North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
2 The Daily Tar Heel Friday. March 21. 1980
Reservoir will add.
40 cents to water bill
Mews Dim Mef
X-rays not suggested
By AMY PRUGH
A 40-ccnt water rate increase would
follow the construction of the
controversial Cane Creek Reservoir,
Orange Water and Sewer Authority
officials said this week.
The increase, which would cover the
cost of the reservoir, would be reflected in
campus dorm rents, James Cansler,
associate vice chancellor for student
affairs, said Thursday. Other Orange
County residents also would see the rate
increase in their individual water bills or
'Plans for the water reservoir in
southern Orange County, which would
serve as a water supply for Chapel Hill,
Carrboro and the U niversity, still are tied
up in court. OW AS A and the Cane Creek
Conservation Authority, which opposed
the reservoir, have been battling over the
reservoir for several years. Currently, the
CCCA is appealing the recent court
decision upholding OWASA's
condemnation powers. OWASA could
use condemnation powers to make way
for the reservoir.
But when and if the reservoir is built, a
40-cent per 1,000 gallons of water rate
increase would be necessary, Tom Scharf,
director of finance for OWASA said. The
increase would add approximately $15 to
$40 to the average water bill per year.
If OWASA is able to proceed with its
plans for the reservoir construction, it
will have to finance the water facility with
$10 million in bonds. The rate increase
would be used to pay off the bond debt.
The bonds could be sold as soon as next
year if the legal dispute between OWASA
and the CCCA ends in OWASA's favor.
OWASA customers, excluding the
University, currently pay $1 per 1,000
gallons of water. The University pays 80
cents. If the Cane Creek. Reservoir
becomes a reality, both rates would
Even though the reservoir construction
at Cane Creek would increase water rates
significantly, both OWASA and
University officials said .they remain
convinced Cane Creek is the best site for a
water supply for southern Orange
UNC Vice Chancellor for Business and
Finance John Temple said the University
continues to support OWASA's plan to
build the reservoir.
Temple also said the 40-cent increase is
not definite. The construction of any new
reservoir, not just the Cane Creek
Reservoir, would require a rate increase,
"Scharf said, "It is the conviction of the
OWASA Board of Directors that Cane
Creek is the best site for the reservoir."
From page 1
has a problem with drinking will have a
problem with drinking no matter what. It
is just like eating. The opposition's
responses have been unfounded."
Williams also said the cost of mixed
drinks, which ranges from $ 1 .50 for basic
drinks to $3.50 for exotic frozen
beverages, keeps people from drinking
"People don't drink more with the high
price tag, whereas with brown-bagging
they mix and gulp," he said. "They'll sip
But one of the arguments for liquor by
the drink has not held completely true.
The sale of mixed drinks has not offset
inflation and consequently has not held
restaurant food prices down.
"To an extent mixed drinks have been
able to keep our prices down, but
minimum wages have cut in," Ewell said.
The state tax on alcoholic beverages,
$10 per gallon of liquor, also was cited as
part of the reason liquor sales have been
unable to significantly stop rising
restaurant prices. Most restauranteurs
also objected to legal requirements and
bureaucracy the tax entails.
"The way it's run is a hindrance,"
Wittenberg said. "It costs more and we
have to do all the work. It's silly and
needless and prices would be lower
Despite all the discussion of liquor by
the drink, Bill Seawell, manager of Talk
of the Town, said one thing is clear.
"Our mixed drinks sell well," he said.
"But beer is still king in Chapel Hill."
From page 1
Saturday mail delivery may end
WASHINGTON (AP) The House Budget Committee voted Thursday to
recommend elimination of Saturday mail deliveries as one step toward
achieving the first balanced federal budget in 12 years.
The committee approved the recommendation by voice vote despite
statements from some members that the Saturday mail proposal might be
defeated when it reaches the House floor.
As part of his overall package to cut $15.9 billion in spending in fiscal 1981,
committee Chairman Robert N. Giaimo, D-Conn., said $836 million could be
saved by ending Saturday deliveries and trimming subsidies for bulk mail.
The panel's recommendation, however, does not mean that Saturday mail
deliveries will definitely end. The proposal, even if approved by the full
Congress, would not be binding on the U.S. Postal Service, which conceivably
could raise rates or make other cuts to achieve the savings.
Businesses returning to human labor
WASHINGTON (AP) The soaring cost of energy may be prompting
employers to return to an old means of production that some government
economists say is becoming cheaper than machines: human labor.
Labor Department economists estimate that up to 1 million jobs were
created in 1979 because businesses have found it economical to substitute
labor for energy-draining machinery.
A theory promoted by Labor Secretary Pat Marshall suggests that despite
the jolts that the economy has suffered because of high energy prices,
employment will remain healthier than conventional forecasts would indicate.
. Marshall estimates that of 2 million jobs created in 1979, between 750,000
and 1 million resulted from substituting labor for evergy, which rose more than
30 percent in cost last year.
Sadat hopes talks will expedite peace
CAIRO, EGYPT (AP) President Anwar Sadat said Thursday he hopes his
meeting with President Carter next month will avert the threat of "stalemate
and stagnation" facing the Middle East peace process.
Speaking to reporters in Cairo, he said the last session of Palestinian
autonomy talks in Holland "materialized to nothing."
"There's the threat of stalemate and stagnation," Sadat said. "So
immediately after the talks ended, I wrote a personal letter to Carter and
expressed my views."
Sadat appeared to expect more out of his talks with Carter, and another
meeting between Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, than
Washington officials have indicated might result.
White House press secretary Jody Powell said Wednesday the separate
meetings would "review the progress and pace of autonomy negotiations for the
West Bank and Gaza." He discounted talk of a negotiating summit involving all
three leaders, but did not rule it out.
Three protesters seize the Alamo
NEW YORK (AP-With evidence
mounting that early detection does no
good in lung cancer, the American
Cancer Society said Thursday it no
longer recommends.routine annual chest
X-rays for heavy smokers.
The society also revised
recommendations for tests for cancer of
the cervix, colon, rectum and breast after
a study by Dr. David Eddy of Stanford
U niversity of the cost versus effectiveness
of such tests.
A statement from Dr. Saul Gusbcrg,
the society's national president, said the
revisions "deliver essentially the same
health benefit as the previous
recommendations at a greatly reduced
cost, risk and inconvenience."
But Gusberg cautioned they apply only
to people who don't have any symptoms
of cancer. Persons with symptoms should
see a doctor immediately, he said.
For lung cancer, the society dropped a
recommendation that persons with a
higher-than-normal risk get an annual
"High-risk" persons were those over
age 40 who are heavy smokers or work
with known carcinogens like asbestos.
Eddy said X-rays themselves carry a
small health risk, and there is "serious
risk" of wasted time and money when
tests are "false-positive," that is, they
indicate a cancer where none exists.
In other revisions, the society:
Dropped a recommendation for an
annual Pap smear to detect cervical
cancer, recommended instead a Pap
smear every three years for women aged
20 to 65 and those under 20 who are
Strengthened its recommendations
for the use of X-rays to detect breast
cancer. The society previously urged
routine annual mammograms for women
over 50, those over 40 with a family
history of breast cancer and those over 35
with a personal history of breast cancer.
Now it also recommends a "baseline"
mamogram at about age 35, and urges
women under 50 to decide with their
doctors whether to have an annual breast
Stopped recommending only
"periodic" physical checkups for cancer,
recommending instead a general physical
every three years for persons over 20 and
every year for persons over 40.
Eddy noted that, paradoxically, it is
possible for cancer tests to appear to
prolong the survival of patients when
actually they don't.
This happens when early detection has
no effect on whether a cancer can be
cured, as appears to be the case for lung
When that happens, the fact a cancer is
discovered sooner means the average
patient survives longer after diagnosis,
but only because the cancer was found
sooner, not because early detection did
From page 1
would be very easy for anybody and everybody
to pick apart the federal budget, but jhat now
is not the time to focus on objections to
specifics but to prepare to fight inflation."
Last year the state received approximately
$60 million from revenue-sharing funds, most
of which was used to buy textbooks, operate
school buses and pay state debts. However,
Pearce said the state's budget for fiscal 1981
already had been planned and that no revenue
sharing funds had been included. He said this
should minimize any shock from lost funds.
Chapel Hill Mayor Joe Nassif declined to
comment on the specific effects the president's
According to the 1970 census, Chapel Hill's
population was 26,199 ten years ago. Figures
compiled by the town's Planning Department
in 1979 estimate Chapel Hill's current
population at slightly more than 35,000.
"If the Chapel Hill-Carrboro urban area
could go over 50,000, we would be eligible for
entirely different types of funding," Jennings
said. "Right now we're not assured of money.
We are in competition with other cities under
truggling with a
for young adults
RESIDENT & NON-RESIDENT
12 -week Summer Program
Jennings said the new census figures could
open up new areas of funding to the two towns
including increased funding for the bus system
and community development projects.
The census bureau also is looking for
citizens to conduct the census. Anne H.
deRosset, district manager at the Raleigh
census office, recently said there are openings
for enumerators and clerical personnel. -The
pay ranges from $3.55 to $4.50 an hour.
The 1980 census will cost $1 billion and will
be conducted by more than 275,000 special
SAN ANTONIO, Texas (AP) Three people claiming to be Mexican
American activists took over the Alamo after scaling the historic monument's
outer wall Thursday, but were arrested about 40 minutes later by police who
climbed up behind them on fire ladders.
Blue leaflets tossed from the Alamo by the three charged that the descendants 11 1 n O B I
of the small band of Texans killed by Mexicans in the Alamo in the battle of 1UI
1836 "have sucked the blood of the Chicano people, driving them into the
ground, destroying their language and culture and trying to force them to live
on their knees."
A crowd of about 200 spectators cheered when police arrested the trio, and
cheered again when a policeman returned the Texas flag, which the three had
replaced with an all-red banner
proposal will have on the town, but said they
should be minimal.
Last year Chapel Hill received
approximately $425,000 in revenue-sharing
funds, almost 4 percent of its total budget. But
Nassif said any decrease in funding should not
have a direct effect on the city. He said
revenue-sharing funds predominantly go to
non-continuous projects such as building
sidewalks and paving streets, rather than areas
which would require continuing payments,
like jobs and long-term investments.
"It's really a little too early to tell what it all
means. We'll have to wait until Congress gets
through with the budget," Nassif said.
From page 1
The decision may well be difficult . . . but the
' abortion itself doesn't have to be. We do our
best to make it easy for you.
Free Pregnancy Tact
Very Early Pregnancy Test
Call 781-8880 anytime
The Fleming Center
.Friendly . . . Personal . . .Professififial Uare
mmm mmm wm
replaced with an all-red banner.
r TMI of ficials attempt to plug water leak
MIDDLETOWN, Pa. (AP) Radiation levels increased slightly inside an
auxiliary building at the Three Mile Island nuclear plant, and officials said
, Thursday the cause was probably a water leak in a pump system.
The officials said an extremely low amount of radioactivity probably was
escaping into the atmosphere, but they said it was too small to be detected on
the sensitive monitors in the building's ventilation system.
"The main thing is we're not seeing any changes on our outside monitors. We
know something is going out, but we can't detect it," said plant spokesman
The leak was discovered at 1 a.m. when an alarm on an air-monitoring
systerfl indicated a change in airborne activity. Technicians were working to
identify the cause and plug it.
Most people do not realize that oil drilling
has become extremely expensive and that oil
companies have large funds tied up in long
range energy investments, Currin said. He also
said oil company profits were no greater than
other large manufacturing concerns in the
information available room 102-campus y bcfg
SATURDAY, MARCH 22
RAIN OR SHINE
Giving it all he's got...
March 24 ' .
8:00 p.m. Memorial Hall
mil i -aus
Friday, March 28
7:00 9:30 12:00
$1.00 with I.D.
Currin said Helms opposes the tax because
it would limit much-needed oil production.
The senator said the only way to encourage
conservation is to fully deregulate the oil
industry, he said.
North Carolina representatives who voted
for the bill last week argued that without the,
windfall profits tax, the oil industry would be
burdened with new controls.
"The point is that the bill is a necessary
compromise," said Paul Jones, an aide to 9th
District Rep. Jim Martin. "Without a tax on
oil companies profits, regulations will be
imposed again. The bill is not designed to
provide incentives for oil production, but it
will provide more fuel and oil in the long run."
Jones said Martin is concerned that new
forms of energy are not being fully explored.
The compromise version of Carter's bill
earmarks only 15 percent of the tax to
alternate energy sources, with 60 percent going
to income tax reductions, and 25 percent to
low-income families strapped by rising energy
Jones -also said Martin has pushed for
legislation that would remove all regulatory
controls and extra taxation if the oil
companies redirected all their excess profits
into energy research and development.
Martin, who is on the House Ways and Means
Committee, proposed a similar bill in 1975.
Carter launched an effort to impose the new
tax last April after he decided to phase out
federal controls on the price of U.S. crude oil.
While decontrol was intended to stimulate
domestic production and cut foreign
dependence, the tax was designed to recoup a
portion of the price increase of oil to world
Although often termed a "windfall" profits
tax, the tax would not be applied 'directly to
profits but to price increases above 1979 levels.
It would take 30 percent to 70 percent from
price increases. The lowest tax rate would
apply to oil fields yet to be developed, while the
stiffest tax would be on oil from old fields.
Enjoy Genuine Sze Chuan Cooking Unique in the
Truinqle Are.i Tr.idifKifi.il Chini-M- )ih's Prepared m T'ic
Hot and Spicy Style of Sze Chuan Province. For those
with a less daring palate, the more familiar HUNAN.
CANTONESE. & MANDARIN varieties are also offered
Seating for 100
LUNCH Served 1 1 30 A M
DINNER Daily 2 30 10 00 PM
Fn. & Sat. Till 10 30 P M
Sunday 12.30- 10 00 PM
2701 HILLSBOROUGH RD
2 30 PM
IMPORTED BEER & WINES
FOR CARRY OUT A
F-JTTC A TTh
Excellent summer resident camp counseling opportunities for men interested In
serving youth ages 7-18, guiding them in their physical, mental and spiritual
development. Only those persons who will dedicate their wholehearted efforts to help
each individual child develop his or her potential should apply. One must have ability
to teach In one or more of our specialized activities. Students, teachers, and coaches
should apply. CAMP THUNDERBIRD, located 17 miles south of Charlotte. N.C. is an
ACA accredited camp member, specializing In water sports (sailing, water skiing,
swimming, and canoeing), yet an added emphasis Is placed on the land sports
(general athletics, tennis, golf, archery, rifiery and backpacking). Horseback riding.
Whitewater canoeing and tripping are extras in our excellent program. For further
Information write or call Q. William Climer, Jr., Director Camp Thunderbird. Route 4,
Box 166-A, Clover, S.C. 29710 (803-831-2121).
m B m m
.... J 3
Peace Corps & VISTA
People will be on campus:
Student Conter Booth
9:00 am-4:30 pm
Sign up today for im trviews.
PEACE CORPS Oers 0 votun'eer Oppor
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raters rr-eet the base rsumon recis
VISTA volunteer? work wffl C'Oupl
ocross Arerca tr,mg to rcrecse poor
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PACE CORPS espcc:v s$e-s vosun'ees
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Wssntngton, DC 20525
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