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Serving the students and the University community since ISVJ
Volume 85, Issue No. 133 .7
Thursday, April 27, 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Today will be cloudy, windy
and cool with highs in the
mid 50s. Chance of rain is 20
percent this morning,
decreasing to 0 percent
s " f, ?
' f - "I r - . r ,
P' " -
University Lake filled to its banks as the rain continued to fall
Up to six inches
Storm dumps on Chapel Hill
Department of Justice
may send observers
to Democratic primary
From staff and wire reports
Several areas in Chapel Hill were flooded Wednesday
as a result of a spring storm that dumped more than five
inches of rain across central North Carolina.
Chapel Hill Police reported several minor weather
related traffic accidents with no injuries as a result of the
storm, which is expected to move out of the area by
Most of Umstead Park was flooded Tuesday night,
and Chapel Hill Police warned Estes Drive residents at
6:30 a.m. Wednesday to move their cars out of the
The Eastgate Shopping Center parking lot was
flooded with several inches of water Wednesday
afternoon and had to be closed off. The entrances of the
U.S. 15-501 bypass, Rogerson and Oakwood Drives
and Hamilton Road were blocked off at their entrances
to Cleland Road.
Steady rainfall Tuesday night led to an accumulation
of up to six inches of standing water on parts of the
Ford No. 12
retired by UNC
The University orNorth Carolina retired
All-America Phil Ford's jersey Wednesday
night at the annual basketball banquet,
marking only the second time in the school's
history that a basketball player has been so
UNC Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor
announced the decision to retire Ford's
jersey No. 12.
Ford, a senior guard from Rocky Mount
and winner of the John Wooden Award as
the best college player in the nation, joins
Lennie Rosenbluth as the only Tar Heel
basketball players to have their numbers
retired. Rosenbluth'sNo. 10 was retired after
he led the Tar Heels to the NCAA
Championship in 1957, and was named
national player of the year.
Only five other Carolina athletes, all
football players, have had their numbers
retired. Those players are George Barclay,
Andy Bershak, Cotton Sutherland, Art
Weiner and Charlie "Choo Choo" Justice.
University campus. Police said most of the water had
drained off by late Wednesday.
W. H. Cleveland, assistant director of the Orange
Water and Sewer Authority, said Wednesday night that
University Lake was almost a foot above the dam.
The dam has a special section designed to break away
if flooding is excessive, but the dam withstood the 12
inch overflow, Cleveland said.
Dan Spurling, operations officer at the state Office of
Civil Preparedness, said flooding across the state was
minor and most flooding was reported in central North
Raleigh city workmen were busy Wednesday piling
sandbags on top of the dam at Lake Raleigh, one of four
reservoirs serving the capital city. City spokespersons
said the water level was near the top of the dam,
tueaning possible overflow and dam wash out. The lake
has a 90-million gallon capacity.
Northwestern mountain areas reported an inch of
snow as a result of the storm.
! t ' '
Umstead Drive was swamped by the deluge
By CAROL HANNKK
Officials of the U.S. Department of
Justice may send federal observers to
Orange County for the Democratic
primary Tuesday to watch for possible
violations of the Voting Rights Act of
1965, U.S. Attorney Mickey Michaux
The observers would be present at the
polls as voters cast their ballots and as
elections official tally the returns. Any
improprieties in the election process
would be reported to the Civil Service
Commission, Justice Department
spokesperson John Wilson said.
"I want to stress that there is no active
federal investigation right now. They
(Justice Department investigators) are
just making inquiries into whether they
should begin an official investigation,"
"There very well could be federal
observers. We will just have to see what
decision the Justice Department comes
to," Michaux said.
Wilson acknowledged that officials
may order observers into the county,
but he refused to speculate whether that
decision would be made.
Michaux said he asked the Civil
Service Commission to begin inquiries
after he received complaints related to
the conservative Orange Committee's
6,300 challenges against blacks,
students and other registered voters in
Chapel Hill and Carrboro.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is
aimed at protecting ballot box privileges
of recognizable minorities, including
blacks and students, against
harrassment, intimidation and coercion
based on prejudice.
One provision of the Voting Rights
Act was to provide for federal
monitoring of the election process in
states or counties in which 50 percent of
eligible voters were not registered in the
1964 presidential election, according to
Gerald Jones, chief of the voting rights
section of the Justice Department Civil
Although Orange County was not
one of the 40 North Carolina counties in
w,hich voting process surveillance was
authorized under the 1965 law,
Michaux said federal observers may be
sent in if Justice Department
investigators suspect substantial
violations of the rights of voters.
Jones said even if federal observers
watch the election process, no
announcement would be made until the
morning of the election.
Wilson said several possible courses
of action may be possible if the election
in Orange County is found to be
fraudulent. He would not elaborate on
the possible consequences.
Jones said the Department of Justice
probably would seek a court injunction
to stop discrimination practices if any
violations were found.
"But we are only in the preliminary
stages of investigation now, I must
emphasize," Jones added.
CGC trims budget 18 Gs; straw polls slap CGA
Army Corps of Engineers
requests Cane Creek delay
By TERRI HUNT
and EDDIE MARKS
Orange Water and Sewer Authority
Director W. Everett Billingsley said
Wednesday that he does not feel that a recent
letter from the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers asking for a delay in the Cane
Creek water project will have any effect on a
decision in the case now pending before the
Environmental Management Commission.
The EMC held a public hearing
Wednesday at Grey Culbreth Junior High
School to gather evidence on the proposed
700-acre reservoir. The EMC will decide
whether to grant OWASA's request for
condemnation of land along Cane Creek for
the reservoir construction.
The hearing will continue at 10 a.m. todav.
Billingsley said Frank Yelverton, the
corps' Cane Creek project director read the
letter at the hearing Wednesday morning.
Billingsley said OWASA had expected the
corps to request a delay so that more
information could be provided. "The corps
has authority over all navigable rivers and
their tributaries. Cane Creek is a tributary to
Haw River, which the corps considers
navigable," he said.
Yelverton told the EMC that OWASA has
failed to consider the extra cost of the project
caused by the loss of surrounding farmland.
Costs for land clearing and relocation were
also not considered, he said.
Billingsley said OWASA must have
permission from the EMC to take the land
required for the reservoir. "We must show
the project is beneficial to the state-wide use
of waterways," he said.
Billingsley said he hopes for a favorable
ruling from the EMC. "I really cant say
which way the EMC is leaning right now. but
1 hope we'll be successful. If not, the cae
may be appealed in the courts."
" I he selection of Cane Creek a-- a sot.ree
of water supply for Chapel Hill and
Carrboro communities, including the
University is the mosl desirable from the
standpoint of water quality, environmental
impact and cost," Billingsley said. "We
anticipate receiving the necessary permits
and approvals so that this project can be
constructed to alleviate the very serious
water deficiency that has confronted us for
The Cane Creek controversy began in
1968 when UNC recommended that Cane
Creek be used to supply water to the Chapel
Hill area rather than tap the Haw River,
Jordan Reservoir or Durham's water supply.
Opponents of the Cane Creek project say
the proposed reservoir would claim enough
land to force area farmers out of business.
At the hearing Wednesday, Daniel Okun,
UNC professor of environmental science
and engineering, said Cane Creek was the
only viable alternative to meet Chapel Hill's
water needs. Pollution in the Haw River and
Jordan Reservoir make them unsuitable, he
"Environmental Protection Agency
standards require that we use the most
pollution-free water source," Okun said.
"It's unfortunate that residents will be
displaced but this project will cause
hardships for fewer people than any other
reservoir project I've been involved with."
Recently the Chapel Hill and Carrboro
aldermen and the University expressed their
support of OWASA's request.
Last Thursday MikeTeer, president of the
Cane Creek Conservation Authority,
released a statement criticizing OWASA's
actions and the support given by Chapel
Hill, Carrboro and the University.
"These three governing bodies did not
hold a public hearing, did not solicit
contrary views and did not review any
evidence except that provided by
OWASA. . .they were totally unqualified to
endorse a particular solution to the problem.
By DINITA JAMES
, M " V ' " ' ' "
... , i
The' Campus Governing Council
approved a budget bill appropriating
$208,800.58 to student organizations early
Wednesday morning after a session lasting
The figure in the appropriated balance is a
reduction of $18,233.99 from the figure
recommended by the Finance Committee.
Thus far in the 1977-78 fiscal year,
approximately $70,000 has been
appropriated beyond the amount allocated
by the budget bill. The 59th session of the
CGC left $18,909 in its unappropriated
balance. The remaining $51,091 of the
$70,000 was taken from the student fee
increase and the general surplus.
At the end of the 1978 summer sessions,
the amount in the unappropriated balance
could drop to $10,338.01 because the CGC
also has provided for the summer CGC to
have the power to appropriate up to $5,000.
Separate from the budget bill itself,
$12,817 was allocated from the general
surplus to fund several capital expenditures,
$3,570 to WXYC for two tape decks, $2,385
for choir robes to the Black Student
Movement Gospel Choir and $5,000 to the
Sports Club Council for equipment.
During the council's review of finance
committee recommendations, opposition by
several members to funding of the Carolina
Gay Association made that organization the
most controversial of the evening.
The issue of CGA funding was raised
when Lyndon Fuller, chairperson of the
Student Affairs Committee, reported that a
straw poll of his constituents showed a
majority opposing CGA funding and
outlined the reasons for their opposition.
The poll revealed that many constituents
opposed funding because of personal
feelings regarding homosexual behavior.
"These people said, without any discernable
malice or frothing at the mouth, that they did
not want their student fees to fund any
organization that espoused a sexual
philosophy of any kind, much less one that
these constituents feel is aberrant and
abnormal," the statement read.
Members Clay Shugart and Debbie
Weston said that they too had taken random
polls, with similar results.
Member Emily Seelbinder, visibly shaken,
spoke in rebuttal to the statements.
"Of all the challenges to the CGA," she
said, "I feel this is the most offensive one
ever. 1 am finding it difficult to control
myself. I am appalled for a number of
When the final vote came, the CGC
appropriation remained at $8 1 5, the amount
recommended by the Finance Committee.
Four council members did, however, vote
against any funding.
The following changes were made to the
Finance Committee's recommendations
from the floor of CGC:
Carolina Quarterly decreased from
$4,000 to $3,700.
Yackety Yack increased from $4,702 to
$9,702. This increase eliminates the need for
an additional charge of one dollar per
Residence Hall Association increased
from $2,264.90 to $3,551.90.
Association of International Students
increased from $103 to $403.
Association For Women Students
increased from $6,681 to $7,781.
Toronto Exchange increased from $850
Individual 'Events increased from
$2,170 to $3,170.
Fine Arts Festival increased from
$10,000 to $13,500.
Executive Branch increased from
$32,600 to $34,866. This increase provides
for the funding of Project Uplift and
Debate team increased from $1,945 to
Student Consumer Action Union
increased from $1 1,239 to $13,352.89.
Cellar Door increased from $ 1 ,800 to
Black Student Movement increased
from $10,700 to $10,750.
North Carolina Student Legislature
increased from $570 to $850.
Cheap shoes ain't got no sole
By BETH ROGERS
Di ll Contributor
If your spring shape-up program
includes jogging, you may have faced a
dilemma: What kind of shoes should you
If baffled by displays ol raucous-colored
sneakers with names that sound like car
engines and prices that elevate them to
"athletic footwear," read on. Chapel Hill
podiatrist Richard S. Lotwin has some
advice on choosing and caring for running
First, he says, plan to invest in a good
pair not the discount store variety. You
can expect to pay at least S20-S25 for a
"I don't recommend shopping for
bargains in parachutes, brain surgery,
brakes or running shoes," Lotwin says. He
explains that more goes into expensive
shoes than a higher price tag and space-age
name. Cheaper imitations may appear to
be the same, but materials are usually
inferior. More expensive brands have
earned their stripes through higher quality '
construction and rigorous tests their
manufacturers have subjected them to.
"Foot problems usually don't result
directly from footgear, though," Lotwin
says. "Wearing the wrong shoes just affects
foot problems that are already there.
"Barefoot tribal people developthesame
problems we do. including corns." he says.
"So we now think structure and function of
the feet, not footgear, cause loot problems
(affecting about 25 percent of all
? - ' tf
"But improper footgear can irritate a
problem to the point that it becomes
dangerous." Lotwin says certain problems,
such as blisters, can come from wearing
shoes that don't fit properly or are not
Lotwin suggests checking with other
joggers to find a dependable salesperson.
"M ost are dependable or they don't stay in
business long the grapevine works fast,"
Once you've found the dealer, he
suggests, don't Siecify a particular shoe,
even an expensive brand. "Tell the
salesperson ou plan to jog X miles a week
on a certain surface, and you're in lousy
shape whatever applies. I hen let him be
the judge ol which shoe best fits your
You should look tor certain qualities in
the shoe's construction and fit.
The sole should have several layers. The
outermost layer should be durable enough
to prevent penetration of sharp rocks and
cushion some of the intense pressure that
running puts on the foot.
But the sole must be flexible, as well as
strong, so it can give some when your foot
hits the ground. Otherwise, your calf
muscles and Achilles tendon receive more
"This is one reason for the higher price
materials that are both flexible and
durable are usually expensive," Lotwin
Cheaper shoes may be durable and last
forever, he says, but they usually lack
The heel, too, should be flexible and
dmab'e It should have a slight wedge to
spread the shock the heel receives on
impact and to take strain off the calf
muscles. And it should have an Achilles
tendon cushion to prevent irritation of
your heel. On the best shoes, this thick
padding extends in a border around the
The inside, like the sole and heel, should
be compressible to absorb shock.
Lotwin says leather plus nylon is a good
combination for the upper part of theshoe,
providing lightness and support.
Proper fit is as important as
construction. Be sure the shoe has enough
room in the toe.
"If the salesperson measures the length
of the shoe while you're sitting down, he
doesn't know what he's doing," Lotwin
says. "When you stand, your foot stretches
out, so that's the way to get an accurate fit."
He says the salesperson also should
measure the fit at the ball of your foot,
w here it bends.
Once you've invested in a pair of shoes,
you can take steps to make them last
longer. Keep them clean and dry, and
lubricate the leather parts. Don't wear the
same shoes all the time.
"Cheaper shoes used for walking aren't
going to hurt you," Lotwin says. "So don't
wear a $K) pair of running shoes to the
supermarket or on a hike. Carry them to
the track and take them off w hen you're not
With good care, he says, shoes should
last two or three yeais, may be longer, even
witti regular use.