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The weather today . and
Wednesday will be mostly
cloudy and windy with a
chance of showers and
thundershowers. The high
today will be in the 80s, and
the low tonight will be in the
Interfraternity Council and
Panhellenic Council are
sponsoring a pie-eating
contest from 2-4 p.m. today
in the Pit as part of Greek
Serving the student and the L niversity community since .sv.i
(t 3 T
ft . .
Volume 85, Issue No. 124f I VJ
opposed by Carter
By SUSAN LADD
Despite strong opposition from the Carter administration,
a bill establishing tax credits for school tuition escaped defeat
in the House Ways and Means Committee Monday by a 24-1 3
The proposal was saved after proponents defeated an
amendment that would have killed the controversial measure,
which is similar to a version in the Senate that has also drawn
the opposition of administration officials.
The House version would establish a tax credit of 50 percent
of a student's tuition payments, up to a maximum credit of
$250 for college tuition and $100 for elementary and
secondary school tuition.
A similar measure in the Senate allows credits up to $500.
U.S. Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) has announced his support
for the Senate version.
The N.C. Coalition to Save the Public Schools, an
educators' lobby group, said at a press conference Friday
House and Senate versions of the tax credit measure would
erode the quality of the nation's public schools by diverting
federal assistance to parents of children in private schools,
including elementary, secondary and post-secondary
Coalition members say they plan to bring pressure on U.S.
Rep. Jim Martin of Mecklenburg County, a member of the
Ways and Means Committee, in hopes of persuading the N.C.
Republican and other committee members to vote against the
A Martin aide said the member of Congress supports tax
credits for parents of students in college but opposes President
Carter's student aid package because the grant bill would be
less effective and generate more red tape.
"The Carter proposal is dumb," the congressional aide said.
"You would have more people filling our more 1 1-page forms
if the president had his way."
U.S. Sen. Robert Morgan has opposed the House and
Senate packages because they are inflationary, said Alfred
Pollard, an aide to the N .C. Democrat. Pollard said M organ is
considering the merits of Carter's proposal but: has not
reached a final decision.
In an effort to strengthen the chances of the House bill being
upheld as constitutional if a court battle should result, the
Ways and Means Committee approved an amendment
extending its tax credit plan to public elementary and
secondary school tuition, including fees paid by children
attending schools outside their home district.
Pollard said Morgan will not base his decision as to which
bill to support on whether one version or another may or may
not be constitutional.
"We're not going to press the constitutionality issue,"
Pollard said. "Morgan has initially stated opposition to the
(Senate) tax credit expense. But if it passed, you would have
no guarantee that it would go to the people that needed it
"People making as much as $30,000 a year would b$
receiving benefits from it (the Senate version)," Pollard said.
"Every university in the country would raise tuition to the tax
Tuesday, April 11, 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
mm ;: nj
Black nursing schools told
to improve or close board
These UNC-CH nursing students have a much greater chance
of passing the N.C. Board of Nursing exam than students at
predominantly black UNC schools. Staff photo by Scott
B I'AM Ktl.m
T he U niversity system's three predominantly black nursing
schools, slapped in the lace by high failure rates of graduates
taking .state licensing exams, are struggling under pressure
from a U NC Board of Governors planning committee pushing
for program improvements oraclosingoftheschools'doors.
Of 1 13 graduates of Winston-Salem State II niversity. N.C.
Central University and N.C. A&T State University nursing
schools, less than 30 percent passed the most recent N.C.
Board of Nursing exam, according to Jeanne McNaliy.
associate vice president for academic affairs of the 16-campus
01 1 he 109 students who graduated from the UNC School of
Nursing last spring. 90 percent passed the state exam.
I he licensing exam is a national standardized test designed
to measure nursing school graduates' minimum competency,
according to Dixie King, business administrator for the
McNaliy said she is not certain why the predominantly
white program at Chapel Hill has significantly greater
numbers of graduates passing the state test.
"Admission standards are lower in the three predominantly
black schools, so we could assume reading skills, which play
an important part in nursing, are lower." McNaliy said.
T he three black schools admit nursing students as
freshmen, w hile the national trend is to admit nursing majors
as juniors and seniors. McNaliy said freshman and
sophomore nursing students may not be as proficient in
reading as students who do not enter the program until later in
their college careers.
The Board of Governors has established a timetable calling
for closing the black schools unless two-thirds of the graduates
pass the state nursing exam in 1981 and 75 percent pass in
McNaliy said she believes it will be 1980 before any
significant improvements in the programs are apparent
because the schools need time to implement program
"The responsibility of the Board of Governors is to find
weaknesses in nursing school programs and help to strengthen
them," according to John Jordan, chairperson of the planning
committee. When the committee meets Thursday, it will hear
a report from the three black schools. The panel will decide on
a course of action late next month, Jordan said. "We want to
give them any assistance they need," he said.
The federal government's desegregation dispute with the
University system has not influenced decisions concerning
UNC's black nursing schools. Jordan said.
"Nursing school studies were going on before the HEW
controversy ever got started," he said.
Workers to retire at 70, not 65
New retirement plan may decrease student jobs
By TONY MACE
Although federal legislators and state labor
officials say they do not know what effect the new
mandatory retirement age will have on the job
market, two UNC economists say students entering
the job market in the near future may have trouble
finding high-paying employers.
"It won't be a matter of widespread
unemployment among people just out of college."
said James A. Wilde, an associate professor in the
economics department. "But the kinds of jobs
people start out in may be somewhat poorer in
terms of compensation than what otherwise might
have been the case."
President Jimmy Carter last week signed into
law a bill extending the required retirement age for
federal employees from 65 to 70. Observers said the
measure would have a lesser impact on state jobs
and private industry than federal posts because
many labor contracts already provide for
retirement at ages younger than 65.
Wilde and Solomon Polachek, an assistant
professor of economics, said the new law may
eventually stimulate the economy and provide
"If people between the ages of 65 and 70 are
working and not retired, they will be able to spend
more money." Polachek said. "If their demands for
goods and services rises, then there will be more
jobs for more people."
Delayed retirements could ease the immediate
pressure on the near-bankrupt Social Security
system because more people would beworkingand
fewer drawing Social Security benefits, the
assistant professor said. .......... . --..
"This bill is a way of taking the burden of the
Social Security tax off younger working people
and placing the burden right back on people who
can afford it." Polachek said.
But it is not known how many people will
actually choose to remain on their jobs. The I'.S.
Department of Labor estimates only about 200.000
Americans w ill take advantage of the new law the
first year because the national trend is toward early
N.C. Labor Commissioner John Brooks
disagrees. "A lot of people will take advantage of
the new law. I have found in my own experience
that retirement programs and pensions often are
totally inadequate to maintain the lifestyle people
become accustomed to.
"Especially if high inflation rates continue, most
persons faced with an opportunity to maintain
t heir lifestyle are going to do so," the commissioner
The new law will lessen the impact of affirmative
action programs. Brooks said, "It will temper the
results of affirmative action in the sense that it will
reduce the opportunity to fill new vacancies," he
Mort Congelton. deputy director of the N.C.
Department of Human Resources aging division,
said the new law adds up to affirmative action for
"We're looking at age as a minority which we
have to consider in our affirmative action
programs." Congelton said. "To me this bill
improves affirmative action."
Several congressional aides saw the issue
differently. "Creating or vacating jobs does not
create employment. Expanding the economy
does," said Clint Fuller, administrative assistant to
U.S. Sen. Jesse Helms. "You want a growing,
dynamic society, rather than a stagnant situation."
Fuller said persons most in need of a job are hurt
by a stagnant situation where jobs are apportioned
on the basis of fixed availability.
"I suggest you look at a report released the other
day that shows 500,000 sunbelt jobs are going
begging before you connect this, retirement bill to
higher unemployment among young people," said
Tom Lambeth, an aide to U.S. Rep. Richardson
Preyer of Greensboro.
Brooks said there are 40.000 jobs available for
skilled craftsmen in North Carolina.
"Our problem in the state now is that we've got
so many skilled jobs going begging, and an
increasing number of unskilled workers. My
recommendation to young people is that they gain
To deal with off -campus life
SG to organize apartment group
By CAROL HANNER
An Apartment Dwellers' Association, for
dealing with the problems of finding and
living in an apartment, will be organized by
Student Government before next fall.
"This will be a way for students who live in
apartments to be able to sit down and talk
with Student Government about problems
such as leasing, how much they can afford,
etc.," Residence Affairs Coordinator Yvette
"We just hope to make life a little easier for
students in apartments, especially since they
are often isolated from students who live on
campus," Holmes said.
She said the association will be composed
of students living in apartments and one
person from Residence Affairs to organize
the group and act as a liaison with Student
Government. Residence Affairs is a Student
Government committee not associated with
the Residence Hall Association.
"Probably, owners of apartment
complexes will be included in the
association, too, since we can't really solve
anything without their help," Holmes said.
The group will also compile an apartment
listing system with up-to-date information
on Chapel Hill apartment complexes, she
Residence Hall Association President
CGC looks at budget
Finance Committee budget hearings begin at 7 tonight for student
organizations requesting CGC funding. The order in which requests will be
considered was determined by random drawing. Information concerning the
location of the hearings is available at the Carolina Union information desk.
7:00 Angel Flight
7:20 UNC Readers Theatre 3:40 Cellar Door
7:40 Student Legal Services ; 4:00 Orientation Commission
8:00 Recreation Society 4:20 Individual Events
8:10 Carolina Coastal Club 4:30 Indian Circle
8:20 SCAU 4:40 Clack Student Movement
9:40 Fine Arts Festival Thursday Night
10:20 Carolina Course Review
10:40 Elections Board 7:00 Alchemist
11:00 Judicial Branch 7:20 Campus Y
Wednesday Afternoon 8.00 Sports Club Council
8 43 CPSF
1:00 Executive Branch 5.") Jurrfers Club
1:20 CGC 9 23 AISAIS Exchange
,.43 CGA 9 - Toronto Exchange
2:G9 if c 1 Victory ViiSane Day Care
2:20 Yackcty Yack Debate learn
3.C0 Carolina Quarterly l-
- !', , fcxu,"v " -".WC
Don Fox said RHA probably would work
with the association to help find housing for
students closed out of dormitories, transfer
and graduate students.
"Last year, only 200 people were closed
out. This year, it's 600 people." Fox said.
"It's become a drastic problem. We have
to put those people someplace." Fox said.
"It can be scary to be a sophomore and
unexpectedly find yourself w ithout a place to
live. We'd like to make apartment owners
more aware of students' needs." Holmes
Residence Affairs is now looking for an
apartment dweller to serve as chairperson of
Cheerleaders Na 1
in national contest
Carolina's cheerleading squad took top
honors in the national competition last week
in Hollywood, finishing ahead of Southern
California, Kansas, Florida and Pittsburgh.
The competition was taped last Thursday
night for a 90-minute CBS television special
that will be shown at 8 p.m. April 24. Cheryl
Ladd is hostess for the show; Phyllis George
and Bruce Jenner are MCs; and Lou Rawls,
George Burns and Gene Kelly are special
The members of the squad include co
head cheerleaders Cathy McDowell and
Chuck Day; Hank Gillebaard. Pam Parham,
Teresa Trice, Heidi Behrends, Bob Fussell,
Vicki Mannarose, Steve Moazed, Bill
Nicholson, Brantley Peck, Reb Thomas,
Kim Cline, Ross Coppage, Winnie Lyles and
The competition was based one-third on
cheers and chants, one-third on dances and
one-third on spectacle.
McDowell said the final results were
announced from last place to first place.
"When they said first runner-up went to
Southern Cal. we just exploded. I don't
remember w hat we did. we were so excited. 1
don't know w ha! it w ill turn out iike on 1 V."
Dorothv (iunnells is the eheerieadets'
of juggling is
tricky to learn
By GEORGE JETER
"You want to learn how to juggle?" the
smiling face asked.
To most people this question has about
the same effect as asking someone to try
escargot for the first time.
"Actually you don't need any great
coordination or skill to do it," said Bruce
Ivins. faculty advisor for the UNC
Jugglers Association. "Some people have
learned to juggle in five or 10 minutes."
The jugglers were in the Pit last week
teaching beginners some of the basic steps
to practice one of man's most enduring
forms of entertainment. The session is an
annual event put on by the club, although
they also teach interested persons during
Thursday and Sunday afternoon
meetings by the Old Well.
"Come on and give it a try," the jovial
juggler repeated while three yellow tennis
balls danced on his hands. The first step
in juggling involves learning how to
throw chalk filled tennis balls in a low
arch from hand to hand at different
intervals. This style of throwing is called
the cascade method.
Next one learns jugglers throw out
terms almost as readily as balls. After
mastering the cascade (no easy task in
itself), there are the shower, the circle, the
two in one, and the fountain methods to
After an hour of chasing dropped
tennis balls (forget that they say you can
learn in 10 minutes) one slowly gets the
feeling juggling is as hard as it looks after
Then it happens. On about the 1000th
try these little yellow orbs dance for a
minute admittedly a little clumsily
but a few seconds of uncertain juggling is
enough. Everyone smiles, muscles ripple
gently under your shirt and suddenly you
wonder why anyone would turn down a
chance to juggle.
One word of caution. At this moment
beginners should not look at some of the
more advanced clubmembersorthey will
invariably see someone like Juggling
Association President Ernie Nolen
juggling four bulls backwards while
bounding another otf the ground. The
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Lock easy? Juggling tskes skill, coordination, luck
muscles stop rippling and old soccer
injuries start complaining.
"We've had professors, housewives,
students and townspeople all learn to
juggle," hins said. "Most people could
learn, and actually girls learn a little
Two hours later, the lesson began to
break up. and the air cleared of living
balls, sticks, clubs and rings. Beginners
were encouraged to keep practicing and
reminded to use objects with enough
weight to keep them from bouncing out
of their hands.
"Just keep practicing," lvins advised
new juggling fanatics as they walked oif
- most of them with their hands still
moving from side to side.