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Serving the students and the University community since S'9i
Volume 85, Issue No. 107
Tuesday, March 21, 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Today will be mostly cloudy
with highs near 70. Tonight
will be mostly cloudy and
cool with lows in the 50s and
a chance of showers.
Mi ni ft
to cut education aid
By KATHY HART
In an unsuccessful attempt to bypass the House Rules
Committee and suspend regular voting procedure, the U.S.
House of Representatives Monday honored a White House
request and scheduled a quick vote on President Carter's $1.5
billion aid to education bill.
The move was made to block an amendment opposed by
President Carter which adds billions of dollars in tuition tax
credits to the administration-backed measure.
Democrats will try to get the House to vote on the bill
again Wednesday, but this time they are going through the
Rules Committee, said Tom Lambeth, administrative
assistant to U.S. Rep. Richardson Preyer of Greensboro.
The UNC Student Aid Office is holding a meeting of v
student financial aid recipients and other interested persons
at 3 p.m. Wednesday in Great Hall to discuss the merits of the
aid to education bill and the tax credit proposals.
"Under the aid to education bill, student aid will be
increased to assist families at all income levels," said William
Geer, student aid director. "Aid will not be restricted to
certain income levels."
The various tuition tax credit proposals would allow
students or parents of students in college, vocational schools
and in some cases parochial and private schools to subtract
$250 - $500 from their tax bills each year for tuition.
A tax credit is subtracted directly from taxes owed as
opposed to a deduction or exemption which is subtracted
from income before taxes are calculated.
"Carter's package would put money in the hands of
students at the beginning of the semester, whereas tax credit
would simply get lost in the family finances," Geer said. "It
does not give the student direct benefit at the time when
money for college bills would be needed.
"The. tax credit proposal would only benefit those people
who pay income tax. The poorest people don't pay taxes, and
therefore would get no benefit; yet they have the greatest
need," he said.
Geer said the aid to education bill would benefit both low
and middle income students' more than the tax credit
proposal. Tax credit would decrease as the income of the
Carter's bill, introduced by Rep. William Ford, D-Mich.,
would extend Basic Educational Opportunity Grant
eligibility to students with family incomes up to $25,000,
increase funding of supplemental grants and college work
study and make families with incomes up to $45,000 eligible
for guaranteed loans with interest subsidized by the
government while the student is in college.
If passed, the tax credit proposal would cost the American
taxpayer $1.7 - $2.5 billion in the first year. The increased
financial aid bill would cost only $1.2 billion in the first year
and offer more dollars for Carolina students who have not
formerly been eligible and more dollars to students who are
already eligible according to Tom Langston, associate
director of the UNC Student Aid Office.
At the meeting in Great Hall Wednesday, the student aid
staff will urge students to write their congressional
representatives to advocate passage of the Carter bill without
the tax credit amendments.
t , , ' v ' 3
Decision to cut funds
postponed by Calif ano
i , , w
Dog and friends enjoy the warmth of springtime in Chapel Hill
Spring's arrival boosts jogging, sales
By NELL LEE
Robins are happy about spring. Daffodils are happy about
spring. And local sports shop owners are especially happy
Spring is the traditional time for hibernating athletes to
reappear, and local sports shop owners say their sales have
increased substantially since warm sunny rays hit Chapel
"I've had about a 70 percent increase in business," said Bob
Rogers, manager of the newly opened Wedge and Racquet
on West Franklin Street. "We're selling lots of tennis dresses
and shorts, racquets and shoes, and we're still selling warm
He said jogging appears to be the most popular sport, with
many students taking it up recently to get in shape for tennis.
Ed Powell of Hackney's in University Mall agreed that
jogging is the big sport this spring.
"We're selling three or four times as much stuff for jogging
than last year shoes, shorts and T-shirts." He said the sport
caught fire last summer, and a surprising number of people
kept in shape by running all winter.
He added that tennis is still widespread, but the craze of
recent years is beginning to level off.
As for the golf crowd, Rogers said equipment sales had
been down the past few months because of the snow, but he
expects a boost in sales of golf equipment and apparel when
the courses dry out in the next few weeks.
Fenno McGinty of McGinty's Sport Shop on Franklin
Street admitted to "a definite increase in sales recently."
Popular items are tennis equipment, shoes and
basketballs. They never go out of season in this town, he said.
He agreed that jogging appears to be the sport of the year,
and he offered some advice to students coming out of
"Spring athletes need to take it easy and exercise
gradually. It's a good idea to loosen up first by doing
By HOWARD TROXLEK
A decision on whether to begin action to
cut off up to $89 million annually in federal
funds to UNC was postponed Monday by
HEW secretary Joseph Califano.
Catifano must decide whether to grant
UNC an extension of the deadline for
producing a new desegregation plan or begin
administrative proceedings to cut off federal
money to the 16-campus UNC system.
A prepared statement issued by the HEW
public affairs department said Califano
would make his decision by Wednesday.
"This means simply ' that he has not
reached a decision one way or the other on
this matter," the statement said.
Califano's delay could signify that he is
unsure of how much progress is being made
in negotiations with UNC administrators,
observers said Monday. UNC officials insist
that negotiations are productive even though
they say no progress is being made on the
"The University has not and will not
request an extension from him (Califano),"
UNC president William C. Friday said.
But Friday also said he had the impression
from talks in the last two weeks with
Califano and other HEW officials that the
deadline would be extended.
"What had happened was Mr. Califano
had said he wanted to carry forward the
discussions and he said that if the discussions
are going along well, then we'll take
whatever steps necessary to complete them,"
A Raleigh newspaper reported last week
that UNC had asked for an extension so
more negotiations on the desegregation plan
could take place.
On Feb. 2 Califano said if the plan wasn't
submitted by Monday hewould initiate steps
leading to the cutoff of federal aid to UNC.
Monday was the original deadline set by
Califano for federal officials and UNC
administrators to agree on a new
HEW is under U.S. District Court orders
to step up desegregation efforts in the
university systems of North Carolina and
five other states.
The other states have all reached a
compromise with HEW and have agreed to
implement federal methods to achieve
greater black enrollment. North Carolina is
the only state that has not reached an
agreement with HEW.
The main source of disagreement between
UNC and HEW is a requirement to eliminate
the duplication of academic programs in
both black and white schools and place
emphasis on putting new programs in
traditionally black institutions instead of at
heretofore white campuses.
HEW rejected the latest revised UNC
desegregation plan Feb. 2. Friday has said he
will recommend no changes in that plan.
No further negotiations between HEW
and UNC are scheduled until after Califano
makes his decision.
The UNC Board of Governors has hired
the Houston-based law firm of Fulbiight &
Jaworski to represent the University system
in possible legal battles with the federal
If Califano decides not to extend the
deadline and no agreement is reached, then
HEW will begin review of UNC schools and
departments to determine where to cut off
Califano has said he will not cut off
student aid to UNC.
Census: you're alive and well if you live in Chapel Hill
By MICHAEL WADE
Staff Writer '
Residents of the southern part of heaven are
apparently as healthy as they are happy.
Chapel Hill is the second healthiest city in the
state, according to a recent study by the public
health statistics branch of the N.C. Health Services
A comparison of the death rates in 38 North
Carolina cities of 10,000 or more population
between 1968 and 1972 showed that only
Morganton has a lower death rate than Chapel
Hill. Hickory, only 20 miles from Morganton, has
the highest death rate in the state.
Researchers fed death figures into a computer to
come up with the analysis, the first of its kind in the
state. They studied 1968-1972 deaths in order to use
the 1970 census, which is the only reliable
comparison among cities because of changing
The study included deaths from heart disease,
stroke, arteriosclerosis, hypertension, motor
vehicle accidents, suicide and homicide, nine
different types of cancer and several other causes of
Chapel H ill had the lowest death rate in the state
from motor vehicle accidents and the second lowest
death rates from heart disease,
infiuenze pneumonia and trachea, broncl.us and
The death rates number of deaths per 1 00,000
people were adjusted for age, race and sex to
make the comparison between cities as fair as
possible, according to Kathryn Surles of the public
health statistics branch, who was responsible for
Raleigh was the third healthiest city in the state.
Greensboro ranked fifth, Charlotte sixth, Durham
seventh, High Point eighth and Winston-Salem
Besides H ickory, the cities with the highest death
rates in the state include Sanford, Goldsboro,
Jacksonville and Eden.
Douglas Henderson-James of Capital Health
Systems Agents in Durham said Chapel Hill has a
lower death rate because of the composition of the
will draw crowd
at the Great Hall
By SUSAN LADD
"Jeff MacNelly? He worked on the Chapel
Hill Weekly when I was editor," Jim
Shumaker, UNC journalism lecturer, said
Monday. "He was theoretically in the art
school here. Never did graduate, just sort of
Jeffrey Kenneth MacNelly attended UNC
from 1965-1969. He may not have
graduated, but in 1972, only three years after
he left UNC, he was awarded the Pultizer
Prize for editorial cartooning at the
Richmond News Leader, where he has
worked since 1970.
MacNelly will be back in Chapel Hill to
sketch original caricatures and discuss the
art of political cartooning at 8 tonight in
Great Hall as part of the five-week Carolina
MacNelly was the cartoonist for the DTH
in his college days and for the Chapel Hill
Weekly from 1969-1970. Shumaker said
Macnelly has so much talent that "it's just
"You could give him just a little seed of an
idea, and he'd develop it with meaning, bite
and humor. Fifteen minutes later he'd come
back with the finished comic much better
than what you'd had in mind.
Shumaker is allegedly the inspiration for
MacNelly's widely syndicated comic strip
Shoe, which is carried by more than 300
"I can't take credit for anything he's done.
I know that nobody at the Chapel Hill
Weekly taught him anything. He was really
professional even in his student days."
O 1 m
i i 1
I I i n
- trr.n.ii ..H..I .I ii Trim ..., n in
Mountain music fans will begin gathering Wednesday night on J. P. Vanhoy's
farm in Union Grove, N.C. They will be waiting for the 54th annual Oldtime
Fiddlers Convention to open on Thursday night. Th.s event, the largest country
music festival held in the country each year, is expected to attract over 100,000
music fans. Last year's "World Champion Fiddler" Buddy Pendleton, a postman
from Stuart, Va., is expected to return to seek a fifth title. Staff photo by Allan
industry in Chapel Hill is
said. "Generally, people in
education are among the healthiest segments of the
population in the country."
Henderson-James said the higher socio
economic status of an education-oriented
population is one reason it would be healthier than
other areas. He said such a population is more
likely to emphasic exercise, proper diet and other
forms of health care.
In spite of its low overall death rate. Chapel Hill
was among the highest ranking cities (3lst) in
deaths from cirrhosis of the liver, a disease related
to chronic drinking. Henderson-James said there is
probably a relationship between the high rate of
alcoholism in Orange County and the number of
deaths from cirrhosis of the liver. Morganton had
the highest rate of deaths from cirrhosis of the liver
in the state.
Redistribute transit costs between UNC,
Chapel Hill, Carrboro, study recommends
Parking applications available April 10
Applications for student parking permits
for the 1978-79 academic year will be
available beginning April 10 in the Carolina
Union, the married student housing office
and the UNC traffic office.
Permits will cost $54, William D. Locke,
traffic office administrations officer, said.
Completed applications should be returned
to the traffic office by May 15. Locke said
students should submit applications by the
deadline because applications are not
processed during the summer, and parking
spaces are scarce once the fall semester
Locke said he foresees no problems with
accommodating everyone who applies lor a
parking permit before the deadline. "If any
problems arise ue.ulii invoke the priority
system set up by Student Government,"
Locke said. The system gives ranked priority
to handicapped students, graduate students,
seniors, juniors and sophomores.
Locke said 30 parking spaces w ill be added
to North Campus student parking next fall
in the circular drive behind Aycock
- I R A A I I A WDI il
By MIKE COYNE
A study is being conducted to
determine the redistribution of costs for
the Chapel Hill bus system among its
three users Chapel Hill, Carrboro
and the University.
Chapel Hill Transportation Director
Robert Godding said the study was
commissioned by the Chapel Hill town
manager in an effort to more fairly
divide the costs of running the bus
"What we are trying to do is look at
how the costs are being distributed,"
Godding said. "This hopefully will help
us tie the cost responsibilities to
Godding said Chapel Hill initiated
the study because it feels it is carrying
the cost burden of the bus system.
"The town (according to preliminary
studies) appears to be paying somewhat
more than its share of the costs, the
University somewhat less, and Carrboro
definitely less, Godding said.
This year the town of Chapel Hill
contributed $4 1 0,000 to the bus system's
budget. The University helped by
purchasing $396,000 worth of bus
passes which it resold to students.
Carrboro is participating in the bus
system in a nine-month experimental
program. It has submitted $20,000 to
help pay for buses. The University
helped Carrboro pay its part for the
Godding said after the study is
completed, representatives from the
tow n, Carrboro and the U niversity must
work out a plan for settling cost
Godding said if an agreement
distributing the costs of the bus system
more fairly could be reached, the town
might act to cut back services.
"We don't anticipate a reduction in
- ' !M c' : , 1
h V v V '
A study conducted by a Washington firm recommends thatthetown redistributethe
costs of the Chapel Hill transit system between the University, Carrboro and Chapel
Hill. The study advised that UNC pay iess for the system and Carrboro pay more.
services," Godding said, "but it is always
The study, which is being conducted
by Barton Aschmen Associates, Inc., of
Washington. D.C., is considering the
cost responsibilities with three
formulas: users served, areas served and
services rendered in terms ol vehicle
miles and hours.
Godding said the study and
negotiations with Carrboro and the
University should be concluded
sometime this spring so a budget can be
prepared. 1 he town manager will
recommend a budget to the Board of'
Aldermen in mid-April.