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It will b8 cloudy today with a
60 percent chance of rain.
High today in the mid 60s.
Low tonight will be in the low
0 A A
TJ3 OaV Tar Hae; founded
in 1E33, celebrates its 87th
birthday Saturday. We hope
you're planning to celebrate
in a big way.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Velum a 07, Issua No. 1p4O0
Friday, February 22, 18S0, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Button Advertising 933-1163
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With spring break just a week away, UNC women got
a head-start on their sunburns yesterday. The
second floor of the Ehringhaus was a popular place
OLf (C radlidD to
to catch the February rays. Temperatures climbed
into the 60s, and winter looked deceptively like
Poll reveals realism
is freshman attitude
By JONATHAN RICH
What has happened to the fiery
rhetoric, the massive demonstrations
and the youthful idealism of the 1960s
and early 1970s?
For years people have been talking
about the "me generation," and a
growing trend towards conservation
and materialism among American
youth. A recent report issued by the
American Council of Education
confirms the emergence of a more
conservative and realistic generation
of college students.
The annual report, based on polls
given to samples of incoming
freshman at colleges and universities
across the country, contains a wide
spectrum of questions ranging from
personal ambitions and political
opinions to moral and religious
According to the national poll, 62
percent of incoming freshmen view
financial security as one of the most
important objectives in their lives,
compared to 44 percent in 1966.
Obtaining recognition from your
peers and becoming an authority in
your field also have become important
objectives for an increasing number of
students, from 43 percent to 55
percent, and 67 percent to 76 percent
respectively between 1966 and 1979.
Meanwhile, the number of students
who consider developing a philosophy
on life important has decreased
noticeably, while helping others in
difficulty has dipped a few points to 65
But the shift towards materialism is
not so much a reaction to the idealism
of the 1960s as it is a return to
economic and political realities, said
William Bennett, director of the
National Humanities Center at
Research Triangle Center, and recent
speaker at the Carolina Symposium.
"Sociologists were wrong in
predicting a projection of the moral
consciousness of the early 1970s into
the future," Bennett said. "They
assumed there had been a radical
change in student values.
"I don't think you should
characterize the late '60s as a better
period in terms of student values,"
Bennett said. "The shift that occured
around 1974 was not a shift
selflessness to selfishness, but a shift
from us to me," Bennett said.
. Bennett said that while student
protesters demonstrated and criticized
the existing system, they continued to
live parasitically off of their parents
and society. The great idealism of the
period was ultimately destructive,
because it distracted students and
parents from dealing with pressing
issues, such as ending the Vietnam
War, he said.
"What we are experiencing today is
. a return to reality," Bennett said. "The
illusion was seen, and a burn-out
occurred. Students now realize that
universities are their friends, not
The number of incoming freshman
who favor legalizing abortions has
plummeted from 89 percent to 60
percent between 1970 and 1979.
Support for women's rights and
employment away from home,
however, has continued to increase.
Although the UNC sample poll
showed that freshmen here are as
ambitious and materialistic as in any
university, they are definitely more
liberal in terms of support for
legalizing abortions and abolishing
As in other institutions, UNC
church attendance has risen
significantly since the 1960s, jumping
20 percent to 95 percent of all
incoming freshmen. This is 9 percent
above the national average of 86
According to Bennett, this was a
natural return to the high church
attendance of the 1950s. "For a time,
students went through stages of
experimentation with pseudo
religions. Now they have found that
traditional religions carry higher
moral values," he said.
The UNC poll reveals other
interesting statistics. Cigarette
smoking has declined from 2 1 percent
to 9 percent, between 1966 and 1979.
Beer consumption is up 1 1 percent to
72 percent of all freshmen, with a
marked increase in female
imbibement. Of these students 45
percent believe that homosexual
relations should be prohibited.
By CAROLYN WORSLEY
Staff W riter
Student radio station WXYC (89.3 FM) may have to sign off
the air temporarily next week to repair a transmitter that has
been causing problems since July.
The malfunction has prevented the station from passing a
required annual Federal Communications Commission proof of
performance test. WXYC Chief Engineer Don Smith and area
radio stations staff consultants will try to correct the problem
this weekend so that the station can remain on the air, said Bob
Saunders, student body president-elect and chairperson of
Student Education Broadcasting-WXYC.
If the transmitter cannot be fixed to meet the requirements of
the FCC test, the station will petition the commission to allow it
to remain on the air transmitting at 10 watts enough power to
broadcast to the immediate campus area while the transmitter
is returned to the manufacturer to be rebuilt, Saunders said. The
station currently broadcasts with 400 watts of power.
If the FCC denies the request to allow WXYC to continue
operations at 10 watts, the station will have to sign off the air
while the transmitter is being rebuilt, he said. The station has 30
days to return to the air.
Despite the possible inconvenience of going off the air,
Saunders said, "In a way, students are going to come out better in
the end." The WXYC signal has produced a rough sound not
the ideal clear, crisp sound and once the transmitter is rebuilt
service will be improved, he said.
The station has been granted two extensions by the FCC to
pass the test. The final extension expires Thursday.
Even if the station does pass the test, the transmitter eventually
will be rebuilt, Saunders said. The transmitter was purchased in
used condition from the University and had been struck by
lightning. Problems were simply a matter of time, Saunders said.
Since July, the station had been trying to adjust the transmitter
so that it would run well enough to pass the test before finishing
long-range plans to jump from 400 to 1,000 watts when the
station expands into the new Carolina Union extension,
Saunders said. The extension is expected to be completed
sometime in 1981. However, the station now has decided to
rebuild the transmitter before completing the expansion plans,
The transmitter's age has hindered staff from determining the
exact cause of the problem, Saunders said.
"There were so many things that could be wrong," he said.
"Since last July they've been trying everything so they can get it to
Judgment postponed on referendum validity
By LYNN CASEY
The Student Supreme Court postponed judgment
after a pretrial hearing Thursday night to determine
whether to hold a formal trial to resolve a dispute over
the results of a Feb. 5 referendum election and two
referend urns passed Feb. 13.
A decision on whether to hold the trial will be reached
by Tuesday, said Roy Cooper, Student Supreme Court
The court proceedings are the result of two separate
challenges to the student body referendums. In the first
complaint, five UNC students including two members
of the Campus Governing Council seek to overturn the
results of a Feb. 5 referendum which guaranteed the
Graduate and Professional Student Federation 15
percent of activities fees annually paid by graduate and
In the second complaint, two UNC law students have
asked the court to void the results of two referendums
approved in the Feb. 13 student body elections. One
By KERRY DEROCHI
referendum creates a new student fee to fund an
expanded intramural and recreational sports program.
The other allows the CGC to expand its membership
from 20 to as many as 30 representatives.
In both complaints, the plaintiffs base their charges on
election irregularities or constitutional questions
surrounding the establishment of three new polling sites
in Rosenau Hall, Kenan Labs and Hamilton Hall.
Although the two complaints were filed separately,
Michael Robinson, counsel for the Feb. 13 plaintiffs,
asked that the two complaints be joined as a single
action. Craig Brown, counsel for the Feb. 5 plaintiffs,
said he had no objection to such a move.
Brown also asked the court to waive the notary public
requirement for soliciting affadavits from witnesses in
the proceedings. "We've had a. hard time getting
witnesses to notary publics," he said.
Defense councel Michael Barnhill argued that
affadavits should not be admitted as evidence in lieu of
actual testimony, however. The use of affadavits would
reduce the plaintiffs' burden of proof, he said.
"Affadavits are nof good evidence," Branhill said.
At several points during the hearing, defense counsels
began citing United States Supreme Court cases in
support of their arguments. Cooper and Student
Supreme Court Justice Greg Porter reminded the
student counsels that federal cases had little bearing on
disputes involving the Student Government Code.
The defense counsels asked that all charges but one be
dismissed on grounds that they did not fall within the
statute of limitations set for such charges in the Student
Government Code. The defense argued that election
disputes must be brought before the court within 72
hours of final tabulation of the referendum results. The
complaint challenging the Feb. 5 vote was not filed until
five days after ballots were counted.
Brown argued that the Elections Board did not make
its final official tabulation until Feb. 13 due to a
misplaced voter registration sheet, however.
When the court announces its decision Tuesday, it will
determine whether the plaintiffs charges should be
dismissed. If the charges are not dismissed, a hearing will
be held sometime after spring break, Cooper said.
Designs for athletic complex
will have a different feature
"Just call out my name and you know
wherever I am. Til come running to see
from "You've got a Friend" by James
Whether these words sung by Chapel
Hill's favorite son and superstar James
Talor can be taken literally, nobody
knows. But the Carolina Union Concert
committee and the Chapel Thrill '80
Committee are trying to hold him to his
The two committees want Taylor to
perform at the Chapel Thrill '80 concert,
set for April 19 in Kenan Stadium. Taylor
already has said no to the proposal
because he will not be on tour at that
time, but the committee members are
hoping they can change his mind by
enticing him with memories of his earlier
days in Chapel Mill.
x f V
Trying to contact Taylor directly
without going through his management
agency, the committee members decided
earlier this week to approach Taylor's
father, Dr. Issac Taylor, who teaches in
the UNC School of Medicine and
practices in the community diseases
department of N.C. Memorial Hospital.
Taylor said Thursday that his son
definitely has Carolina on his mind, citing
a recent phone call in which James said he
wanted to "do North Carolina again."
"This might be something he would be
interested in," Taylor said. "I know he
doesn't do benefits unless he is on tour
with a big show, but I know he sometimes
does jobs like this."
Taylor stressed that James currently
See TAYLOR on page 2
Burke plays villain las o
By BOBBY PARKER
Most people take up cookies and candy bars when
they give up cigarettes. Robert Burke took up a green
Even when rehearsing for his role as Iago in the
current Playmakers Repertory Company production
of Shakespeare's Othello, Burke usually carried the
tennis ball around with him. It gave him something
to do with his hands.
Burke's ball-carrying habit does create a minor
problem now and then. More than once, he has had
to convince skeptical fellow cast members that he is
serious about acting.
As a school teacher in Boston, Burke became
involved in community theater during his free time,
and from there "it just snowballed" into a
professional acting career. He quit teaching and went
through a series of make-a -living jobs driving cabs
or digging graves before he could devote his full
attention to acting.
In his six-year career, Burke has appeared in stage
roles across the country as well as in television series
such as Happy Days, Kojak and The Bastard.
The difference between Hollywood television and
New York stage. Burke said in an interview
Thursday, is like the difference between ancient
Sparta and Athens. Television work is a lot quicker,
while stage work involves a longer period of
preparation that continues with each night's
"In TV once it's done, it's done," he said.
Although Burke said he believes New York offers a
fuller life with greater intellecutal activity, he does
not look down on television or film work.
"It's all acting," he said.
Burke was lured to the West Coast not for TV
roles, however, but to work in the San Diego
Shakespeare Festival. While there, he was offered a
continuing role in The Paper Chase TV scries.
He turned down the supporting part as a young
See IAGO on page 5
Robert Durke plsys lago In 'Othello
.actor In PRC's production of tragedy
By ANNE-MARIE DOWNEY
The University is completing its
designs for the proposed $21.6 million
student athletic center, and the plans
show a center with a unique construction
and many differences from Carmichael
But before the University can proceed
with construction of the athletic center,
which will be twice the size of its
predecessor Carmichael Auditorium, it
must obtain a special use permit from the
Town Council. The University plans to
build the coliseum on the Baity property
between Manning Driver and Mason
Farm Road, south of Hinton James
In 1978, the Town Council rezoned the
Baity land to allow construction of an
athletic coliseum after a long fight
between the University and the Mason
Farm Road residents who opposed
construction of a coliseum.
But University Planning Director
Gordon Rutherford said, "We
understand the neighborhood's concerns.
We understand what the town's concerns
are. They have been articulated by many
people. What we have to do is come up
with an appropriate scheme to respond to
these kind of things, and then take it to
the town and say 'this is what we
"To this point were all really pleased
with the way it is coming out, the way it
respects the site.... We just believe it's
doing what it needs to do to receive the
kind of acceptance from the town of
The plans for the coliseum, which still
need to be approved by the N.C. Board of
Trustees, depict an octagonal structure
that will contain a basketball court,
athletic offices and a swimmingcomplex.
The plans also call for a unique
construction approach. Rutherford said
the Carolina coliseum will be similar to
the iomplex at Northern Iowa University
and will have a ceiling covered with taut
"It's just one of those gee whiz space
age fabrics," Rutherford said.
The use of the fabric will cut down on
construction costs and will allow a great
deal of ventilation within the coliseum,
eliminating the need for air conditioning,
With the openceiling, the coliseum will
use minimal lighting, which will decrease
on energy costs, Rutherford said. The
open ceiling will permit heat to escape,
but Rutherford said most coliseums use
"When you get 18,000 bodies, what the
problem is is ventilation, not heat." he
The University's original plans called
for a coliseum with an 18,000 seating
capacity, but UNC
officials said last
University plans to
ask the General
expand the facility
to 22.000 seats.
designs outline two
tiers of seating with
more than 14,000
scats in the upper tier.
But Rutherford said, "Whether it's
18,000 or 22,000 doesn't change the
concept of what we're doing."
Seals in the basketball coliseum will
feature at least one comfort lacking in
Carmichael. Even the movable bleacher
seats will have backs.
The center will have three different
levels. The first will be the basketball
court level. It mainly will house facilities
for athletes, including locker rooms. The
second level will provide space for
athletic department offices. The third
level or concourse level will be the
The center will be built inside a gullcy
on a hillside to minimize its height
appearance, but Rutherford said the
center actually will be approximately as
tall as H inton James dorm. Compared to
plans for the new facility, Carmichael is
dwarfed Carmichael could fit within
the new center two times.
Rutherford said the University is trying
to design the proposed facility to protect
the Mason Farm Road area.
As required when the Town Council
approved the rczoning of the Baity land
in 1978, the University has prov ided for a
200-foot buffer zone from Mason Farm
Road. Actually, the center will be built
400 feet from the road.
The University also plans to build a
fence around the center to limit the traffic
crossing to Mason Farm Road. Anyone
who parks on the road will not easily be
able to get into the coliseum.
The University also plans to have
access to the student athletic center from
Manning Drive, not Mason Farm Road,
in response to residents' fears that traffic
would destroy the Mason Farm Road
area. Rutherford said.
Seo COLISEUM on page 2