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Serving the students Qiui the University community since I XV I
Volume C6, Issue No. 5
Friday, November 3, 1978, Chapel Hill North Carolina
CHAPEL "HILL, Nn
Please call us: 933-0245
30 N.C reporters
take high school
s By EDDIE MARKS
High school juniors weren't the only people taking the
North Carolina Competency Test on Thursday.
A group of about 30 reporters from across the state
gathered at the General Administration Building in Raleigh
on Thursday afternoon to get first-hand experience at taking
the test themselves. The test took about three hours for
reporters to complete although high school juniors were
allowed six hours over a two-day period to take it.
The reporters took the test under the same conditions as
the students with the exception that reporters were not
allowed to take any notes for fear test questions might be
The test had 240 questions divided into reading and math
sections. The questions tested general reading and
mathematical skills and the ability to apply those skills to
everyday situations. But some of the questions were difficult
enough to ensure the test won't be a breeze for many
Many parents across the state had said they would keep
their children at home to protest the test. But Chapel Hill
High School Principal, Robert J. Monson, said Thursday
that no such actions were apparent at his school.
"We've had better attendance in'the junior class on the test
days than we've had all year," Monson said. "The kids really
took the test seriously. We've had some: pickets protesting
both days in front of the school but there haven't been any
Although the same test was given, the biggest difference
between the reporters and the student? was that reporters did
not have to worry about passing the test to receive their high
school diploma. High school juniors this year are the first
required to pass the test for graduation. '
Chapel Hill High School junior Denise Rankin said she
did not think the test was fair. "They should have started this
way back in elementary school," she said. "It's not fair to
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Students take the competency test (left) at Chapel Hill High School, while protestors picket outside the
spring this on the juniors now. They're determining our lives
by whether or not they give us our diploma."
Rankin said she is confident she passed, but she thinks
some of the questions should be reworded.
; Eleventh-grader Shayna Hill said she also thinks the test
was not fair. "It's not fair that if they've passed you from
grade to grade all these years that all of the sudden you can't
graduate if you can't pass this test." v
Other juniors said the test was not as bad as they had
thought it would be. "It was too easy," said 1 IthgraderTony
Steele. "I don't know what the big fuss was about."
George Fleetwood, director of secondary education for
Chapel Hill-Carrboro Schools, said students who fail the test
will be given several more opportunities to pass the test until
they reach age 2 1 . Students will also be given remedial help to
prepare for the test.
Fleetw ood said t he st udents should receive their test scores
by Dec. 18. But the reporters were spared the suspense of
waiting Thursday afternoon. After three agonizing hours of
trying to remember the rules for multiplying fractions and
where the decimal point goes in long division, the reporters
handed in their tests and waited while the test officials graded
them by hand.
High school students must score 72 percent on the reading
section and 64 percept on the math section to pass the test.
Test officials said most reporters were scoring about 90
percent. At least one representative of the Daily Tar Heel was
relieved to know his high school diploma is still valid.
SiiispeimgacDiriis soar after ruile elh.au
By DIANE NORMAN
More suspensions for Honor Code nyMiposete Hntt..
down from the Undergratuate Court and UmV3aJttearings
Board this September than for all of last year, according to a
report released this week by the Office of Student Affairs.
Last spring, after extended review of the Honor Code, the
UNC Faculty Council established suspension as the normative
sanction for honor code convictions. It also eliminated the "rat
clause," that part of the code which required students to report
violations of the code to which they were a witness
Of the eight guilty verdicts handed down by the two judicial
bodies in September, seven resulted in suspension. Of the 32
guilty verdicts entered from June 1, 1977 to May 31, 1978, six
Thirteen cases were tried in September, and eight convictions
reached. All cases reported for that month still are subject to
Elson S. Floyd, acting judicial programs officer, said the cases
- heard in September involved violations that occurred prior to the
May 15 installation of suspension as the normal sanction for
Honor Code convictions. -y -
But Floyd added the courts may have been influenced during
this interim period to exercise the suspension penalty more
liberally in anticipation of the new normal sanction.
Of the convictions reported for September, three came on
plagiarism charges in English 2 courses. Only one of the
convicted Honor Code violators received less than suspension.
That person pleaded guilty to plagiarizing a paper for political
science 41 and received a censure and an F in the course.
As of Oct. 1,13 Honor Code cases were pending.
The Student Affairs report also contains a profile of Honor
Code violations and convictions reaching back as far as 1951.
The report shows a cyclical trend in tjoth the number .of cases
referred to honor courts and in the numbers of suspensions
meted out by the courts;
Beginning in 1951, when the number of reported violations
was at a low 50 cases, the cycle rose to 145 reported violations in
From that peak, the number of reported cases took a gradual
but progressive downswing, except for the 1962-63, 1965-66 and
1972-73 academic years, when the figures rose 20 cases over the
The percentage of suspensions handed out follows a roughly
downhill pattern, dropping to 10 percent or lower in 1971-72.
The all-time lows for suspensions were reached in 1973-74, 1974
75 and 1976-77, with each year bringing the conviction of only 2
percent fo reported violators.
.Suspensions were up in 1977-78 to 10 percent, with more than
75 Honor Code violations.
on Senate trail
The Associated Press
Republican Sen. Jesse Helms and Democratic challenger John
Ingram traded barbs on the U.S. Senate campaign trail Thursday
as state GOP chairperson Jack Lee chastised Ingram for the
Democrat's record as state insurance commissioner.
In a Raleigh news conference held to show support for the
senator's re-election bid among senior citizens, Helms spoke of
Ingram in the strongest terms yet heard from the Republican
. "1 have tried to be as restrained as possible in the. face of
increasingly vehement misrepresentation by John Ingram,"
Helms said. "And I yet hold the hope that after this election is
over, I can be his friend and that he can be mine.
"But I also hold the fervent hope that sometime between now
and Election Day he will be a little more prudent in some of the
things he's been saying," Helms said. ,
Helms made his remarks after being asked if he would call
Ingram a demagogue. Helms said he was "not going to
characterize him one way or another."
In Lumberton, Ingram accused Helms of badly
misrepresenting the truth and said the GOP candidate has
proved that he cannot be trusted by voters.
"He (Helms) got so far out on the limb of misrepresentation
that it has broken off behind him," Ingram said at a news
conference. He referred to statements made by Helms earlier this
week and subsequently denied by Gov. Jim Hunt that Hunt
might support Helms if the senator were a Democrat. -
"The misrepresentation of , the $6-million Republican
opponent proves he cannot be trusted," Ingram said as he kept up
his verbal assault on Helms' campaigning and his voting record
"He is using his millions of dollars trying to buy this election
with slick radio and TV commercials with misrepresentations
and falsehoods about me and the Democratic Party," Ingram
said. "He has tried to misrepresent Gov. Hunt, his own record
and votes against the people of North Carolina,' and my -proposals
to cut taxes, balance the budget, provide for a strong
national defense and help for the tobacco farmer."
Ingram continued to campaign on his record as insurance
commissioner, saying he saved the state millions of dollars
through reduced rates and tight budgeting. He kept up his
frequent references tb Helms' Senate votes against legislation
such as Social Security and farm bills.
Lee took issue with Ingram's record in state government,
saying the Democrat has a miserable record as insurance
commissioner. Ingram lost most major rate reduction cases in the .
courts and flubbed one chance to cut insurance rates by $1
million, Lee said.
Lee told a news confereftsehat Ingram had been misleading
the public with his claims of big savings for insurance rate payers.
"In fact, the evidence suggests just the opposite that John
Ingram's performance in office has cost both the insurance rate
payers and the taxpayers," Lee said.
Lee said that of 37 major court decisions in rate cases appealed
after rulings by Ingram, the courts overturned Ingram's decisions
35 times. In one of the remaining cases, Lee said Ingram and the
insurance industry were on the same side.
Deputy Insurance Commissioner Roy Rabon said Lee's
rendition of Ingram's record was misleading. He said most of the
court cases to which Lee referred involved Ingram's fight to
eliminate age and sex discrimination in insurance rates.
The Associated Press
Rhodesian warplanes staged a
lightning bombing raid on black
nationalist positions in Zambia
Thursday, while across the world,
Vietnamese forces repulsed two separate
attacks by Chinese troops who crossed
into northern Indochina.
In Tanzania, President Julius Nyerere
vowed that his army will hit back hard at
Idi Amin, whose Ugandan invasion force
reportedly captured a strategic bridge
and tightended its grip on a chunk of
territory in northern Tanzania.
Nyerere called on his forces to drive
"this snake from our house."
Government sources said Tanzania is
planning a counter-attack aimed not only
at driving the invaders back across the
border but also at destroying the core of
Ugandan President Amin's military
They said the government was
considering a general mobilization to
mount the offensive.
There were no new battle reports in
Tanzania, but Western dimplomatic
sources in Nairobi,1 Kenya, quoted
Tanzanian officials as saying the
Ugandans were in control of the
important Taka Bridge over the Kagera
River and were at the outskirts of the
crossroads town of Kyaka, at the
southern end of the bridge.
In Indochina, a voice of Vietnam
broadcast from Hanoi said thousands of
Chinese reinforcements were dispatched
to the border area on the Chinese side. It
described the situation as critical and said
the Foreign Ministry condemned the
reported border violations as criminal
Western sources in Bangkok said
tension along the frontier has mounted in
recent weeks, but speculated that a full
scale conflict was unlikely. They also
noted that official Chinese media have
not reported much on the border
Meanwhile, the Rhodesian air strike
defiantly ignored British efforts to build
up Zambia's air defense, reportedly
inflicting at least 100 casualties.
The Rhodesian military said the target
was a black Rhodesian guerrilla, camp
but at least one independent source
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Residents to decide Carrboro bonds Nov 7
By TERRI HUNT
On Tuesday,' Nov. 7, Carrboro voters will decide
whether or not they want more parks, more fire station
facilities, more bikeways and other additions in town
facilities and whether or not they are willing to pay the
bill for those additions.
At that time, Carrbpro voters will vote, on four bond
issues totaling over $2 million. The town's voters will not
only choose between Jesse Helms and John Ingram for
the U.S. Senate seat, but will also vote for or against a
recreation facilities bond, a fire station building bond, a
public building bond and a land acquisition bond.
"These bonds are an attempt to accommodate the
growth and advancement of our town," Mayor Robert
Drakeford said. "They also offer a lot of good programs,
and we need them now. With things like Proposition 13
in California the trend is against spending. If we don't
get the bond issues now we won't get them in the next 10
years, because the sentiment -against growth and
spending will increase."
John Thomas, a Carrboro resident and former
member of the planning board, would rather delay the
referendum on the bond issues to allow for further
Town officials plan to apply for all available federal
revenue sharing grants to help cut the financial burden
Carrboro residents will have to bear if the bond issue
passes. Without the grants, officials estimate the bonds
will cost residents who live in new subdivision houses
$69 and residents who live in older houses $36.80 and
those in rental units or apartments $22.54 in taxes for
one year. However, if the town receives federal aid, the
residents in each category will pay $33, $17.60 and
$10.78 respective! per year.
The $1.5 million recreation bond will include a 30-50
acre park, . 25-meter swimming pool, batnhouse,
playing fields, picnic areas and a 2-mile bike path.
The largest of all these projects is the bike path.
Extending along N.C. 54 Bypass, the path would
continue along Jones Ferry Road, Carr Street (to be
marked as a bike route, cars permitted), and the railroad
tracks to Chapel Hill where it would join the existing
bicycle route on Cameron Avenue. The path would serve
the new Tar Heel Manor Apartments, Berkshire, Old
Well, Yum Yum and Carolina Apartments.
"The bicycle path would be very beneficial to the
students, because they are the people who mostly live in
this area," Alderman Ernie Patterson said. "But it would
greatly help everyone, because it would keep the bikes
out of the automobile traffic. What we really want to do
is get federal funds, and construct additional routes plus
the one we have planned."
According to town officials, additional routes could
be constructed into the downtown area and along
Acquisition of parkland is eligible for 50 percent of its
cost to be covered by federal grants, while 15 percent of
development costs as well as 80 percent of the bike path
costs can be accomodated by grants.
A second bond will provide for the expansion and
remodeling of the existing town fire station. A new
equipment building will be constructed, and the present
equipment room will be converted into a two-story
office space, training room, storage area, dormitory and
The third bond calls for building modifications to the
town hall and public works buildings. An elevator and
ramp from the parking area to the building would be
constructed at the town hall to permit easier access for
elderly and handicapped citizens. -The Public Works
Garage, located at the intersection of Smith Level Road
and N.C. 54 Bypass, would be expanded.
Finally, the land acquisition bond proposes the
purchase of two small tracts of land. The town would
purchase four to five acres of land just west of the Public
Works Garage for the storage of town vehicles, and a
two- to three-acre tract near the intersection of
Homestead Road and Old N.C. Route 86 North to serve
as the future site of a fire substation.
Town officials caution that although this is the
smallest and most economic of the bond issues it may
not pass, because it is a future plan and the voters may
see no need for it now.
"A lot of planning has gone into these bond issues,"
Alderman Doug Sharer said. "And with the bonds, we
have tried to provide programs that all citizens can use."
Local twins turn talent into tunes
Recording studio added 4o their Lakeshore Drive home
By C.A. STAFFORD-SMITH
Twin brothers Brian and Wyatt Easterling
haven't been together long enough in the past
few years to get a musical group established.
Until now as . students at UNC, they've
contented themselves with playing their guitars
and singing in restaurants in Chapel Hill and on
campuses across the state.
But the brothers may be headed toward the
big time. They have recently finished
construction of their own recording studio and
control room in their home on Lakeshore
"We're very proud of the studio," Wyatt said.
"However, the bank owns me because of the
equipment. It is a good investment, though, as
we can rent it out at about $ 1 5 an hour, which is
a fifth pf the regular rate for a studio."
Wyatt, the younger of the two by 10 minutes
explains why the brothers have been split up: "I
worked singing i.i a bar in Colorado one year.
This year 1 spent in Nashville, taking two
courses in aspects of the music business," Wyatt
said. "While I was there, two recording studios
listened to one of the tapes Brian and I had
made. They were both kind about them,
although one said the lyrics were weak, and the
music good, and the other said precisely the
What do their parents think of their music,
especially now that it is recorded in the
basement of their home?
"They used to doubt our seriousness," Brian
said. "Now they are great support." Their
father, Dr. William Easterling, is a professor of
. medicine at UNC and is acting chairperson of
the obstetrics and gynecology department at
North Carolina Memorial Hospital.
Wyatt says medicine once appealed to him as
a possible career. "However, too many nights I
met Dad going out as 1 came in," Wyatt said.
"Ironically, I now realize that a career on the
road in music would involve even more moving
at a moment's notice."
The brothers know and have been influenced
by country music singer George Hamilton IV,
who was a student at UNC for two years. Some
have compared Wyatt's voice to James Taylor,
although Wyatt scoffs: "1 hate to be cast as a
Wyatt writes most of the music, with Brian
contributing some of the lyrics. WXYC has a
tape of the brothers playing some of their own
songs, which has been on the air several times.
The tape was recorded in the Easterlings' studio.
"I am more interested in rock 'n' roll," Brian
said. "Still, Wyatt is beginning to move up
To diversify from folk rock, they are
incorporating two new members into the group
tp play keyboards and bass guitar.
Considering the hourjs of practice and
preparation, the cost of their private recording
studio and the amount of gas consumed by the
Oldsmobile which carries their equipment,
there is little profit in their playing, the twins
admit. Recently they played in Spencer
Dormitory to help UNICEF.
"But after six years of working to be able to
play, it is a waste not to be entertaining people,"
said Wyatt. "We would rather play for free than
not at all."
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Tho Eesterflng brothers sing et Spencer Derm