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. Weekend events
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the football game Saturday.
Festif all 578. Sunday and '
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Serving the students and the UniversLy community since 193
Volume S3, Issue No. ftTX
Friday, October 6, 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Hires JDeicDFe release
Up sharply since 973
By JIM HUMMEL
The number of blacks, women and
American Indians on boards of trustees
of the 16 UNC schools has risen sharply
since the UNC Board of Governors
assumed control of most trustee
appointments in 1973, according- to a
report released by Secretary of the
University John P. Kennedy.
"Through the past five years, the Board
of Governors has effected a remarkable
change in the composition of the 16
boards," Kennedy wrote in his report to
the Board of Governors Committee on
Kennedy's report reveals several
comparative statistics, including:
With the exception of one black
member of the N.C. School of the Arts
Board of Trustees, there were no blacks
on any board of a predominately white
UNC campus in 1973.
Today, there is at least one black
member on every board.
Total black membership on all
boards of trustees in 1973 was 15.3
percent, compared to a black population
in the state of 22. 1 percent.
Today, the total number of black
board members at the 16 institutions is
23.4 percent, against a black population
in the state of 22. 1 percent.
In 1973, five UNC campuses had no
Staff and wire reports
Under intensive White House
lobbying, the House handed President
Carter a major legislative victory on
Thursday by sustaining his veto of a $10.2
billion public works bill the president
had condemned as inflationary and
Capitol Hill observers said the House
action will have no immediate effect on
the Jordan Dam and Lake project in
Chatham County, which would have
received $10 million had Carter's veto
The 223-190 House roll calf fell-53
votes short of the two-thirds majority
necessary to override the veto. Had the
H ouse voted to . override, a similar
majority would have been required in the
Senate to enact the bill over the
After the vote. Carter said in a
statement:. "This has been a tough fight.
I am gratified by the results." He said the
vote amounted to a long step in the battle
against inflation and that the nation
"owed a debt to the Congress for its wise
and responsible action."
Speaker Thomas O'Neill warned that
the veto -no matter what the outcome -would
make enemies for the president
. CaFribiwro won't watch
By TERRI HUNT
. ; Staff Writer
Despite almost a year of discussion, there won't be any
cable television in Carrboro, at least not in the
The Carrboro Board of Adjustment on Tuesday
denied James McHugh of Alert Cable Television a
conditional-use permit to erect a 120-foot tower off
North Greensboro Street near Webbwood subdivision.
But McHugh is not giving up. During the board's
public hearing Tuesday night, McHugh said that ii his
proposal to erect the tower near Webbwood was rejected
he would look for another site in the Carrboro area. '
Plans for the tower, which would serve only Carrboro,
were brought to town officials about a year ago.
according to Suellen Bcaulicu, a zoning administrator.
The Webbwood plans first were presented to . the
adjustment board Sept. 6. It then referred plans to the
boards of planning and appearance. Both boards
recommended approval of the plans.
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These four joggers learned the hard way about the
miaiiority trustees rise
women on their boards of trustees. The
total membership of women on the 16
boards was 8.9 percent. .
In 1978, there are women on all boards
of trustees. The proportion of women
board members has doubled, rising from
8.9 percent to 19.7 percent.
There were no American Indians on
any board in 1973, except at
predominately Indian Pembroke State
In 1978, there are American Indians on
four boards. The total membership of
Indians on the 16 boards is 4.7 percent
compared to an Indian population in the
state of 0.9 percent. . . v
:rt lit fhis "re port; " Kennedy: citeT two
principal problems remaining to balance
the minority composition of the 16
boards of trustees.
"We need to improve the distribution
of blacks, Kennedy wrote. "Eight of our
boards currently have only one black
"And we need to recruit additional
women, Kennedy's report says. "It
seems to me particularly significant that
four boards have only one woman each."
Cleon Thompson, a black who is vice
president for services and special
programs for the 16-campus system, said
he believes Kennedy's report indicates
improving race relations in the Tar Heel
State in recent years.
"The representation is very good, but
- works veto
just as his crucial energy legislation nears
Leaders of both chambers said no
effort would be made to rewrite the public
works bill to suit Carter before Congress
adjourns next week. Instead, a routine
continuing resolution would guarantee
financing for Jordan Lake and other
existing projects, while new programs in
the measure will await action next year.
In Raleigh, Gov. Jim Hunt said he
supports Carter's veto, even though the
multibillion-dollar measure would have
provided more than $40 million for water
projects in the Tar Heel state. -
Hunt said the North Carolina projects
were among the most worthy of funding
in the entire $10.2 billion public works
bill passed by Congress.
"North Carolina has some important
projects in the publieworks bill. They are
probably the most cost-effective projects
in there." Hum said.
North Carolina projects that would be
financed by the legislation, including
$20.6 million for the Falls of the Neuse
flood control project and $ 1 1.3 million
for the Masonboro inlet jetties. '
,. Carter called the bill inflationary and
wasteful, and Hunt said he believes the
veto was necessary to back up the
president's campaign promise to balance
When the plans returned to the board of adjustment it -:
denied the proposal by a 5-4 vote on the basis it would
devalue the property of Webbwood residents, present a
safety hazard to children playing in the area and present
a. hazard to airplanes using nearby Horace Williams
Airport. '. v'
"The utmost concern is that putting the tower near
Webbwood would unquestionably devalue the residents
property," board member Frances Shetlcy said, "i can't
stress enough that we must think seriously before we
vote for this tower; How much can we ask the people in
the area to sacrifice?" . -'.'.The,
board made the decision after hearing several
Webbwood residents voice similar concerns.
" 1 1 i ve d i n a n a re a w he re a n e lec t r ica 1 po v c r su bs t a t io n
was constructed across the street from my house, and it
lowered the value of my property." Scott Heritage, a
banker and Webbwood resident. said."l don't ant that "
to happen in Webbwood," but it will if you put a tower
Several people expressed concern that children might
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XiWW ' t?t
DTH Allen Jerniqan
rainy weather we've been having
there is still room for improvement,"
Thompson said. "We have made
significant progress over the past five
years. The UNC Board of Governors has
done an excellent job in raising the level
of minorities on the various boards.
"But at the same time, we have to look
at the distribution of the black members,
Thompson said. "Of the representation
now, one board may be 50 percent black
and another may have only one black
member. Here is where we need to
increase the number of black board
Kathleen Crosby of Charlotte the only
blkwman jeyer onthe,UNC Board of
'Gpvetffors,' 'pVaTse on
University Governance for helping
increase minority representation. She is a
member of the committee.
U nder state law, no one may serve on '
the Board of Governors or a board of
trustees for more than two consecutive
four-year terms;. University
administrators and Board of Governors
members confer at length each time a post
comes open, according to Kennedy's
"We have maintained for several years
a master list of names of persons who are
recommended for institutional boards,"
Kennedy wrote. "The latest revision of
this list contains about 100 names,
including quite a number of blacks and
"Some of the projects in that bill have
very good cost-effectiveness projects. The
benefits far outweigh the costs," Hunt
said. "But some, in the West, are not cost
Hunt said he is confident from talking
with North Carolina's congressional
delegation that ; a compromise bill
including the North Carolina projects
will be approved.
Other Tar Heel projects include
$450,000 for engineering and design
studies for the proposed Randleman
Lake and $665,000 for studies of the
Lumber . River, Roanoke River, Sugar
Creek, Bogue Banks, West Onslow Beach
and Wrightsville Beach.
It was Carter's sixth veto and the
second to be contested by Congress. The
first contested veto involved a $37 billion
defense authorization bill containing a
nuclear aircarrier that Carter opposed.
On both occasions, his veto was
sustained. .' . -
Before the; House- showdown, it
appeared that congressional sentiment ;
strongly supported an override of the -president's
veto of a public works bill
whose traditional political popularity
was - heightened by election-year
pressures. , - '
trv to climb
By BEN LSTES
A black UNC dean says he repeatedly
showed University administration
officials evidence that the University
denied admission to. some qualified
blacks before he made this information
public; last month: '
"They just ignored it." said H ayden B.
Renwick, associate dean of the College of
Arts and Sciences. There was not one bit
' of information in his recent statement
that the administration "had not heard
time and 'time again" Renwick
maintains. . ,
Renwick first published his remarks in
a column in the Sept. 17 issue of the
Chapel Hill Newspaper.
Re nwick cites admissions figures in his
possession that show the number of
blacks admitted in 1974 actually is more
than the number admitted last year. He
said 427 or 554 black applicants were
accepted at UNC in 1974 while only 424
: out of 706 applicants were accepted this
year. ; : -
. Figiires, : released Thursday by
Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor show that ,
435 of 7 15 black applicants were accepted
in 1978. Renwick said the difference
between U niversity figures and his own is
due to the fact that he is using
information released last April.
Renwick also said he knows of many
specific instances in which qualified black
applicants have been rejected.
But when he tried to obtain further
1 admissions information, Renwick said,
he never was granted permission.
Renwick said he wrote a letter to Vice
Chancellor Douglass Hunt asking for
Mlack enrollment up 9. 1 percent
By MICHAEL WADE
" StafT Writer
Enrollment figures released Thursday
by the University show that the number
of black students enrolled is higher than
The enrollment figures were released
two weeks early in response to charges by
Hayden B. Renwick, a black associate
"dean of the College of Arts and Sciences,
that the University is not making
sufficient effort to enroll qualified black
students. The figures usually are released
by the third Friday in October.
Headcount enrollment figures show
"substantial progress was made in the
University's efforts to achieve a greater
racial diversity within its student body,"
the report by Chancellor N. Ferebee
"The people at the airport are concerned with putting
another obstruction in the area." Dan Boone, a pilot
using the airport said. "We'd definitely want a beacon
light put on top of the tower, but we'd really prefer it be
put at another site."
McHugh offered to place a Hashing red light atop the
tower, surround the tower with a 50-square-foot
chainlink fence topped by barbed wire and put a 12-foot
sheat mg aiound the bottom of the tower. The board
still i eiected the-prop . in.-.I. ,
"1 don't see anv problem in putting the tower in
Webbwood," Dale White of 108 W. Main St. said. "I just
want to justify the purchase-of my television set by
getting some good programs, and 1 could do with cable
television. The whole reason this thing has become such
a big deal is because there are a lot of big politicians that
live in Webbwood and arc on the Board of Aldermen
and this board. In my neighborhood, the tower would
have passed with ho problem."
permission to obtain more admissions
information four or five months ago, but
the letter never was answered.
"I would just find more cases of what
I've already made public," Renwick said.
"These students are being turned down.
It's just that simple." ,
UNC officials say that while the school
may not have accepted as many black
students this year as it did in 1974, it now
is enrolling a greater percentage of those
black freshmen it accepts.
Citing figures provided by Taylor,
Donald A. Boulton, vice chancellor for
student affairs, said freshman black
enrollment at UNC has increased 30
percent since last year.
"If they had admitted all the black
students that 1 think should, have been
admitted it would have been 70 percent,"
Renwick said. Renwick also claims UNC
officials are failing to acknowledge that
black-freshman, enrollment declined 36
percent between 1975 and 1976.
.. "Over the last three years I estimate
.over 300 black students that should have
been accepted," Renwick said.
Renwick cited an instance in which a
black in-state student with an SAT score
of 1110 and a projected grade-point
average of 1.87 and a black out-of-state
student with an SAT score of 1 200 and no
high school" deficiencies were rejectedby
the admissions office.
"It is convenient in certain cases to
relax admission categories of students," .
Renwick said. Children of alumni and
athletes are examples of this kind of
relaxation, he said.
Taylor states. There are,. 1 ,385 blacks,
ienrolled'this fall, as increase of 1 16 black
students or 9. 1 percent , over black
enrollment in the fall of 1977-
In the same period, white enrollment
increased by only two students, less than
0. 1 percent, and the number of students in
other racial categories increased by 14 or
More black students are in this year's
freshman class than in any other previous
entering class, the report says. There are
297 black freshmen in the class of 1982, or
33.2 percent more than the 223 enrolled in
last fall's freshman class. Blacks make up
9.6 percent of this fall's freshmen,
compared with 7.3 percent of last fall's.
The University admitted 60.8 percent
of all blacks who applied, 45.9 percent of
whites and 42.4 percent of all other
Test-tube baby idll9
basic FeseaFcli done
in 1960s UNG : study
By ETTA LEE
The baby of Lesley and Gilbert
John Brown of Bristol, England, was
normal in every way except one she
was conceived not in her mother's
body but in a medical laboratory.
Part of the extensive research
behind the success of the first test-tube
baby was carried out at UNC. Dr.
Robert Edwards of Cambridge.
University, who with Dr. Patrick
Steptoe is credited with developing the
artificial conception technique, did
research at the UNC department of
obstetrics and gynecology in 1966.
Edwards was funded by the
Rockefeller Foundation. He and
UNC Professor Luther M. Talbert
studied secretions of the uterus "and
how sperm react inside the uterus.
"We weren't thinking about test
tube babies back then," recalls
Talbert. "We were mainly interested in
how sperm fertilizes a woman's eggs."
He says they were 1 studying
capacitation, the process by which a
man's sperm is activated so that it can
penetrate an egg. After penetration by,
sperm, the egg undergoes cell divisions
and burrows into the wall of the uterus
and develops until birth, Talbert
Talbert and Edwards found that
capacitation should occur within 12
hours after sperm have entered a
woman's body. They also found that
sperm can remain active for longer
than 24 hours when removed from a
woman's body and studied in a
To study capacitation. the scientists
selected women who were in the
beginning or middle of their 28-day
menstrual cycles. Sperm provided by
the women's husbands were put into
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The University's 1979 projection of 280.
black freshmen is not enough, Renwick"
said. He said he believes that 450 black
freshmen for" next year is a more
reasonable figure. v,
"Take the lowest academic profile of a
student. Every student above that
academic profile should be admitted if
you are committed to increasing (black)
enrollment." Renwick said.
applicants. Of the students admitted, 68.3
peiwntopDlacks,'j63 percehf oT whites
and 59.2 "percent of rail f other were
enrolled. The percentage of North
Carolina residents' who enrolled after
being admitted was the same for blacks
Blacks represented only 9. 1 percent of
all North Carolina applicants, but they
made up 10.5 percent of all North
. Carolina admittees and 10.6 of all state
residents enrolled. The University's
efforts to increase its enrollment of black
freshmen has been concentrated in North
Carolina with the.help of an extra $28,6 1 2
in state appropriations.
Both Chancellor Taylor and Richard
G. Cashwell, director of undergraduate
admissions, would not comment on the
chambers, which were inserted into
the women's uteri.
These chambers, exposed to uterine
secretions, were removed at periods
between one and 14 hours and the
activity of the sperm was examined
With chambers removed four hours
after insertion, about half of the sperm
were active after 12 to 24 hours
exposure, about 15 to 20 percent were
4Mve' been working with
endocrinology for around 15 years,
Talbeft says. "Edwards has probably
been involved with his research for
about the same length of time."
Jaroslav Hulka, also a professor in
the department of obstetrics and
gynecology, hopes ta travel to
England later this year to study with
Steptoe. But Talbert says Steptoe has
been deluged with requests from
doctors hoping to learn the technique.
It has not been determined whether
H ulka who is currently in France, will
be among those who will study under
The procedure Hulka and others
would like to learn involves removing
an eg3 from the woman's body and
placing it in blood serum and
nutrients, Talbert says, to which
sperm is added for fertilization.
The egg .cell divides, creating a
cluster 'of cells called a blastocyst.
Then' the blastocyst is placed in the
uterus, where it attaches to the wall,
Talbert ? says! ' !
"Nobody j knows how far from
reality ihis procedure really is at this
'point. X Scientists don't know from
their work whether 50 percent or .5
percent of the time this procedure will
"There hasn't been anything
published about it. It may be years
before all the bugs are worked out of
the system. he says.
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