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Hot end sunny
It will be hot and sunny today
with the high in the lower 90s
and the low near 70. Chance
of rain is 10 percent through
The aura of the '60s is revived
and examined once again in
The Beatles - Forever. See
Mark Scandling's book
review on p. 4.
Serving the students and the University community since 1H93
Volume CSV Issue Uo.i j
Wednesday, September 20, 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
r ; ... a .
a r Ji f el
I I i i II II I i
Speakers praise solar energy -potential, push further developments
By ROBERT THOMASON
"It's happening now," said two of the speakers, one referring to
solar energy in California and the other to solar energy in North
But the director of the North Carolina Utilities Commission
said the time has not yet arrived when conventional systems of
energy production can be abandoned for new forms.
The comments' were made Monday night at a Solar Energy
Forum sponsored by UNC Student Government and several
civic groups. Most of the speakers at the forum expressed
enthusiasm for the current and potential uses of solar power.
"Right now, solar power is like motherhood used to be," said
Leon Neal, chairperson of the North Carolina Solar Energy
Association. "A few years ago, a politician could say he was for
motherhood, and everyone would applaud him. Now, with
abortion and birth control, not everyone thinks motherhood is a
"We're in the stage of solar power technology where everyone
Thursday lust day
to drop courses
without W penalty
By EDDIE MARKS
Under a new policy instituted this fall, students have until
Thursday to drop a course without receiving a W (Withdrawn)
on their transcript, Samuel R. Williamson, dean of the College of
Arts and Sciences, said Tuesday.
"The new policy is the final aspect of shortening the drop
period," Williamson said. "When the drop period was longer, the
W was used to discourage students from making late drops. Now
if a student drops within the four weeks, there won't be any
record of his ever having been in the course."
The W still will be placed on a student's transcript if a course is
dropped after the Thursday deadline, Williamson said.
"If a student wants to drop a course after the four-week drop
period, he will have to go through an appeals process to the
General College, Arts and Sciences or the appropriate school.
The W will still be used in these cases."
Students may drop a course today and Thursday using the
regular drop procedure, Williamson said.
"All a student has to do is get the class card and have his
adviser sign the drop form." ,-. .-"J. l'-j:ZZ'
The new W policy will not be retroactive, Williamson said.
"This is the first semester the new policy has been in effect. It
will not apply to students who received Ws in previous years."
Thursday also is the last day for students to declare a course
pass-fail. Pass-fail declaration slips are available through the
office of the dean of a student's school or college. Once a course is
declared pass-fail, the decision is binding and cannot be reversed.
thinks it's a great idea and everyone has something good to say
about it. But there will be controversy." Neal said.
"We should take advantage of this time to promote solar
energy as much as we can."
Society should move away from traditional sources of energy
to renewable, non-polluting forms, said Wilson Clark, an aide to
California Gov. Jerry Brown and the keynote speaker. Clark, a
North Carolina native and a former UNC student, wrote Energy
for Survival: Alternatives to Extinction, one of the first
comprehensive surveys of alternative energy sources.
"We need a new beginning," Clark said. "It's going to take;
more than just money pouring from the federal government.
"The government has poured $ 1 20 billion to $ 1 30 billion into
maintaining fossil fuel systems over the past 50 years," Clark
said; But Clark said solar power deserves more financial support
than it currently is getting.
"Fossil fuel can offer little more than an increased standard of
living for two or three generations," Clark said. "If we are to
create a society that can meet the test of centuries, we arejnot
goinjz to do it with fossil fuels."
Over 10 years, we wind up spending more money on fuels for
conventional systems, but that is an academic argument for
people who can't get solar equipment today." Clark said.
Our goal (in California) is the installation of 1.5 million solar
power units by 1985." Clark said. By contrast, the Carter
administration's goal for the nation by that year is 2 million.
CXpeCt that the instaIlatin of l .5 million units will create
70 000 new jobs and put $7 million to $8 million into the
California economy." Clark said. .'
Dr. Benjamin Spock. well-known pediatrician and anti-war
activist, said he is horrified by the numerous new building
developments that do not take advantage of nature to heat
homes. ; - ;
James Bresse, executive director of the newly founded North
Carolina Energy Institute, outlined current uses of solar energy
in North Carolina.
He said a waste treatment plant in Wilson City has installed a
solar-powered sludge dryer. Wilson City has been using a
centrifuge to separate liquids from solids in the waste, but has
found the operation expensive.
; ' . i
mm- " -
H ugh Wells, executive director of the North Carolina Utilities
Commission, received a hostile reception when he mentioned the
part nuclear power plays in the development of North Carolina's
"While we at the Utilities Commission will give all the support
to solar energy we can, we want to think carefully about the
reliance of energy sources for the growth and development of
North Carolina." Wells said.
"Carolina Power and Light Company and Duke Power
Company have made significant commitments to nuclear power.
Duke Power has no other plans for plants other than nuclear
plants. I and the staff of the Utilities Commission support solar
alternatives. We hope to encourage small systems. But to be sure,
we have a responsibility to the conventional systems."
Leon Neal expressed his faith in the growth of solar power.
"I've" bet my friends $10 that I could find a solar installation
within 10 miles of where they live, if they live in a populated
area." Neal said.
Neal. an engineer, said individual initiative is the most
important asset to a solar-powered future.
amice MuidLeast tiro
Platitudes and latitudes
apes to provide resource center
By PAT WOOD
, Answers to simple questions don't always
come easy at UNC, but by next semester one
phone call may be enough to find out everything
from how to take a course pass-fail to what
vaccines are needed for a trip abroad.
An information center scheduled to house
300 tapes to answer questions on campus is
being organized by Roslyn Hartmann, assistant
director for student development in the Office
of Student Affairs. ,
"Our purpose is to make life a little more
hassle-free for everybody," she said.
Pending negotiations, the information center
will open in the Carolina Union at least by next
semester Hartmann said.
"We're at the point where we're ready to do
the actual taping. The hard part was getting
scripts written and approved."
Pamphlets distributed will list each tape by
number and topic. Anyone with a question may
call the information center's telephone number
and tell a staff member the number of the tape
he wants to hear.
Each tape will last from one to four minutes,
depending on the complexity of the subject, and
will end with a phone number to call for further
Hartmann, who is in charge of developing
and implementing the tape system, categorized
the tapes as straight information and teaching
tapes. Straight information tapes will answer
questions such as when and where to pick up
financial aid checks or how to register for a
course passfail. The teaching tapes will give
information primarily in physical, mental and
vocational areas, with topics ranging from what
vaccines are required for travel abroad to the
definition and preparation of a dossier.
The information system is designed to relieve
campus administrative offices of routine phone
calls and to provide simple, accurate,
comprehensive answers, Hartmann said.
"The tape center won't be a stagnant
information source," Hartmann added. "It can
keep growing and changing. You can't do that
with many media."
A campus wide survey conducted every
semester or year will help determine which new
topics to include in the center while tapes that
never are used will be discarded.
Many other schools, including UNC
Charlotte. have tape information centers.
Hartmann said the information center was
proposed to UNC in 1976 by Ray Meiggs, 1976
head of Orientation, after a conference of
faculty,, administrators and students met to
7 identify some of the University's problems.
"One of the; biggest was the lack of direct
communication. Students had to go to dozens
of different buildings to get information."
Hartmann said. .' :
Hartmann, with the help of Meiggs, speech
student Page Forbes and Nancy Hinton and
student scriptwriters David Waters, Kyle
McKinney and Mary Low Lautner, did
extensive research for tape ideas.
"We wrote every department in the campus
phone book, asked what questions they
answered most often and asked if they would,
like a tape giving this information," Hartmann
said, r -
WASHINGTON AP) The mood of triumph
that swept the capital with the successful end of the
Camp David summit was shaken Tuesday by sharp
words from Jordan's. King Hussein and lingering
differences over interpretation of the accords.
While President Carter and the leaders of Egypt
and Israel tried to maintain the momentum tpward
peace, their hopes were jolted by an official
announcement in Amman that "Jordan is not
obligated morally or materially by the agreements
signed at the Camp David summit."
The announcement by a spokesperson for the
Jordanian government came as Israeli Prime
Minister Menachem Begin prepared to fly to New
York before returning home.
Minutes after Begin's plane took off from
Andrews Air Force Base. Secretary of State Cyrus
Vance planned to depart lor Jordan, Syriaand Saudi
Arabia in an effort to enlist support for the accords.
President Anwar Sadat of Egypt planned to fly to
Rabat, Morocco, on Wednesday to meet with King
Hussein before returning to Cairo.
The Jordanian, spokesperson said Hussein
discussed the summ telephone'
conversation with Crown Prince Fahd of Saudi
Arabia and then during a four-hour emergency
session of the Jordanian cabinet.
White House press secretary J ody Powell said he
does not see the Jordanian statement "as any
contravention of the view expressed to President
Carter, that they are awaiting a full briefing."
Powell said no one had suggested that Jordan was
obligated by the agreements.
Despite Hussein's reaction, there was no
indication the Arab leader, whose support is
considered critical to the success of the summit, had
changed his mind about meeting with Vance.
Observers in Washington regarded it as a hopeful
sign when Hussein,. King Khaled of Saudi Arabia
and, later. President Hafez Assad of Syria agreed to
meet with Vance.
Following Sadat's closed meeting with the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee, Sen. Frank Church,
D-Idaho. quoted the Egyptian president as saying
that "if the Arab countries do not immediately
perceive the great stride forward that has been made
they soon will come to perceive it."
Church said Sadat expressed the hope that "King
Hussein will play the role that must be played in
Jordan if the issue of the West Bank is ever to be
Later, leaving a meeting with House members,
Sadat said he had no immediate plans to meet with
Syrian President Hafez Assad. But he called Assad's
agreement to talk with Vance "a positive move from
his side." ' - , .
Asked what he would do if Jordan's Hussein
rejects the agreements. Sadat said "let us not hurt
King Hussein" by prejudging his reaction.
1 n Amman. Jordanian of ficials said H ussein is not
expected to make his position on the agreements
in ii mi ii mm i. i.i IIUKHU
clear until he has contacted Saudi Arabia's King
Khaled and Syria's Assad.
Across the Capitol. Begin told House members
that "I believe with all my heart that the Jewish
people have a right to sovereignty over Judea.
Samaria and the Gaza Strip." The prime minister
used the biblical names forthe lands onthe West
Bank of the Jordan River.
The Camp David accords call for replacement of
Israel's military government on the West Bank with
an autonomous regime elected by the predominantly
Palestinian population. The new government would
administer the area for five years during which its
future status would be negotiated by all interested
During the transition period, Israeli troops would
be stationed in specified areas on the West Bank.
Begin repeated that he regards the arrangement to
post Israeli troops in the area as "not for five years. It
is for the transition period and beyond."
Begin also underscored Carter's statement that
there was no provision in the agreements that would
lead to the stationing of U.S. troops in the Middle
East. But he said Israel would welcome U.S. military
bases in the area.
' Church said Begin told the senators that the
United States could, with Israeli permission, set up a
naval base at Haifa. And, with Egyptian permission,
it could establish an air base in the Sinai Desert,
Meanwhile, a Pentagon official said construction
of two new military air bases for Israel in the Negev
Desert will cost the United States from $300 million
to $1 billion.
Spokesperson Thomas Ross said the estimates
were preliminary. Under the Camp David
agreement, the air bases would be built to
compensate for three major bases the Israelis will
return to Egypt in giving back Sinai land that was
taken in the 1967 war.
The concept of U.S. bases was discussed at Camp
David, but no commitments were made. Church
quoted Begin as saying.
CGC clarifies loam terms
By DINITA JAMES
The Campus Governing Council repealed a
recently passed amendment to the Black Student
Movement loan repayment plan Monday, and
instituted a more clearly worded amendment in its
place. But Allen Johnson, BSM chairperson, said
he still is not pleased with the measure.
"That's stupid too," Johnson said. "Once again,
I don't see any purpose in it."
The legislation, introduced by Jim Phillips,
student body president, reads: "If the BSM must
withdraw money from their collateral base, then
they shall not be able to request monies from the
CGC until such time (as) that money has been
returned to the collateral base."
A cover memorandum to the new amendment
from Phillips office stated the intent of the now
repealed amendment was clear, but the wording
was confusing. The memo later reads: "This article
'(the new amendment), helps clarify the intent of
the CGC, and it was written with the aid of the
Student Body Treasurer's office.
"If article 2 of BF 60-36 (the loan repayment
plan) is invoked, and BSM uses its collateral base
(i.e. its CGC appropriation), then CGC will not
appropriate more funds to BSM until the money is
returned to the collateral base."
Johnson said this amendment was as
disagreeable to BSM as the previous one.
"It's undue stress on the BSM," he said, "and I
think CGC should have enough faith in its own
common sense to judge the situations on
individual merits, instead of covering everything in
one big legislation."
Johnson also complained that the CGC did not
inform the BSM that the new legislation was
coming before CGC. : l
. "I certainly didn't know they were going to have
a meeting on this,,' he said. "And the other BSM
members didn't know either. They could have at
least taken a little time and come next door, to
Suite B and lei us know they were going to. be
Randall Williams, CGC speaker, said he felt the
public had adequate knowledge of the meeting.
"Since he (Johnson) was right next door,"
Williams said, "all he had to do was come look on
the CGC door. The announcement was up for at
least a week and a half, and it was also in the Tor
Heel the day of the meeting."
Williams said he didn't feel it was important to
let BSM know of the upcoming legislation as it did
nothing but clarify the previous amendment. "If
we had introduced legislation to freeze the BSM's
funds, then I could understand his point,"
"The amendment passed, written by Jim
Phillips and Bill Parmelee (student body
treasurer), and agreed to by Michael Freeman
(author of the previous amendment), and does
nothing more than clarify the original amendment
so it can't be challenged," he said. "It did nothing
to change the amendment at all."
Williams said as long as the organization meets
oard recomends rejection
of county planning extensions
, Allen Johnson
its payments, nothing will hinder BSM from
asking for more money.
"As long as they make their first payment Sept.
25," Williams said, "which they tell me they can,
they can come on Sept. 26 and ask for however
much money they wanted for whatever they want.
This will cover the conferences and things they've
been asking for. We can't not give them money
because it looks like they aren't going to make a
Johnson said the BSM definitely would make
the first two payments, but may have some
problems with later payments.
"This is an undue addition to the punishment
we're already suffering," he said. "We're gonna
work. We're not going to be content to have our
money sucked up as collateral."
By CAROL HANNER
The Orange County Planning Board voted 5-4
Monday to advise county commissioners to deny
Chapel Hill's requested planning-district
extension north toward Hillsborough.
The request, which now goes to the Orange
County Board of Commissioners for a final
decision, would subject all new development in the
area to town regulations that are stricter than
Chapel Hill planners requested the change to the
city could supervise development in areas where
the town eventually may expand its services.
At the same time Monday, the Chapel Hill
Board of Aldermen and the city's planning board
discussed much the same issue the town's
Comprehensive Plan for growth management and
how county land development affects the town.
Chapel Hill Mayor James Wallace said poor
development of surrounding county land could
negate benefits of monitoring Chapel Hill's growth
"We are totally surrounded by unorganized
planning," Wallace said. "Between here and Camp
New H ope on N.C 86) it is a disaster. We have had
to play a cat-and-mouse game, a deliberate
political game with the Orange County Board of
Orange County Planning Board member
Lindsay Efland, who voted in favor of extending
Chapel Hill's planning district, said, "The feelings
of members on the two different sided evolved
around Chapel Hill's treatment of mobile homes.
"Chapel Hill says mobile homes are allowed in
R-l zones, but there are no such zones anywhere
on the town's zoning map or in the. nine square
miles of land it controls outside the city limits.
Anyway you want to look at it, Chapel Hill
discriminates against mobile homes."
Efland said that if the planning district is
extended, mobile homes already in use there
would be allowed to remain. But, Efland said, if
the homes are destroyed, they could not be
Efland voted for the extension because he said
Chapel Hill has a pending amendment to its
zoning rules that would allow mobile homes in
agricultural zones. The amendment is scheduled
for public hearing Sept. 25.
"That seems to be a good faith effort on the part
of Chapel Hill to show that it won't discriminate
against mobile homes," he said.
Efland said the board's decision was influenced
by citizen input at two previous public hearings.
Most speakers at those hearings opposed the
"The response has been overwhelmingly against
extension," he said.