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8 The Daily Tar Heel Wednsday. April 9. 1930
George Shadroui, Editor
Dinita James, Managing Editor
Brad Kutrow, Associate Editor
Thomas Jessiman, Associate Editor
Martha Waggoner, News Editor
Pam Kelley, University Editor
Anne-Marie Downey, City Editor
Jim Hummel, State and National Editor
Bill Fields, Sports Editor 1
Mark Murrell, Features Editor
Laura Elliott, Arts Editor'
Andy James, Photography Editor
Melanif. Sill, Weekender Editor
Interstate 40 s Yon can9t get there from here
88th year of editorial freedom
It is not surprising that many of the women who witnessed Carole
Moussalli's slide show dealing with violent pornography were
embarrassed, appalled and shocked. What they saw was the degradation
of their sex in one of its most vile and obscene forms.
The battle between pornographers and puritanical groups opposing
all nudity and sex-related literature is not really a question in this case.
No doubt, there is room for First Amendment arguments in such
instances, for opposition to nudity and soft porn may, in some cases,
infringe on freedom of expression.
But violent porn, including much of the trash shown in Moussalli's
slide show, not only disregards the bounds of decency, it trespasses on
the spirit of mankind in the name of eroticism and sick and brutal
Women are not the only group to be victimized by such pornography.
Children also are used by porn profiteers in bizarre and grotesque
"entertainment" magazines. Still, women remain the most notable of the
The unanswered question is how to control or eliminate such
material, for as Moussalli points out in a recent DTH article, violent
porn is subtly and insidiously evident in many pictorials and
advertisements which at first glance may not appear violent and
degrading at all.
Once one becomes involved in such a debate, it is easy to see the
problem of defining what is violent and obscene and what is not.
Moussalli defines three stages of violent porn as objectification,
fragmentation and then actual violation. This sequence desensitizes
people's perceptions of women in many ways: it portrays the woman as
an object to be used by not showing the full face; it may show only a
portion of the woman's anatomy; finally, it may depict the actual
violation, often illustrated through perverse and sadistic methods of
bonding and violence.
Moussalli has taken a proper and needed step in trying to educate
women about the existence of this kind of pornography. She also is
correct in pointing out that immediate rectification of the problem is
neither realistic nor plausible. Trying to combat violent porn strictly
through obscenity complaints may prove a frustrating and tedious
battle. There are other methods, including arguments that such material
is a public nuisance, incites violence and interferes with the civil rights of
A recent survey of North Carolina women shows that one in five
believe that wife beating is justified. It would be presumptous to assume
violent porn is a causal link to such a statistic, but certainly the same
attitude that perpetuates such ignorance also leads people to buy and
Just as we find pictures in the Yack showing the emulation of Ku Klux
Klan lynchings offensive, we also find the perpetuation of violent porn a
disgusting example of the evil in our society.
The Daily Tar Heel
Assistant Managing Editors: Edwina Ralston, John Royster
Ombudsman: Alice Treanor Distribution Manager: Jaci Hughes
Editorial Assistants: William Durham, Buddy Burniske
News Desk: Gelareh Asaycsh, Ted Avery, Debra Harris, Valerie Bateman, Penelope Cox,
Peggy Gladstone, Jane Green, Lucy Hood, Lou Ann Jones, Susan Leahy, Katherine Long,
Kathy Miller, Peggy Nowak, Robie Patterson, Ann Peters, Susan Pruett, Nancy Watkins, ,
Rochellc Riley, Suzette Roach, Sue Ross, Karen Rowley, Betsi Sjmmons, Susan Langfey,
Debbi Sykes. Frank Wells. Annette Wilkerson and Wendell Wood; Susan Mauney, assistant!
news editor. James Alexander, assistant Weekender editor.
News: Kitty Adair, Melodee Alves, Karen Barber, Stephanie Bircher, RoAnn Bishop, Cindy
Bowers, Julie Britt, Linda Brown, Chuck Burns, Lynn Casey, Debbie Daniel, Elizabeth
Daniel, Kerry Derochi, Angie Dorman, John Dusenbury, Sean Dyer, Natalie Eason, Murphy
Evans, Pat Flannery, Charles Herndon, Joey Holleman, Dale Jenkins, Sharon Kester, Pete
Kuehne, Karen Kornegay, Annette Miller, Marcia Makepeace, Annette Prosser, Jonathan
Rich, Rochelle Riley, Beverly Shcpard, Lindsey Taylor, David Teague, Gary Terpening,
Nancy Thorne, Rand Tucker, Jeff Whisenant and Nora Wilkinson. Yvette D. Ruffin
Leila Dunbar, Amy Prugn, (Jarla Lindemann, Campus Catendareditor."
Sports: David Poole, assistant editor; Clilf Barnes,N6rman Cannada, Chip Karnes, Gary
Mangum, Geoffrey Mock, Scott Peterson, Marjo Rankin, Linda Robertson, Mark Tayloe,
Reid Tuvim and Bert Woodard.
Features: Gelareh Asayesh, Deborah Baker, Shannon Burroughs, Virginia Greer, Kim
Kleman, Cathy McJunkin, Katherine Medearis, Lori Morrison, Ann Peters, Susan Pruett,
Diane Veto, Tom Weber and Phil Wells.
Arts: John Behm, Bill Burton, Gregory Clay, Jordan Hawley, Jere Link, Kathy McAdams,
Rob Monath, Tom. Moore, Jonathan Mudd, Bobby Parker, Dorothy Rompalske, Bob
Royalty, Anthony Seideman, Ann Smallwood and Donna Whitaker.
Graphic Arts: John Boone. Dan Brady, Greg Calibey, Bob Fulghum, G. Douglas Govus,
Danny Harrtll, Kathy Harris, Sandy Sakata, Lawrence Turner and Steve Werk, artists; Matt
Cooper, Arden Dowdy, Jay Hyman, Cristi Ling, Will Owens, Randy Sharpc, and Scott
Business:Mark Kadlec, business manager; Linda L. AUred, secretary receptionist; Shannon
Brennan, classifieds manager, Bill Price and Brooks Wicker, accountants; Jim Hummel and
Karen Newell, office assistants.
Advertising: Nancy McKenzie, advertising manager; Paula Brewer, advertising coordinator;
Arlene Aycock, John Behm, Buddy Burniske, Sally Hamrick, Mark Ransom, Gena Shreve,
Judy Van Beuren and Tina Venable.
Ombudsman's Staff: Susan Brady, Patricia Jackson, Lucy McCauley, Mary Ann Rickert and
Valerie Van Gordon.
Composition: UNC Printing Department.
Printing: Hint on Press Inc. of Mebane.
By AMY COLGAN
To all the good Samaritans who helped a lost wayfarer
find Cherry Street in Raleigh Saturday night:
There's no Cherry Street in Raleigh, folks. Or, yes,
Interstate 40 runs two ways.
Perhaps only out-of-staters can appreciate the trauma
of Easter weekend in Chapel Hill. Drowning under two
lengthy term papers and one short one, there was little
way I could justify a trip home to Toledo, Ohio, (Glass
Capital of the World) for a four-day stay. But after
watching all the cars depart last Wednesday afternoon
(yes, Wednesday) for Boone and Beaufort, the lonesome
out-of-stater can justify almost anything short of suicide.
Instead, 1 accepted an invite for Saturday night and
Sunday with a friend's family in Raleigh for the
Moravian early morning service there. Or so I thought.
How is one to know that Winston-Salem is the
magnetic mecca for Moravians at Easter? Did any of you
guys (excuse me, y'all) think of enlightening misplaced
Midwesterners to this long-standing tradition in Old
Salem at 5:30 a.m.? You could have saved me three and a
half hours and a half tank of gas.
Arriving in Raleigh at 8:15 p.m., I found no Cherry
Street exit off 1-40, as my friend had indicated on her
map. But the manager at Winn-Dixie on Wade
(pronounced "wide") Avenue was most helpful.
"Cherry Street? Oh yeah you take a left at Le
Chateau, then a right off Wade on to Cherry."
Wrong. Right off Wade, but no Cherry. But aha! An
open Gulf station is spied; surely gas station attendants
give good directions.
Relief. . . A Raleigh map is posted inside Good Gulf.
His greasy fingers found K-14. "Oh, you couldn't mean
there, miss. Must be Cherry Lane ycu talking about."
Eager and agreeable by 8:50, 1 took down step-by-step
instructions to Cherry Lane. But alas and alack, there
was no 224 S. Cherry, only a 2600 block.
Back on 1-40, going west. Like a pilot, I made a loop,
as I was going to take this approach again. There is a
Cherry Street exit on 1-40. My friends do not lie, I
resolved; especially this particular Moravian.
Twenty minutes later, 1-40 still had no Cherry Street
letters to the editor
When Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini declared Monday that the
American hostages must remain in the hands of their militant student
captors until Iran's future parliament meets in June, President Jimmy
Carter did what many felt he should have done long ago he broke all
diplomatic relations with Iran.
With U.S. exports dwindling to as little as $ 1 .6 million worth of goods
in February compared to $100 million in the same month under the
shah, it seems obvious that Carter's prohibiting U.S. exports to Iran will
have virtually no effect on the Iranian economy. The president also has
ordered the Treasury to take inventory on the $8 billion in frpzen
Iranian assets here and has expelled all Iranian diplomats. Whether
these actions will pressure Khomeini to secure the release of the hostages
remains to be seen.
But directly influencing their effectiveness will be the reaction of U.S.
allies to Carter's most recent measures. Those countries in Western
Europe and Japan that depend heavily on Iranian oil have been
persistent in asking Carter to show restraint in his dealings with Iran.
Their reaction is understandable, but at the same time their cooperation
is essential if Carter's latest efforts are to have an impact on Iran's policy
toward the hostages.
A refusal on their part to aid Carter in his seemingly futile attempts to
free the Americans in Iran could lead to even more drastic action,
perhaps even a naval blockade.
There is no guarantee such action would result in the release of the
hostages, but at this point no one would dispute that with the hostages
approaching their sixth month of captivity, America is quickly running
out of patience and options.
exit in Raleigh. My friend's credibility was rapidly
disappearing in my tear-swollen eyes.
"Why didn't she give me her grandmother's phone
number? Why not the name? She should have known
this exit was hard to find. . . "
Fury. Friendship forsaken. Forgiveness? I knew
nothing of such folly.
Giving her the benefit of the doubt, 1 followed 40 to
50-70-401 through downtown Raleigh, and farther on,
until signs for Fuquay-Varina and Fayetteville stopped
me abruptly. 1 was not that desperate.
9:45, heading back to downtown Raleigh, I see a Peace
Street exit. By now, Peace sounds strangely similar to
Cherry, and I pop off and pop into the Peace Street Pizza
A frantic collect call back to my housemates in Chapel
Hill was good for consolation, but not information. My
Moravian enemy (by this time) had not called to leave a
phone number. '
- The audacity! Was she not worried? I was supposed to
arrive at eight. This is more than fashionably latei . . I
could be wrecked on the highway for all she knows!
The quiet crowd in Pizza Hut grew increasingly
curious at my hysteria. I hung up to hound the cashier
"Cherry Street? Yeah, man. That's right off where we
used to stay. Hey, isn't that Cherry, off lleagnes?"
Internal leaps for joy, until he wrote me the following
directions. No lie.
"left light, go to last light turn left. Sec. stop turn
Right, go 2 stop Light turn Right, go up Hill to stop light
turn left, go untill you see Illengness St. which on the
right, then first right on Cherry."
"Gee, Thanks!" (Why did I ask?)
10:20. 1 call housemates again, whispering. "Look, I'm
coming back to Chapel Hill. If she calls, I'm lost in
Raleigh now, after 2 hours."
One last desperate attempt is made. En route to 1-40
West, 1 spotted a policeman, and flagged him down.
"Sir, I've been desperately lost for 2 hours."
Helplessness. Tears. "Where can I find 224 S. Cherry
"No Cherry Street in Raleigh, miss."
"1 know there is. Will you please check?" Police
lingo on the radio. "Cherry Lane, Cherry Circle, no
Cherry Street. No 200 block."
"Nope, sorry ma'am. Maybe you mean Cary or
Durham. Where you from anyway?" He eyed my Ohio
"Chapel Hill," I declared with proper arrogance. "And
I'm not in the wrong city."
"Well, I wish you luck," he chuckled disgustingly.
10:45, on the road to Chapel Hill, I argued with God.
"Why a wild goose chase for two and a half hours? Was
this to show me more of the meaning of Easter? You say
all things work together for good for those that love you.
1 ask you, how could this possibly make me more like
your son? He never got lost in Raleigh, did he?
"Show me. I just challenge you to show me how this
will work for good."
About 10:55, it dawned. Perhaps I was looking in the
wrong direction. 1 pulled off the road to check the map.
Sure enough. 1-40 goes two ways. And Winston, not
Raleigh is the Moravian mecca.
The painful puzzle now pieced together. Wasn't my
Moravian friend, now enemy always telling me how she
couldn't go to Winston to work 'cause Grandma would
drag her to teas and match her up with all the eligible
young men in Winston? What a fool. But fool or no fool,
1 was not about to trek to Winston.
Communication Gap extraordinaire. The next 15
minutes to Chapel Hill were painfully humbling. No
wonder we were spending the night at grandma's. No
wonder she thought I should drive with them. Yes,
somewhere down the road was a clearly marked "Cherry
Street Exit" in Winston-Salem.
I couldn't blame my Moravian friend. But I do blame
you, North Carolinians; each one of you whom I told I
was going to the sunrise Moravian service in Raleigh.
Surely you knew that thousands of Moravians gather in
Winston-Salem each Easter. When will you develop a
heart for the misplaced Midwesterners on Easter?
1 hope Ya'll enjoyed the mountains, the beach or a
homecooked dinner. I ate at Spanky's.
I'm still looking for the good to come out of this
Amy Colgan is a senior journalism major from Toledo.
Women apathetic about achieving equality
To the editor.
I find it rather ironic that the news
brief, "Study Analyzes Wife Beating"
(DTH, April 2), stating that "one in every
five North Carolina women believe that
men are justified in beating their wives
under certain circumstances" and the
story about the "nearly 600 women that
packed the rows and aisles of Hamilton
Hall" for Mademoiselle's "Campus '80
Makeover," "Mademoiselle," not AWS,
attracts women," (DTH, April 2),
appeared the same day in the DTH.
I like to deny the notion that "women
are their own worse enemies" when it
comes to equality of the sexes, but 1 am
continually confronted with the
verification of this idea. Phyllis Schafly,
Marybelle Morgan, or even women with
high positions who refuse to support
other women in the same roles,
perpetuate the belief that we are not, in
fact, an equal sex.
The reasons for women's non-support
of equality are as variable as those for it.
These reasons, whatever they are, come
down to the fact that many women in this
culture fear abandonment by men. They
have been primed to be mates, mothers
and goddesses, indentifiable in relation to
men but not as persons in their own right.
They see no conflict in bolstering men at
their own expense, no discrimination, no
What bothers me the most is the
apparent apathy many women have
about their own equality. They take for
granted the advances women have made
because of the women's movement but do
not recognize that inequalities still exist
in our everyday lives. An analogy can be
drawn to the fact that the civil rights
movement has brought greater advances
for blacks, but that racist attitudes still
persist. Subtle and not so subtle
discrimination is still a prevalent feature
of our culture.
I become discouraged about the
possibility of an egalitarian society when
I see so many women who still do not
consider themselves as equal and as
valuable as men.
Anne E. Hager
Complete your census
To the editor:
Although April 1, 1980 officially was
declared Census Day, the importance of
this year's census will be with us much
longer. With tests, classes and finals
crowding our lives, many students fail to
realize the importance of an accurate
census count. The 1980 census data can
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affect the availability of low cost housing,
health care services, legal services, as well
as public transportation services.
Students living in the Chapel Hill
Carrboro area including everyone who
lives in an apartment or a house, are
, urged to complete their census forms
accurately. All information is
confidential. Failure to complete the
form could result in a cutback in bus
services, as government funding is based
on city populations, not rider use. These
cutbacks possibly could amount to $1
Answer the census; we have to live with
its results for the next 10 years.
Student Body President
Town Affairs Coordinator
'She' magazine positions
To the editor:
SHE magazine, the publication of the
Association for Women Students, is now
accepting applications for the positions
of editor, business manager and layout
The editor should have some
background in writing, editing, putting
together a tabloid magazine and
leadership. Among the duties of the
business manager will be to arrange
typesetting and printing agreements. The
layout editor will be responsible for visual
concept of the magazine.
Anyone interested should submit a
typed response citing his or her
experience and also his or her concept of
what SHE magazine should be as to
editorial content. We hope both men and
women students will apply.
Responses can be mailed to the
Association for Women Students, Box
30, Suite D, Carolina Union or brought
by the office in Suite D. Responses will be
accepted no later than Friday, April 11.
William Durham' column, "Energy
p ilk rvd
r f o ft n JJ
g Py-feg 7
future hinges on nuclear power" (DTH,
March 28), makes a number of
unsubstantiated assertions promoting
nuclear power. Durham cites "common
sense" and "safest and most efficient" as
rationales for nuclear power. "Hiding
one's head in the sand," and "muttering
about garbage power and burning rocks"
are cited as arguments against anti
nukers. Such blanket phrases sound like a
laundry list detailing why the Vietnam
war was "justified" with no reference to
the actual facts of the issue.
Not going nuclear may indeed be
costly, embarrassing and inconvenient
but costly, embarrassing and
inconvenient to whom, and in what
sense? It's costly in the short run to the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission,
Metropolitan Edison and other nuclear
utilities as they scramble to cancel plan
for more nukes before nuclear power
becomes even more economically
But the government never asked us
whether we wanted nuclear power or not;
such power only became an muc when
the public's health was threatened. Why
should we be "inconvenienced" by birth
defects, spontanteous abortions,
increased cancer and genetically mutated
No one is advocating "burning rocks"
or "garbage power", (except pro-nuke
propogandists who claim that is what
anti-nukers propose). But surely, to use
Tom Painc't phrase "common ene,"
there is a safer way to boil water than with
nuclear power. Gov. Richard
Thornburgh of Pennsylvania advocated
evacuating children and pregnant women
from around Three Mile hland because
radiation affects the genet and
chromosomes of young people. 'I here be
your "embarrassment." There be your
It ii said that by I9U5 France will have
50 percent of its power coming from
nuclear plants. Some pro-nuker uget
that America should be number one and
hurry up and catch up with France. The
problem with this line of thinking is that
just because one country is first in
developing a new field, or adopting a new
policy, doe not mean that everyone elve
should blindly follow. After all. we sure
followed France right into Vietnam,