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Volume GS, Issue No. 65 jj?
By PAM KELLEY
When local establishments begin
serving mixed drinks around
Thanksgiving, Chapel Hill residents can
expect to pay $1.50 and up for their
favorite cocktails, according to
"We're going to try to match everybody
else," Tim Mee, co-owner of the Mad
Hatter, said. "Drinks will probably range
from about $1.50 to $2.25. If we could get
away with charging $5 a drink we would,
but the price will be determined by what
the market will bear."
Mickey Ewell, who owns Spanky's on
Franklin Street, said he thinks the $10 tax
on each gallon of liquor purchased by
proprietors is excessive. Nine dollars of
the tax will go to the county; the
remaining dollar will go to state funds.
Each establishment that wishes to sell
-4iquor also mu3t purchase a $500 license.
"It would have been better to have
charged more initially for the license and
to have had a $5 a gallon tax " Ewell said.
"These taxes make it hard for proprietors
to keep the cost of the drink dow n."
Frank Dale, owner of The Peddler on
East Rosemary Street, said he also thinks
the liquor tax is high. "I've worked with
bars in Georgia, and it seems everything is
done a little backwards here," he said. "In
Georgia liquor licenses cost $2,100, but
taxes are cheaper."
The Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen
and the N.C. League of Municipalities
have passed a resolution which argues
that cities should be allowed to levy a
license tax of $250 per year on
establishments selling mixed drinks.
Chapel Hill Alderman Gerry Cohen,
who proposed the resolutuion, said he
expects it to be brought up and passed in
the N.C. Legislature this spring. If
passed, local establishments could be
paying the tax by June I.
"I don't think a local tax is needed, and
I don't think it will pass," Ewell said.
Cohen said beer and wine sales are
taxed both by the state and locally, so he
feels the absence of a local tax on liquor is
an omission. "It would bring in about
$3,000 or $4,000 a year in revenues for
Chapel Hill," he said. "Mixed drinks are
sure to increase local business and traffic,
so Chapel Hill will need more law
enforcement and more city services."
Mary Alice Danziger, owner of The
Rathskeller on Franklin Street and The
Ranch House on Airport Road, said she
thinks a local tax is needed. "This town
needs money for a lot of things, especially
parking," she said. "1 had a feeling there
would be high taxes to pay for the cost of
enforcing the regulations."
Charlotte is expected to become the
first North Carolina city to serve mixed
drinks. As many as 75 restaurants and
hotels along with a few private clubs will
apply Monday for .liquor by the drink
Town parking crunch solution closer
By CAROL HANNER
Chapel Hill aldermen moved a step
closer to solving the local parking crunch
Monday when they authorized Phase II
of a city parking study.
The eight-to-ten week study will
investigate financial feasibility and design
alternatives for parking in the Central
Business District, city Finance Director
Tony Hooper said.
The parking alternatives include
construction of a parking deck on town
owned land at the corner of Rosemary
and Henderson Streets; metering curb
spaces on West Rosemary, Graham and
Roberson Streets; making two surface
lots in the West Franklin area and
developing park-ride lots.
IT SUJL lUCiL
Julian Bond told Memorial crowd civil rights may regress
Bo nd fears '60s gains
in civil rights short-lived
By MARTHA WAGGONER
Julian Bond, Georgia state senator and
civil rights activist, said Monday he
believes much of the progress made in the
civil rights movement of the '60s is in
danger of being set back.
Bond spoke in Memorial Hall as the
1978 Weil lecturer. The annual lecture on
Topics in American Citizenship has been
sponsored by the Weil family of
Goldsbro since 1915. Bond spoke on
"Democracy in America: 1978."
Bond was twice refused his seat in the
Georgia Statehouse in the years 1965-67
and required a U.S. Supreme Court
decision to takr-fris seat in 1967. He
served four terms in the house and was
elected to the senate in 1974. On N ov. 7 he
was elected to another term in the state
"The removal of more blatant forms of .
American apartheid makes it easy to
think many of the major battles have been
fought and won," Bond said. "Many, in
fact, are in danger of being refought and
Bond called the 1964 Civil Rights Act
the most comprehensive of all such acts
and traced the civil rights movement from
the act to ,the Equal Opportunity
Employment Act passed by Congress in
1972. "This parade of paper promises
seems impressive and on paper it
certainly is," Bond said. Bond said the
years after the Brown v. the Board of
Education decision showed the ascent of
Negroes and that 1978 is the year the
The study will design plans to finance
the parking program. Such plans may
include revenue bonds, general
obligation bonds or a special tax district
in which businesses who benefit from
parking facilities are charged additional
property taxes. Hooper said.
The town hired Wilbur Smith and
Associates in February 1978 to conduct a
two part survey of parking needs in the
Central Business District.
Hooper, Town Manager Gene
Shipman, the Transportation Board and
a Mayor's Parking Study Committee
studied the survey and presented
The group suggests that 96 unmetered
spaces currently being used for long term
parking by students and downtown
employees be metered to increase
By TERRI GARRARD
When the chairperson of the UNC philosophy
department takes off in his battered red pick-up
truck, he's no longer a professor. He's a horseshoer.
Michael Resnik, w ho - keeps his own horses,
learned the shoeing procedure after having problems
with a horse that was chronically lame. He organized
a course made up of students and owners of horses
and hired an instructor to teach horseshoeing. To
develop his skills, Resnik began to practice on horses
belonging to his neighbors and friends. Before long,
it evolved into a part-time business.
"Lots of people think it's kind of a dumb thing to
be doing, because it requires strength," he says. "But
to do a good job. it requires good judgment and keen
The procedure for shoeing a horse includes
removing the old shoe, which is nailed on, and
trimming the hoof w ith knives, files and nippers until
it's the proper length.
"Just like trimming a fingernail," Resnik says.
"Trimming is the most important aspect. The surface
of the hoof must be flat and the angles correct so the
horse will be comfortable and perform well."
The next step is to make the shoe, although many
horseshoers now use premade shoes. Resnik explains
that handmade shoes, are very expensive and are
more of a status symbol. "Usually a premade shoe
Serving the students anil the
Wednesday, November 15, 1978, Chapel Hill North Carolina
! . . - .if
racial tide turned. "No single act in 1978
reversed that forward motion." he said.
He said the 15 years following the
Brown decision showed a "hopefulness
changed to a militancy. The militancy
quickly began to eliminate the symbols of
Bond said Lyndon Johnson proved
"regionalism and racism are not
necessarily partners." but that Johnson's
domestic programs were halted by the
Vietnam War. "The best and the brightest
were beaten down by bullets. An awful
calm settled on the American political
In 1968. the American people elected a
president who "began a national
nullification of the" nee3s of the needy."
Bond said. He accused, Nixon and his
administration of "pious platitudes and
self righteous swinishness." He also
charged Nixon with changing the
Supreme Court from a defender of the
minority status to the protector of the
prominent and the powerful.
"The people who were wronged were
told to set themselves right." Bond said.
"Nixon's evil genius could not turni
back the movement of 200 years." Bond
said. People supporting Nixon believed
"enough had been done for the helpless
few at the expense of the powerful many."
In 1976, blacks turned to the polls in
record numbers to support a man "who
seemed singularly committed to closing
the gap between the shadow and the
substance of the American dreams."
See BOND on page 4
The spaces on West Rosemary.
Graham and Roberson Streets would not
meet the need for 100 additional spaces
Wilbur Smith and Associates say the
town will need in the next three to five
The study recommends adding two
levels of parking over the Rosemary
Henderson Street lot to. 'combat the
The group recommended two surface
lots in the West Franklin Street area to
provide an estimated 120 spaces needed
in that district.
George Watts Hill Jr.. chairperson of
the town's Chamber of Commerce
Transportation Committee, presented
the board with a report supporting trie
overall recommendations of the parking
stud v. "
does the job." he adds. ,
After the shoe is placed on the hoof, it is nailed on.
The nails go into the bottom of the hoof, come out on
the side, and then are bent, cut off and filed down.
"The nails are designed to turn out as you hit them."
Resnik explains. "So you have to hav e the courage to
hit them hard and hope that they will go the right
way." If the nail turns inward, it goes into the horse's
Horseshoeing isn't easy, especially if a horse
simply doesn't want to be shod. Young horses can be
more of a problem than older animals i! ;hev haven't
been shod before.
"The animal w in fight and can hurt itself and hurl
the horseshoer." Resnik says. "But it won't throw
you on the ground like big horses can." He recalls
when one of the young horses he was shoeing jumped
into the air and almost landed in the back of his
truck. 'Some horseshoers w ill restrain difficult horses
with ropes. Resnik says, but he doesn't advise doing
so because the horse often injures itself trying to
escape from the ropes.
Despite the deelitK- in the practical use of horses
over the last century. Resnik says horseshoeing is not
a dying art. In the last ten years, he says, horses have
become more popular for racing or pleasure riding.
Horseshoeing schools have been created to meet the
new demand for the skill. Resnik says there are at
least 300 horseshoers across North Carolina. N
I'niversity community since IXVJ
government I uesday
I he federal
fairness of the Wilmington 10 trial and
petitioned a federal Court to either throw
out the slate convictions of the nine black
men and one white woman, or hold a
hearing on the government's findings.
The petition, which says the
government has uncovered evidence
indicating the defendants were denied a
fair trial, comes after nine of the ten
defendants have already been freed on
Members, of the Ten and their
supporters hailed the n.ove on their
behalf, but said it was long overdue six
years late, to be exact.
"We've got new hope now," said
Reginald Epps, who. along with eight
other black men and one white woman,
was convicted in 1972 of a firebombingin
Wilmington the year before. "I think it
was long overdue, but I'm just glad to see
"It's, w hat we've been fighting for." said
Ann Snepherd .Turner, the only Ten
member free without parole. "The
president surely had to have a hand in
this." she said, echoing the sentiments of
several other supporters.
White House spokesman Mark
Henderson said Tuesday the President
Carter had no comment on the
Wilmington 10 action. Carter has said,
before that he would not comment and
that the case is a matter for the courts to
In an 89-page brief, the department
questioned whether the state's chief
witness. Allen Hall, told the truth when
he testified that each of the defendants
took part in the firebombings.
The department concluded that "Hall
is not a reliable witness." that the
defendants were not allowed to fully
portray Hall's unreliability at the trial
a nd t hat t he pr osecut or.- J a mes S t roud .
withheld from the defense an amended
statement by Hall that cast doubt on his
testimony- in short, that the Wilmington
Board .OKs new vlsitatioii rules
By SI SAN LADD
Staff W r.iter
The Residence Hall Association Board
of Governors' approved the RHA
visitation committee report Tuesday
night after adding several amendments
that would include graduate students in
the visitation rules, prov ide lor additional
quiet hours and establish a residents' bill
The RHA committee to study
visitation was appointed Sept. 19 in
response to concern ol residents and staff
stemming from a crackdown on visitation
violations this tall. I he - committee
submitted its final report to the RHA
Board of Governors last week for
The original wording, of the first
recommendation stated that "an
visitation policy established and enforced,
be applied equallv to all undergraduate
University residence halls." The RHA
Board of Governors voted to delete the
word "undergraduate" so the policy
would be applied to all residents in
University housing, specifically Craige.
where graduate students currently, have
24-hour visitation, while undergraduates
in Craige must abide b the University
The current University policy limits
visitation hours to tiom noon-1 a.m.
J0 were denied a lau trial.
"There is reasonable likelihood that the
jury's verdict might have been different
had it known" what was in thestatement.
the brief said. It said Hall could have been
cross-examined in front of a jury about
the apparent discrepancies.
Last January. North Carolina Gov.
Jim Hunt reduced the sentences of the
Wijrnjngton 10. allowing all butChavisto.
get out of prison this year. But Hunt said
then he was convinced they had a fair trial
and "the jury made the right decision."
Gary Pearce. Hunt's press secretary,
said "This came as a complete surprise to
us." adding that he doubts very seriously
the governor will have any response to
In February, 75 congressmen signed a
petition urging U.S. Attorney General
Griffin Bell to direct the Justice
Department to intervene in federal court
on behalf of the Ten.
Elizabeth Chavis. mother of the Rev.
,Ben Chavis. the on! defendant still in
jail, termed the petition "the best news
I've heard. "My faith in God is restored."
she said. . '"'.'
Mrs. Chavis.who lives in Oxford, said
she visits Chavis every Sunday at the
Orange County, prison unit in
Hillsborough. Prison officials said
Chavis., who could not be reached for
comment, would probably hold a news
The Ten were convicted of arson and
conspiracy in connection with the
burning of Mike's Grocery, a white
owned store, on Feb. 6. 1971. The
fi reborn bing came at the end of a week of
racial violence w hich left one white man
and one black man dead.
If the court follows the government's
suggestion. Chavis would be freed and
the parole restrictions for the eight other
men would be dropped.
The members and .'their backers said
they have no plans to follow up on the
petition, except to continue to push for
Chavis' release and wait for the ruling by
Sunday through 'Thursday and noon-2
a.m. Friday and Saturday.
Dart Hemrick. governor of Craige.
said this discrepancy has caused
problems between graduate and
undergraduate residents of the dorm.
Fran Williams, governor of Henderson
Residence College, opposed the
rewording to include graduate students
on the basis of an age consideration. "I
don't think that graduate students should
be -subjected to any less than 24-hour
visitation." Williams said.
The Board of Governors also amended
the quiet hours guidelines set by the
visitation committee that limited quiet
hours to 7 p.m.-8 a.m. Monday through
Thursday. The committee voted to set
quiet hours at 7 p.m. -8 a.m. Sunday
through Thursday and 2 a.m.-8 a.m.
Saturday and Sunday.
The committee recommendation to set
visitation hours at 10 a.m.-1 a.m.
Monday through I hursday and 10 a.m.
Friday to I a.m. Monday, which would
mean 24 hour visitation over the
weekend, was approved by a 6-2 margin.
RHA President Don Fox. who voted
against the recommendation, raised the
point that the committee's surveys clearly
showed that a majority ol students
favored an open visitation policy 24
hours- seven davs u week.
Ricky Murray, governor of Granville
JT fa ' r ,
iH. - -.' r '-'2 J I
Professor end terrier Michael Resnik files
Study in Europe
Professors Armitage, Leutze
and Unks will hold a public
meeting to discuss the UNC
Study in Europe program at
7:30 p.m. today in 218
Please call us: 933-0245
Ann Shepherd Turner
District Judge Franklin T." Dupfee Jr.. in
whose court the document was filed.
Richard N. League, an assistant state
attorney general who represented the
state during the Ten's post-conviction
hearing in Burgaw. N.C. in 1977, said his
office had not decided whether to file a
response to the 89-page federal brief.
League said that from his first look at
the bulky document, he found few points
that had not been raised in earlier actions.
League said the only new evidence he saw
was a previously-secret copy of
documents used by prosecutor James
Stroud in his pre-trial interview of key
witness Allen Hall...
Several of thedefendants will hold a
joint news conference Wednesday at 6
p.m. on the North Carolins Central
University campus in Durham.
and a member of the visitation
committee, told the Board of Governors
that the committee decided to recommed
more restrictive hours primarily because
they felt a stricter policy would have a.
better chance of being approved by the
The Final recommendations of the
Board of Governors must be approved by,
the Department of Housing, the Division
of Student Affairs. and the Chancellor
before they can become official policy.
Fox said he approved the committee's
recommendations and the reasons for the
recommendations, but cast a dissenting
vote as a matter of principle.
"It's my personal belief that there
should be no time restrictions." Fox said.
Also amended was the committee
proposal to establish a Judiciary Board
composed of students elected from each
dorm with the responsibility of making
judgements on violations of University or
residence hall policies. The Board of
Governors v oted that the members of the
board should he appointed by the RHA
president with the advice and consent of
'the RHA Board of Governors with one
representative from each area rather than
This was done on the suggestion of
Fox. who said he felt the members of the
Judiciary Board should be above politics.
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