North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
; l i
4 The Daily Tar Heel Wednesday, January 16. 1380
Chnrtcs Long, UHC religion professor
.spoke in memory of civil rights activist
First lady pledges fight for
ATLANTA (AP) First lady Rosalynn Carter
said Tuesday that the president joins her in a
renewed commitment to work for a national
holiday honoring the Jan. 15 birth date of the late
Martin Luther King Jr.
Carter's remarks at a two-hour memorial service
before an overflow crowd at Ebenezer Baptist
Church came only hours after the marble front of
King's crypt was defaced during the night with
streaks of red, black and green paint.
After the services, about 5,000 people marched
one mile through downtown streets to the state
Capitol, chanting, "We want a national holiday,"
and waving signs favoring a national and state
holiday in memory of King, who was assassinated
12 years ago in Memphis, Tenn.
"When I left Washington this morning it was a
holiday for the school children there. And you and
I and the president are committed to a national
holiday for Martin Luther King Jr ," Carter said.
"Hope, faith, love. That is what we celebrate
today," she said. "We must have a national holiday
There's More In Your
- w uw ii . iim.mn.i.H n llll H
- ' ' ' s''" '
' li ... ft . if . , f f ' - ' - X
I'M ij ' ! f - ff
.f, - i
li I i
15 ' H
ti - - - u
zm o on o
eluy in ruciul e.quwlity
By JOHN ROYSTER
and DIANE WILFONG
"The plumb line ain't right."
So said Floyd McKissick, the keynote
speaker at Tuesday night's Martin Luther King
Jr. birthday celebration at First Baptist Church.
King, the assassinated civil rights leader of the
1950s and 1960s, would have been 51 on -Tuesday.
McKissick, civil rights activist, founder of
Soul City in Warren County and a UNC
alumnus, compared the position of black people
with a plumb line, a device which measures
whether something is straight.
When measuring with a plumb line,
McKissick said, "(The measurement is) going to
be on, or it's going to be off," and for blacks in
today's society, "the plumb line ain't right."
McKissick pointed to what he called double
standards working against blacks.
"How many black professors are there at the
University of North Carolina, compared to the
white professors? How many black professors
have tenure, compared to white professors?"
"Talk to your governor about (appointing) an
extra judge over here. It's an extra one if we get
McKissick was critical of the economic
double standard that he said exists. "If a black
man is successful in business, drives a
Mercedes.. .or has a good house, then (whites
say) something's wrong.
"They always let us sing and dance and box,"
commemorate this great man of hope, faith and
The proposal for a national holiday for King lost
twice in the House last year and failed to make
much progress in the Senate. However, the date is a
holiday in the District of Columbia.
There were no arrests in the defacing ot the
tomb. The Rev. Fred Bennett, chief of security for
the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Social
Change near the crypt, said he would not begin an
investigation until after Tuesday's activities.
Atlanta Police Maj. W.W. Holley said it was just
vandalism and he believed it was done by a single
individual, not an organized group.
Carter lelt tor Washington before the march,
which was led by King's widow, Coretta Scott
King, former Peace Corp director Sargeant
Shriver; Rabbi Marc Tannenbaum, director of
the American Jewish Committee; and Atlanta
Mayor Maynard Jackson.
At the Capitol, King urged the crowd to push for
the holiday for her late husband.
Feels Warmer Inside
Than Snack Bar
Available at all Student Store
ft ; . i; U
1 A i
Much of McKissick's address centered on the
future of the civil rights movement. "We're
going to have to be sophisticated to deal with
the political system as it is," he said.
"We can never afford the luxury to hate
anyone because of his or her color," he said.
"The most self-destructive thing you can do is to
"The greatest thing we can do tonight is to
leave here and celebrate Martin Luther King's
birthday not just today, but tomorrow. You've
got to apply that plumb line to yourself.
"The legacy of Martin is that we live on. but
not just live. The legacy of Martin is that we do,
because we live," McKissick said.
Other speakers at the celebration, sponsored
by the Chapel Hill Parks and Recreation
Department, included Dot Currie of the Chapel
Hill Minority Teachers' Causus; Hilliard
Caldwell, home school coordinator for the
Chapel Hill-Carrboro school system; J.R.
Manley of the Black Ministers' Alliance of
Chapel Hill; James Britton of Joint Orange
Chatham Community Action; UNC faculty
member Sonja Stone ; high school student Pam
Butler; Harold Foster, an officer of the South
Orange Black Caucus and a mayoral candidate
last November; and Paul Bermanzhon, a
Durham resident wounded in the anti-Ku Klux
Klan rally shootings in Greensboro Nov. 3.
In another Tuesday observance of King's
birthday, Dr. Charles H. Long presented the
keynote address at the Martin Luther King
Memorial Ceremony, sponsored by the
"The job begins when you leave here today to
work through the political process and framework.
We are going to have a national holiday, and a state
holiday." she said. "Martin marched with us today
and we will keep on marching."
Jackson said Atlanta's City Hall was closed
Tuesday because King's birthday has been a
holiday in the city for years.
"We don't have to beg anymore," he told the
crowd. "March to the ballot box and send your
message to the State House."
The Georgia Senate and House honored King
with a moment of silence, one of many tributes
throughout the country. In recent years, the
legislature has failed to make King's birthday a
However, several states including
Massachusetts, Delaware and Maryland observe
Jan. 15 as a state holiday.
In Washington, D.C., birthday observances
included a morning parade and commemorative
The Office of Student Affairs and the UNC
Counseling Center will sponsor a time
management luncheon seminar for students
age 25 or older noon-l:30 p.m. today and
Order any large pizza and
get up to 4 free cups of Coke.
If you order a small pizza,
you can get up to 2 free cups
of Coke. No coupons are
necessary-all you have to do
207 Oberlin Road
503 W. Rosemary
o i tk
Floyd McKissick, civil rights tscdsr
.decries racial, economic inequality
Minority Student Caucus of the UNC School of
"His was an American dream and the hope
for all humankind; human communion and
freedom," said Long, a Kenan Professor of
religion at UNC and at Duke University.
"We are here to commemorate and
remember, in honor and humility, this man, this
presence, and this voice that walked this land
for a few short years." Long said.
Gary Sidbury. a student in UNC's
Department of epidemiology, said at the 4 p.m.
memorial service that King's convictions of "the
dignity and worth of all human beings" and
God's personal nature led him in his struggle for
the "cause of humanity at large."
Approximately 100 persons attended the
ceremony in the auditorium of the School of
Public Health. The event was followed by a
reception in the student lounge.
services at Convenant- Baptist Church with
recording star Stevie Wonder urging support for a
In Buffalo, N.Y., the Philharmonic Orchestra,
featuring actress Cicely Tyson, presented its second
annual tribute concert.
Rhode Island legislators observed the day with a
ceremony and lawmakers plan to introduce a bill to
make the date a state holiday.
In Chicago, public schools and city colleges were
closed as well as most city, county and state offices.
The Rev. Jesse Jackson, president of Operation
PUSH and Ralph Abernathy, former president of
the Southern Christian Leadership Conference,
presided at two separate memorial services.
In Tallahassee, Fla.. about 600 black university.
students chanting "Honor King," marched to the
Florida Capitol Tuesday demanding the day be
made a holiday.
There were also observances in Richmond, Va.,
and New York City.
for older students
Thursday in Room 213 Carolina Union.
Participants should bring a bag lunch.
Coffee will be provided. For more information
Our Suporb Cheoso Pizza
12" small $3.25
16" large $4.85
Onions, Green Peppers, &
12" small Deluxe $5.85
16" large Deluxe $8.65
Olives Hot Peppers
Onions Extra Cheese
Extra Thick Crust
12" small $.65 each
1 6" large $.95 each
We reserve the right to limit our
From page 1
housing will have damaging elfccts on
textile and furniture industries, hich
w ill in turn have a dampening affect upon
the economy of North Carolina,"
The state's industry is now much more
varied than in past years, and thus less
susceptible to drastic economic swings,
he said. "If this is true, we may not suffer
as badly as other areas across the nation."
North Carolina has experienced the
most new capital investment in the
country in recent years. Many economists
say corporations and industries are
moving to the sunbelt because of a more
moderate climate and a large pool of
inexpensive labor, a result of the low rate
But Schwartz said despite new capital.
North Carolina is still a very poor state on
a per capita basis because the state still
boasts the lowest average industrial
wages in the country.
"Wages are low because of education,
industry locations and general non
support toward unions," he said.
Roger Waud, a UNC professor of
economics, cited a number of obstacles to
continued national growth in the 80s.
"Because skyrocketing energy prices
have made automation and machinery
more expensive, companies may be
turning to cheaper labor in the future,
"If federal regulations on energy prices
and domestic energy production in
general are not relaxed, then it will
become more difficult to make the
necessary switches to domestic energy
sources," Waud said. "This process is
necessary if economic growth in the 1980s
will not be impeded by bottlenecks
created by the energy shortage."
In short, Waud said the two major
obstacles to economic growth in the
1980s will be inflation caused by large
government deficits and excessive
government regulation. This would
hamper the development of alternative
Liner said that perhaps the most
positive force on the horizon is the
demographic profile that will emerge in
"The working age-group is very large
now due to the post World War II baby
boom, but since 1958, birth rates have
fallen substantially," Liner said. "This
means there will be less competition in
enrollment of high schools and colleges,
and less competition and higher wages for
Schwartz said much of what will
happen in our economic future will
depend upon events and persons outside
this country which the United States
cannot influence or control.
What can be done to bring about
economic stability in the 80s? "If you
believe in supernatural power start
praying," Schwartz said.
Student Government will sponsor a
majors mart from 1-4 p.m. Jan. 22 and 23 '
in Great Hall of the Carolina Union for
freshman and sophomores still undecided
about their majors.
Representatives of 20 University
departments will be present to answer
questions and prov ide information about
programs and courses in their
Sophomores must declare a major by
open to students
Sophomores, juniors and seniors have
until Feb. 1 to apply for summer jobs in
state government with the Institute of
Government Summer Internship
An advisory committee will select 24
students from across the state to work in
responsible positions in several state
government departments. The interns
also will participate in evening
Interns will work 40 hours per week
May 27-Aug. 8. Payment for the program
is $125 per week. For more information
of applications, contact University
Placement Services in Hanes Hall or the
Institute of Government.
Tuesday, Jon. 15
13 ttudant tvertsi etisi tltt
Tutm ttachlng ttchniqut
Convtfiltnt watktnd clsssts
IXCLU5IV2 UATH rSFRIZHIA