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Serving the students and the University community sinc e IH93
V s Po
Volume 83, Issue No
Wednesday, October 11, 1978, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Air Force ROTC
psen? (director says.s
By DEBBIE MOOSE
"I know there are people out there who could benefit from
the Air Force ROTC program if I can break down the
stereotype of the military and tell them what we have to offer,
and about the excitement of aerospace," said Col. John C.
Wolfe, newly Stalled AFROTC commander, about his goals
and ideas for the program.
Wolfe has been in the service 22 years. He was officially
named as department chairperson three weeks ago and has
been in Chapel Hill only a month. "I'm still undergoing
culture shock from the trees ," said Wolfe, who left his post as
base commander at Vance Air Force Base in Oklahoma to
come to UNC. "I almost got claustrophobia from the trees."
Wolfe said he wanted the teaching post because he enjoys
working with young people and likes the academic
atmosphere of the University. "1 sort of get to do my own
thing and have a lot of latitude in making decisions. This is
also the most beautiful country in the world, and UNC has an
excellent reputation," Wolfe said.
To be honest with you, the (AFROTC) program here is in
a little bit of trouble because the last two classes have been
small," Wolfe said. There are only seven people in the
AFROTC senior class this year, but Wolfe said he is
optimistic about the sophomore and freshman classes, which
contain about 34 members each.
The Air Force has relaxed some of its restrictions, and
military demand for personnel is on the increase, Wolfe said.
"We are just beginning to discover the practical value of
space exploration there are exciting opportunites in space
now," he said.
The hostility towards the military that existed during the
1960s largely has died out, helping recruitment. "Cadets say
they get some ribbing, but there's no outright antagonism
Col. John Wolfe
Of H Anne McLaugniin
like there was before," Wolfe said. -
Concern about national defense has increased, and this
also has taken some of the stigma off ROTC programs. "We
can't hide behind our ocean anymore it's not big enough,"
Wolfe says he plans to increase AFROTC enrollment by
making the program more visible on campus and including
the whole, campus in more of its functions. "I want to
personally talk to people and try to reach more freshmen,"
Wolfe said. Among programs being planned by AFROTC is
a performance by the Air Force Band in the spring.
"The program benefits the Air Force and serves as a voice
for the military at the University " Wolfe said. "It would be a
shame if it wasn't here it would be like ignoring a part of
Still below national norm
Black nuupsiiifif schools imuFove
JLV-. . -...
By PAM KELLEY
Graduates of the UNC system's three
traditionally black nursing schools fared
better on N.C. Board of Nursing licensing
exams in 1978 than they did in 1977.
But University officials consider the
scores unsatisfactory because UNC
system nursing graduates' test results are
less than the national average, a
University official said Tuesday.
"We are happy with the improvement,
but we won't be satisfied until the passing
rate is up with national norms. Nothing
less than 75 percent is acceptable," said
Jeanne MacNally, UNC associate vice
president for academic affairs.
Of the 78 students from N.C. A&T
State University in Greensboro, N.C.
Central University in Durham and
Winston-Salem State University, 41
percent passed the licensing exam on the
first shot, compared to 30 percent of 1 13,
students who passed on their first try
from the schools in 1977,
The nursing schools will present the
results of the 1978 licensing exam to the
UNC Board of Governors planning
committee on Thursday. Panel members
are to review and evaluate the programs
in May, MacNally said.
The planning committee decided in
July 1977 that because of the black
schools' high failure rate at least two
thirds of each 1981 graduating class
should pass the exam on the first try. By
. 1983, three-fourths of each class should
pass the exam.
If these standards are not met and
maintained, the Board of Governors
could order the black schools to close.
The Board of Governors planning
committee will give nursing schools'
officials any assistance they need ; to
improve theiT programs said JohiH
Jordan, chairperson of the committee.
Special measures are underway to
improve the quality of the nursing
programs and better prepare graduates to
pass the licensing exams.
"They have instituted tougher
admission standards and improved
facultyrstudent ratios," MacNally said.
"But we haven't begun to see the effects of
the new admission standards and the
Graduates of A&T made the biggest
improvement on the 1978 test: a 28
percent increase in the number of
students passing over the 1977 record.
Forty-eight percent of the graduates
passed, comparable to 20 percent of the
There was a 6 percent increase at
Winston-Salem State. In 1978, 32 percent
of the graduates passed, as opposed to 26
percent in 1977,
N.C. Central graduates improved 2
percent over the 1977 class. This year, 48
percent of the graduates passed
compared to 46 percent in 1977.
, "Eich school has to study its own
situation and make improvements
accordingly," MacNally said. "Each
situation is different. At Winston-Salem,
they have started a course to teach
students how to take tests."
The licensing exam is a national
standardized test designed to measure
nursing school graduates minimum
competency, j?cv ; . :
; MacNally said it is significant that the
number" of graduates of the three black
nursing schools dropped from 1 13 in 1977
to 78 this year. "I think this shows some of
the students who aren't qualified for
nursing are changing their majors," she
Once the improvements in the nursing
programs take effect, MacNally said she
expects to see even greater improvements
in the licensing exam results . of students
from black nursing schools. But she said
she is disappointed with the results at
traditionally white UNC system nursing
"At UNC-Greensboro, for example,
only 79 percent ol" the graduates taking
the test passed, as compared to 89 percent
in 1977," she said. "At UNC-Chapel Hill,
90 percent of the 112 graduates passed.
That is acceptable, but in-the past it has
MacNally said officials are taking steps
to see what can be done to improve test
results. "Scores change every year. So at
this point, we are not alarmed," she said.
By DIN IT A JAMES
V The THack Student Movement is
( sponsoring a public forum on the black
admissions controversy at 1 1 :30 a.m.
today in the Pit.
Several administrators and campus
leaders were invited to the forum,
including Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor;
Richard Cashwell, director of
admissions; Collin Rustin, assistant
director of admissions; Hayden Renwick,
associate dean of the College of Arts and
Sciences; Donald Boulton, vice
chancellor for Student Affairs; Samuel
Williamson, dean of the College of Arts
and Sciences; Jim Phillips, student body
president; Byron Horton, former BSM
- chairperson; and Terry Brayboy, head of
the Carolina Indian Circle.
Of the administrators invited, only
Reawick has expressed his intention to
attend the forum. The other
administrators said they have prior
commitments. . '-
Phillips, who will attend the forum,
said he was not sure anything positive
would be accomplished. "I think the
BSM is trying to bring all the facts out
into the open," he said. "I really don't
think this is the right way to go about it,
-but I do agree with its ultimate goal.'
Anthony Strickland, assistant director
of admissions, was not invited to the
forum. He' said, however, he does not
agree with the way BSM has arranged the
This is apparently a very impromtu
thing," Strickland said. "But I'm sure
whoever is most involved would be happy
to discuss it. The date just caught us all
out of the office."
He also said he objects to the site of the
forum. "The Pit is a place for political
meetings. I don't regard this as a political
issue, it is an educational one."'
Allen Johnson, BSM chairperson, said
the Pit was not chosen- for political
reasons. "I'd have loved for him
(Strickland) to have told me that,"
Johnson said. "We would have changed it
to accommodate him. v
"We chose the Pit not for political
- reasons but as a place to reach a Jot of
people. I don't see why he should be
afraid to talk to students. 1 don't care
where we meet; we'll meet at his house if
Johnson said the idea for the forum
grew out of the recent controversy over
Renwick's criticism's of UNC's minority
admissions policies. ' i
Renwick said he has no prepared
statements for the forum today, but will
answer questions on the total situation of
minority admissions to UNC.
Renwick said he did not know why no
I other administrator agreed to attend the
forum. ..' v - .
v "Right now,T jhave Just gone through
three weeks of traumatic experiences," he
said. "I imagine the administrations is
just as concerned as I am. I have no idea
what's going on in their minds. There's
been " very , little feedback, very little ;
conversation with the administrators on
campus, especially those directly
"With the documentations I have, I
- don't feel they can refute the issues,"
Renwick said. "I feel they can ignore
them, and that seems to be what they're
Johnson said he felt the forum would
be useful. "I think it will be a success no
matter how many students turn out or
how many administrators show up. It just
shows their concern, or lack of it, if none
of them show up. Dean Renwick will be
Hayden B. Renwick
there, arid hopefully a lot of questions will
"be cleared up.-v'K'. -"v. " .V
. Renwick said the possibility of losing
his job entered his mind when he came
f orward against the administration in a
column which first appeared in the
Chapel Hill Newspaper. "I just had to put
my job out of my mind when 1 wrote the
article," Renwick said. "I don't scare
easy. I had to come to grips with fact that
1 have a pretty good position here at the
University. But there comes a time when
you have to ask yourself, Is it worth
selling the black community down the
river? . ' -: ,'"
" - - ."." m "
': "I asked the question as to what I
. expected to gain prior to and after the
article. 1 expect one thing personally, and
that's a clear conscience."
operatMg cable TV
Chapel Hill aldermen voted Monday
to investigate the possibility of town
operated cable television. ,
Alderman Ed Vickery, who suggested
the study, said Chapel Hill legally could
own and operate a cable television
He did not know if University
dormitories and buildings would be able
to use such a cable television system.
Vickery said he has received calls from
local residents interested in the service.
He said possible financial gains are an
incentive for the town to operate a system
rather than grant the franchise to a
"It's a question of whether we want to
get into making the decision of who is
going to make the next million dollars in
Chapel Hill," Vickery said. "Why can't
Chapel Hill just institute the system?
He said the town could use profits from
cable television to buy land for parks and
: "We should spend a ; few dollars
investigating the possibility. The returns
might be high," Vickery said.
The board appointed Vickery and
Alderman Robert Epting to an ad-hoc
committee to investigate the issue..
Vickery said the first step will be to obtain
information from public enterprises with
Alderman Jonathan Howes suggested
enlisting the aid of the UNC Center for
Urban & Regional Studies to find
''"'x z , x '-n 'Us '
despite of ficial efforts
By BETSY STEPHENSON
Special to the Daily Tar Heel
A UNC fraternity was brought before the
Honor Court in September on a charge of
hazing. Last spring, the fraternity encouraged
pledges to drink tequila while being cheered on
by the brothers. One pledge passed out and
was hospitalized. '
In most recent investigation of hazing
incidents that have been a part of student life
since the University's beginning, the fraternity
A more serious incident touched off the
history of hazing at UNC and efforts to stop
it. In 1912 a freshman from Smithfield, Isaac
William Rand, was awakened during the night
by four sophomores. He and his roommate,
Robert Sellons, were forced to the athletic field
and were told to give a speech on the greatness
of the class of 1915, the mediocrity of the class
of 1916 and to dance on a barrel singing
"Home, Sweet Home."
Sellons, slipping once, managed to get
through the ordeal. Radn was not as lucky he
slipped, cut his jugular vein on a piece of glass
and bled to death minutes after the fall.
After the governor of North Carolina urged
a full investigation into Rand's death, the
president of the University and seven faculty
members formed a committee to look into the
The four sophomores were charged with
manslaughter. Tried in Orange County
Superior Court, one was acquitted and the
other three were sentenced to four months
imprisonment in the county jail but were
allowed to be hired out for work by their
parents in lieu of jail terms.
Although it is not as drastic as it used to be,
hazing is still alive at UNC, says Tom Terrell,
president of the Interfraternity Council. Some
fraternities continue to hold "Hell Week for
their pledges, he adds.
During a Hell Week in 1950, a pledge was
reportedly forced to drink a mixture of
tobacco and onion juice. He had to be taken to '
the hospital to have his stomach pumped.
Pranks. such as this caused fraternities to fake
action on hazing in 195 1, when the 1FC voted
to abolish hazing as a part of pre-initiation
The IFCcalled Hell Week a direct violation
of the Campus Code, adolescent and a waste of
time," and replaced it with . Greek Week to
encourage coooperative service activities"
among fraternities. , .
The IFC in the 50s had a state law backing
its struggle to abolish hazing a law spurred
by several hazing incidents at UNC and passed
in 1913. It states: ,
"It shall be unlawful for any student in any
college or school in this state,to engage in what
is known as hazing. Hazing is defined as
follows: To annoy any student by playing"
abusive or ridiculous tricks upon him, to
frighten, scold, beat or harass him, or to
subject him to- personal indignity. Any
violation shall constitute a misdemeanor upon
conviction of any student of the offense of
When Greek Week was adopted in the late
'50s to replace Hell Week, some fraternities
reportedly still did not cooperate even wtyen
warned by IFC President Tucker Yates of
In 1959, Yates sent a letter to faculty
members asking for their cooperation in
reporting hazing infractions brought to their
attention after being told by a professor that
two of his students were being adversely
1 affected by fraternity initiation.
This year the IFC to crack down on hazing
infractions, Terrell says. IFC currently is
seeking the jurisdiction to prosecute hazing
cases in its own court instead of the Honor
Court. The IFC court consists of five fraternity
''presidents and the IFC president and vice
president. . -
A furtive glance one afternoon in the Pit...does he approach her or reiuctantly walk away? VHI we ever know?
ina abortions double m S years
By PAM KELLEY
According to a recent report, the number of abortions
in North Carolina has doubled in the last five years and
students are among the typical patients,
Student Health Service counselors say they are
counseling more women for abortion and that 99
percent of the single women who become pregnant do
not have their baby.
The report, compiled by the N.C. Department of
Human Resources, says the typical woman receiving an
abortion is white, unmarried, childless and a high school
graduate between the ages of 20 and 30.
Sharon Meginnis, UNC mental health counselor and
health educator, says approximately 250 UNC women
are counseled for abortions by the Student Health
Service each year.
"Abortions have increased because there is an
increasing acceptance of abortion today," Meginnis
says. "It has also become more acceptable for married
women to abort, although the majority of them do have
their babies." '
The five-year report shows that abortions preformed
in state hospitals and clinics rose from 1 1,935 in 1973 to
25,020 in 1977.
Data from 1 976, the latest figures available, show that
among unmarried women nationally there were 16 legal
abortions for every 10 live births.
But among married women there was less than one .
abortion for every 10 live births, according to statistics
from the U.S. Center for Disease Control.
"Our abortion statistics . show us that people are
choosing this as a major form of birth control "says Dr.
Lewis L. Bock, chief of the personal health section of the
N.C. Division of Health Services. "That to me, as a
physician and a person, is barbaric.
"The major tragedy is that it is the affluent and
middle-class people who are looking to abortion as a
birth control method," he says.
Dr. Edward Bishop, acting chairperson of the
obstetrics . and gynecology department at North
Carolina Memorial Hospital, says that although some
women abort as a method of birth control, they are only
a small part of the total number of abortions. . j
"What is most distressing to me is the increase in"
adolescent abortions." Bishop said. "But I think the
increase in abortions will level off in the future as sex
education gets better."
Meginnis says the increasing number of students seen
at Student Health Services for abortion counseling
could be because women are more confortable at the
Health Service than they used to be. .
"I don't think more unmarried women are getting
abortions , because they arc ignorant about
contraceptives," she says. "Most are involved in a values
conflict. They have been brought up with the idea that
pre-marital sex is wrong, and they have difficulty
acknowledging that they are sexually, active. They use
denial and say it won't happen again, and therefore they
don't get contraceptives. Of course, it usually does
happen again:" : v
Under current North Carolina law, a' woman may
obtain an abortion from a ; licensed physician in a
certified hospital pr clinic through.the first 20 weeks of
After 20 weeks, an abortion may be performed if there
is substantial risk that continuing the pregnancy would
threaten the life or seriously impair the health of the
The report says there are 15 licensed abortion clinics
and 100 general hospitals where abortions are
performed in North Carolina. Last year, 62 percent were
performed in clinics.