North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
It will be partly cloudy today,
with a low this morning near
50 and a high near 70.
Tonight the temperature
should dip into the Iow50's.
"Oscar," the annual
Academy Award, will be
given out tonight in televised
presentations. Anything is
liable to happen, according
to staff writer Jere Link. See
p. 4 for a perspective of
Serving the students ami the University community since 1 89 J
Volume 85, Issue No. 1)4
Student says Honor Court lawyers
By JAY JENNINGS
UNC student Lee Chavis is establishing a pool of student defense counselors to
defend students accused of Honor Code violtions, but new Student Attorney
General Suzie Mitchell said elimination of the "rat clause" from the code may make
Chavis's effort superfluous. ' '
Chavis said he is appalled at the unethical coziness which he said exists between
attorney general-appointed defense counsels and the prosecution staff.
"Once I heard the defense say to the prosecution, 'She's guilty as hell, but she
wants to plead not guilty, so I have to go along with it," Chavis said. "He's not
respecting her right to counsel. A lot of students don't know that goes on.
"I hate to see an accused student shafted due to incompetence and collusion of his
defense counsel. If an attorney doesn't respect the rights of his client, 1 consider that
incompetent and disloyal."
The staff of his new office, Chavis said, will make it a policy not to disclose
confidential matters and client-counsel discussions with the prosecution.
The staff will be separate from the attorney general's staff to "give the defense
more freedom in the way they handle cases. We won't be so concerned about
obligation to the attorney general," Chavis said.
Under the current system, a student accused in Honor Court has the choice
between having a defense counsel appointed for him from the attorney general's
staff or of appointing the student of his choice as defense counsel. The majority of
students decide in favor of attorney general-appointed counsel.
Chavis's complaint has roots in the facts that the attorney general is the titular
head prosecutor and that defense counselors are trained in the non-adversary
goal of seminars
By ED WILLIAMS
A two-day seminar dealing with race
relations and affirmative action within the
University begins today.
UNC educators, administrators and
students will discuss racial interaction, cross
cultural communication, the status of
women at UNC, the Bakke case and the
University's approach to affirmative action.
The seminar, sponsored by the Campus Y
and the Carolina Union Activities Board,
originally included a meeting between UNC
administrators and HEW representatives to
discuss desegregation, but that meeting was
canceled because of current litigation
involving HEW's .- rejection - of the
University's desegregation plan.
"The seminar is more a conscience-raising
matter than anything else," said Thomas
Mayo, co-president of the Campus Y.
"We're trying to tell students that
problems do exist," he said. "I think the
biggest problem with black-white relations is
that there are not many lines of
communication open. Each side views the
other as intolerant. We're trying to show
both communities that interaction is
possible and beneficial."
Interpersonal relations sessions include:
Topics on race relations: "Cross
Cultural Communication" at 3 p.m. today in ,
room 217 Carolina Union.
Toward a Model for Student Activities
at 4 p.m. today in the Music Gallery
Reception for the women faculty of
UNC Discussion: "Affirmative Action
and the Status of Women" at 4 p.m. today in
Great Hall lounge.
The University's Approach to
affirmative action at 8 p.m. today in the
Faculty Lounge of Morehead Planetarium.
Desegregation: HEW and UNC at 4
p.m. Tuesday in room 212 Saunders.
Confronting racism: "An Exploration
of Interpersonal Relationships" at 4 p.m.
Tuesday in Deep Jonah Carolina Union.
"Institutional and Social Implications
of Bakke" at 8 p.m. Tuesday in Gerrard Hall.
Hearts and flowers
FILEFMC: Secret society
provides introduction method
By AMY COLGAN
One victim found a note in her mailbox. A
Residence Assistant in Parker found a bottle
of champagne at her doorstep. One student
was kidnapped by two men wearing suits and
whisked away to Swenson's Ice Cream
Parlor in a red jeep called Rachel. On Feb.
14, 35 girls were victimized with
Valentine's Day cards. And last Thursday,
movie critic Judith Crist became a victim,
receiving an invitation for ice cream.
During the past year, the UNC campus
has been plagued by a rash of these events
flower deliveries, ice cream runs, anonymous
love notes all tied to one organization,
One of the three founders of FILEFMC,
who wished to remain anonymous and who
refused to reveal the meaning of the code
letters, said the purpose is "to secure its
members in lasting relationships." Their
strategy? "Instead of playing Joe Cool," he
said in an exclusive I a.m. interview at Roy
Rogers one day last week, "we come right
out and tell 'em. No putting on airs, you see.
We're not concerned with impressing her,
just meeting her."
The organization began in early fail with
II members, all l.'NC students. Each
member has a code name -- Big Fig. Slang,
I'ivi Rod, Sta'e Q.Msl, Sect and an
Mile of Pennies
Hunt aid sought in student
By PAM KELLEY
Eight members of the Orange Committee
Friday asked that Gov. Jim Hunt pressure
the N.C. Board of Elections into intervening
for the group of conservative Democrats in
the student voting controversy.
Committee members met with Joseph
Pell, Hunt's senior assistant and asked that
Hunt request the state elections board to
enforce state elections laws in Orange
"We want someone to suggest to the state
Board of Elections that it carry out its
responsibilities and give guidelines to the
official tee shirt. There is an FILEFMC bank
account at Northwestern Bank."Jet'aime;je
f adore. Que puis-je dire de plus. , ." is their
motto, and "Miss Grace" is their theme song.
Big Fig said the group here is the first
national chapter, but he reported a colony is
being founded a Princeton University.
"Here at home, membership is down to
nine because two have established lasting
relationships," he said with a twinge of
remorse. "We had to declare them inactive."
Unlike other honorary organizations,
FILEFMC does not select honorees on the
basis of campus involvement or academic
achievement; instead "we look for girls with
a good sense of humor, who like simple fun.
"Our only criterion is that we have been
enchanted by the lady's presence for as much
as a split second," Big Fig said. "Anybody is
Usually victims appreciate the ice cream,
flowers, cards or champagne, he said, once
they have recovered from their initial shock.
"We have KOD points kiss of death for
uncooperative girls or for those who smite
us," Big Fig said. "So far, most girls, single or
steady, are flattered by the attention.
FILEFMC has a file of thank you notes to
One of the notes is from movie reviewer
Crist, and reads. "With fine regards and
Se HEARTS on p.rj" 3
Monday, April 3, 1978,
system, whereby defense and prosecution work together in researching facts and
gathering evidence in each case, pooling all findings for presentation to the court.
Chavis said this system results in the defense counsel having a dual allegiance
to his client and to the prosecution which interferes with the defendant's right to
But Mitchell said Chavis's efforts may be unnecessary once the Honor Code
revision which eliminates the "rat clause" takes effect. The revised code lacks only
the chancellor's signature to become active.
"Lee is expressing a valid concern, but he ought to give the new proposals a
chance to work," Mitchell said.
"I see it (a separate office) as an unnecessary duplication of effort. We have a staff
trained to speak with instructors, gather facts and present them. It would be wisest
to let us do it," she said.
The "rat clause" made it an Honor Code offense for a student to withhold
knowledge of another student's guilt. Since the clause included defense counselors
and their clients, it was the basis for the system of total sharing of information
between defense and prosecution.
According to Mitchell, deletion of the requirement will not change the practice of
cooperation between defense and prosecution, but "may allow defendants to be
more open with their counsel. However," she cautioned, "anyone still has a moral
obligation to report an admission of guilt.
"No matter what tactics the defense uses, they're under the same rules as we are. 1
can see in Lee's proposal the cases might rest more on technicalities and the verbal
abilities of counsel and less on the facts.
"In our system, cooperation between prosecution and defense tends to lead to a
benefit for the student. For example, if there are mitigating circumstances that
Two young contributors lay down part of the more than two miles of pennies
collected Saturday in the annual "Mile of Pennies" drive for the APO Campus Chest.
Zeta Beta Tau brothers collected $1 700, the first time the fraternity has achieved the
two-mile mark. Campus Chest benefits 17 state and local charities. Staff photo by
county," Stewart Barbour, Orange
Committee member, said Sunday.
"Our lawsuit and voter challenges would
not be necessary if the state Board of
Elections were carrying out its proper
functions," he said.
The governor probably will stay out of the
matter, a top Hunt aide said Sunday. Pell
said he would ask Hunt's legal adviser,
Cozort, to help determine the governor's
The Orange Committee, in filing more
than 6,000 voter challenges last month,
charged student voters with maintaining
permanent addresses outside Orange
.The group secured a Superior Court order
Democrats raise funds
while protestors march
By ROBERT THOMASON
and MICHAEL WADE
RALEIGH Democrats from across
the state Saturday clinked their punch
glasses and kicked off the party's annual
Jefferson-Jackson People's Day
Celebration fund-raising bash while
hundreds of shouting Wilmington 10
protesters marched only two blocks away
and Raleigh police scurried to keep the
The weather was hotter than most
political discussion as Gov. Jim Hunt,
state Democratic chairperson Betty
McCain, Agriculture Commissioner Jim
Graham, Speaker of the House Carl
Stewart and a host of other Democratic
leaders shook hands with 2,000 guests at
the Governor's Mansion.
Conversation at the mid-afternoon
event centered on spring weather as
guests seemed more interested in the
punchbowl and hors d'oeuvre tables than
discussion of the political bombshell U.S.
Commerce Secretary Juanita Kreps
dropped at the fund-raising breakfast
Kreps angered party leaders, including
Hunt, when she endorsed U.S. senatorial
candidate Luther Hodges of Charlotte
over seven other candidates for the
party's senatorial nomination in the May
2 primary election.
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
should work separately, but don't
that the county's voter lists be purged ol
persons whose home addresses are listed
differently on UNC records, but the N.C.
Court of Appeals delayed implementation of
the Superior Court ruling.
"Students are controlling local elections,"
Pell said the group told him. "They said they
weren't trying to take the students right to
vote away. They just want them to vote
where they have permanent addresses."
Ernest Riggsbee said he and seven other
members of the Orange Committee spoke to
Pell. The other members were Lucius
Cheshire, head of the Orange Committee,
Stewart Barbour, Bill Durham, Simpson
Efiand, Billy Ray, Bruce Riggsbee, Ernest
Riggsbee and Henry Royal.
Party regulars criticized the former
Duke University vice president for not
leaving partisanship out of what has
traditionally been a neutral party event.
"Such a comment at an occasion like
this is a devisive abuse of power," the
governor said later in the morning.
Early in the afternoon, between 1,200
2,500 Wilmington 10 supporters kept
police busy when they stopped briefly at
the Governor's Mansion while
preparations were underway for the 3
Two persons were arrested for resisting
police and assualt on an officer when
marchers reached the state Capitol two
blocks from the Governor's Mansion.
Police served a summons on one rally
leader because the public address system
amplified speakers' voices louder than the
maximum 40 decibels.
The Rev. Leon White, coordinator of
the march, and Wilmington 10 defense
attorney James Ferguson chastised police
for harassing demonstrators.
At the reception, Secretary of State
Thad Eure was in a festive mood when he
laughingly told "Daily Tahhhh Heel"
reporters he has no intention of
declaring UNC-N.C. State University
sporting events as state holidays.
Often called "the oldest rat in the
Democratic barn" because he has been in
office more than 40 years, Eure earlier
everyone understands, it would induce leniency by the court."
Chavis has three years experience as a defense counselor on the attorney general's
staff. He was fired from the staff a year ago by then Attorney General Chuck
Lovelace for advising a defendant to plead not guilty, although the defendant
admitted guilt , because Chavis felt the evidence insufficient to warrant a conviction.
Chavis appealed to, and was reinstated to his position, by the Student Supreme
Court. The ruling stated that the role of the attorney general is to prosecute
defendants and that the office has no control over the defense function once counsel
Darrell Hancock, chief justice of the Student Supreme Court, said, "Chuck
Lovelace was the kind of person who boasted that he had a 100 percent conviction
rate. . . .The ruling essentially said, if you're going to be a prosecutor, leave the
defense counsel alone.' "
Chavis' brief in the appeal stated, "The defense counsel . . . must be free from fear
that he will lose his job if he advocates the rights of his client."
Chavis said his belief is that the non-adversary system is incompatible with
several rights guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution, especially the right not to
incriminate one's self.
"In a nonadversary system, that right would be irrelevant or immaterial, because
it assumes the defendant will come out and tell the truth," Chavis said.
"We've got some misconstrued notions about what our system is. I don't know if
people are ignoring the facts or just not facing up to reality."
Presently, Chavis is training two assistants, Dennis Caddy and John Alan Jones,
to be defense counselors. His legal adviser is third-year law student Carl Fox. He is
seeking more counsels and advisors from the student bodv.
BSM found in violation
of CGC treasury laws
By D1N1TA JAMES
The Black Student Movement funds were
frozen by Student Body Treasurer Todd
Albert Friday after it was discovered
Wednesday that the group holds more than
$4,000 in overdrafts.
But the CGC Finance Committee met
Sunday and drew up a recommendation
which would free the funds and allow the
group to begin repayment of the debt.
The overdraft is a violation of the Student
Government Code which states: "The total
amount of all loans outstanding in the Social
Expenditures Category for any organization
shall never exceed the unexpended Student
Government Appropriation, which shall be
collateral for such loans."
The BSM was granted a loan of $10,000
last fall of which the group has spent
$2,334.31 and have committed themselves to
pay $4,203.29. This comes to $6,537.60. As
of Friday, they had only $2,177.59 in their
unappropriated balance which, under the
law, brings the group's overdraft to
The majority of the overdraft came as a
result of the severe financial losses the BSM
incurred on the "Kool and the Gang" corfcert
March 23; the exact amount of the loss is still
in doubt. The debts resulting from the
concert were also in violation of the
provisions for the loan, which state that the
BSM could not use any part of the loan
which zas not sen y Fbrut 20.
Organization funds have not been frozen
since the fall of 1975, when the funding of the
BSM and several other student
organizations was suspended.
The Finance Committee stressed that its
real interest lies in seeing the loan repaid.
Along with Allen Johnson, BSM
chairperson, it worked out a solution which
included unfreezing the funds, urging the '
BSM to repay as much of the loan as possible
before May 15, the scheduled time of
Jackson and Jefferson
quipped that the state's Easter holiday
was due to the annual baseball game
between N.C. State University and Wake
Forest University. State and Wake were
arch-rivals many years ago when the
Baptist school was in Wake County.
At a $25 a plate dinner Saturday night
at the state fairgrounds, keynote speaker
John White, chairperson of the
Democratic National Committee, said
the national party leaders are fully behind
efforts of state Democratic candidates to
defeat Republican U.S. Sen. Jesse Helms.
"I'he DN'C will spend money on the
Please call us: 933-0245
repayment, and extending the repayment
period into next year, with a six percent
interest rate and a schedule for repayment.
The CGC will consider this solution at its
regular meeting tonight. -
The infraction was discovered Wednesday
by Frances Sparrow, director ofSAFO, who
has refused to comment on the situation.
CGC officials said they delayed freezing the
funds because they felt such action would
only worsen the situation.
As long as the BSM's funds were frozen,
the group could not spend the money
necessary to raise funds to repay the debt.
After much consideration; officials said they
felt the freezing of funds was the only option.
Albert said he felt the treasurer of each
organization is responsible for knowing the
financial situation of that organization. "I
told each treasurer at the beginning of the
year that they should keep records of their
own inflows and outflows so that they would
know how much money they had at any one
"The leaders of BSM knew of the loan
situation last year and should have known
about their spending for this year. Then it
seems like they didn't care. The haven't
brought in any money to pay back the loans
but, officially, $165."
At the committee meeting, Johnson
expressed concern that the infraction was
caught so late. "It's hard to believe that CGC
would have a law like this and have large
amounts of funds going through and catch it
so late," he said. "A partial blame lies with
Jim Phillips, student body president,
refrained from laying blame on any one
party. "I think the situation is unfortunate,"
he said. "It's something that cannot be
blamed specifically on anyone. BSM should
have known its situation, but at the same
time, I believe that the Finance Committee
and the Executive Branch should have been
aware of the situation and should have never
let it take place."
view goings-on in Raleigh
Democratic candidate in North
Carolina," the keynote speaker said. "The
committee hasn't made direct
contributions to candidates since 1966,
but I'm going to change that."
The national chairperson declined to
comment on HEW Secretary Joseph
Calif ano's action against the UNC system
and his anti-smoking campaign, both of
which have angered many North
Carolinians. John White said he does not
want to "politicize" what state
Democratic leaders have said is
Califano's "anti-North Carolina