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rowth rate contributes to houmm crunch
By MIKE COYNE
and MICHAEL WADE
Editors note: This is the first in a three-part
series on Chapel Hill's housing shortage. The
series draws from a March 15, 1978 housing report
to the chancellor by the University's Business and
Finance and Student Affairs departments.
In 1970, after a decade of student dissatisfaction
with anything that smacked of the establishment,
there "were 400 vacancies in University dormitories
as students sought the freedom of off-campus
living in Chapel Hill. .
That year, the School of Nursing's 240-space
dormitory was transfered to the division of Health
Affairs to provide badly needed offices and clinics.
It ideally was located for the purpose, and at the
time there was housing space to spare.
Since then, 142 more spaces have been taken out
of rental use in an effort to make residence halls
more attractive. Those spaces were turned into
kitchens, study rooms, offices for student
organizations or classrooms. The end result the
capacity of University housing dropped from
6,965 spaces in 1969 to 6,583 spaces now.
But when school opened this year, 76 students
were tripled in double rooms, and 62 students had
to bed down temporarily in dorm study rooms.
Apartments within a reasonable distance were
chock full, and some students felt lucky to find a
room in a private residence or a mobile home.
House-hunting is no longer a pick-and-choose
affair for UNC students they have to live
wherever they can find a roof.
Students, since they move more often, naturally
are hit hardest by the housing crunch. But the
student population isn't to blame for the housing
shortage. Surprisingly, the housing report to the
chancellor shows that students are a relatively
minor factor in Chapel Hill's housing problems.
Although student enrollment at the University has
risen from 17,000 to nearly 20,000 since 1970, the
populations of Chapel Hill and Carrboro have
increased more sharply. Since the 1970 census.
Chapel Hill's population has climbed from 26,000
to almost 35,000, ajd Carrboro's nearly has
doubled to 10,000. The report to the chancellor
lists five factors in the population increase:
The number of persons moving into the area
for retirement has jumped 253 percent since 1970.
The growth of the Research Triangle Park has
led to a 352 percent increase in the numbenjof full
time employees at the park who live in the area.
There has been a 114 percent increase in the
number of permanent employees of the University
and N.C. Memorial Hospital since 1967.
Growth in retail commercial enterprises as well
as growth is service organizations in the
communities have exerted a positive influence on
The increase in the number of apartment units
constructed in 1973-74 greatly increased the
number of students living within the corporate
limits, especially in Carrboro.
"This suggests," the housing report continues,
"that any housing shortage in the area must be
attributed to increased demand for housing due to
general population growth than to the presence of
University students in the community."
As a part of the study, the housing department
surveyed 32 area apartment complexes, which
provide a total of 5,784 bedrooms in one, two and
three bedroom apartments. The report predicts
that new regulations proposed by some apartment
managers, which prohibit two single persons from
renting a one-bedroom apartment and sharing the
costs, should further cramp the housing situation.
Those regulations already have gone into effect at
some area apartments.
A survey last January and February showed
that most students are satisfied with their living
conditions, whether they live on or off campus.
The majority on campus listed convenience as
their main reason for using University housing.
The second most frequently mentioned reason for
living on campus is cost.
More than 80 percent of last year's freshman
class said they would prefer not to move off
campus. But '45 percent of the University housing
this year went to the 3,127 freshmen, leaving only
55 percent of the spaces for returning students.
The University is now near what administrators
consider its optimal size. Chapel Hill's growth
however, apparently will continue. The $64
question for students is whether there will be
enough housing, either on or off campus, for
There will have to be more housing in Chapel
Hill in the future, whether it comes from private
investors in the form of apartments and
condominiums or from state and federal funds for
The problem is far more complicated than it
appears at first glance. Formstance, building more
dorms on campus would at best be an exceedingly
risky venture: laws require that the dorms be self
supporting which would mean higher rents, and
which would immediately make them less
attractive to students in spite of the crunch,
which.... The list of complications is a story in
itself. The same holds true for additional private
construction in the area developers confront
f See HOUSING on page 4
Skies will be mostly sunny
today. The high will be in the
low 80s with a 10 percent
chance of rain.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
7T rltr rt
Carolina Union Activities
Week begins today. For
details on scheduled events,
see page 4.
Vol. GO, No.
Tuesday, September 5, 1978
Please call us: 933-0245
rind to halt
By CAROL HANNER
Negotiations on the Carrboro bus
system came to a standstill Friday as
Carrboro officials rejected the
University's latest offer to increase
Carrboro then tried to break the
deadlock with a counterproposal which
University officials rejected.
Meanwhile, buses were to begin
operating on the N-route extension
today, according to Bob Godding,
Chapel Hill transportation director.
The present N-route, which ends at
Bolinwood Apartments, will be extended
to Estes Park Apartments via the Estes
Riders can pick up new schedules from
the town's banks, libraries and main
The fate of " Carrboro's C-rpute bus
service remains unresolved, however.
The University's proposal would have
increased UNC's contribution to the bus
system by approximately $5,000 and cut
Carrboro's contribution by $6,800
toward present service. Doug Sharer,
chairperson of Carrboro's
Transportation Committee, said the
town would put the $6,800 back into the
bus system for additional service.
"Under our counterproposal, the
University would pay another $6,500 in
addition to the $5,000 increase in funding
they proposed," he said. That would have
meant an $11,500 increase in University
"It's hard to negotiate when there is no
give and take," Sharer said. "We've
continually given, offering
counterproposals. The University has
made exactly one give (last week's
proposed funding increase)."
John Temple, UNC vice chancellor for
business and finance, could not be
reached for comment on the meeting
Sharer said Carrboro officials are
reviewing the proposal and may come up
with another offer, but there now are no
plans for another meeting.
He said the. University will have to try
to run the system with passenger revenue
if no decision is reached by the time the
University quits funding the system. He
said that would mean a cut in the level of
"The University will be trying to do
what no transit system in the United
States has been able to do," Sharer said.
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In September poll
Servo mat ion's Butcher Block opened after student suggestions
By EDDIE MARKS
Student Government and the Student
Consumer Action Union will work
together this fall on an opinion survey of
the campus food service to find out what
changes students would like in campus
"When I was running for office, one of
the complaints 1 generally heard was
about the food service," said Student
Body President Jim Phillips. "The survey
will give information to people who are in
a position to take action on it.
- "I don't think Servomation (the
company that provides the food service)
has been lax. 1 just don't think they've
been able to meet student heeds as well as
they should," Phillips said. .
Servomation operates Chase
Cafeteria, the Pine Room and the Hunger
Hut In the Carolina Union. D.Lv Patton,'
Servomation director, said about 1,600
students are served by the company's
The results of the survey will be given
to the Chancellor's Food Service
Committee, Phillips said. "I hope we can
have the results ready by December, but I
have a feeling it might take until the
Ralph Aubry, Jr. chairperson 'of
SCAU, said the survey probably will not
get underway until the end of September.
"We're still trying to decide what ideas
we'll attack," he said. "We're trying to put
to gether a good, solid survey. We don't
want a slipshod one that can be
A similar survey conducted by SCAU
two years ago showed that many students
were dissatisfied with the food service,
"The students came to SCAU with
their complaints and we felt there was a
definite need to do something," he said of
the earlier survey. "As a result of the
survey, -the Pine Room was remodeled
and the Butcher Block was opened. More
flexible meal plans such as the any-1 4 and
the any-10 meal plans were offered.
"Some change has been initiated, but
there could be more. We ; really want to
help the - University improve the food
servfceVWe want more monitoring of the
food service. Now it seems like we're the
only ones who monitor it."
Aubry said he wants to wait until the
end of September to begin the survey so
students will have a chance to judge the
"If we started the survey now most
people wouldn't have time to really judge
the service. We'll wait a while to give
people a chance to see how they feel about
"We'll draw conclusions from the
results and make recommendations to the
Food Service Committee," he said. "The
students need a way to have input into
Patton said he does not see the planned
survey as antagonistic toward the food
"We welcome the survey," he said. "We
made several changes as a result of the
last survey. One of our questions showed
that students wanted more flexible meal
plans so we offered the any-10 and any-14
"We're here for the students, ,not
because the students are here."
Patton said Servomation always has
encouraged input from students.(
Changes such as he introduction of free
seconds and soft tee cream in Chase have .
been implemented as a result of student
suggestions, he said. A snack bar for
nights and weekends in Chase is
scheduled to open this year because of a
suggestion by the Chancellor's Food
"We have suggestion boxes available
and we try to follow up on all the
suggestions we receive," Patton said.
Curter: Compromise mundutory for Midemst summit
CAMP DAVID, Md. (AP)
President Carter flew to this Marine
guarded Mideast summit site Monday,
pleading for compromise and saying
chances for total success are very remote.
"Compromises will be mandatory,"
Carter said as he left the White House.
"Without them, no progress can be
expected. Flexibility will be the essence of
He confirmed that the summit, which
has noitime limit and could go on for a
week or more, will be held in
"1 would say that we will be almost
uniquely isolated from the press and from
the ourside world," Carter said. "My
hope is that his degree of personal
interchange, without the necessity for
political posturing or defense of a
transient stand or belief, will be
Carter praised Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin for "their willingness to
come when the political consequences of
failure might be very severe, and when the
prospects of complete success are very
He said he is convinced both men want
peace, but he offered a guarded outlook
for the meeting.
"No one can ensure the degree of
success which we might enjoy," Carter
said. "The issues are very complicated.
The disagreements are deep.
"Four wars have not led to peace in
that troubled region of the world. There is
no cause for excessive optimism, but
there is also no cause for despair.
"The greatest single factor which
causes me to be encouraged is my sure
knowledge that Prime Minister Begin
and. President Sadat genuinely want
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At the invitation of President
Carter, Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat (right) and Israeli
Prime Minister Menachem
Begin (left) meet today at Camp
David, Md., at a summit that has
been called politically
dangerous for Carter.
; -'r s
peace. They are determined' to make
progress, and so am I," Carter said.
As host to the unprecedented and
politically risky summit. Carter was first
to make the 'helicopter trip to this
Catoctin mountaintop, 65 miles from
Washington, that host known as a
Sadat and Begin will be welcomed here'
by Carter on Tuesday afternoon. The
summit gets under way formally on
Begin was in New York City on this
Labor Day holiday, meeting with
American Jewish leaders and others.
Sadat was in Paris for talks with
French President Valery Giscard
d'Estaing. Diplomatic sources said Sadat
was seeking French support for his Camp
David negotiating position.
Carter prayed for peace on Sunday at a
Bible school session at First Baptist
Church, where he regularly attends
services when in Washington.
Begin, upon arriving in New York City
on Sunday, declared: "We want peace
more than any nation on earth."
Sadat has described the Camp David
conference as "a last chance" for a
Mideast settlement a position
challenged by Begin, who has talked of it
as a possible prelude to further,
U.S. officials have contented
themselves with expressing hope that
Begin and Sadat will be able to make the
compromises necessary to give new
impetus to the stallecT peace process.
UNC student organizes
Ingram campus drives
By CAM JOHNSON
Roy Cooper for U.S. Senate in
The date is a long way off, but the
idea is not as farfetched as it may
Cooper is a senior political science
and psychology major from Nashville,
N.C, and since June, has been
director of Democrat John Ingram's
senatorial campaign on college and
university campuses across the Tar
The object of his campus effort it to
build an Ingram organization on every
campus possible. "We've tried to find
campaign managers to help Ingram,
even down to the community college .
and technical institute level," said
Cooper, president of the UNC Young
1 he campuses with college Young
Democratic Clubs will be no problem.
Cooper said. "The biggest problem
will be branching outside of these," he
"We hope to have a hundred keys
(campaign managers) on different
campuses," Cooper said. "A lot of
them have carried over from the
primary. So far, we have about 35
keys," Cooper said.
"One of our jobs is to unify this
whole thing (all the. campuses)," the
UNC senior. said.
Cooper sketched his plans for the
UNC-Chapel Hill campus, which he
hopes will be a model for campuses
throughout the state.
"Between now and Oct. 9 we'll start
a massive registration drive. We'll try
to call registered students and see if
they have a way to the polls," Cooper
"We'll leaflet the whole campus and
put up signs saying where to register
and how. We're going to put them
under people's doors," he said.
Cooper said sign-up sheets will be
posted soliciting volunteers to drive
voters to the polls in election day. "We
did this in the Hunt campaign in '76.
It's obvious we did a good job because
the Country Club Precinct (covering
most of South Campus), was one of
the highest turnouts of the election,"
See COOPER on page 2
TM thrives in Chapel Hill
By CAROL HANNER
Staff W riter
Chapel Hill transcendental meditation teacher
Norman Zierold has not limited his interests to mind
expansion. He also has written six books, including a
biography of Greta Garbo.
The 51 -year-old writer said he came to Chapel Hill
because of his interest in transcendental meditaiton.
"I came to Chapel Hill partly because it has a large
population of retired academicians, plus it was one of
the first cities to have 1 percent of the population
practicing TM, which fascinated me," Zierold said.
Five years ago, Zierold studied with Maharishi
Mahesh Yogi in Switzerland and became a TM
After receiving a bachelor's degree in government
from Harvard. Zierold spent three years in France and
1 later taught French and German "at Brearlay, a
fashionable girls' school.
"That was a horrible experience," he said. "These
were wealthy young girls, whose parents dragged them
to France every summer when they wanted to stay at
home and go to the beach with their boyfriends.
Consequently, they were very difficult to teach."
Zierold left the teaching profession to test out the
magazine field in New York.
"I had always dreamed of going to New York and
being editor of Theatre Arts Magazine, I went in and
applied for a position and got advertising manager.
"After working a while, 1 complained that 1 couldn't
get any ads because circulation was poor, so they made
me circulation director.
"When I told them I couldn't increase circulation
because the editorials were so poorand I ended up as
editor and associate publisher."
After five years with Theatre Arts Magazine and
then Show Magazine. Zierold began free-lancing
magazine articles and novels.
"One article I did for New York Magazine was on
the use and misuse of our language, especially our
overuse of Ya know.' I watched the Dick Cavett,
Merv Griffin and Johnny Carson shows for a week
and counted the times 'ya know' was used. It ran into
the thousands." he said.
"The three shows were almost equal in usage ot 'ya
know'. Johnny Carson's guests used it a little less, but
that was because he had talking dogs on one night and
they didn't say 'ya know' at all," he said.
One of Zieroid's favorite topics is Hollywood. He
has been interviewed by Barbara Walters and Mike
Douglas about his Hollywood books, which have been
featured by the Book of the Month Club.
He wrote an unauthorized biography of Greta
Garbo, the reclusive film star of the '30s and '40s, sent
her a copy of the book and told her about
Transcendental Meditation. "I learned just last year
that she had started TM, which pleased me a great
deal," he said. -
Zierold wrote two novels chronicling crime stories
in the late 1800s, one of which won the Edgar Allan
"Lots of people in New York have told me I should
write, more crime stories, but I'm not really interested
in that because crime is a result of stress. Instead of
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dwelling on it, let's eliminate it through TM," Zierold
His latest novel is a love story about a young man
who wants his girlfriend to start TM. He also has
another Hollywood novel mapped out.
Zierold will lecture on the TM technique at 7:30
.tonight at the TM center at 303 E. Rosemary St.