious, political or other opinion that
doesn't advocate violence."
Al uses publicity as a tool to dramatize
individual cases of injustice, sending
letters to government officials,
newspapers and anyone else who will
listen. It sponsors peaceful protests and
benefits to raise support and promote
awareness of repression.
The international headquarters in
London investigates individual cases and
sends prisoners' dossiers to an Al chapter
outside the country in which the prisoner
is being held. The group then
concentrates its efforts on the release of
The Chapel Hill chapter, U.S. Group
84, was founded in 1977 after
representatives from the national
headquarters participated in activities
sponsored by the UNC Curriculum in
Peace, War and Defense. Suharto is one
of its first three prisoners and Edwin
Brown is the coordinator for his release.
Brown said in an interview last week
that Suharto was imprisoned in a wave of
750,000 arrests after a coup which
overthrew the Indonesian government in
1965. He is suspected of sedition but is
classified as a Category B prisoner one
against whom no evidence has been
Suharto is one of 125,000 persons
arrested in 1965 who are still in prison in
Indonesia. About 800 prisoners in
Category A those the government
claims to have evidence against have
come to trial, and most have been freed
Brown said that he has written the
Indonesian Embassy in Washington,
D.C., the generals in power in Indonesia,
military authorities in the prison district
and the warden in Suharto's prison.
"Each country has to be handled
differently, but the underlying strategy is
to contact those in power and those
directly involved with the prisoner when
possible," Brown said. "If it doesn't result
in his immediate release, he may get some
news of hope, or something to reinforce
his will to live."
Appeals to countries holding prisoners
of conscience are based on the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, which was
adopted by the United Nations almost 30
years ago. Despite this declaration, there
is increasing worldwide repression and
torture, according to AL
At least 10 prisoners of conscience in
the U.S. have been adopted by Al, and
the international headquarters is now
investigating the Wilmington 10 case.
Australia is the only country with no Al
prisoners of conscience.
Al assigns prisoners of different
political orientations to each group to
demonstrate that Al is working for
human dignity, rather than against a
particular political structure, Robert
Brewer, publicity director, said.
Sea AMNESTY on page 5.