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Norlb Carolina Collection
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
U S POSTAGE
Volume 86, Issue No. 38
Wednesday, October 4. 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
rsiskdlcTDwini ami h
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By EDDIE MARKS
A crackdown on high grade-point averages will
involve nine departments in addition to the
Deapartment of Political Science, said Samuel R. ,
Williamson, dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.
Williamson said last week he had asked officials of the"
political science department to try to lower the grade
point averages of its st"dents.
Williamson said he issued similar instructions to the
American studies, comparative literature, dramatic arts,
music, physical education, RTVMP, sociology and
speech communications departments. Officials of the
Department of Romance Languages also were asked to
attempt to lower grade-point averages in the Spanish
curriculum, he said.
The grade-point crackdown was instituted by a
request from UNC Provost J. Charles Morrow,
"This is nothing new, Williamson said. "Dr. Morrow
is constantly monitoring the grade-point averages in
every department. He called my attention to it when he
noticed that the grade averages in these departments
were higher than in other departments. -
"Every institution has to look at this kind of problem.
The department heads will have to discuss their
philosophy of grading with the faculty. The new plus
minus grading system should help the situation a little.
Morrow said the problem has been building up for
"I've been concerned about this for a long time, he
said. "For a long time we've had too many As and Bs. 1
1E1RA. gets by
couldn't see any real improvement, so 1 asked Dean
Williamson for help.
An improved student body and relaxed policies have
contributed to the problem. Morrow said.
' "1 think that over the years the quality of the students
has improved,. Morrow said. "But I've heard some
professors say that if they had given the same tests 25
years ago that students are making As on today, the
students would have made a C.
"I think that means the students aren't being
challenged. 1 think that if we are to provide an
appropriate challenge, there should be some change in
the, level of material.. The material shouldn't stay the
"Another problem is that some professors don't give
low grades because they don't want to discourage the
students. I don't think that's fair to the real A and B
Grade inflation has made grade-point averages carry
less weight in graduate school admissions. Morrow said.
"High grades are becoming more meaningless. If you
talk to the people who review graduate school
applications, they've become really cynical about
grades. The mediocre student looks the same on paper as
the outstanding student."
Arthur Housman, chairperson of the Department of
Dramatic Arts, said he also has noticed a problem with
grade inflation over the past, several years.
"It's not brand new to us," Housman said. "We
noticed four years ago that students in our department
tended to have more As and Bs than students in other
departments. We've been working on the question since
I've been chairman.
"One of the results is that people are beginning to
realize they can't walk,away from our popular courses
like Drama 15 with an easy A or B any more."
Departments such as dramatic arts tend to have high
grade averages because they attract talented students.
"Particularly in our department, the students have a
higher than average special talent or they wouldn't be
drama majors to begin with. We have to wrestle with the
problem of whether to grade these students in relation to
other drama majors or to the student body as a whole.
"Graduate schools are judging the reputation of the
department more than the student's grade-point
average. A student graduating from East Texas
Timbuktu University with a 4.0 average might not have
as a good a chance as a student with a 3.0 average from
Krishan Namboodiri, chairperson of the sociology
department, said visiting faculty also contribute to the
"Visiting faculty tend to have more liberal grading
policies than our continuing faculty," Namboodiri said.
"This was our major problem over the past two
"I'm going to talk to the TAs and faculty about the
problem. We'll insist that they pay more attention to
grading and take it seriously. I'm going to step on their
Frank M . Duffey, chairperson of the Department of
Romace Languages, said grade inflation has given more
weight to the results of standardized tests.
"As far as I know, no one has found an effective way to
cope with the problem," Duffey said. "On the grounds of
good old academic integrity, I think it is important that
we do everything we can to revise our practices so that
when a student gets a B, it really means something."
Lee Specktor strums the day away on Franklin Street
Fill up Jordan Lake first?
Came Creek oippoiieiite say
of an extension of time for the proposed
Equal Rights Amendment won two
preliminary victories in the Senate on
Tuesday but concede they will face a
tougher test in a crucial vote today.
The senators first rejected, by a vote of
64-26, an amendment to recognize the
action of four states that have rescinded
their ratification of the ERA. The
amendment also would-have allowed
other states to do the same iathe future.
The Senate then turned down, by a
vote of 58-33, an amendment that would
have required a two-thirds vote of both
houses before the extension could be
approved. Defeat of this amendment
means the extension needs only a simple
majority, as in the House, to clear the
Both amendments were offered by Sen.
William Scott, R-Va.
The Senate will vote today on an
amendment by Sen. Jake Gam, R-Utah,
which would allow future votes to rescind
approval of the ERA, but would not
validate the four rescission votes already
A spokesperson for Gam said he was
not dismayed by the defeat of the Scott
rescission amendment. "As a matter of
fact, we expected it," the aide said.
Gam had voted for the Scott proposal.
He says a majority of senators have
told him they'll vote for his amendment.
ERA backers concede the vote will be
close but say they expect to win.
- V ,4
- , - AH'
By PAM KELLEY
. ; Staff Writer
The Orange Water and" Sewer Authority should
wait until the Jordan Dam and Lake project' is
completed before taking further Action on the
planned Cane Creek Reservoir in southwestern
Orange County, members of a community-action
groip said last week.
"We think it is senseless for us to give up our farms
for the . reservoir if Jordan Lake can become a
sufficient water supply," said Michael Teer,
president of the Cane Creek Conservation
CCCA and other groups have asked for a
moratorium on OWASA's plan to increase southern
Orange County's water supply by constructing a
reservoir on Cane Creek
Officials are in the process of obtaining permits to
start the Cane Creek project. OWAS A officials have
said construction should begin by mid 1979. An
estimated 700 acres of land would be required to
complete the project, according to official estimates.
OWAS A and Corps of Engineers officials said
both the Cane Creek project and Jordan Lake are
.important because., of . increasing water. needs in
southern Orange County.- --
"The Cane Creek Reservoir would supply water
for 20 to 25 years. But after that, an" additional
water source would be needed," Corps of Engineers
biologist Frank Yelyerton said.
CCCA member M itchell Lerner conceded that the
Cane Creek Reservoir would be an ample water
source. But the reservoir eventually would be
insufficient, he said. s
. Jordan Lake could supply water for 70 years,
possibly making the Cane Creek project
unnecessary, Lerner said. '
Meanwhile, President Carter's veto on Tuesday of
the $10.2billion public works hill that includes
Jordan Lake set the stage for a potentially bitter
clash with fellow Democrats in Congress.
Carter announced he will veto the bill because it is
inflationary and wastes the taxpayers' money.
See CREEK on page 2
Police Mitz on pu
By CHRIS BURRITT
A Chapel Hill police crackdown on partyers, which
has resulted in about seven arrests a week since Sept. 1,
will be continued but only on a part-time basis, Police
Chief Herman Stone decided Friday.
Ben Callahan, administrative assistant to the chief,
said Stone decided to put the crackdown unit of six
policemen who patrol the downtown bar area on a more
limited schedule. He made the decision after meeting
Sept. 29 with the six men to evaluate the crackdown.
Until that time, the crackdown unit worked seven
days a week to arrest people who were littering or
drinking on public property. All unit members were
assigned to work on Friday and Saturday nights, while
Sunday through Thursday nights they worked on a more
After the Sept. 29 meeting. Stone decided the unit
would operate only on certain occasions and that the
number of men assigned to work would vary with the
Callahan said the crackdown, prompted by
complaints from Chapel Hill merchants and residents,
has been successful because bar owners and students
"have cooperated almost totally."
The Mad Hatter, a bar and delicatessen on Franklin
Street, has cooperated with the crackdown by placing
"No Beer Beyond This Point" signs above all exits. A
Mad Hatter employee said the signs are one way
management has been able to help the police.
"Any. efforts they (the police) make to control
unnecessary rowdiness is to our advantage," said the
o ease up
employee. "Most of the bar owners 1 have had contact
with are all for this crackdown and are willing to help the
police keep disorder off the streets."
Chip Ensslin, a UNC senior, said he believes the
crackdown has made students more aware of existing
laws. "Since the crackdowm" he said, "if 1 have a beer in
my hand I carry it at my side."
However, freshman Buckley Strandberg said he has
seen no effects of the crackdown. "My drinking habits
have not changed because T have seen no major
crackdown," he said. "The only evidence of a crackdown
I have seen is what I have read in the paper."
Callahan said although police have arrested about
seven people a week, the crackdown is not designed "to
fill the jail up on the weekend." ;
"The crackdown is not like a roundup" he said. "In
fact, the last resort is to throw people in jail."
Mike Rice has a sure way to beat
the morning traffic rush on his way
to the University. He flies to work.
Rice, an associate professor of
business administration, says, "It's
- bstter than 25 minutesin at;arn
(N.C.) 54, fighting traffic., Nothing
I've done before compares to
commuting by plane."
He says it takes him six minutes
to fly to Chapel Hill's Horace
Williams Airport from the private
airstrip he built near his home in
western Orange County. Flying is
fuel efficent, he adds. But by the
time he parks, ties his plane down
and rides to work on his
Motorbecane, he admits he saves
only five minutes.
BufitsTa godoTway to start oltthe
day, he adds. "You can't worry
about worldly things when you're
For a year Rice and his family
lived in a house trailer on their 86
acre farm while their house was
"The reason I bought the farm
was so I . could build a little
airstrip," he said. "It will tell you
something of my order of priorities
that I built the airstrip first, then a
hangar and then my house."
Rice was concerned at first
about how his neighbors would
react to his airstrip. But now he
says he has given neighbors
"hundreds of rides if I've given one.
"Having a little strip out in the
country is kind of like aviation was
25 years ago," Rice says. "It's like
when a barnstorming pilot came
into town and everybody went to
see what it. was all about.
"Sure, everybody thinks I'm
half-crazy, but I figure everybody
that razzes me is just a little bit
New law g
ive police option o
By ERIC MILLER
Special to the Daily Tar Heel
A state law became effective this week that permits police to
assist public drunks rather than arrest them.
Under the new law, police officers are allowed to take a drunk
home, to a friend's house or to a local alcohol rehabilitation
center rather than to jail.
Officers still have the authority tojail a drunk for 24 hours but
cannot charge him unless he has been disruptive in public."Being
disruptive means blocking or interfering with traffic, grabbing or
pushing other people, cursing, shouting, begging for money or
property," Chapel Hill Police Lt. Bucky Simmons said.
The new law provides no loopholes for persons charged with
Records show that during September in Chapel Hill 29 arrests
were made for public drunkenness; last year in Orange County
362 arrests for the offense were made.
"About 95 percent of the people who were charged with public
drunkenness in September were also being disruptive in public,"
said Ben Callahan, administrative assistant at the Chapel Hill
"We very seldom arrested someone for just staggering. We
took them home or to a friend's house. So basically the new law
tells us to do what we had been doing already," Callahan said.
Legislators say they found jailing drunks did not solve the
problem of psSlic drunkenness. The North Carolina House
passed the law in 1977, the state Senate f,;liov. cd suit this year.
1 nirty-four other states have similar laws to decriminalize
William F. O'Connell, a special deputy attorney general who
helped draft the new law, said his work was the result of two
study commissions that looked at the problem of public drunks.
He said the commissions agreed that public drunkenness should
be treated as a victimless crime no one is hurt by such over
indulgence but the drunk himself.
The new law may unclog court dockets, but it is no guarantee
that drunks will be kept off the streets and be treated. The
General Assembly did not appropriate money for more
detoxification or treatment centers. Drunks in some
communities may not have anywhere to go for short-term care,
Michael Crowell of the Institute of Government said. He worked
with the attorney general's commission.
Statewide, 56,000 arrests were made in 1977 for public
drunkenness. The majority of those persons arrested were
between the ages of 45 and 59. More than 94 percent of the arrests
involved males, while 5.8 percent involved females. -
Despite voter approval of mixed-drink sales in Orange
County, there probably will be no increase in public drunkenness
and driving under the influence, Callahan said.
"I don't think we'll see any significant change, Callahan said.
"In this town the DUIs (driving under the influence cases) are not
the result of liquor. They are the result of beer, most of them.
"When you have DUIs as a result of a lot of liquor it (the sale of
. mixed drinks) is probably going to cut down because youre not
going to drink a lot of liquor. You can't afford it," Callahan said.
Since Sept. 1 , police officers in Chapel Hill have been cracking
down on violators of the town's public consumption law. Area
residents had complained of public drunkenness and litter. "
The town ordinance outlaws beer and wine consumption on
public streets, sidewalks, alleys, parking lots and in buildings
owned by the town. There is a $10 fine plus court costs for
"You can sit and hold the beer as long as you like. But don't let
a policeman see you drink it," Callahan said. "Normally what the
person gets is a warning for public consumption."
; State laws prohibiting possession and consumption of alcohol
on the University campus are enforced only when alcohol is
abused, he said. "That lawisjustatool. If they have to use it, they
"It's just like a lot of laws created that are not meant to be
strictly enforced because if they were, everybody would be
arrested, Callahan said.
State law prohibits public display of alcoholic beverages at
"You definitely cannot walk in (to an athletic event) carrying
an open bottle. They can arrest you," Callahan said.
People under age 21 generally do not flout state liquor laws, as
do many minors who purchase beer illegally, Callahan said.
"The people (underage) who buy liquor don't usually abuse it
like people underage who buy beer, he said. "Somebody 18 or 19
who gets by with buying liquor takes it out in the street. He
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Chsnge in laws on drunks mskes leaving bzr csfcr